Israel’s modern history, beginning with the return of the Jewish exiles to the Land in the late 19th century, is miraculous. The most amazing part of this history is that it took place in spite of immense pain, sacrifice, and tragedy. Israel was not formed because of the Holocaust, but the experience of losing six million Jewish souls during World War II underscored the importance of Israel’s responsibility to be a place of refuge for Jews around the world. The rebirth of Israel as a flourishing modern nation is proof of the everlasting covenant between God, the Jewish people, and the Land of Israel.