January 10, 2000: Shepherdstown Peace Talks with Syria Conclude
Seven days of peace talks between Prime Minister Ehud Barak and Syrian Foreign Minister Farouk al-Shara in Shepherdstown, West Virginia close without any resolution.
1925: Sir Herbert Samuel the first Jewish British High Commissioner in Palestine attended a farewell reception in his honor at Hebrew University on Mount Scopus
1928: The Zionist Executive in Jerusalem intervened to prevent the deportation of four Jewish immigrants. Unfortunately, they were not able to keep the British from deporting their family members.
1936: As Arab violence escalated, The Palestine Post reported that heavy firing marked an Arab attack on Ekron
1945: Weizmann writes to Churchill expressing his sense of shock and betrayal over the Prime Minister’s decision to continue to restrict Jewish entrance to Palestine based on the White Paper of 1939.
1950: In Jerusalem, Israel turned over the British pilot of a Jordanian airliner that had been forced down when it flew across the Negev to members of the Arab Legion
1951: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israel had demanded that the UN Security Council should consider Egypt’s refusal to allow ships engaged in trade with Israel to pass through the Suez Canal
1952: The first housing project specifically for immigrants from the United States and Canada was launched today when ground was broken for ten houses a Kfar Haroeh, a village midway between Tel Aviv and Haifa.
1975: Three were killed and another five were injured when terrorists fired three rockets into Nahariya.
1976: The Jerusalem Post reported that in Washington the US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and Israeli Ambassador Simcha Dinitz concurred that Syria’s growing military involvement in Lebanon posed no immediate threat to Israel.
1994: Israel and the Vatican established full diplomatic relations.
2011: The new Israeli Ambassador to the United Nations, Ron Prosor, started work today, taking over for Meron Reuben, who had held the post on an interim basis since last year’s departure of Gabriella Shalev.
2013: Unidentified assailants broke into an IDF base in northern Israel this morning, injuring a soldier and stealing his rifle. The assailants managed to enter the Naftali base, near Golani Junction, after tying up the soldier on guard duty. They then ran away with his rifle.
2014: Four rockets were fired by Palestinians in the Gaza Strip at the southern city of Ashkelon.
2014: Palestinian gunmen opened fire at Israeli security personnel at a military checkpoint near the West Bank city of Bethlehem, south of Jerusalem, tonight.
1921: During a debate on Palestine, Lord Winterton warned Churchill that once you begin to buy land for the purpose of settling Jewish cultivators you will find yourself up against the hereditary antipathy which exists all over world to the Jewish race.
1936: Birthdate of Avraham Shochat, the Tel Aviv native, who helped found the city Arad and has served as an MK and held several cabinet posts.
1936: The Palestine Post reported that once more the Jezreel Valley settlements of Kfar Yehezkel and Tel Yosef were singled out for concentrated Arab attacks.
1937: Chaim Weizmann wrote to Winston Churchill thanking him for the support he had given to Zionist cause by trying to convince Colonial Secretary William Ormsby-Gore that the Southern part of Palestine should not be incorporated into any future Arab state that would be set up in Palestine.
1950: An Israeli army spokesman denied Jordanian charges that Arabs who had infiltrated Israel had been mistreated while being returned across the frontier” to Jordan.
1951: The Jerusalem Post reported that Mapai won eight of 11 seats in Migdal Gad’s first municipal council elections.
1967: A contingent of Mossad agents that had fanned out across the West Bank to meet with members of the Palestinian elite immediately following the Six Day War submitted their classified report to the head of Military Intelligence.
1976: The Jerusalem Post reported that Ephraim Katzir became the first president of Israel to be entertained at the Windsor Castle by Queen Elizabeth of England.
1982: Israeli tanks cut off Muslim West Beirut, trapping leaders of the PLO,
1985: TWA Flight 847 is hijacked by Hezbollah.
1987: The annual International Israel Festival which began on May 18 is scheduled to come to an end today.
2009: A Kassam rocket fired by Gaza terrorists hit the Ashkelon Beach region this afternoon.
2010: Israeli superstar David Broza is scheduled to perform at Poisson Rouge in New York.
2011: President Shimon Peres visited the Negev Bedouin village of Hura today, praising the community as a prime example of Negev development.
2012: A Palestinian sniper in the southern Gaza Strip fired at an Israeli farmer working in a field near Kibbutz Nir Oz in the Eshkol Regional Council area today.
2013: U.S. Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel is scheduled to meet with Defense Minister Moshe Yaalon in Washington, DC.
2013: Representatives passed a defense authorization bill that would make it U.S. policy to take “all necessary steps” to ensure Israel is able to “remove existential threats,” among them nuclear facilities in Iran.
2014: Israeli officials today released for publication the identities of three Israeli youths who went missing near Hebron on the night of June 12th. The three are Gil-ad Shaar (16) from the settlement of Talmon, Naftali Frenkel (16), a dual Israeli-American citizen from Nof Ayalon near Modi’in, and Eyal Yifrach (19) from Elad, near Petah Tikva.
1898: Emile Zola published his open letter (J’accuse) in defense of Captain Alfred Dreyfus in Paris. This was part of the famous Dreyfus Affair that rocked French society for the better part of a decade at the turn of the last century and that gave rise to the Zionism of Theodore Herzl.
1920: The Ahdut Ha’Avoda Party convenes in Kinneret. It decides to establish the Haganah organization for a countrywide Jewish self-defense.
1924: Bnei Brak founded on the coastal plain east of Tel Aviv.
1948: Shear Yashuv Cohen, the future chief rabbi of Haifa arrived at a Jordanian prison camp after having fought in the failed defense of the Old City of Jerusalem.
1948: Romania and Finland recognize Israel
1951: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israel vigorously protested against the decision made by Lieut.-Gen. William Riley, UN Chief of Staff, who supported the Egyptian arguments against the opening of the Suez Canal to Israeli shipping.
1973: General Benjamin “Benny” Peled, the head of the Israeli Air Force, told Defense Minister Moshe Dayan that in the event of another war with the Arabs, a pre-emptive air strike would be critical to Israeli success.
1975: “A squad of” terrorists “belonging to the Arab Liberation Front” crossed into Israel from Lebanon apparently heading for the village of Kfar Yuval.
1978: The IDF withdraws from Lebanon after entering the country to root out PLO terrorists operating from this safe haven.
2003: St.-Sgt. Mordechai Sayada, 22, was shot to death in Jenin by a Palestinian sniper as his jeep patrol passed by. The Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.
2006: On his first ever visit to China, the Sephardic Chief Rabbi of Israel called on the government to recognize Judaism as it has several other religions
2007: Vice Premier Shimon Peres is elected President of Israel by the Knesset.
2014: “About 20 masked Palestinians hurled stones at police forces at the Mughrabi Bridge at the end of Friday prayers on the Temple Mount.”
2014: “Three yeshiva students in their teens are believed to have been kidnapped in the West Bank, Israeli officials announced this afternoon.” U.S. Ambassador Daniel Shapiro was informed today that one of the three victims is an American whose name has not been disclosed.
1936: Two passengers were seriously wounded today when a bus headed for the “Jewish settlement at Attaroth, six miles north of Jerusalem,” was fired on by Arabs.
1936: Fourteen Jews were injured, five of them seriously, when a bomb was exploded in a coach as “a train that Haifa for Lydda was pulling out of Kalkilya.”
1951: An unnamed Israeli soldier was killed when he sought to stop Jordanian troops from crossing the border into Israel.
1961: Walworth Barbour presents his credentials as the United States Ambassador to Israel.
1967: First Israeli ship sailed through Gulf of Eilat after the Six Days War. It was the closure of the Gulf of Eilat and the blockade of the port of Eilat by the Egyptians in May that led to the June War.
1967: David Ben-Gurion “met with Jerusalem mayor Teddy Kollek in his Knesset office” today.
1970: Sixty-six year old Israeli political leader Yisrael Barzilai passed away. Born in Poland in 1913, he made Aliyah in 1934.
2003: Avner Maimon, 51, of Netanya, was found shot to death in his car near Yabed in northern Samaria. The Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.
2007: The Jerusalem Post reported that “Eighty three percent of Jewish Israelis are satisfied or extremely satisfied with their lives, according to the Central Bureau of Statistics annual Social Survey 2006.
2012: Knesset Speaker Reuven Rivlin said today that Israel has an obligation to remember the murder of more than a million Armenians at the hands of the Turks nearly a hundred years ago, but warned that the issue should not be turned into an attack on the Turkish government of today
2013: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said Israel sought a “historic compromise” with the Palestinians to end the conflict “once and for all” and was ready to enter negotiations “without preconditions, without delay.”
2014: David Blatt stepped down as coach of European club champion Maccabi Tel Aviv today, saying he wanted to pursue his dream of coaching in the NBA.
2015: Today, “a Gaza Strip-based Salafi group affiliated with the Islamic State claimed responsibility for a rocket launched at Israel” yesterday evening.
2016: “A woman and her infant child were attacked” today “by an Arab man in the Jerusalem neighborhood of French Hill.”
2017: It was reported today that “the sensitive intelligence that US President Donald Trump controversially revealed to the Russians was gathered by an Israeli cyber warfare unit that penetrated an Islamic State group bomb-making cell.
1898: Seventy four year old Rabbi Samuel Mohilewer who was an early Zionist leader and proponent of the founding of the Jewish Colonial Bank passed away today leaving a legacy that included his Joseph who was also a Zionist and the rabbi at Bialystok
1899: Captain Alfred Dreyfus left French Guiana today on board the French cruiser Sfax.
1911: Birthdate of Hans Herzl, son of Theodor Herzl.
1936: The Palestine Post reported that two Arabs died and 26 Arabs and Armenians were injured by a bomb which exploded inside the Jaffa Gate on June 8.
1948: Syrian forces over-ran Mishmar Ha-Yarden a Jewish settlement on the west bank of the Jordan River. The Syrians had every advantage including control of the air, tanks and a full array of artillery. Realizing the desperate nature of their situation, the Jewish settlers sent the women and children away.
1967: As of today, Syria had lost approximately 100 combat aircraft.
1967: At 6:30 p.m. a cease-fire went into effect on the Golan Heights effectively ending the Six Day War. There was no Arab military force that could have kept the Israelis from taking Cairo, Damascus or Amman. But as Yitzchak Rabin pointed out, the Israelis had not gone to war to seize territory.
1976: The Jerusalem Post reported that the Knesset approved the Ben-Gurion Memorial Bill on its first reading. The memorial covered Ben-Gurion’s home in Tel Aviv, the Institute for the Legacy of Ben-Gurion at Kibbutz Sde Boker and the Desert Institute in the Negev.
1982: Units of the Golani Brigad and the Barak Armored Brigade finished the fighting that resulted in the capture of two villages on the outskirts of Beirut.
2002: President Bush welcomed Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon to the White House.
2004: Javier Solana, High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP), stated today, “I welcome the Israeli Prime Minister’s proposals for disengagement from Gaza. This represents an opportunity to restart the implementation of the Road Map, as endorsed by the UN Security Council.”
2009: An American white supremacist opened fire at the US Holocaust Memorial Museum today killing a security guard before being shot himself, according to initial reports.
2010: Israeli writer and peace activist David Grossman has been named winner of the 2010 Peace Prize by the German association of publishers and booksellers.
2011: Police entered a sensitive Jerusalem holy site to disperse Palestinian protesters who were hurling stones today.
2012: Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu spoke at the annual Altalena memorial today about two principles enshrined by Menachem Begin: the supremacy of the rule of law and no civil war under any circumstance.
2014: Today, the Knesset chose year 74 year old Reuven Rivlin to become President.
1856: Birthdate of A.D Gordon, the founder of Hapoel Hatzair.
1937: Chaim Weizmann gave an account of his dinner of the previous night where he had dined with Winston Churchill and other Zionist supporters in Parliament to a number of leading Zionists then visiting London including David Ben-Gurion
1945: Prime Minister Winston Churchill rejects a written request by Chaim Weizmann for an end to all restrictions on Jewish entry into Palestine now that the war with Germany is over saying “There can I fear be no possibility of the question being effectively considered until the victorious Allies are definitely seated at the Peace table.”
1948: The INS Wedgewood was commissioned today. A Flower class corvette, it was named after Josiah Wedgewood.
1948: INS HaTikvah was commissioned today.
1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that banknotes issued in 1948 by the Anglo-Palestine bank as Israel’s legal tender had to be exchanged for new notes, in different colors, issued by Bank Leumi L’Israel.
1953: A day after Israel and Jordan signed an agreement, with UN mediation, in which Jordan undertook to prevent terrorists from crossing into Israel from Jordanian territory” gunmen attacked a farming community near Lod, by throwing hand grenades and spraying gunfire in all directions killed one of the residents.
1967: Defense Minister Moshe Dayan told Chief of Staff Yitzchak Rabin that the IDF would take the Golan Heights after all. Rabin began moving forces from the Central Command to the North. The fighting was tough as the IDF advanced against the well-fortified Syrian positions
1977: President Gerald Ford received the first annual Yonatan Netanyahu Memorial Award.
1982: Today, the IAF launch “Operation Mole Cricket 19” an air campaign designed to suppress Syrian air defenses in Lebanon’s Beqaa Valley.
1999: Haaretz reported that Israel and the U.S. are both demanding the immediate release of 13 Jews arrested in Iran on charges of espionage, saying the charges are trumped-up and may be motivated by anti-Semitism.
2009: U.S. special Mideast envoy George Mitchell assured Israel today that Washington would remain its close ally despite differences over West Bank settlements and peacemaking with the Palestinians. Mitchell said the U.S. commitment to Israeli security is unshakable.
2013: Several months before the 1973 Yom Kippur War, then-Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir used West German diplomatic channels to offer Egypt most of the Sinai Peninsula in exchange for peace, according to documents released today by the state archives.
2014: “The Knesset authorized in second and third reading today a bill which allocated some one billion shekel to holocaust survivors. The bill was sponsored by Finance Minister Yair Lapid and Welfare Minister Meir Cohen and is the legal cornerstone of a national program to aid survivors.”
1903: The Sixth Annual Convention of the Federation of American Zionists continued today at Central Turners’ Hall in Pittsburgh.
1917: Pope Benedict received Nahum Sokolow, “a member of the Zionist Executive Committee in a special audience” and declared “himself in sympathy with Zionist aims in Palestine.”
1936: In Jerusalem, the Jewish community joins in the celebration of King George’s birthday.
1936: “Nazi pamphlets printed in Arabic distributed in Acre…blamed the British government for ‘favoring’ the Jews.
1948: During The War of Independence, David Ben-Gurion orders his military leaders to attack the fortress at Latrun for a third time.
1948: Mordechai “Modi” Alon took off from the new airstrip at Herzliya leading Gideon Lichtman on his first combat mission for the IAF during the War for Independence.
1954: Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel founded
1967: President Nasser of Egypt accepted the cease-fire ordered by the Security Council. This came too late to save the Egyptian military. In a change of plan, Dyan had already given orders for the Israeli forces to push on to the Suez Canal. The Egyptians continued to fight and in the end would leave 15,000 dead in the Sinai. There was still no agreement among the Israelis as to how to deal with Syria, whose provocative, bellicose behavior had helped to feed the flames of war.
1987: Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir and Foreign Minister Shimon Peres agreed today to appoint a career diplomat, Moshe Arad, as Israel’s next ambassador to Washington.
1992: In Paris, Atef Bseiso, the head of PLO Intelligence was killed by two unidentified gunman.
2000: Joshua Myron, one of the last of the camel-mounted Zionist brigade that fought with Vladimir Jabotinsky against Turkey in Palestine during World War I, passed away today in Manhattan at the age of 102.
2008: An 18-year-old Palestinian was arrested at the Hawara checkpoint near Nablus after military police on duty discovered he was carrying six pipe bombs, an ammunition cartridge and bullets, and a bag of what appeared to be gunpowder.
2009: Israel Defense Forces soldiers early today killed at least four Palestinian militants who were trying to cross into Israel from the Gaza Strip.
2010: President Shimon Peres, in South Korea to boost economic ties today.
2012: In a tragic reminder of the high price that Israel continues to pay for its vary survival Corporal Dor Gan died tragically today in roll-over accident while patrolling on the Golan Heights.
2013: Police evacuated ten homes in the village of Roglit as brush fires raged near Beith Shemesh today
2014: President Shimon Peres issued a prayer for a lasting Israeli-Palestinian peace at the Vatican today, alongside Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas and Pope Francis.
2014: Today, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu praised Australia’s announcement that it would no longer use the term East Jerusalem because it was “judgmental language”.
2015: The IDF deployed an Iron Dome anti-missile battery beside the southern Israeli city of Beersheba today, after multiple rocket salvos were launched at Israel from the Gaza Strip over the past few weeks.
2016: “Four people were kill and three were seriously injured this evening in a shooting at Sarona Market, a popular out shopping center in Tel Aviv.
1919: Conditions of Jews in the Palestine cities of Safed, Tiberias and Kfra Saba are described as bad. The death rate is appalling. Thousands of Jews are starving.
1936: “A large Jewish-owned timber depot in the heart of Jerusalem was set afire by Arabs tonight and the flames spread to several nearby stores.
1937: The Palestine Post reported that the London Evening Standard protested editorially against the long delay in the publication of the report of the Royal (Peel) Commission on Palestine, while all sectors of the Palestine population “waited for a real peace.”
1939: “Another ship attempting to land 260 illegal (Jewish) immigrants north of Haifa was captured today.
1953: A youngster was killed and three others were wounded, in a shooting attacks on residential areas in southern Jerusalem.
1961: Holocaust survivors provided shocking testimony at today’s session of the trial of Adolf Eichmann.
1967: Israel captured the Old City of Jerusalem uniting the city for the first time since the establishment of the state. On June 7, 1967 at 10:15, with the radio confirmation, “The Temple Mount is in our hands,” the Israeli flag was raised above the Western wall.
1967: “David Rubinger, an Austrian-born photojournalist, chronicled the birth of the modern state of Israel, its leaders, its triumphs” took the iconic photo, of the Israeli paratroopers Zion Karasanti, Yitzhak Yifat and Haim Oshri at the Western Wall today.
1967: Israeli forces captured Jericho, Bethlehem, Sharm-el-Sheikh, and lifted the blockade of the Gulf of Eilat. The entire Jordanian bulge on the western bank of the Jordan came under Israeli control. Hostilities between Israel and Jordan came to an end upon their acceptance of the cease-fire demanded by the Security Council of the U.N., 1967.
1967: On the third day of fighting, the IAF destroyed hundreds of Egyptian vehicles trying to flee across the Sinai in convoys and trapped thousands more in narrow Sinai passes.
1967: By the end of the third day Jordan’s air force of 34 combat aircraft had essentially ceased to exist and the Jordanian military was no longer in the fight.
1967: A successful joint attack by armor units and elements of the Golani led to the capture of Nablus this afternoon.
1977: The Jerusalem Post reported that according to Aviation Week Israel was having second thoughts about buying the American F-16 fighter, and planned to design its own fighter plane.
1981: The Israeli air force attacks and destroys the Iraq nuclear reactor at Osiriq. Both the United States and leaders in the Israeli opposition condemned Menachem Begin. After Operation Desert storm the American State department belatedly praised his actions, admitting it had saved countless lives.
2002: Seven soldiers were buried today at the Hadera military cemetery today. They were part of a group of 17 Israelis, including 13 soldiers who were killed when a stolen car packed with explosives pulled alongside a public bus and exploded near the northern town of Megiddo.
2010: Shahar Pe’er, an Israeli professional tennis player, was ranked Number Fourteen today which was her career-high rating as a single’s player.
2010: Navy commandoes foiled a major terrorist attack from the Gaza coast shortly before dawn today morning, and the Air Force strafed a rocket launching cell.
2011: U.S. President Barack Obama said today he and German Chancellor Angela Merkel agreed that any Palestinian effort to seek UN recognition for statehood should be avoided
2013: Yediot Aharonot reported today that the US recently conducted a test of its bunker buster bomb, destroy a replica of an underground nuclear facility in an effort to show Israel and other ally states that it is capable of striking Iran’s nuclear plants.
2014: Today, Pope Francis entreated social media followers to pray for Middle East peace just one day before the Presidents of Israel and the PA are to visit the Vatican and join the Pontiff in a special prayer for peace.
2015: Israeli jets struck target in the Gaza Strip early this morning “hours after rocket from the coastal Palestinian territory exploded in southern Israel.
1937: The Palestine Post reported that a mass meeting was held at the Tel Aviv’s Mograbi building during which the participants vowed active support for the beleaguered Polish Jewry.
1939: The Jewish city of Tel Aviv was virtually cut off from the outside world today when, by order of the British military commander of the Southern District, all Jewish motor traffic into or out of the city was prohibited until tomorrow night. Only medical and milk transportation is permitted.
1948: The IAF completed its move to a new base in Herzlia
1950: Mrs. Martha Sharp left New York tonight by plane to visit “her 20,000 children” in Israel. “These thousands of Israeli boys and girls are Mrs. Sharp’s charges by long-range adoption since she is a founder and national vice chairman of Children to Palestine, Inc., an American organization that is bringing them out of starved and fear-ridden backgrounds to a new life in a new land.
1952: The Jerusalem Post reported on the ground- breaking ceremony for the projected $10 million Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical School on the bare Judean hills, west of Ein Kerem.
1967: This marked the second day of Israel’s Six Day War. Now that the Israelis had control of the skies, their armor and infantry could begin advancing against the numerically larger Arab armies.
1967: Defense Minister Moshe Dayan still refused to allow any military action to be taken along the Golan Heights. With fighting raging in the Sinai to the South, he did not need additional military worries.
1967: “The Egyptian armored forces collapse. Ariel Sharon’s division later joins an armored brigade making its way to the Egyptian posts at Tamed and Nakhl.
1981: Final plans were completed for “Operation Opera” the Israel attack on an Iraqi nuclear reactor that Iran had tried and failed to destroy.
1982: Israeli troops enter Lebanon to drive out PLO. The PLO had established itself as a “state within a state.” The government of Lebanon was incapable or unwilling to put an end to this source of terror so the Israelis acted accordingly.
1982: Members of the famous Golani Brigade attacked Beaufort Castle which was held by the PLO.
2001: An Arab suicide bomber massacred 21 young Jewish teenagers and injured a hundred more outside a Tel Aviv discotheque.
2004: Prime Minister Ariel Sharon’s government approved an amended plan for disengagement form Gaza.
2011: Israeli military officials disputed today the casualty figures announced by Syria a day earlier, after Israeli forces fired on protesters who had tried to breach the Syrian frontier with the Israeli-held Golan Heights, the discrepancy in numbers underlining the messages being conveyed by both sides.
2012: Defense Minister Ehud Barak acknowledged Israel’s offensive cyberspace operations for the first time
1948: American pilot Stan Andrews began serving with the Israeli Air Force today.
1948: Israeli armed forces captured Yavneh.
1967: Operation Focus (Mivtza Moked) began at 07:45
1967: Mordechai “Hod took a calculated risk by committing all but 12 of his combat aircraft to the pre-emptive strike. At 7.10 am, he dispatched a first wave of 183 aircraft and, soon after, a second wave of 164
1967: War broke out between Israel and the Arab nations. This day marks the first of six of the most momentous days in Jewish history. In May of 1967, Egypt ordered the U.N. peacekeeping force out of the Sinai and sent Egyptian forces into the Sinai Peninsula.
1967: The Israeli army captured the city of Gaza. Gaza had been occupied by the Egyptians since 1948 and was a base for terrorists.
1967: The U.N. Security Council unanimously ordered a cease-fire in the Middle East War.
1967: At 22:30, Ariel Sharon orders the artillery to begin shelling the Egyptian forces in Um-Katef and Um-Shihan. The targets are illuminated with enormous searchlights, and within twenty minutes 6,000 shells land on the Egyptian forces.
1967: A line of Sherman M-50 tanks and trucks full of soldiers rode towards East Jerusalem to confront the Jordanians
1975: The Suez Canal opened for the first time since the Six Day War of 1967.
1975: Terrorist attacked a bus in Jerusalem using grenades
1982: Israel launched Operation Peace for Galilee against the PLO and other hostile forces after the assassination attempt on the life of Shlomo Argov, Israel’s ambassador to the United Kingdom.
1986: Two people were injured during a bombing at supermarket in Jerusalem.
2002: Of the 17 Israelis who were killed this morning when a stolen car packed with explosives pulled alongside a public bus and exploded near the northern town of Megiddo, 13 were soldiers, most of them conscripts. Seven were buried today at the Hadera military cemetery.
2003: The bodies of David Shambik, 26, and Moran Menachem, 17, both of Jerusalem, were found near Hadassah Ein Karem Hospital in Jerusalem, brutally beaten and stabbed to death.
2010: An Egyptian appeals court today upheld a ruling that orders the country’s Interior Ministry to strip the citizenship from Egyptians married to Israeli women.
2011: Two Palestinian teenagers were indicted in the murder of five members of the Fogel family from the West Bank settlement of Itamar.
2014: The International Olympic Committee today confirmed a reported that it will contributed $250,000 toward a memorial for the 11 Israeli athletes and officials who were murdered by Palestinian terrorist at the Munich Olympics in 1972.
2017: The US Senate unanimously passed a resolution today that commemorates the 50th anniversary of the reunification of Jerusalem.
1947: “The Jewish Agency for Palestine appealed today to the United Nations committee of inquiry into Palestine to recommend the establishment of a Zionist state” while also asking that General Assembly remove “British restrictions on Jewish immigration and land settlement immediately.”
1948: The infant IAF began moving its units away from the front line toward a more secure base at Herzlia.
1949: Golda Myerson, the Israeli Minister of Labor, Social Insurance and Housing arrived in New York today “where she emphasized the critical housing shortage in Israel” and “asserted that 160,000 housing units were needed immediately to take care of the heavy influx of immigrants.”
1952: The Jerusalem Post reported from London that West Germany had tentatively offered to negotiate with Israel a reparations offer, totaling approximately $585 million, on the basis of 10 annual payments.
1967: As war clouds gathered over Israel, General Mordecai “Mottie” Hod “briefed his wing commanders.
1967: For seven hours Israel’s National Unity Cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Levi Eshkol met to hear a review of the military options presented by Moshe Dayan as well as an update by intelligence sources on the situation in the Egyptian military command. Egyptian generals were pressuring Nasser to let them strike the first blow.
1981: Begin and Sadat held a summit meeting at Sharm El Sheikh two days before the scheduled of the Iraqi nuclear reactor – a fact known to Begin but not Sadat.
1982: In attempt to dislodge the PLO from its bases, Israel attacked targets in south Lebanon.
2009: The Israeli government praised U.S. President Barack Obama’s speech to the Muslim world today, saying it shared his hopes for Middle East peace, but stressed that Israel’s security interests remained paramount.
2013: IDF Chief of Staff Lt.-Gen. Benny Gantz has ordered a major reduction in the employment of external advisers, and cancelled all non-operational trips of IDF delegations to militaries abroad today.
2014: The Iron Dome system fired interceptors as at least two mortars were fired from Syria into the Golan Heights.
1904: Herzl leaves for Edlach, Austria accompanied by his wife and his fellow Zionist Yona Kremenetzky.
1936: As the Arab uprising continues, David Vardi, a 27 year old owner of an orange packing house nearRishon Litzion and Israel Arger, a 31 year old workman, were seriously wounded today when two Arabs who were old friends of theirs shot them in the packing house.
1948: In a modern version of David versus Goliath, Modi Alon flew Israel’s one serviceable fighter aircraft across the Tel Aviv skies and attacked four Egyptian aircraft that were set to bomb the city. Alon shot down the two bombers and forced their fighter escorts to flee.
1960: Four newly deciphered letters of Bar Kochba describing organizational challenges faced by the leader of the revolt against the Roman Empire were presented in a lecture given today by Professor Yigal Yadin today at Hebrew University.
1964: After a week of matches, Israel won the 1964 AFC Asian Cup.
1974: Yitzhak Rabin, the first native-born Israeli (Sabra) to become prime minister of Israel, assumed office.
1977: The Jerusalem Post reported that the Israeli Kfir multi-mission combat aircraft was one of the leading stars at the Le Bourget aircraft mart in Paris.
1979: Three people were injured when a bomb went off at a bookstore in Jerusalem.
1982: The Israeli ambassador to Britain, Shlomo Argov, was shot on a London street. The failed assassination attempt was under the command of Fatah leader Abu Nidal. Argov survived but was permanently paralyzed.
1982: Israeli planes attack Palestinian camps in Lebanon after Fatah attempted to murder Ambassador Argov in London.
2001: Twenty-five year old Jan Bloom from Ramat Gan succumbed to the wounds she sustained when a suicide bomber exploded a bomb two days earlier at the Dolphinarim.
2012: Early this morning, IAF jets attacked three weapons manufacturing facilities in the central Gaza Strip and two tunnels that the Israel Defense Forces say are used to commit terrorist acts against Israeli military patrols in the area.
2013: Syria will not get S-300 missiles from Russia until 2014, Defense Minister Moshe Ya’alon told the Knesset Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee today.
2014: A group of Palestinians clashed this morning with security forces and threw rocks at Israeli cars near the Tapuah Junction resulting in at least 2 Israeli civilians being injured by their rocks.
2015: The first anniversary of the deaths of Naftali Fraenkel, Gil-ad Shaer and Eyal Yifrach, the Israeli teenagers kidnapped and killed by Palestinian terrorists last summer, was marked today with a Unity Day
2015: As the Red Alert siren was sounded in places that included the Ashkelon and Netivot areas, two rockets from Gaza exploded in the Sdot Negev region. There were no physical injuries or damages.
2017: Today, “Israeli security forces stood guard during a protest of Ultra Orthodox Jews protesting against businesses that operate on Saturdays and recruitment of the ultra-Orthodox to the army, outside the Mea Shearim neighborhood in Jerusalem.”
2018: Famed Israeli singer Shiri Maimon is scheduled to perform in Times Square this evening as of an event celebrating Israel’s 70th Anniversary.
1932: Simcha Gutman a Hebrew poet and novelist who wrote under the pen name Ben Zion passed away at the age of 62
1948: An Israeli attack on Egyptian positions at Ashdod marked the turning point in the war between Israel and Egypt.
1948: Birthdate of Roni Bar-On, the Tel Aviv native who served as a Lieutenant Colonel in the IDF before pursuing a political career that included service as an MK and cabinet minister
1961: Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion, “accompanied by his Private Secretary, Yitzhak Navon (later President of Israel) and the Israeli Ambassador to London, Aruthur Lourie” meet with Winston Churchill in London.
1974: Abba Eban completes his service Foreign Minister.
1977: The Jerusalem Post reported from Washington that the US and Israel fundamentally disagreed over the Arab willingness to live in peace with a secure Israel. US officials believed that Arabs were ready to accept Israel within the pre-1967 borders, but Israeli leaders doubted Arab moderation.
1982: Yad Vashem recognized Jan Karski as Righteous Among the Nations. A tree bearing a memorial plaque in his name was planted at Yad Vashem’s Avenue of the Righteous Among the Nations in Jerusalem
2000: A month before President Clinton issued the formal invitation to Ehud Barak and Yasar Arafat to come to peace talks at Camp David, Jews observe Yom Yerushalyim
2001: Fifteen year old Yael-Yulia Sklianik of Holon and 20 year old Sergei Panchenko from the Ukraine died today of the wounds sustained when a suicide bomber attacked the Dolphinarium.
2009: A gunman killed one person, seriously wounded a second and said he tried to hit a third in an apparent shooting spree in central Jerusalem early this morning, police said.
2009: A rising and falling siren sounded this morning at 11 A.M. for a minute and a half as part of this year’s Home Front Command national exercise, with all citizens encouraged to practice entering their protected rooms.
2011: Israel has deployed an Iron Dome rocket interceptor outside Sderot, a Gaza border town that has borne the brunt of Palestinian shelling attacks, posing a new test for the fledgling system underwritten by Washington.
2014: Israel fired artillery shells at a target in Syria early this morning after a mortar shell from the war-torn country hit Mount Hermon, opening a second front hours after returning fire into Gaza.
2014: Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas swore in the ministers of a new unity government” which he hailed as ending the split with Hamas which is part of this reconciliation government, a fact denied by the United States which says that it can negotiatie with the PA because members of Hamas are not ministers in the new cabinet.
2016: In Israel, “the Energy Ministry confirmed that the Leviathan offshore field has 20 per cent less gas than previously reported saying that there were 500 billion cubic meters of gas in the reserve and not 620 billion cubic meters.
1936: Arab snipers fired on Jewish motor vehicles in Palestine including two buses outside of Jerusalem which one Jew dead and two more wounded.
1937: Birthdate of Yisrael Meir Lau, the Polish born rabbi whose father died at Treblinka, who became the Chairman of Yad Vashem and Chief Rabbi of Tel Aviv.
1948: The Arab states and Israel agreed to a cease-fire. After two weeks of fighting, the Arabs realized that pushing the Jews into the sea would not be such an easy matter after all.
1967: In response to the mounting tensions and popular demand, Prime Minister Levi Eshkol forms a government of national unity with membership from the total spectrum of Israeli political
1981: Naim Khader, the PLO representative in Belgium, was assassinated in Brussels.
1987: Meir Rosenne ends his term as Israeli Ambassador to Washington.
2001: Twenty-one Israelis were killed and another 132 were injured, most of whom were high school students when a suicide bomber blew himself up in Tel Aviv at the Dolphinarium.
2005: Moshe “Bogie” Ya’alon completed his term as Chief of Staff of the IDF.
2005: Dan Halutz “was officially appointed the eighteenth Chief of Staff of the Israel Defense Forces
2007: On the same day when three more Kassam rockets struck Israel, the IAF killed a member of an Islamic Jihad Kassam cell in an air strike.
2008: Yosef (Tommy) Lapid passed away at the age of 76. Born in Yugoslavia in 1931, Lapid and his mother (his father died in the Holocaust) made Aliyah in 1948 where he became a successful journalist and political leader.
2009: Israeli Defense Minister Ehud Barak began a round of meetings with top U.S. officials.
2010: An Islamic militant group in the Gaza Strip said three of its members had been killed in an Israeli airstrike in northern Gaza.
2011: The American Jewish Committee lauded the Obama administration today for its decision not to take part in the upcoming United Nations’ Commemoration of the Durban World Conference Against Racism, set to take place in September in New York.
2012: Twenty-one year old Golani Staff-Sergeant Netanel Moshiashvil, from Ashkelon, was killed today while stopping a terrorist infiltrator attempting to cross into Israel from Gaza.
2013: Eilat residents were slightly unsettled this afternoon as a mild earthquake shook the southern city’s streets and buildings. There were no reports of injury or serious damage
2014: Palestinians in Gaza fired a rocket early this morning at the Eshkol region in southern Israel.
2014: European Jewish leaders on Sunday praised the arrest of a suspect in the Brussels Jewish Museum attack and called for preemptive measures to protect Europe’s Jewish communities from additional attacks.
2015: Israel accused the United Nations of granting “UN non-governmental organization status” to an association linked to militant Palestinian group Hamas
2017: “The Israel Festival, an annual three-week Jerusalem-based celebration of local and international music, dance, theater and performance art” is scheduled to begin today.
2017: 2 men tied to Hezbollah” – Samuel El Debek and Ali Kourani – who had been plotting attacks against Americans and Israelis in the US and Panama were arrested today.
1936: Today marks the end of the sixth week of rioting and murder by Arabs in Palestine.
1939: Even though it placed strict limitations on Jewish immigration, Arab leaders rejected the White Paper today because it allowed for Jewish immigration and for the possibility of a Jewish home in Palestine.
1948: In further moves to relieve pressures on the coastal strip and to ward off disaster two columns of Israeli armored cars were advancing to on Jenin.
1948: An Order of the Day, signed by David Ben Gurion, which included the following statement, was issued.“On the establishment of the State of Israel, the Haganah has emerged from the underground and has become a regular army
1962: Adolf Eichmann, head of the Jewish department of the Gestapo, the first Nazi to be condemned by the Jewish state, was hanged.
1965: Jordanian Legionnaires fired on the neighborhood of Musrara in Jerusalem, killing two civilians and wounding four.
1967: With the announcement of the alliance between Egypt and Jordan, Israel was faced with the possibility of having to fight a war on three fronts – the Sinai, the Golan and the West Bank – Egypt, Syria and Jordan
1967: Contingents of the Iraqi Army arrived in Egypt with plans to join in the upcoming war with Israel.
1967: The government of Egypt declared that Eilat, Israel’s southern port, had been illegally occupied by Israel. With Egyptian troops stationed a few miles away at Taba, the Israel felt even more threatened.
1967: At Nasser’s insistence, Ahmed Shukeiry, head of the PLO, flew back to Jordan with King Hussein. He then went to Jordanian occupied portion of Jerusalem where he promises the Jews of Israel that after the war they will either have not survived or will be ‘repatriated.’
1974: After Henry Kissinger conducted a feverish round of shuttle diplomacy between Damascus and Jerusalem, the separation of forces agreement between Israel and Syria was signed in Geneva. This marked the formal end the hostilities known as the Yom Kippur War.
1985: Samuel Lewis completed his service as U.S. Ambassador to Israel
2000: U.S. President Bill Clinton and Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak met at Clinton’s Lisbon hotel in the latest effort to jump-start the Israeli-Palestinian peace process.
2001: Prime Minister Ariel Sharon comes under increasing pressure to end a unilateral cease-fire with the Palestinians, as violence continues in the Middle East.
2002: Israeli troops enter the West Bank city of Nablus, while the Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat is reported to have signed a law reform package which is a framework for a Palestinian constitution.
2003: While visiting Auschwitz today, President Bush said, This site is a sobering reminder that when we find anti-Semitism, whether it be in Europe or anywhere else, mankind must come together to fight such dark impulses.
2009: A five-day civil defense exercise, simulating an attack on the country, started today. Named Turning Point 3, the drills will be the most extensive ever held and practice new measures to safeguard civilians.
2010: Israeli Shayetet 13 naval commandos boarded six ships trying to end the blockade of Gaza from speedboats and helicopters in order to force the ships to the Israeli port of Ashdod
2011: Former Prime Minister Ehud Olmert began testifying today at the Jerusalem District Court, opening the defense phase of the ongoing corruption trial against him.
2014: “Today, top Hamas official Muhammad Nazal was quoted by the organization’s official organ as saying that Hamas would not abandon the path of “resistance,” or violence against Israel — a path the Islamist group shares with the Lebanese Shi’ite terrorist organization Hezbollah.”
2015: “Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel said today that his country faced “an international campaign to blacken its name” based not on his policies toward the Palestinians but “connected to our very existence,” likening the mounting boycott movement to anti-Semitic “libels” of previous eras.”
2015: In Boston, Julian Edelman is scheduled to appear at “Celebrate Israel”
2016: The Israel National Football Team is scheduled to play a “friendly” match against Serbia in Novi Sad, Serbia.
1938: The Palestine Post published the full text of the letter, written by Dr. Chaim Weizmann, addressed to the High Commissioner for Palestine.
1948: At dawn this morning forces of the Irgun captures Ras el Ein near Petah Tikva the source of Jerusalem’s water supply.
1948: In the skies above Israel, Arab aircraft were on the attack striking at Jewish forces in several locations including Zirin, a village near Jenin, Kinereth near Timeria, Rebovoth, near Ramleh, Merchavia and Afula which was the target for incendiary bombs.
1948: Israel’s last remaining dissident organization, the Stern Group, announced tonight that it had been incorporated into the regular Israeli army.
1961: Prime Minister David Ben Gurion met with President John F. Kennedy in the Presidential suite at the Waldorf Astoria Hotel in New York City.
1967: King Hussein of Jordan visited Cairo. “At the meeting Nasser produced a file containing the Syrian-Egyptian defense pact” King Hussein was, in his own words “so anxious to reach agreement” that told Nasser to give him another copy of the agreement, “replace the word Syrian with the word Jordan” so that he could join the alliance without delay.
1967: The Arab states belligerency towards Israel increases, Meir Amit was sent to Washington to check the American response if Israel launched pre-emptive strikes at Egypt.
1969: Palestinian terrorists blew up the oil pipeline which passes through the Golan Heights.
1972: In Tel Aviv, members of the Japanese Red Army carry out the Lod Airport Massacre, killing 24 people and injuring 78 others.
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that in his inaugural Knesset address the new, fifth President of Israel, Yitzhak Navon, called upon Egypt to renew peace negotiations and urged other Arab leaders to follow suit.
2001: President Bush welcomes Israeli President Moshe Katsav to the White House for a working dinner with Jewish leaders and senior Administration officials.
2005: Thirty-eight year old Yona Peter Malina who had been “severely injured” during a Hamas bombing on a city bus in Ramat Eshkol, Jerusalem, and had been on a respirator finally passed away today.
2011: Israeli Homeland Security Minister Matan Vilna’i and his Russian counterpart Emergencies Minister Sergei Shoigu are scheduled to sign an agreement to increase Israeli-Russian cooperation in emergency situations during a ceremony at the Knesset today.
2012: Shin Bet chief Yoram Cohen told the Knesset Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee today that terrorists funded by Iran have increased attempts to attack Jewish targets around the world in the past year.
2013: President Bashar al-Assad of Syria displayed a new defiance in a television interview broadcast today, warning Israel and suggesting that he had secured plenty of weapons from Russia as his opponents falter politically and Hezbollah fighters infuse force into his military campaign.
2014: Ninety year old Israeli actress Hanah Maron passed away.
2017: According to a press release issued” today “UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres told officials from the Simon Wiesenthal Center that “denial of Israel’s right to exist is anti-Semitism.
1936: As Arab violence continued today, a Jewish policeman as stabbed and Jewish crops were burned.”
1938: As Arab violence continued to escalate, The Palestine Post reported that Arab terrorist gangs, searching for money and valuables, murdered eight Arab villagers, including three women, in the Tulkarm district. One woman who refused to pay was badly injured. Shots were fired at the Jewish quarters in Jerusalem, Haifa and Safed. “The Times” of London deplored the continued Arab terror in Palestine, “which led to some Jewish reprisals.”
1947: At a meeting of the Mapai Party secretariat, Ben Gurion declared “It has become clear to me that we had very important achievements: I do not know whether any nation other than ours could have had such achievements. But if you think we have the power to defend the Yishuv, you are deceiving yourself. We had a public that is devoted to the Haganah and that is prepared to give up its life to defend Zionism, but we do have a talented public that is trained and equipped for that.”
1948: The Israeli army crossed into Lebanon, and scattered the Arab forces on the border.
1948: As a result of Jewish forces capturing Acre, Nahariya was reunited with the rest of the Jewish State.
1948: Eddie Cohen was killed in combat flying for the IAF today.
1948: The IAF had five pilots and only four combat aircraft which meant that Milton Rubenfield did not fly and fight today.
1948: The commander of the Egyptian armored column advancing toward Tel Aviv “was apparently so shaken by the IAF’s unexpected attack” that “he order his troops to hold their positions” which, although not known at the time, marked the end of the Egyptian advance on Tel Aviv.
1948: Andrei Gromyko, the Soviet representative to the U.N. attacks the five Arab nations that have invaded Israel expressing his dismay that the invading Arab armies are “carrying out military operations aimed at the suppression of the National Liberation Movement in Palestine.”
1948: Lehi, the Irgun and the Palmach were dissolved with most of these groups members joining the IDF.
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that two Israeli soldiers were wounded in another confrontation with Jordanians in the Hebron area.
1957: “A tractor driver was killed and two others wounded, when the vehicle struck a landmine, next to kibbutz Kissufim”
1964: A meeting of The Arab League in east Jerusalem to discuss the Palestinian situation leads to the formation of the Palestinian Liberation Organization.
1967: Israel began the period known as the “Hamtana” or “Waiting.” At the time, this period of waiting increased the anxieties and fears of many Israelis as they saw the Arabs forging an ever more threatening military vice around their country.
1974: In an attempt to break the stalemate following the Yom Kippur War, Syrian and Israeli officers meet in Geneva under the chairmanship of the UN Chief of Staff, Ensio Siilasvuo
1974: In an attempt to break the stalemate following the Yom Kippur War, Syrian and Israeli officers meet in Geneva under the chairmanship of the UN Chief of Staff, Ensio Siilasvuo
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that the Palestine Liberation Organization warned from Lebanon that it will soon operate from the Golan Heights, Jordan, as well as from Sinai.
1979: Habib Elghanian, President of the Council of federations of Iranian Jewish communities, who he had been arrested and convicted for Zionist spying was summarily executed by the new Iranian government.
1981: Israeli jets attacked “Libyan anti aircraft missile batteries guarding Palestinian guerrilla positions south of Beirut” after an IAF reconnaissance plane had been attacked by enemy missiles.
2000: An Israeli court postpones a decision on whether to release two Lebanese guerrillas held without trial for years.
2001: Fifty-three year old Sara Blaustein and 20 year old Esther Alvan were murdered by a Tanzim terrorist.
2002: A program is launched to integrate Ethiopian immigrants into Israeli society. The National Ethiopian Absorption Project is initiated by the Jewish Agency for Israel and is planned to last nine years.
2006: In Jerusalem, Opening session of “Biomed Israel – 2006” a conference focusing on Respiratory disorders, Central Nervous System disorders, metabolic disorders and Cancer
2010: Gaza-based terrorists continued to attack Israel firing two rockets to night one of which exploded in an open area south of Ashkelon.
2011: Israel’s efforts to alleviate poverty and develop local economies in Africa is noble yet it needs to do more, Irish singer-activist Bob Geldof said at a conference on Israel and Africa held in Herzliya today.
2012: Among those President Obama presented the Medal of Freedom to were Shimon Peres – President of Israel
2014: “Vatican spokesman Father Federico Lombardi confirmed” today that “Israeli President Shimon Peres and Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas will join Pope Francis in a prayer for peace at the Vatican” on June 8.
2015: Palestine is scheduled to “seek Israel’s expulsion from world soccer’s governing body at today’s meeting of the FIFA Congress.
2016: “Israeli security forces arrested six alleged members of a Hamas terror cell accused of planning and carrying out a suicide bombing in Jerusalem last month, the Shin Bet security service announced today.”
1936: As of today it was reported that 24 Jews have been killed since the outbreak of the Arab Riots and another 110 have been wounded.
1936: Twenty-three year old British Constable Robert Bird, who “shot from ambush by an Arab” in the Old City of Jerusalem was among the five people murdered today.
1948: The commander of the Jewish defense of Jerusalem, “Yitzhak Rabin went up to Mount Zion in Jerusalem, where he later wrote, ‘I witnessed a shattering scene. A delegation was emerging from the Jewish Quarter bearing white flags
1948: Israeli forces captured Zar’in on Mt. Gilboa
1948: Iraqi troops captured Ge’ulim
1948: At the U.N. Security Council, following the third or fourth Arab rejection of a cease fire, U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. Warren Austin rejected the Arab position in most undiplomatic language. He accused the Arabs of having only one goal – overwhelming the government of Israel by armed power.
1950: In an attempt to promote peace in the region, the government of Israel proposes that certain religious sites in Jerusalem be placed under international control. Everybody from the Arabs to the Catholic Church rejects the proposal.
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that one Israeli soldier was killed and another wounded when Israeli units clashed with, and inflicted considerable losses on an armed Jordanian unit near Hebron.
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that in Washington, the U.S. Secretary of State, Mr. John Foster Dulles, claimed that the Egyptian Prime Minister, Naguib, was ready to “make a deal with Israel.” He was wrong.
1955: Herut and Maki factions presented no-confidence motions, in which the General Zionists, a coalition member, abstained — leading to Prime Minister Sharett’s resignation.
1964: Palestine National Congress formed the PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) in the eastern section Jerusalem. The PLO charter called for the destruction of the state of Israel. At the time of its founding, Arab countries controlled the West Bank and Gaza.
1969: Katyusha rockets fired from Jordan bombard Jericho twice.
1974: Yitzhak Rabin announced the formation of a three party coalition government that will replace the government led by fellow Laborite, Golda Meir.
1976: Two police officers were killed today while attempting to defuse a terrorist bomb.
1977: Five people were injured when a bomb went off while they were riding on a bus in Jerusalem.
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that the Cabinet embarked on a major political debate on the future of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
1980: Menachem Begin replaced Ezer Weizman as Minister of Defense
2008: During a goodwill visit to Israel that included a visit to the Western Wall, Dr J, Julius Erving, met with Shimon Peres at the presidential mansion.
2010: The Israeli Air Force bombed weapons manufacturing site and a terror tunnel tonight following further Hamas rocket attacks on the Western Negev, despite announcements by the terrorist organization and its allies they would cease the rocket attacks
2012: Sports Illustrated reported that the International Olympic Committee has rejected requests for a moment of silence at the London Olympics “in recognition of the 40th anniversary of the 1972 terrorist attacks that killed 11 Israeli coaches and athletes.
2013: Today a top Israeli minister condemned Russia’s declared intention to deliver advanced anti-aircraft missiles to Syria, and another senior minister said Israel would “know what to do” if the weapons were delivered.
2013: Archaeologists expressed deep concern over construction and renovation works at the Western Wall enclosure in Jerusalem’s Old City. The work, they said, would greatly damage artifacts under the plaza floor, which would be lost forever.
2014: Over a thousand people on Wednesday attended a state ceremony honoring Ethiopian Jews who died en route to Israel during two major waves of immigration in 1984 and 1991.
2015: “In a lengthy interview with Egypt’s Mehwar TV today – segments of which were translated by MEMRI – historian Maged Farag insisted it was time for Egyptians to leave “the old ideology and cultural heritage on which we were raised” – namely, rabid anti-Zionism and anti-Semitism – in favor of a more rational focus on Egypt’s own national interests.”
1911: Birthdate of Teddy Kollek, mayor of Jerusalem from 1965 till 1993.
1917: “Persecute Jews of Jaffa” published today described the plight of the 8,000 to 9,000 Jewish residents of the Mediterranean coastal city who “have been expelled by Turks” and facing economic ruin as they camp out of doors “without shelter” and food.
1936: On Shavuot, the British would not allow Jews to hold services at the Western Wall because of the on-going attacks by Arabs.
1947: Ben Gurion drew up his first summary of the Yishuv’s military position
1948: The Israel Defense Force (Zahal) was established. Prior to the creation of the state there had been several armed groups including Haganah, Palmach, Irgun and the Stern Gang.
1948: In Jerusalem, troops of the Arab Legion “raised their flag on the roof of the Huvra Synagogue, the main synagogue of the Jewish Quarter in the Old City and then set it on fire.
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that Jordanian marauders carried out three simultaneous attacks on three new immigrant villages of Beit Naballa, Beit Arif and Beit Arif Bet, all of them near Beit Shemen.
1967: The Israeli Cabinet met to decide whether or not to take military action against Egypt based on the continued blockade of the Straits of Tiran.
1969: Terrorist fired a bazooka this morning at an Israeli patrol in the Beisan Valley near Kfar Ruppin.
1973: The IDF announced a state of emergency and reserve troops were called up in response to a movement of Egyptian troops. The state of emergency was cancelled when it became clear that this was only an exercise
2001: Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for today’s Jaffa Road bombing in which 30 people were injured.
2002: The Al-Aqsa Martyrs, Brigades claimed credit for today’s bombing in a mall at Petah Tivka
2005: The Washington Post reported that Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice declared from Jerusalem, “that her meetings with Israeli and Palestinian leaders convinced her that both sides share a commitment to ensuring Israel’s withdrawal from Gaza takes place smoothly and peacefully.
2010: In Paris, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu attended a ceremony marking Israel’s official joining the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development
2013: US Secretary of State John Kerry held separate surprise meetings in Jordan today with Israeli and Palestinian leaders, as he intensified his efforts to revive the peace process
2015: Following yesterday’s rocket attack from Gaza on southern Israel the Gan Yavne Council order bomb shelters to be opened and “unprotected schools in Ashdod are to remain closed today.”
1948: At the United Nations, the Arabs “indicated a willingness to stop the fighting on condition that the Jews would regard the proclamation of statehood as null and void and that no further Jewish immigration would be accepted. Abba Eban responds publicly; “If the Arab states want peace with Israel, they can have it. If they want war, they have that, too. But whether they want peace or war, they could have only with the sovereign independent state of Israel.”
1948: The position of Jewish forces in the Old City was beyond desperate
1950: The Israeli government announced that Aubrey S. Eban has been appointed as Israel’s Ambassador to the United States
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that the rationing of potatoes came to an end and potatoes were put on the free market sale for the first time in four years.
1954: Meir Har-Zion was part of ten-man squad “from the newly formed 890th Paratroop Battalion led by Ariel Sharon which carried out a raid near Khirbet Jinba” today.
1958: At 1654 Local time Lieutenant-Colonel Flint of the Mixed Armistice Commission was killed apparently by a single sniper round while trying to evacuate the dead and wounded Israelis from an Israeli police patrol.
1964: The third AFC Asian Cup football tournament opened in Israel today.
1967: As the crisis that would result in the Six Day War intensified, President Nasser of Egypt declared, “the battle will be a general one and our basic objective will be to destroy Israel.”
1973: The IDF announced a state of emergency today “and reserve troops were called up in response to a movement of Egyptian troops.
1980: An Israeli police officer was injured in a stabbing attack at Hebron.
1995: Eighty seven year old Mordechai Surkis, the veterans of the Haganah and the Jewish Brigade who was the first mayor of Kfar Saba passed away today.
2004: What is believed to be the largest cheesecake in the world has been baked in Haifa for Shavuot. The cake measured more than three yards in diameter and was more than one yard high
2005: In his, joint press conference welcoming Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas to the White House, President Bush said “The imminent Israeli disengagement from Gaza, parts of the West Bank, presents an opportunity to lay the groundwork for a return to the road map.
2007: As part of an escalating wave of violence, a Border Policeman and an Israeli security guard were moderately to seriously wounded this evening when two Palestinian gunmen opened fire on an Israeli roadblock near the East Jerusalem neighborhood of Sheikh Saad.
2008: Tensions rose between Egypt and Israel when 45 elderly Jews, most of whom were born in Egypt, were forced to cancel their four-day trip to Egypt
2013: A rocket was fired from south Lebanon towards Israel today, Lebanese residents and security sources said, but it was not clear where the rocket landed and there were no immediate reports of damage inside Israel
2014: The Palestinians will demand that Israel be suspended from soccer’s international association unless Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu recognizes the status of the Palestinian Football Association, PFA Chairman Jibril Rajoub threatened today.”
2014: Pope Francis spent today in Israel visiting the Temple Mount, Yad Vashem, a terror victims’ memorial and other sites, as well as holding meetings with Israeli leaders and others
2015: Air raid sirens sounded in towns across southern Israel this evening at 9:02 p.m, as the IDF confirmed that at least one Grad rocket fired from Gaza struck near the community of Gan Yavneh, near Ashdod.”
2017: Norway’s foreign minister today condemned the Palestinian Authority for naming a women’s center in the West Bank, funded in part by the Scandinavian country, after a female terrorist.
1923: Britain recognized Transjordan with Abdullah as its leader. In this illegal action, Britain paid off part of its debt to one Arab family for its part in fighting the Turks during World War I. There are those who contend that by this act Britain effectively portioned Palestine and created an Arab state out of it
1931: In Palestine voting began to select the representatives to the 17th Zionist Congress to be held in June. When the voting ends, the Yishuv delegation of 36 consists of 24 Mapai and HaShomer HaTzair, 7 Revisionists, 2 Mizrachi, 2 Hapoel HaMizrachi and 1 Yemenite.
1936: The body of thirty-six year old Jacob Rasili, a laborer belonging to the Jewish Federation of Labor, was found this morning near the Hebrew University library and the doctors reported he had been murdered when “he had been struck on the head with a heavy cane or iron bar.
1938: As Arab violence continued unabated The Palestine Post reported that in Jerusalem 30 year old Moshe Proper was killed and there were other casualties including 12 Arab victims and seven Jewish victims. A curfew was imposed to stop stoning and shooting incidents.
1946: Abdullah I becomes King of the Kingdom of Transjordan. From 1921 until 1946 Abdullah had been Emir of the Emirate of Transjordan. On the eve of the creation of state of Israel in 1948, Abdullah met secretly with Golda Meir.
1948: The Old City of Jerusalem falls. Defended by local residents, Etzel members and about 80 Haganah soldiers, they were outnumbered and out-gunned by the Arab legionaries. After weeks of desperate fighting it was decided to surrender and save the almost 2000 mostly elderly Jews who were still living in the Old City.
1948: The government of Egypt “issued a proclamation stipulating that no Jew could leave Egypt with a special visa from the Ministry of the Interior.
1949: Chaim Weizmann went to the White House as President of Israel at the invitation of President Harry Truman.
1950: Tonight, “The decision of the United States, Britain and France to include Israel in their over-all plan for supplying the countries in the Middle East with arms for defense purposes was greeted” in Israel “with satisfaction by a Foreign Ministry spokesman.”
1951: In a handwritten letter proposes, Abba Eban proposed periodic meetings between himself and the leaders of major American Jewish organizations “to exchange views and impressions about the American-Israeli relationship.”
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that the Cabinet was discussing the deteriorating security situation in border areas.
1969: An Israeli vehicle was damaged Sunday night after hitting a mine near Maoz Chaim in the valley. There were no casualties
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that The Knesset Speaker, Mr. Yitzhak Shamir, accepted an invitation to visit Germany at the head of the Knesset delegation.
1979: Israel begins to return the Sinai to Egypt as part of the Camp David Peace Accords.
1991: Israel began the evacuation 14,000 Ethiopian Jews. This was done as a secret operation and served as a reminder of the role of Israel as a haven for all Jews.
2000: Israel withdraws the last of its forces from Lebanon.
2001: The terrorists of Palestinian Islamic Jihad took credit for the bombing today the Hadera bus station where 65 people were injured but nobody was killed.’
2014: At Ben Gurion Airport President Shimon Peres “welcomed Pope Francis, saying “On behalf of the Jewish people and in the name of all the people of Israel, I welcome you with the age old words from the Book of Psalms: ‘Welcome in the name of the Lord.’ Welcome at the gates of Jerusalem.”
2015: Today, “judges sentenced former Prime Minister Ehud Olmert to serve an additional eight months of prison over a graft conviction, tacking the sentence onto a separate six-year jail term the ex-politician is set to serve for another conviction.
1946: The Arab Higher Committee under the chairmanship of Jamal el Husseini today rejected “the recommendations of the Anglo-American Committee on Inquiry” and “demanded the establishment of an ‘Arab Independent State of Palestine,’ the withdrawal of all foreign troops and an immediate end of Jewish immigration.”
1947: The British loaded 1,457 Jewish refugees onto a ship that would take them to detention camps on Cyprus.
1948: South Africa recognized Israel.
1948: The Egyptian army captured Yad Mordecai. Yad Mordecai was one of the kibbutzim blocking the road to Tel Aviv.
1948: Yitzhak Rabin, commander of the Jewish forces in Jerusalem sends Ben Gurion a desperate plea for help. While the Israelis had been able to thwart an attack by Jordanian armored forces at the New Gate, Rabin feared they could not beat back an additional attack.
1948: Ariel Sharon, the future IDF General and Prime Minister led a platoon during the IDF’s attempt to capture the Latrun Police Compound.
1961: Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion left Israel for a visit to the United States
1970: During the “War of Attrition” Abba Eban and Yitzchak Rabin meet with Nixon and Kissinger to discuss ways of ending the violence between Egypt and Israel
1991: During Operation Solomon a world record was set for single-flight passenger load when an El Al 747 carried 1,122 passengers to Israel.
1999: A joint U.S.–Israeli team which was searching for the remains of the INS Dakar used information received from U.S. intelligence sources that led to the detection a large body on the seabed between Crete and Cyprus, at a depth of some 3000 meters (9800 ft).
2000: Israeli troops leave southern Lebanon after 18 years.
2002: In Tel Aviv, a security guard at Studio 49 Disco killed a Palestinian terrorist who “was attempting to detonate a car bomb. Despite his quick action, five people were seriously injured.
2002: Twenty-three year old Sergeant First Class Oren Tzelnik of Bat Yam was killed by terrorists and two of his comrades were seriously wounded.
2005: IDF soldier Majde Halabi was reported missing. He was assumed to have been taken hostage or killed by terrorists
2009: As he ended a four-day trip to Israel today, Canada’s minister of citizenship, immigration and multiculturalism warned against a “new anti-Semitism” that emanates from an alliance of Western leftists and Islamic extremists is more dangerous than the “old European” form of Jew-hatred.”
2010: Fifth anniversary of Majdi Halabi, the druse IDF soldier who disappeared while hitchhiking from his home at Daliyat al-Karmel to the military base where he was serving on active duty.
2011: Eighty-two year old Arthur Goldreich, a native of South Africa who was an ally of Nelson Mandela in the fight to end apartheid, passed away today in Tel Aviv.
2011: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu addressed a joint session of Congress this morning.
2012: Israeli composer Guy Barash’s musical series “Eavesdropping” is scheduled to return to The Tank in NYC.
2013: The time has come for Israeli and Palestinian leaders to take difficult steps in pursuit of peace, US Secretary of State John Kerry said as he spoke with reporters in Ben-Gurion International Airport today at the end of a two-day visit.
2014: Pope Francis sent his good wishes to President Shimon Peres and to the Israeli people via his pilot as he flew to neighboring Jordan to kick off his regional “pilgrimage of prayer” tour.
2015: “Two Israeli teens were moderately injured after being stabbed near Jerusalem’s Damascus Gate” early this morning.
1915: “A report telling of the relief work for the benefit of war sufferers in Palestine was issued today by the Provisional Executive Committee for General Zionist Affairs” chaired by Louis D. Brandeis.
1947: The British intercepted a three-masted Italian schooner today off the shore of Palestine containing 1,457 Jews who were trying to enter the country.
1948: Thomas C. Wasson, the Consul General for the United States in Jerusalem, died today after having been shot in an alley “by a .30 caliber rifle.”
1948: Rabbi Yitzchak Avigdor Orenstein, the Western Wall’s first rabbi and his wife were killed today during the shelling of Jerusalem by the Jordanian forces
1948: Egyptian forces began its attack on the Jewish settlement of Negba with an artillery barrage.
1960: Prime Minister David Ben Gurion announces in the Knesset that Adolf Eichmann, an Nazi SS officer, was abducted from Buenos Aires, Argentina, by Israeli agents and flown to Israel to stand trial for crimes against the Jewish people.
1967: Egypt closes the Straits of Tiran and blockades the port of Eilat at the northern end of the Gulf of Aqaba to Israeli shipping, laying the foundations for the Six Day War. A blockade like this is an act of war under international law.
1969: As Israelis were celebrating Shavuot, Israeli security forces arrested numerous terrorists as they foiled attacks in on both sides of what had been the Green Line.
1972: Thomas Paul Malone began serving as Canadian Ambassador to Israel.
1979: Three people were killed and thirteen more were injured when a bomb was detonated at a bus stop in Petach Tikva.
1981: Syria claimed that it had shot two Israeli drones while Israel admitted the loss of only one pilotless plane. The aircraft which were flying a recon mission over eastern Lebanon fell victim to Syrian missile batteries stationed in the Syrian occupied portion of that country.
1981: U.S. Presidential envoy Philip Habib arrived in Beirut on a mission designed to keep the situation on the Syrian-Lebanon –Israel border from exploding into war.
2001: Asher Iluz, 33, of Modi’in was killed outside Ariel en route to supervise a road paving in the area, when Palestinian gunmen opened fire in an ambush.
2002: Prime Minister Ariel Sharon replaced Eli Yishai as Minister of Internal Affairs.
2011: El Al flight 027 carrying 279 passengers landed safely at Ben Gurion Airport this morning after it was forced to make an emergency landing when a technical fault was found in one of its left wheels.
2013: A sketched map of Israeli prime minister Ehud Olmert’s land-for-peace offer to Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas in 2008 — hurriedly drawn up by Abbas after a meeting with Olmert that December, and made public for the first time today — suggests that Israel was prepared to withdraw to borders very similar to the pre-1967 lines and swap areas of northern and southern Israel in return for maintaining the larger settlement blocs
2014: “With the words of the Kaddish and a sprinkle of earth over his remains, Avner Less, the Israeli official who interrogated Adolf Eichmann was reburied today in Berlin’s Wannsee neighborhood, not far from the house where the senior Nazi who helped organize the Holocaust outlined his genocidal plans in 1942.”
2015: Today, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu thanked President Barak Obama for blocking a UN moved at forcing Israel to come clean on its nuclear capabilities en route to a Middle East zone free of nuclear weapons.”
2015: According to an article published today in Rai al-Youm, “a London-based Arab newspaper,” “Saudi Arabia recently rejected an Israeli offer to provide it with Iron Dome rocket defense technology.”
1930: The Jewish community in Palestine begins a general strike to protest the blocking of immigration
1936: Jewish-operated buses were again fired at today on the Jerusalem-Tel Aviv road.
1948: Troops from the Carmeli Brigade took up positions at Masada and Sha’ar HaGolan in expectation of a counter-attack from the Arabs that did not come.
1948: Just after 2.00pm, Consul General Thomas C Wasson was shot while returning to the US Consulate from a meeting of the UN Truce Commission at the French Consulate in Jerusalem.
1967: In violation of international agreements, Egypt closed the Straits of Tiran, blocking all Israeli shipping from the south, thereby raising tension in the Middle East
1969: Female Palestinian artist Mona Saudi, Iraqi Suheir Razzak and Swede Rolf Svensson were imprisoned in Copenhagen on suspicion of plotting to murder David Ben-Gurion.
1970: Arab terrorists killed 9 children and 3 adults on a school bus
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israel empowered the Minister of Defense and the Chief of Staff to discuss with U.N. and UNIFIL the arrangements aimed to prevent the terrorists in South Lebanon from attacking Israel and harming local inhabitants
1998: Seventy-two year old Yitzhak Moda’I passed away. Born in Tel Aviv in 1926, he became an Israeli political leader who served in the Knesset
2002: Sixteen year old Elmar Deshabrielov and 65 year old Gary Tauzniaski were killed and forty people were wounded when a suicide bomber detonated himself
2003: Hamas claimed responsibility for today’s bus bombing at Netzarim where nine people were injured.
2009: IDF forces killed two armed terrorists who approached a security fence in southern Gaza before dawn today.
2011: President Obama addressed American Israel Public Affairs Committee this morning.
2012: Israeli radio reported today that 24 year old Nadav Ben Yehuda went to the aid of a stranded climber which put an end to attempt to become the youngest Israel to reach the summit of Mount Everest.
2012: Israel responded with skepticism to reports that the UN had concluded an agreement with Iran to probe that country’s suspected nuclear site
2017: Today, Donald Trump “became the first sitting American President to visit the Western Wall.”
1900: Herzl turns to Prime Minister Ernest von Koerber to intervene for the Rumanian Jews who have no permission to cross the border to Austria.
1936: It was reported today, that in the wake of Arab attacks, “only 200 Jewish families out of a former total Jewish population of 5,000 remained in the Old City.”
1948: Today, at dawn the Golani staff reported that the enemy was repelled but that they were expecting another attack.
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that two marauders who shot at an Israeli patrol in Jerusalem’s “Corridor” were killed in an exchange of fire.
1969: A group of about 10 saboteurs was intercepted today near Nahal Argaman in the Jordan Valley. One saboteur was killed in a clash with an Israeli unit. Another was wounded and a third escaped and joined other members of the gang hiding in caves.
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israeli security men and French policemen killed three gunmen who attacked the El Al desk at the Paris Orly airport. One French policeman was killed in this Arab terror attack and three French passengers were wounded.
1979: Iran: A National Still in Torment published today described the execution of Habib Elghanian, a plastics manufacturer and the first Jew to be condemned who was convicted of spying for Israel, was said to have made huge investments in Israel and to have solicited funds for the Israeli army, which the prosecution claimed made him an accomplice “in murderous air raids against innocent Palestinians.” “The conviction of Elghanian caused concern among some Jewish businessmen in Iran, who feared that they too could be charged with contributing money to Israel.
1994: Israeli commandos captured Shiite guerrilla leader Mustafa Dirani
2009: Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu delivered a speech at Ammunition Hill in memory of soldiers who fell in the Six-Day War in 1967 in which he said, “Jerusalem was always ours, will always be ours, and will never again be divided.”
2011: Defense Minister Ehud Barak said today that the differences between Israel and the United States on the peace process are smaller than they seem.
2012: Israeli violinist Vadim Gluzman is among those scheduled to perform at the Good Shepherd Church in New York.
2013: Defense Minister Moshe Yaalon and the IDF said today that Israel has destroyed an unspecified Syrian target after fire from the Syrian side of the Golan Heights border damaged an IDF vehicle
2014: A court hearing is scheduled today for Rasmieh Yousef Odeh, associate director at the Arab American Action Network in Chicago whose failure to disclose her conviction for killing two people with a bomb in Jerusalem in 1969 should lead to her deportation under U.S. Immigration law.
2017: Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI), the nation’s largest aerospace and defense company, said today it has received an additional $630 million contract to supply long-range surface-to-air missile (LRSAM) defense systems for four ships of the Indian navy.
1944: In Jerusalem, Zev and Esther Vilnay gave birth to Matan Vilnai. Zev had been born in Kishinev and moved with his parents to Haifa at age 6. He worked as a topographer for the Haganah and the IDF. He pursued a career as leading geographer, author and lecturer. Mata joined the IDF where he served with the paratroopers, the Sayeret Matkal and deputy commander of the assault force for the Entebbe Raid.
1947: The Palmach “blew up a coffee house in Fajja, specifically in retaliation for the murder of two Jews in nearby Petah Tikva.”
1948: First appearance of the Israeli Air Force. Real combat aircraft bearing the Star of David would not appear until later in the week.
1948: The siege of Gesher ended when the two field pieces that had saved Deganya from the Syrians were rushed southwards. The guns opened fire on the Iraqi forces besieging the Jewish fighters. Faced with modern weapons, the Iraqis fled rather than fight.
1948: Mordechai “Modi” Alon and the rest of the Jewish pilots who have been training in Czechoslovakia board a DC-54 transport plane and begin their flight back to Israel.
1973: “Letter bombs were sent to Jewish and Israeli addresses in Britain and Holland” after which two Arabs were arrested by police and expelled from Great Britain.
1978: Three members of the PFLP (Peoples Front for the Liberation of Palestine) a terrorist organization, killed a policeman near El Al airlines at Orly Airport outside of Paris, France.
1981: The Israeli Cabinet reportedly will meet today to discuss proposals made by Philip C. Habib, President Reagan’s envoy who has been meeting with the President of Syria over the threat posed by his missiles located in Lebanon.
1985: Israel exchanges 1150 Palestinian prisoners for 3 Israeli soldiers
1994: Staff Sgt. Moshe Bukra, age 30 and Cpl. Erez Ben-Baruch, age 24 were shot dead by Hamas terrorists at a roadblock one kilometer south of the Erez checkpoint in the Gaza Strip
2002: Hamas claimed credit for the highway bombing at Afula
2009: Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad announced today that Iran has successfully test-fired a new advanced missile with a range of about 1,200 miles
2011: Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu met with President Obama the White House today.
2011: Just a week before his 96th birthday, Arieh Handler, on the founders of the Religious Zionist movement and the last living person to have present at when Israel declared her independence passed away today.
2012: Security forces intercepted a Palestinian squad that attempted to kidnap Israeli citizens in the West Bank.
2014: An IDF raid on the Jenin refugee neighborhood in Samaria today exposed weapons and improvised explosive devices, as well as knives and various kinds of ammunition.
2015: Two Border Police officers – a man and a woman – were wounded” this morning in a vehicular terror attack in Jerusalem on the ascent to the Mount of Olives.
1936: Tel Aviv celebrated the inauguration of its new port today. Tens of thousands gathered around a provisional jetty to watch the arrival and unloading of two steamers with cargoes of cement.
1948: The provisional government of Israel declared a state of emergency.
1948: A tiny force of the Palmach took Mount Zion and broke through to the Jewish Quarter.” The unit was forced to withdraw several hours later when reinforcements could not come to their aid.
1966: The emblem for the Israeli town of Arad, a square with a hill and a flame, was adopted today.
1969: Palestinian terrorists from Jordan bombard the Musa Alami School near Jericho.
2002: Yosef Haviv, 70, Victor Tatrinov, 63, and Arkady Vieselman, 40, all of Netanya, were killed and 59 people were injured – 10 seriously – when a suicide bomber, disguised as a soldier, blew himself up in the market in Netanya.
2003: Forensic experts said today that the second terrorist who had participated in the bombing of Mike’s Place had met death by drowning. Hamas and Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades who had claimed joint responsibility for the murderous attack identified the terrorist and his compatriot as being Muslims from Great Britain.
2009: Ninety year old Sheikh Jabr Muadi, a Druze Israeli politician who served in the Knesset from 1951 to 1981 passed away today.
2011: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said today Israel would object to any withdrawal to “indefensible” borders, adding he expected Washington to allow it to keep major settlement blocs in any peace deal.
2013: Iran’s state radio says authorities have executed two men convicted of spying for Israel’s Mossad and the American CIA spy agency.
2014: Warning that the army was operating under unprecedented financial constraints, IDF Chief of Staff Benny Gantz said today that he had cancelled reserve training for the rest of the year because of cuts to the defense budget.
1902: Herzl receives a letter from Constantinople that his letter concerning a request for the creation of an Israelite University in Jerusalem was submitted to the Sultan.
1948: Syrian aircraft bombed the Israeli village Kinneret and the regional school Beit Yerah, on the southwestern shore of the Sea of Galilee.
1948: The Arab Legion captured the police fort on Mt. Scopus. The occupation of Mt. Scopus would end with the June War in 1967.
1948: Fighting under Egyptian command Saudi Arabia joined the other Arab armies in their invasion of Israel.
1950: As a result of Operation Ezra and Nehemiah, 120,000 Jews fleeing Iraq were brought to Israel over the course of a year’s time.
1950: Israel has released the eight crewmen of an RAF flying-boat that had been forced down yesterday by Israeli fighter planes. According to the pilot, the plan was flying from Bahrain to the Suez Canal when it wandered off course due to a navigational erro
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that Abu Eliahu, 40, and Eliahu Ephraim, 45, two watchmen in the Jerusalem “corridor” were murdered by infiltrator
1965: Israeli spy Eli Cohen was publicly executed by the Syrians. This execution was aired on national Syrian television. After his execution, a sign with Anti-Zionist messages was placed on his hanging body.
1977: Menachem Begin became Israel’s Prime Minister. Begin’s election marked a major shift in Israeli politics.
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported the UNIFIL’s admission that it had allowed the terrorists to move, together with their arms, into South Lebanon.
1980: In Israel, a stone marker was unveiled in a memorial forest of 3,500 trees which had been created to honor Major Noel S. Jacobs who had commanded the Jewish Company of the Shanghai Volunteer Corps.
2001: Lt. Yair Nebenzahl, 22, of Neve Tzuf (Halamish), was killed and his mother seriously wounded, in a Palestinian roadside ambush north of Jerusalem.
2003: Steve Averbach “was on a bus heading to work when a Palestinian terrorist dressed as a fervently Orthodox Jew got on board. Averbach realized immediately that he was a suicide bomber. As he reached for his handgun, the terrorist blew himself up, killing seven people and seriously injuring 20, including Averbach.
2004: The IDF launched Operation Rainbow in response to the deaths of 13 soldiers, the majority of whom were killed after their armored personnel carriers were blown up in the southern Gazan town of Rafah
2009: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu meets with President Barak Obama in Washington, D.C.
2013: There is no chance that Israel could reach a peace agreement with Hamas, Justice Minister Tzipi Livni said this evening in an interview with Army Radio.
2014: “Israel’s tourism ministry said today it expects the papal visit later this month to give a sharp boost to tourism by Christians, who already account for a majority of tourism to the Holy Land.”
2014: “Israel’s tourism ministry said today it expects the papal visit later this month to give a sharp boost to tourism by Christians, who already account for a majority of tourism to the Holy Land.”
2015: “In a historic decision” Lt. Gen. Gadi Eisenkot, the head of the IDF General Staff today “decided to disband the IDF’s homogeneous Druze battalion, a storied unit that no longer drew the top recruits from within the community and seemed to symbolize a segregation whose time had long since passed.
1901: Herzl met with the Sultan of Turkey to discuss the establishment of a Jewish state and the obtaining of a charter. He failed in both attempts.
1936: Seventy-seven year old Zionist leader Nachum Sokolow passed away
1936: This morning in Jerusalem, more than 30,000 Jews marched in the funeral procession for three Jews murdered the night before at a local move theatre
1948: Egyptian warplanes were strafing and dive-bombing Tel Aviv for the third straight day.
1948: In Tel Aviv, as Battles of the Kinarot Valley rage into their third day. David Ben Gurion orders Moshe Dayan, the Haganah commander in the area, to ‘Hold the Jordan Valley’ no matter the cost.
1948: Russia recognized Israel. Much to Stalin’s dismay, he lost the recognition race to the United States.
1948: A convoy consisting of 12 trucks filled with military supplies arrived in Jerusalem. It would be the last convoy to reach the city. “The siege of Jerusalem was now complete.”
1950: Israeli fighter planes forced down a four-engine Royal Air Force Sunderland that was flying outside ‘the prescribed air corridor.”
1959: The Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School was opened in the western section Jerusalem. The original facility had been on Mt. Scopus. When the Jordanian Army illegally captured the eastern section of Jerusalem, the facility on Mt. Scopus became untenab
1975: Terrorist bombings taking place in Ramallah and El Bira.
1981: Birthdate of Shiri Maimon, the Sephardic Jewess born at Haifa and raised a Kiryat Haim, who is a popular Israeli singer, actress and television personality.
1983: Representatives of the United States, Lebanon and Israel signed an agreement that was supposed to bring peace to the two warring Middle East nations. The government of Lebanon was not able to honor the terms of the agreement.
1999: Avigdor Kahalani completed his services as an MK
2003: A pregnant Israeli woman and her husband were killed when a suicide bomber detonated himself next to them in a public square in Hebron.
2013: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu pledged to do whatever it takes to protect Israelis in the unstable Middle East
1936: A bomb thrown by Arabs kills three Jews at the Edison cinema in Jerusalem. The Haganah demands permission to retaliate, but Ben Gurion refuses.
1948: Based on a telegram from David Ben Gurion and Moshe Sharett, Abba Eban and not Mordechai Elisah, is to be Israel’s chief spokesman at the the United Nations.
1948: Israel issued its first postage stamps.
1948: Chaim Weizmann was chosen Chairman of the Provisional State Council of Israel which effectively made him the first president of the State of Israel.
1948: The Egyptian army suffered its first defeat at Nirim, in the Negev.
1948: The Egyptians entered Gaza. They would not “leave’ until 1967.
1948: At approximately one o’clock in the morning Syrian artillery began shelling Kibbutz Ein Gev.
1974: Despite a terrorist attack the previous day on a school at Ma’alot, Prime Minister Golda Meir tells Secretary of State Kissinger that talks with the Syrians will continue.
2009: Mordechai Limon, the first commander of the Israel Navy, passed away today at the age of 85. “During World War II, he volunteered for the British Merchant Marin
2014: “Maccabi Electra Tel Aviv won a place tonight in the Euroleague Final after a thrilling victory over CSKA Moscow.”
2015: Rocking throwing Palestinians attacked firefighters trying to reach two burning synagogues in the Jerusalem neighborhood of Pisgat Zeev today which was Shabbat.
2017: “The US ambassador to the United Nations, Nikki Haley, said today that the US embassy should be moved from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem
1936: On the first day of the official Arab campaign of civil disobedience aimed at ending Jewish immigration violence breaks out forcing the British to cordon off Tel Aviv from Jaffa.
1948: Voice of Israel (Kol Israel) was born simultaneously with the birth of the State of Israel. Operations for Kol Israel were in the old Palestine Broadcasting Service facilities left behind when the British left Palestine. The first Kol Israel broadcast was made from Tel Aviv as David Ben-Gurion read the Declaration of Independence for the Jewish State.
1948: In a radio Broadcast Menachem Began said today “It is Hebrew arms which decide the boundaries of the Hebrew State; so it now in this battle; so it will be in the future.”
1948: On the day after Israel declared its independence Jews in Baghdad “walked liked shadows, terrified about their own destiny and that of their brothers in the Land of Israel.”
1948: An Iraqi brigade invaded at Naharayim on May 15, 1948, in an unsuccessful attempt to take the kibbutz and fort but the Arabs were able to occupy and loot the power plant which was the creation of Pinhas Rutenberg.
1948: Holocaust survivor Rivka Salzman died today during the crucial Battle of Nirim – the only woman to die in the successful thwarting of Egypt’s initial attempt to destroy the state of Israel.
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that a new railway line linked Hadera with Tel Aviv.
1967: During a parade in Jerusalem marking the 19th anniversary of Israeli independence, a messenger brings word to Prime Minister Eshkol that “large Egyptian forces were moving into Sinai and advancing westward.”
1974: A cell from the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine infiltrated into Israel from Lebanon. Murdering the Cohen family including their four year old son in their apartment in Ma’alot. The terrorist then stormed Netiv Meir School taking 105 students and 10 of their teachers hostage. The terrorists killed 22 students and three of the teachers before the IDF could mount an effective rescue mission.
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that the Israeli Cabinet, by a vote of 14 to three, backed the Chief of Staff, Raphael Eitan’s declaration that Israel cannot defend itself without Judea, Samaria, and the Golan.
1981: President Anwar el-Sadat called on Syria and Israel today to adopt a policy of ”hands off Lebanon” and urged the Palestinians to form a provisional government because ”the day will come when Israel will sit with you.
2000: Israel and Sri Lanka re-establish diplomatic relations.
2001: One Israel, a party formed by Ehud Barak in 1999 ceased to exist today.
2006: Over 150,000 people attended the celebrations at the tomb of Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai on Mount Meron in the Galilee
2007: Four people were wounded by a barrage of Rockets fired by Hamas at the western Negev town of Sderot.
2008: President George Bush is schedule to address the Knesset on the second day of his visit to Israel; a visit designed to honor Israel on its sixtieth anniversary as well as to try and advance peace talks with the Palestinians.
2011: Four people were reportedly shot dead by Israel Defense Forces troops today as they opened fire on large numbers of infiltrators trying to breach Syria’s southern border with Israel.
2012: Arab terrorists attacked southern Israel with a Kassam rocket early today and attacked Jews in the Hevron area with two firebombs overnight as “Nakba Day” began
2013: For the first time since the outbreak of the Syrian uprising, two mortar shells exploded in the Mount Hermon area this morning.
2013: Israel will continue to take military action to prevent the transfer of advanced weaponry to Syria, The New York Times quoted a senior Israeli official as saying today, a day after Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu met Russian President Vladimir Putin in Sochi to discuss the troubled situation.
1924: The first conference of the General Zionist movement concluded its meeting in Jerusalem. It decided to establish a General Zionist Federation to amalgamate all centrist factions in Palestine.
1936: A large Jewish delegation met with the British High Commissioner and discussed the worsening conditions in the country brought on by continued Arab attacks and violence.
1948: When the Israeli flag was unfurled outside the Jewish Agency building in New York City, “throngs of Jewish youngster danced the hora outside and traffic on East 68th Street came to a halt.”
1948: Following yesterday’s massacre of the Jews at Kfar Etzion, the rest of villages at Gush Etzion surrendered following which the Jews were taken prisoner and their homes “plunder and burned.”
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that 102 new immigrants arrived from Iran.
1953: The first railway line built by the State of Israel – 28 and a half miles of track running parallel to the coast between Hadera and Tel Aviv – was dedicated by Mrs. David Remez, widow of Israel’s first Minister of Communications who conceived the line in 1948.
1967: According to statements made by Nasser in justifying the blockade of the Straits of Tiran, this is the day on which he discussed the Soviet report of the Israel’s planned invasion of Syria with the government in Damascus and formulated their military response.
1974: First Lieutenant Rami Zusman and Sergeant Reuven Brinenberg were killed just two weeks before Henry Kissinger negotiated a separation of forces agreement between the Syrians and Israelis.
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported on the changed mood in the Cairo media which claimed that the deadlock in the Israeli-Egyptian peace negotiations moved the whole Middle East to the situation which preceded the 1973 Yom Kippur war.
2008: As US President George W. Bush lands in Israel for a three-day visit.
2008: A shopping mall in Ashkelon was hit this afternoon by a long-range rocket fired from the Gaza Strip injuring around 90 people, four of them seriously.
2009: Today Jordan’s king pressed Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to immediately commit to the establishment of a Palestinian state, as the monarch pursued a sweeping resolution of the Muslim world’s conflicts with Israel.
2013: The refurbished Jerusalem Train Station is scheduled to host its first major event today.
2014: US ambassador to Israel Dan Shapiro and Amos Gilad of the Defense Ministry met U.S. Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel at the airport this evening as he prepared to begin a two day visit to Israel.
2015: “Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s coalition was formally sworn in tonight
2018: More than 100,000 people from Gaza are scheduled to take part in the “March of Return” an attempt to breach the anti-terrorist fence on the border with the Israel which in reality is an attempt by those committed to destroying Israel to invade the country.
1900: Herzl made a Zionist speech at the “Israelitische Allianz”.
1904: Herzl writes to Wenzel von Plehve asking for an audience for Katzenelson.
1936: Tonight, “thirty Arabs attacked a Jewish stone-crushing plant outside of Jerusalem” killing “one of three Arabs working there, wounding another” before setting fire to the plant.
1948: As the British began their withdrawal from the Old City, the Haganah awaited the attack by 20,000 Arab soldiers who were determined to capture Jerusalem
1948: The Arab Emergency committee and the Haganah High Command signed the terms for the Arab surrender of the town of Jaffa. Despite Jews pleas to stay, 67,000 of the city’s 70,000 inhabitants of the city left, many by boat for Lebanon.
1948: In a daring nighttime firefight, Jewish forces seized the fort at the ancient town of Gezer at the southern end of the Tel Aviv – Jerusalem road. This is the same Gezer that the Pharaoh gave to King Solomon as a wedding gift.
1948: On the day before Israel declares her independence, Arab irregulars perpetrate The Kfar Etzion massacre. Armored cars of the Arab Legion broke through the final defense line of Kfar Etzion. In the last message sent by the defenders to Jerusalem, the defenders described “a Masada –like battle.”
1948: A motorbike courier delivers an envelope the Tel Aviv apartment of 32 year old Arieh Handler. The envelope contained an invitation to the ceremonies marking the Israeli Declaration of Independence
1948: Maury Atkin was offered a job as executive officer and agriculture attaché of the first Israeli embassy. The embassy actually would not exist for another 24 hours.
1950: Eliahu Elath, Israel’s Ambassador to the United States, was named Ambassador to Great Britain today. Abba Eban is expected to succeed Elath.
1953:The Jerusalem Post reported that a Bill had been introduced in the Knesset by the Minister of Education and Culture, Prof. Benzion Dinur, for the establishment of “Yad Vashem” (an everlasting name), for the memory of the six and a half million Jews who perished in the Holocaust and were granted Israeli honorary citizenship.
1965: Germany established diplomatic relations with Israel.
1965: Several Arab nations broke ties with West Germany after it established diplomatic relations with Israel.
1967: Egyptian troops move into the Sinai, which is a demilitarized zone.
1996: Eighty year old Professor Chaim Menachem Rabin, the native of Germany who became one of Israel’s premiere expert on Hebrew, especially as found in such ancient documents as the Dead Sea Scrolls passes away.
2008: Maj.-Gen. Ido Nehushtan assumed his new post as the 16th commander of the Israel Air Force.
2010: Oz Goffman of the Ministry of Agriculture said today that parliament must still approve the proposal to ban fishing on the Sea of Galilee for the next two years before it takes effect.
2012: Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu congratulated Kadima leader Shaul Mofaz on his joining the government coalition during his opening remarks at the weekly cabinet meeting today.
1938: The Palestine Post reported the Jewish Labor declaration that the Arab terror will merely strengthen the determination of the Jewish people in their development of uninhabited areas and other up building tasks.
1943: The first Aliyah to the Negev began with the establishment of Kibbutz Gevulot. The first three settlements, Gevulot, Revivim, and Bet Eshel, were experimentally established in 1943 to determine the feasibility of permanent settlements in the Negev.
1948: Beit-Shean was captured by the Haganah; specifically the 13th Battalion of the Golani Brigade.
1948: Yigael Yadin, the Haganah’s chief of operations, put the odds of the nascent Jewish state surviving the onslaught by the Arab armies at 50-50
1948: David Ben-Gurion convened an emergency meeting of the Provisional Council, the governing body of the unborn Jewish state. The issue at hand was a proposal that there should be a delay in declaring statehood
1948: Having withstood the onslaught of the Arab Legion during the fight for Mishmar Ha-Emek, Lehi launched a successful operation on five villages directly to the west the Kibbutz.
1950: As of today, doctors in Israel are “exhausting supplies of the drug Aureomycin in an attempt to curb the worst polio epidemic in” the history of the Jewish state
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israel agreed to review the acute border infiltration problem in high level talks with Jordan.
1965: Israel and West Germany exchange letters beginning diplomatic relations
1968: Israel defeated Hong Kong in a 1968 AFC Asian Cup match at Amjadieh Stadium in Tehran, Iran.
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that on the occasion of Israel’s 30th anniversary, the Chief of Staff, Rafael Eytan, declared that Zahal will be unable to defend Israel without the West Bank, and urged both his soldiers and civilians to “stop being naive about the subject.” He was thus countering the Egyptian President Anwar Sadat’s declaration made at the same time in New York, which demanded that Israel returns the Gaza Strip to Egypt and the West Bank to Jordan.
1980: Birthdate of award winning Israeli actress Maya Maron.
2003: The body of the second terrorists who had helped to blow up Mike’s Place “washed ashore” on the beach at Tel Aviv.
2008: An elderly woman was killed by a Kassam rocket that scored a direct hit on a western Negev community, hours after Israeli leaders said they were leaning toward accepting an Egyptian cease-fire deal with Hamas.
1911: Conservative Young Turks blame Zionists for desecration of the Mosque of Omar.
1924: The first conference of the General Zionist movement begins in Jerusalem.
1948: Haganah took control of the port of Haifa. Haifa is Israel’s northern port.
1949: Israel is admitted as the 59th member of the U.N., this, on the anniversary of Turkey’s declaration, in 1917, of its intention to free Eretz Israel of the entire Jewish population.
1960: Adolf Eichmann, charged with the implementation of the “final solution”, was captured in Buenos Aires, Argentina by the Mossad. Eichmann was in charge of all transportation required for the shipment of Jews to the extermination camps
1961: President John F. Kennedy appointed Walworth Barbour as U.S. Ambassador to Israel.
1967: Abba Eban and his wife tour Israel’s northern border area with General David Elazar, commander of the region.
1969: “Singapore officially recognized the State of Israel and diplomatic relations were established between the two countries.”
1975: Israel signed an agreement with European Economic Market. This helped the Israelis to increase their involvement in what was then a new and burgeoning market for its products including fresh flowers and fresh produce.
1975: Saboteurs derailed a freight train near Jerusalem
1976: Three people were injured when terrorist set off a bomb in a Tel Aviv movie theatre.
2006: Writer, actor and singer Yossi Banai, one of Israel’s most beloved and admired artists passed away at the age of 74 after a serious illness.
2009: The Pope arrives in Israel for a four-day stay, which will include visits to the Palestinian Authority and the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem as well as meetings with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and President Shimon Peres, who will be his official host.
2011: Hundreds of Jewish World War II veterans marched in the streets of Jerusalem today on the 66th anniversary of the Allied victory over Nazi Germany.
2012: Israeli President Shimon underwent surgery for a hernia at Sheba Medical Center in Tel Hashomer.
2013: Several thousand people marched around central Tel Aviv tonight to protest the budget plan presented earlier this week by Finance Minister Yair Lapid.
2014: “Twenty IDF reservist commanders sent a letter to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu today, in which they stressed that over 100 soldiers under their command hadn’t undergone any training exercises for three-and-a-half years, and therefore were unprepared for any military conflict the country may face
1917: On the last day of the British War Mission’s visit to Washington A.J. Balfour, the Secretary of State for Foreign Affiars, spoke with Justice Brandeis this afternoon, possibly about the establishment of “a Zionist Republic in Palestine” – a subject “that the British do not desire to discuss too fully in the present disturbed situation.
1948: Tzfat (Safed) was secured by the Haganah.
1951: Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion, escorted by high ranking Israeli officials, journeyed to West Point this morning and placed a wreath on the grave of Col. David (Mickey) Marcus, who was killed in 1948 while serving with the Israeli forces
2002: Operation Defensive Shield which had been launched following the “Passover Massacre” came to an end.
2008: Early this morning the IDF confirmed air strikes on Hamas police stations in the Gaza Strip, killing five Hamas operatives hours after a fatal barrage of mortar shells fired by Palestinian gunmen killed one man in a Kibbutz in the western Negev.
2008: Egyptian Culture Minister Farouk Hosni said during a parliamentary conference that he “would burn Israeli books myself if found in Egyptian libraries.”
2010: “The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) invited Israel to become a member of the organization.”
2010: Israel Air Force planes bombed two targets in the southern Gaza in the early hours today warning in retaliation for a rocket attack on Saturday night, the army said.
2011: On Independence Day, the Central Bureau of Statistics reported that Israel had a population of 7,746,000, 75% of which is Jewish. In the past year 178,000 babies were born and 24,500 immigrants made aliyah
2014: Thousands marched in Afula tonight in commemoration of 19 year old Shelly Dadon whose body was found earlier this month “in what is believed to be a nationalistically motivated killing
1930: Birthdate of Mordechai “Motta” Gur who commanded the division that reunited Jerusalem in 1967 and served 10th Chief of Staff of the IDF.
1939: The Rothschild-Hadassah University Hospital and Medical Center was opened on Mt. Scopus. Mt. Scopus would be cut off from the Jewish held section of Jerusalem at the end of the War for Independence.
1957: The Libyan government issued a decree ordering all Libyan Jews with relatives in Israel to register with the Libyan boycott Office, the main pressure group opposed trade with Israel.
1972: A day after Sabena Flight 571 was hijacked by four terrorists from Black September demanding the release of 315 convicted Palestinian terrorists in exchange for the passengers, a rescue mission was mounted.
1996: Pursuant to Article VII of the Interim Agreement on the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, dated September 28, 1995, the Israelis and the Palestinians agree to the establishment of a Temporary International Presence in the city of Hebron
2001: The bodies of two Israeli teenagers – Yaakov “Koby Mandell and Yosef Ishran – who had been kidnapped yesterday were found in a cave in the Judean Desert near their home which was covered with the boy’s blood “reportedly smeared by their killers” who had bound them, stabbed them and beaten them to death with rocks
2002: The 38-day stand-off in the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem came to an end when the Palestinians inside agreed to have 13 suspected terrorists among them deported to several different countries.
2006: Israeli archaeologists working for Israel’s Antiquities Authority announced today that they have uncovered a large concentration of stone utensils on the southeastern rim of the city which were used by prehistoric man hundreds of thousands of years ago.
2008: In Tel Aviv, Shmuel Katz, who was a close adviser to Menachem Begin, Israel’s prime minister in the late 1970s and early 1980s, but who later became a vociferous opponent of Begin’s peace efforts with Egypt and the Palestinians, passed away at the age of 93.
2010: The Obama administration announced today that indirect, American-brokered talks had resumed between Israel and the Palestinians.
2012: The United States-Israel Enhanced Security Cooperation Act of 2012, which was sponsored by House Majority Leader Rep. Eric Cantor (R-Va.) and House Minority Whip Rep. Steny Hoyer (D-Md.), passed today by a vote of 411-2
2013: Researchers from Tel Aviv University are tentatively positing that they may have discovered the origin of Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia.
1950: An announcement was made today at Geneva that “Israel has accepted the proposal of the United Nations Conciliation Commission for Palestine to proceed with direct negotiations with the Arab states while the commission acts as mediator for the settlement of all outstanding issues.”
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that, Syria had appealed to all Arab States to tighten the economic blockade of Israel as “the best way to kill Israel peacefully.”
1960: While exploring caves in the Judean desert an archaeological expedition led Yigael Yadin discovers fourteen letters written by Simon Bar-Kokhba, leader of the Jewish revolt against the Romans in 132 – 135 CE.
1972: Four Palestinian terrorists from Black September boarded Sabena Flight 571 from Vienna to Tel Aviv. Twenty minutes after taking off from a scheduled stop, the hijackers took control of the flight and instructed the captain to continue as planned to Israel’s Lod Airport (now Ben Gurion International Airport). Less than 24 hours later, Israeli commandos, among them today’s most prominent Israeli leaders launched a daring operation to rescue the flight’s passengers and retake the plane.
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that the New York police estimated that a crowd of 750,000, gathered in and around the Central Park, at an event which marked Israel’s 30th anniversary, and listened to a 20 minute address by the Prime Minister.
1982: Shimon Peres meets with a dozen leaders of the Labor Party to report on a plan conceived by Defense Minister Arik Sharon for a massive military operation in Lebanon aimed eliminating the PLO presence and influence from that country.
2002: A Palestinian terrorist detonated a suitcase packed with explosives in a crowded gambling and billiards club near Tel Aviv, killing at least 15 people and wounding 58.
2008: On Israel’s 60th Independence Day, eight organizations are awarded the Israel Prize for a lifetime contribution to the state and society.
2009: Pope Benedict XVI began his eight day pilgrimage which will take him to Jordan, Israel and the Palestinian territories.
2010: Hamas fired a rocket, which landed in open ground near Ashkelon today.
2013: President Shimon Peres delivered remarks at the state memorial ceremony for the Jews of Ethiopia who died on their journey to Israel
2014: “Schools near the Dead Sea were shut and several roads in the area were blocked by authorities this morning as a rare tropical storm dumped rain across the country causing flash floods and wreaking havoc in the south of the country.”
1917: In London, the Jewish Chronicle provides further details based on eyewitness accounts of the plight of Jews living in Palestine, which is under the control of the Ottoman Empire. According to these accounts, the evacuation of the civil population of Jaffa that had been ordered by the Turks as a military measure was aimed against the Jews since all Jews including those of Turkey’s allies – Germany and the Austro-Hungarian Empire – were forced to leave while Mohammedans and Christians, regardless of nationality, were allowed to stay.
1936: Despite the High Commissioner’s warning Arab leaders at a general conference held in Jerusalem representing all Arab towns unanimously called for a campaign of civil disobedience by all Arabs in Palestine including the refusal to pay taxes and “a boycott of everything Jewish.”
1950: The government is scheduled to send its formal reply to the United Nations concerning “the Palestine Conciliations Commission’s proposal for peace negotiations.” Israel is willing to send delegates to a meeting that is held without pre-conditions while the Arab states have announced that they will only come if the “return of Palestine refugees is the first item on the agenda.”
1994: Haim Bar Lev, the IDF’s Chief of General Staff from 1968 to 1971, passed away
2001: IDF naval commandos captured the Santorini, a fishing boat used for smuggling weapons into Gaza that included Katyusha rocket launchers, surface-to-air (SAM-7) anti-aircraft missiles and rocket-propelled grenade launchers.
2002: Israeli Prime Minister met with President George Bush at the White House.
2002: Hamas claimed responsibility for today’s bombing at Rishon LeZion where 15 people were killed and another 55 were wounded
2003: In Tel Aviv, Mike’s Place re-opened after suffering a suicide bombing attack on April 30.
2006: The World Zionist Organization announce the 2006 winners of the third annual Herzl Award, initiated by the Department for Zionist Activities to commemorate the Centenary of Herzl’s passing.
2008: As Israel celebrates its 60th anniversary, the population nears 7.3 million with 76% of the population being Jewish On the eve of its independence day, Israel’s population numbers 7,282,000, 75.5 percent of which is Jewish, and 20.1 percent Arab, Central Bureau of Statistics show. The remaining 4.4 percent is made up largely of immigrants and their children who are not registered as Jews in the Interior Ministry’s population rolls
2013: Seventy years ago the Jewish people could not protect itself and had to plead for others to “save them.” Today that is no longer the case, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said today, just days after allegations that Israeli war planes attacked weapons depots near Damascus.
1921: In Palestine, riots that began on May 1 come to an end according to official reports. Outbreaks of Arab riots had taken place in Jaffa, Tel Aviv, and various Jewish settlements.
1930: Birthdate of Mordechai “Motta” Gur the Jerusalem native who rose to the rank of Lt. General in the IDF and became the 10th Chief of Staff of the IDF
1947: David Ben-Gurion completes a five week round of meeting with dozens of Jewish military commanders which will later be described as a “systematic investigation” of the Yishuv’s ability to withstand the military onslaught it could expect from the surrounding Arab nations if the British decided to leave.
1948: Modi Alon left Sde Dov, the airport that was home to the fledgling IAF, for Czechoslovakia where he learned to fly the Avia, a Czech version of the ME-109.
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israel and Argentina had raised their missions to the rank of Embassies and exchanged Ambassadors.
2001: The Santorini set sail from northern Beirut carrying weapons for terrorists in Gaza.
2006: Israeli pilots and planes participate in The Volcanex 2006 exercise which is held in cooperation with the European Air Group as part of the Italian Air Force exercise Spring Flag begins in Decimomannu, Italy.
2009: Tourism Minister Stas Misezhnikov said today that The Tourism Ministry will begin marketing the grave site of Rabbi Shimon Bar-Yochai as a tourist attraction to the haredi community
2013: Two rockets fired from Syrian territory exploded on the Golan Heights today, without causing casualties or damage, an IDF spokesperson said
2014: “Israel’s political and military leaders gathered in Jerusalem today morning to toast outstanding soldiers for Israel’s 66th Independence Day, with President Shimon Peres telling troops they will face challenges further afield than generations before them.
2015: Or Asraf, the Israeli backpacker who was killed in an earthquake in Nepal last month, is scheduled to be buried today “at the cemetery in his hometown of Lehavim.”
1896: Dreyfus wrote in his diary, “I have no longer anything to say; everything is alike in its horrible cruelty.”
1917: At a mass meeting of Zionists held this evening, “Nathan Straus offered to defray the traveling expenses of all wishing to move to Palestine” but lack “means to do so.”
1936: “A big fire” which was presumably started by arsonists “broke out today in Balfour Forest in northern Palestine destroying more than a thousand trees planted by the Jews
1938: The Palestine Post reported that an Arab watchmen employed by the Iraqi Petroleum Company was shot and killed in a Tiberias cafe, apparently because he was to serve as a witness in the court case against the Izza ed Din el Kassam
1958: Birthdate of “Lieutenant Colonel Ron Arad, IAF fighter pilot and weapon systems officer who is officially classified as missing in action since October 1986, but widely presumed dead. Hezbollah claimed that Arad died during an escape attempt in May 1988.
1983: Chaim Herzog began serving as President of Israel, a position he would hold until the election of Ezer Weizman in 1993.
1985: An additional 2,000-foot section of the ramparts of the Old City of Jerusalem gained modern lighting. The segment may now be walked at night, in a leisurely half-hour, starting at the Zion Gate and ending at the Citadel of David.
1991: Yuval Glick and Moshe Leshem were killed when their F-4 Phantom Jet crashed into Lake Tiberius.
2009: During his visit to the United States, President Peres is scheduled to meet with President Obama at the White House
2011: All flights leaving Ben Gurion Airport were stopped today, due to a problem with the airport’s gas supply. The gas was found to be contaminated.
2013: Israel is working on joining an anti-Iran defense alliance with a number of moderate Arab states that would involve sharing Jerusalem’s newly developed anti-missile technologies, a British newspaper reported today.
1902: Herzl began a three day trip in Berlin. Herzl talked to the director of the Deutsche Bank through which the Zionist movement would like to buy the Deutsche Palästinabank. For the first time Herzl met Franz Oppenheimer.
1917: Tel Aviv was sacked by Arabs. Djemal Pasha announced that it was the intention of the Turkish government to purge Eretz Yisrael of its Jewish population.
1926: In Palestine, “all work in Jewish office, factories and institutions…stopped at 1:30 today as thousands of mourners paid tribute to the late Dr. Max Nordau…whose body was brought to Palestine from France.
1947: The Irgun Zeva’l Le’umi, known in Hebrew by the abbreviation as Etzel or the Irgun, staged the famous prison break at Acre Prison.
1948: In direct violation of international law the Arab Legion which was the Jordanian army that included a compliment of British officers attacked Kfar Etzion and was driven back the poorly armed Jewish fighters.
1948: With only five days left until the end of the British Mandate, the Jewish forces were working feverishly to develop a military posture that would enable them to avoid annihilation by Arab military forces operating illegally in Palestine
1975: Terrorists set off a bomb in a Jerusalem apartment building.
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported from Lebanon that Arab terrorists murdered four French UNIFIL paratroopers, wounded seven and abducted five
1994: Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO leader Yasser Arafat signed an according that granted the Palestinians the right of self-rule in the Gaza Strip and Jericho
2005: Natan Sharansky completed his term as Minister Without Portfolio.
2006: Avi Dichter replaced Gideon Ezra as Minister of Public Security.
2013: The airstrike that Israeli warplanes carried out in Syria overnight was directed at a shipment of advanced surface-to-surface missiles from Iran that Israel believed was intended for Hezbollah, the militant Lebanese organization.
2015: “The mortar round that killed four-year-old Daniel Tragerman on the second to last day of the war in and around Gaza last summer was fired from a United Nations installation, Lt. Gen. (res) Benny Gantz, the commander of the army during the 50-day war, said” today.
1873: Theodor Herzl’s Bar Mitzvah
1898: Golda Meir is born in Kiev
1900: Herzl has a meeting with Austrian Prime Minister Ernest von Koerber.
1902: Herzl writes to the Sultan of Turkey appealing for the establishment of a Jewish university in Palestine.
1923: In Palestine, filming of “Palestine Awakening” written by American Zionist William Topk
2001: President Bush meets with Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres in the Oval Office.
2013: The Chinese government says it is willing to set up a meeting between the Israeli prime minister and the Palestinian president when the two leaders visit Beijing next week, if the sides expressed interest in doing so.
2014: “The IDF deployed a Patriot missile battery in Eilat today and stationed it alongside the Iron Dome anti-missile battery in the southern city, ahead of the Memorial Day and Independence Day holidays.
2015: Two Palestinians “overpowered and detained for questioning” after they attempted to stab IDF soldiers “near the settlement of Yakir.
1929: Tel Aviv celebrated its 20th anniversary today at an afternoon tea party.
1948: In response to the illegal attacks by Arab forces that had begun the day after the Partition vote, the Palmach 3rd Battalion, commanded by Moshe Kelman, attacked Ein al-Zeitun with a Davidka, two 3-inch mortars and eight 2-inch mortars
1950: “A United Nations plane flying southward over Israeli territory was forced down at Lydda Airport today after Israeli Army fighters had fired across its nose.
1951: Prime Minister David Ben Gurion left Israel for a private visit in the United States, accompanied by Chaim Herzog.
1951: Syrian forces took positions in Tel Mutilla, in the demilitarized zone between Israel and Syria, and Meir Amit was ordered to dislodge them
1968: Israeli television began broadcasting.
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that despite the U.S. State Department’s official objections, the Palestine Liberation Organization opened an information office in Washington, under the management of Hatem Husseini, a Palestinian citizen of Jordan.
1980: Arab terrorists kill 6 Jews and injure 17 at Hebron.
1981: A police sapper was moderately injured by an explosive charge that had been placed in a trash can near Cafe Alno in Jerusalem.
2000: Israeli jet fighters turn back an Egyptian civilian aircraft from the Gaza airport
2001: A meeting between Secretary of State Colin Powell and Foreign Minister Shimon Peres to discuss the Egyptian-Jordanian peace initiative ends with little advancement.
2004: A pregnant mother and her four daughters are shot dead by terrorists as they drive on the Kissufim road in the Gaza Strip.
2011: The Palestinian Islamist group Hamas condemned the killing by U.S. forces of Osama bin Laden and mourned him as an “Arab holy warrior.”
2013: Terrorists in Gaza fired two rockets at southern Israel tonight. The rockets hit the Eshkol region.
2014: “The patriarch of the Maronite church will travel to Jerusalem next month to greet Pope Francis, the first head of his Lebanon-based denomination to visit since Israel’s creation in 1948, he said today.”
1917: Preacher Billie Sunday said today that “many prophecies are coming true” as can be seen by the fact that “the Jews are going back to Palestine and are to have nation of their own for the first times since the days of the sweet singer of Israel.”
1919: The rabbis of Palestine hold a first conference. Rabbi Avraham Yitzhak HaCohen Kook is asked to serve as chief rabbi.
1921: Not for the first or last time, Arabs resort to violence to try and stop the growth of the Jewish community. In this case riots began in Jaffe resulting in the death of forty Jews and the wounding two hundred others.
1946: The English-American Commission on the Jewish Refugee Problem in Europe recommended the immediate entry of 100,000 Jews into Eretz Israel. The British continued to maintain the blockade keeping the Jews out of Palestine.
1948: Abba Eban makes his maiden speech in the U.N. General Assembly.
1958: Birthdate of Ronen Shilo, the native of Nes Ziona, IDF veteran and Technion graduated who became the CEO of Conduit which in 2013 was Israel’s largest Internet company
1967: Birthdate of Yael Arad Israel, an Israeli judoka who won a silver medal at the Barcelona Olympics in 1992.
1990: At an Arab summit meeting held in Baghdad, President Saddam Hussein of Iraq threatens to use “weapons of total destruction” in response to an Israeli attack against Arabs.
1994: Israeli and PLO delegates opened a final round of talks in Cairo leading to an agreement on PLO self-rule.
2000: Palestinian prisoners being held in Israeli jails begin a hunger strike to draw attention to their conditions.
2004: Maccabi Tel Aviv crushes Italy’s Skipper Bologna 118-74 to become European champions for the fourth time in the club’s history.
2005: Stanley Fischer began serving as Governor of the Bank of Israel.
2011: A memorial service for Maj. Gen. Orde Wingate, who trained members of the Haganah, is scheduled to take place today at the Arlington National Cemetery.
2011: Moshe Landau, the fifth president of the Supreme Court and an Israel Prize laureate, died on today,
2013: Israel needs to reach peace with the Palestinians to prevent becoming a bi-national state, Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu said today, stressing – however – that the core of Israel’s conflict with the Palestinians is not territory, but a Palestinian unwillingness to recognize Israel’s legitimacy within any boundaries.
2015: In an attempt to placate its Arab allies, it was reported today that the United States was considering selling F-35 to the United Arab Emirates which would threaten Israel’s qualitative edge in any future war with Arab states.
1925: The Revisionist party was founded by Zev (Vladimir) Jabotinsky
1936: Despite Arab violence in Palestine, the High Commissioner opened the Levant Fair at Tel Aviv today where “more than 5,000” people heard “Mayor Dizengoff stress the importance of this biennial exhibition in the development of trade in the Near and Middle East with Western manufacturers.”
1947: “Itzhak Zuckerman, deputy commander of Warsaw’s ghetto uprising arrived in Palestine” today to settle permanently at the village of Yagour “where his wife Zivia Lubotkin, another leader of the Polish ghetto rising is a member.”
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that a gang of Bedouin terrorists mined a bridge on the Nitzana-Beersheba road and opened fire when an army truck was passing by
1956: Israeli Chief of State Moshe Dayan delivered the eulogy at Nahal Oz for Roi Toberg, the kibbutz security officer who had been murdered in an ambush yesterday after which his body was mutilated by the terrorists.
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israeli Prime Minister, Menachem Begin, left for Washington on his second successive visit to U.S. and President Carter, in an apparent attempt to resolve the problem of the stalled Israeli-Egyptian peace negotiation
1985: One person was injured today during a grenade attack on a bus in Israel.
1996: President Clinton and Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres signed an accord in Washington extending U.S. help to Israel in countering terrorism
2003: The Israeli president, Moshe Katzav and his Polish counterpart, Aleksander Kwasniewski, led 3,000 people from around the world in a ”March of the Living” through the gate to Auschwitz — the words ”Arbeit macht frei” mean ”Work makes you free” — and to the nearby twin camp at Birkenau
2012: Historian Benzion Netanyahu passed away today at the age of 102.
2013: An IAF aircraft on Gaza this morning assassinated a senior Salafist terror activist who was reportedly behind an April 17 rocket attack on Eilat from the Sinai
2013: Newly installed Pope Francis accepted an invitation from President Shimon Peres to visit Israel, as the two leaders held their first meeting today.
2015: “An Israeli-led rescue team pulled a Nepalese woman out of the rubble in the capital Kathmandu today, five days after a massive earthquake leveled much of the city, killing some 6,000 people.”
2016: “Israel’s opposition leader Isaac Herzog responded furiously today to the ongoing row over anti-Semitism in Britain’s Labour Party, inviting its senior officials to visit the Yad Vashem Holocaust museum in Jerusalem for a reminder of the results of anti-Semitism.”
1928: A report published today described a speech by Dr. Chaim Weizmann, the Zionist leader who had just returned to the United States from Palestine, in which he asserted that the effects of the economic depression of the last two years are about to be overcome and that Eretz Israel is about to enjoy “growth and prosperity such as it has not known” before
1936: “The Sheikhs of the Bedouin tribes” living near Migdal, a town founded by Jewish settlers in 1910, “accompanied by Arab notables” visited to the town today “to apologize for yesterday’s attack on Jews by Bedouins who alleged that the Jews had killed two Arab boys” – a charge that proved to be false.
1948: Haganah troops occupied the policed fortress at Gesher at the Jordan River crossing of the Haifa-Damascus road. The Arab Legion attacked the fort and the nearby Jewish settlement at Gesher
1950: In the only protest to Jordan’s annexation of what became known as the West Bank, Menachem Begin and two of his former aides called upon Israelis to resist this occupation of Eretz Israel by the Arab army.
1952: At Carnegie Hall in New York, Sarah Churchill, daughter of Winston Churchill, read a message of support from her father at an event celebrating the fourth anniversary of Israeli independence
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that according to the planned new legislation, just placed before the Knesset, the exclusive jurisdiction of the Rabbinical Courts was to be limited to marriage, divorce and alimony.
1956: During a prepared ambush whose perpetrators included “an Egyptian policeman and a Palestinian farmer”, Roi Rotberg, the kibbutz security office at Nahal Oz was shot off his horse, beaten and shot again after which then his body was dragged into Gaza where the post- mortem mutilation included having his eyes gouged out.
2001: Hamas claimed responsibility for today’s school bus bombing at Nablus
2004: Just months before his death Tzvi Tzur, the IDF’s 6th Chief of Staff, signed a letter of support in Ariel Sharon’s plan to leave Gaza
2013: The IDF and the Defense ministry unveiled Israel’s Dolphin-class submarine in a ceremony in Kiel, Germany.
2014: Ninety-two year old Reuven Feuerstein “an Israeli clinical, developmental, and cognitive psychologist, known for his theory of intelligence which states “it is not ‘fixed’, but rather modifiable” passed away today
1936: Because of the Arab strike at the port of Jaffa, Tel Aviv merchants have stopped using the port and today “Jewish importers have cabled manufacturers abroad to send all goods to Haifa.”
1938: The Palestine Post reported on the arrival in Jerusalem of the four members of the new Palestine Commission, which was expected to study the situation and recommend to the British Government how to implement the country’s partition.
1948: Approximately 50 children were evacuated from Kibbutz Gesher in the Jordan Valley. The Jordanian Legion had attacked the kibbutz which was on the banks of the Jordan River in an attempt to seize the kibbutz’s bridge and an adjacent British police fortress.
1969: Dr. Farouk Shabtai and his two brothers were released after almost two years of imprisonment by Egyptian authorities. Over four hundred adult Jewish males were seized by the Egyptians at the start of the Six Days War and held in what they claimed was a form of “protective custody.”
2008: Yossi Harel was be buried at the Caesarea-area kibbutz, Sdot Yam today. Harel, who commanded four ships bringing Jews to Israel illegally, died at the age of 90 in Tel Aviv
2013: Israel will not tolerate a “drizzle” of rockets on its territory, Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu told the cabinet today, explaining an IAF strike in Gaza hours earlier against a terror facility and weapons storage site in southern Gaza.
2016: Hainan Airlines, the largest private carrier in China, is scheduled to begin flights between Ben Gurion Airport and China today.
1946: In separate speeches the Premier of Iraq and Ahmed bey Shukairy head of the Arab Office in Palestine threatened unspecified action that “will not be word” should the Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry recommend the admission of any additional Jewish immigrants to Palestine.
1948: During the Israeli War for Independence, the British landed a tank battalion and an artillery regiment at Jaffa. Ernest Bevin, the British Foreign Minister, informed the British commanders that they must prevent the capture of Jaffa by the Jews ‘at all costs’.”
1948: During the Israeli War for Independence, the British landed a tank battalion and an artillery regiment at Jaffa. Ernest Bevin, the British Foreign Minister, informed the British commanders that they must prevent the capture of Jaffa by the Jews ‘at all costs’.”
1950: The modern state of Israel was officially recognized by the British government.
1950: Britain recognized the annexation by King Abdullah of Jordan of all land west of the Jordan River and the Dead Sea seized by his troops during the fighting that followed the partition vote of November, 1947.
1966: After having served as head of the Air Department in the General Staff since 1961, Mordechai “Mottie” Hod became Commander of the IAF
1973: An Italian clerk was killed when Palestinian terrorists attacked the El Al office in Rome.
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that two German volunteers were killed when Arab terrorists threw a bomb into a tourist bus parked in the center of Nablus.
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that in Washington, the Israeli Foreign Minister, Moshe Dayan, and the U.S. Secretary of State, Cyrus Vance, were reported to be unable to reach an agreement in their quest for peace in the Middle East, and awaited the arrival of the Prime Minister, Menachem Begin.
1996: Operations Grapes of Wrath, the Israeli military incursion into Lebanon brought on by terrorist attacks and the inability of the Lebanese government to control its own borders, came to an end.
2002: Danielle Shefi, 5; Arik Becker, 22; Katrina (Katya) Greenberg, 45; and Ya’acov Katz, 51, all of Adora, were killed when terrorists dressed in IDF uniforms and combat gear cut through the settlement’s defensive perimeter fence and entered Adora, west of Hebron
2008: The Ramle Conference ‘Between Israel and the Nations’ takes place. The Ramle Conference which deals with the relationship between the Jewish people and the non-Jewish minorities living in Israel is the first of its kind.
2011: Fatah and Hamas, the rival Palestinian movements, announced an agreement in principle today to end a years-long internal Palestinian schism
2013: The recently retired chief of Israel’s internal security agency said tonight that he had “no faith” in the ability of the current leadership to handle the Iranian nuclear threat, ratcheting up the criticism of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Defense Minister Ehud Barak from the defense and intelligence communities.
2016: “Two Palestinian terrorists this morning attempted to stab Border Policemen at Qalandiya checkpost north of Jerusalem before being shot and killed by security forces.”
1929: In Jerusalem, there was a cornerstone laying ceremony to mark the construction of the building designed to house the Jewish National Fund.
1936: “A few hours after Chaim Wiezmann…had sent a cable telling of the recent outbreak of violence in Palestine and asking for a special $150,000 fund to meet urgent needs”
1948: Third Day of Pesach is observed as Arab armies besiege Jerusalem seeking to strangle the Jewish state before it is even born.
1965: The World Zionist Congress tonight closed a two-day debate on Israel’s security crisis after having heard new attacks on United States and Soviet policies
1967: In what would turn out to be part of a diplomatic offensive leading to the Six Day War, the Soviet Ambassador to Israel protested to Prime Minister Levi Eshkol that Israel was planning on starting a war with Syria
1977: Samuel Lewis was appointed U.S. Ambassador to Israel.
1990: Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir, leader of the right-wing Likud bloc, was chosen to form a new government after Labor Party leader Shimon Peres failed in his attempt to form a coalition
2003: Thirteen people were injured during a bombing at the Kfar Saba train station for which the PFLP and Al-Aqsa claimed joint responsibility.
2004: Two Palestinians were killed when suicide bomber coming from Gaza detonated himself “on the way to carry out an attack in Israel.”
2006: Yuval Ne’eman founder of Israel’s space program and a key figure in Israel’s nuclear program passed away.
2012: Defense Minister Ehud Barak, said today that the chances “appear low” that the Iranian government would bow to international pressure and halt its nuclear program.
2013: Today, Bulgarian investigators staged a re-enactment of the bus bombing that killed five Israeli tourists, the bus driver and the alleged perpetrator at the Burgas airport in July.
2014: Dominican priest Giuseppe Girotti “an opponent of Benito Mussolini and a protector of Jews from the Nazi Holocaust who died at Dachau Concentration Camp which earned him the designation of declared Righteous Among the Nations by Yad Vashem” was beatified today by Cardinal Angelo Amato on behalf of Pope Francis
1903: Herzl returns to Paris as he continues to search for support for a Jewish home with the leaders of European government and business. His approach would stand in stark contrast with the methods of the leaders of the Second Aliyah.
1920: At the San Remo Conference, the Supreme Allied Council assigns mandates for Mesopotamia and Palestine to Britain, and Syria and Lebanon to France. The Zionists scored a triumph since, when awarding the mandate to the British it was stated that “the mandatory would be responsible for putting into effect the declaration originally made on the 8th November 1917 by the British government.” In other words, “the Blafour Declaration was affirmed in an international treaty.
1936: The Supreme Arab Executive Committee led by the President, Mufti Haj Amin el Husseini “decided that all Arabs in Palestine would continue their strikes until Jewish immigration had been prohibited and the sale of land to Jews had been stopped
1946: Several thousand Jewish youth marched through the streets of Tel Aviv mourning the death of Braha Fuld who was killed during the attack on the Sarona police mobile force headquarters. She was referred to as ‘a fighter for immigration’
1950: Prime Minister David Ben Gurion addressed the Zionist General Council on the sixth day of its meeting in Jerusalem
1969: Birthdate of Israeli yachtsman Nir Shental. Shenatal and his brother Ran won a bronze medal in the 1995 the World 470 Sailing Class Championships. Nir and Ran also represented Israel in the 1996 Olympics.
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that in Washington the White House officials declared that the U.S. President Jimmy Carter, will not consider any compromise with Congress on the all-or-nothing aircraft package sale to Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Israel that would change the number of planes involved.
1979: Peace treaty between Israel and Egypt went into effect.
1985: Felipe Gonzalez sent a personal letter to the secretary general of the Arab League informing him of Spain’s plans recognize Israel.
1988: In Israel, John Demjanuk is sentenced to death for war crimes committed in World War II.
1997: Launch of the INS Leviathan, a Dolphin class submarine
2012: Israeli newspapers reported today that Lt. Gen. Benny Gantz has said economic and diplomatic pressures against Iran were beginning to succeed
1936: While contrary to expectations there was no violence in Jerusalem today “rifle shots were fired at Hakoresh, a Jewish settlement in northern Palestine” and “fires in crops, houses, shops and timber yards” owned by Jews continue to break out in different parts of the countries.
1950: The government of Israel announced that it would not accept the annexation of eastern Jerusalem and the West Bank by Jordan.
1958: Haim Laskov, the recently appointed Chief of General Staff, “presided over a huge military parade in Jerusalem to mark the tenth anniversary of Israel’s independence.
1961: Professor Salo Baron testified at the trial of Adolf Eichmann in Jerusalem. Baron explained the historical context of the Nazi genocide against the Jews.
1963: Oskar Schindler wrote a letter from Frankfurt am Main today “to his close friend confidante Itzhak Stern” in which he “discusses his financial hardship,” speaks of the “optimism towards the future” he felt a year ago” and expresses his despair by asking himself “if it’s even worth living.
1977: A terrorist bus bombing injured 28 people at Hebron today
1990:The House of Representatives adopted H.R. 290 “expressing support for Jerusalem as Israel’s capital.”
2007: The military wing of Hamas fired a barrage of rockets and mortar shells from the Gaza Strip into Israel for the first time since Hamas committed to a cease-fire in November.
2008: Two Israeli security guards were shot dead in a night time attack at the Nitzanei Shalom industrial zone, near the West Bank city of Tul Karm.
2011: A group of 15 Jewish worshipers were hit by gunfire from Palestinian security forces as they Joseph’s Tomb.
1896: Herzl wrote in his diaries of his arrival in Karlsruhe at Reverend William Hechler’s request.
1917: Zangwill Back To Zionism” published today described the return of Israel Zangwill to the Zionist Movement from which he has been estranged since 1905
1923: Birthdate of Shlomo Hillel an Iraqi-born Israeli diplomat and politician who served as Speaker of the Knesset, Minister of Police and Minister of Internal Affairs. He was also an ambassador to several countries in Africa.
1936: “David Ben Gurion, Chairman of the Executive of the Jewish Agency for Palestine spoke by telephone from Jerusalem with American Jewish leaders today and said that the Jewish community in Palestine would not be dissuaded from their “work of rebuilding the country” because of the current violence.
1948: The port of Haifa was captured by elements of the Israeli Carmeli Brigade
1950: Israel continued to celebrate its second year of independence as Dr. Weizmann receives congratulatory visits by foreign dignitaries lead by U.S. Ambassador James G MacDonal
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that the “past seven days was the bloodiest week along Israeli borders for a long time.” Two Israelis were murdered at Mevuot Betar, the marauders were active in the South, in Galilee and Jerusalem
1963: Kadish Luz was named interim President of Israel.
1993: The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum opened on the Mall in Washington, DC
2001: Eight people were injured when during a bombing at Or Yehuda near Ben Gurion Airport for which Hamas took credit
2010: “One Israeli worshiper was killed and five were wounded in Nablus early this morning after their vehicle was shot at by Palestinian security forces as they were exiting the city from prayer services held at Joseph’s Tomb.
2012: Anti-Zionist graffiti was found this morning sprayed at various locations at the Ammunition Hill memorial site in Jerusalem.
2013: Israel’s senior military intelligence analyst said today there was evidence the Syrian government had repeatedly used chemical weapons in the last month
2015: IDF tanks struck targets in the northern Gaza Strip just before midnight today, after a rocket was fired from the Strip into the area of the Shaar Hanegev regional council late tonight.
2017: “Israel’s Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu criticized Allied policy during World War II, saying world powers’ failure to bomb the Nazi concentration camps from 1942 cost the lives of four million Jews and millions of others.”
1936: “At Jenin, on the main highway to Jerusalem, a large crowd of Arab villagers held up and stone Jewish buses, wounding two passengers.”
1939: Birthdate of Uri Orr, the native of Kfar Haim who rose to the rank of general in the IDF before pursuing a political career that included serving as an MK and Deputy Minister of Defence.
1941: Birthdate of Israeli Amir Pnueli an Israeli scientist who developed a “critical technique for verifying the reliability of computers.”
1947: Another 769 illegal Jewish immigrants arriving on board the Galata in Eretz Israel were trans-shipped to Cyprus.
1948: Operation Misparayim (scissors) was launched by the Haganah as part of the Yishuv’s attempt to assume control of Haifa after British withdrawal and attacks had been made by Arab forces to control this port city.
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israel’s three-years-long land survey, conducted by the Ministry of Agriculture, had almost been completed.
1977: Shimon Peres became premier of Israel.
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israel won the Eurovision Song Contest for the first time
1979: Sami Kuntar was part of a cell that raided the northern Israeli town of Nahariya, fatally shooting a civilian, Danny Haran, while his daughter Einat, 4, watched, then smashing the girl’s head, killing her as well.
1985: The United States Trade Representative and the Israeli Minister of Industry and Trade signed a Free Trade Agreement today
2001: Dr. Mario Goldin, 53, of Kfar Sava, was killed when a terrorist detonated a powerful bomb he was carrying near a group of people waiting at a bus stop on the corner of Weizman and Tchernichovsky streets. About 60 people were injured in the blast
2009: Five hundred Jews who were making their monthly visit to Joseph’s Tomb in Nablus arrived at the shrine this evening and found that it had been subjected to anti-Semitic vandalism including being painted with swastikas.
1918: Birthdate of Stephen Theodore Norman, the only grandchild of Theodore Herzl.
1936: The Jews of Hebron who lived through the riots of 1929 when sixty-two Jews were murdered are now “safely sheltered in the Hadassah Hospital.”
1948: In “Big Convoy Fights Way To Jerusalem” Dana Adams Schmidt described the attack by the Arabs at Deir Ayoub on the 260 vehicles bring food and other supplies to the besieged Jewish community which last for a full day claiming the lives of five members of the Haganah leaving another twenty four wounded.”
1948: The British government in Palestine denied that any promises had been made guaranteeing “Jews access to the Wailing Wall…during the” upcoming “Passover festival” – a claim disputed by the Zionists.
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israel accused Egypt of an act of piracy when three Israeli fishing smacks were stopped and searched, in international waters, by an Egyptian corvette
1979: On Shabbat, in Nahariya, terrorists attacked an apartment building killing four people including two children and injuring four others.
2002: Official end of Operation Defensive Shield, the Israeli response to a wave terrorism that included the murder of 30 people during a Seder.
2003: An Israeli intelligence officer identified only as “Colonel K” gave a lecture today predicting that Hezbollah had shore-to-sea missiles in its possession.
2011: Ten thousand Jewish worshipers gathered at the Western Wall Plaza today take part in the bi-annual Priestly Blessing, which usually occurs on the second intermediate days of Sukkot and Pessah.
1900: Max Nordau introduced Herzl to Alfred Austin who gives him a friendly letter to Lord Salisbury, the British Prime Minister.
1908: Birthdate of Yisrael Yeshayahu Sharabi, a native of Sa’dah, Yemen, who made Aliyah in 1929 and eventually became the fifth Speaker of the Knesset.
1920: “Chaim Weizmann arrived at the Hotel Royal in San Remo, two days after the San Remo conference had convened.”
1936: “The Yemenite Jewish quarter outside of Tel Aviv” was set on fire and destroyed by Arab rioters
1936: Part of a mob of three hundred Haurani Arabs “broke into the home of a Jewish family in Manshieh quarter and killed the father and injured the mother who was transported by the police along with their three children to Hadassah Hospital.
1945: Jerusalem’s District Commissioner, James Huey Hamilton Pollock, met with Arab leaders in an attempt to reach a solution as to how Jerusalem should be governe
1946: “Five Yemenite Jews were killed when a three-inch shell exploded…in Nathanya” a town halfway between Tel Aviv and Haifa.
1948: A convoy that included Prime Minister David Ben Gurion set out from Tel Aviv to the besieged city of Jerusalem
1948: “In Jerusalem armed Arabs held up a postal trucked, for the driver to drive to the Garden of Gethsemane and stole seventy-six bags of foreign, domestic and army mail.
1950: During a debate in the House of Commons Prime Minister Atlee’s Labor government announced that it would continue to refuse to sell arms to Israel while continuing to sells arms to Egypt, Iraq and Jordan
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that Yitzhak Navon was elected the fifth president of the State of Israel on his 57th birthday.
1986: An Irishwoman arrested in connection with an attempt to blow up a crowded Israeli airliner was freed tonight after two days of questioning with no charges brought against her, the police said. Anne-Marie Murphy, 32 years old, was arrested at London’s Heathrow Airport carrying explosives on Thursday as she was about to board an El Al flight to Tel Aviv. She carried a bag containing about 10 pounds of explosives stashed in a false bottom.
1987: Two Israeli soldiers and three Palestinian guerrillas were killed today in a shootout after the Palestinians cut through a Lebanon border fence and crossed into northern Israel, an Israeli Army spokesman said.
2002: Sgt. Maj. Nir Krichman, 22 of Hadera, was killed in an exchange of gunfire, when IDF forces entered the village of Asira a-Shamaliya, north of Nablus, to arrest known Hamas terrorists.
2009: Human Rights Watch said in a new report issued today that Hamas security forces killed at least 32 Palestinian political rivals and those suspected of collaborating with Israel during and after the Israeli offensive in the Gaza Strip
2009: Today President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad of Iran used the platform of a United Nations conference in Geneva on combating racism to disparage Israel as a “cruel and repressive racist regime,”
2013: U. S Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel will finalize a huge arms deal with Israel during his visit starting today, under which Israel will for the first time be permitted to purchase US aerial refueling planes and other ultra-sophisticated military equipment that could prove vital to any Israel strike against Iran’s nuclear facilities
1865: Birthdate of Chaim Zhitlovsky, Russian born Jewish nationalist, author, critic and champion of Yiddish language and culture.
1896: Herzl’s The Jewish State was published. This is the seminal piece of literature for the modern Zionist Movement. Known to many by its more famous German title, Der Judenstaat (The Jewish State), is one of the seminal pieces of literature for the modern Jewish Zionist Movement.
1935: It was reported today that the project to settle 1,600 Jewish children from Germany to Palestine by February 1936 “is among those supported by American Jewry through the United Jewish Appeal which is conducting a nationwide drive” to raise $3,250,000.
1936: As Anti-Jewish riots broke out in Palestine Arabs killed nine Jews in Jaffa.
1941: Robert F. Wagner, Sr. introduced a resolution in the U.S. Senate stating that U.S. policy should favor the “restoration of the Jews in Palestine.” The resolution was supported by 68 Senators.
1944: Birthdate of Tel Aviv native, Yehuda Weinstein, who became the Attorney General of Israel.
1948: Haganah captured Tiberias
1978: Yitzhak Navon was elected 5th President of Israel.
1987: Lieutenant General Levi ended his term as IDF Chief of Staff.
2008: Palestinian suicide bombers from Gaza drove three explosives-laden vehicles into the Kerem Shalom goods crossing on the border with Israel early today.
1933: The Jerusalem YMCA, directly opposite the King David Hotel, was opened by Field Marshall Lord Allenby.
1938: The Palestine Post reported that 16 Arab terrorists, including their leader, Aref Abdul Razzak, had been killed in a battle and scores were wounded
1948: Following a failed attempt by the Arab Liberation Army to isolate the Jewish community in the lower quarter of the town of Tiberius, the Haganah went on the offensive and secured the town for the as yet un-born Jewish state.
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that four soldiers were wounded when an Arab assailant threw a Molotov cocktail into a bus on the northern outskirts of Jerusalem.
2006: Prime Minister Ehud Olmert met with his Cabinet to decide on the response to the previous day suicide bombing in Tel Aviv.
2011: A Kassam rocket fired from the Gaza Strip fell in the Sha’ar Hanegev Regional Council this afternoon.
1900: Herzl began a two week journey that would take him from Karlsruhe, to Paris and finally to London. Herzl was seeking support for the creation of a Jewish homeland in the Land of Israel.
1915: The Zion Mule Corps left for Gallipoli. Commanded by Colonel Henry Patterson and organized by Trumpeldor and Jabotinsky, they were a Jewish auxiliary unit of the British Army.
1936: At a funeral held this morning in Tel Aviv for a Jewish victim of Arab violence, a clash broke out between Jewish protesters and police.
1948: As Jewish soldiers fight to open the road to Jerusalem and break the blockade that was strangling the city reports circulate through the City of David that five Arab villages had been taken and as many as 350 Arab fighters had been killed.
1949: Meir Bar-llan, an Orthodox Rabbi from Lithuania who was a leader of the Mizrachi movement passed away today in Jerusalem. Bar-Illan University was named in his memory.
1967: Egypt, Syria and Iraq signed a treaty of alliance that placed their military forces under a unified command with the stated purpose of “liberating Palestine” i.e. destroying the state of Israel.
1979: Terrorists crossed the border from Lebanon killed one Israeli soldier today and injured six others
1997: Chaim Herzog passed away.
2004: An Israeli missile strike killed Hamas leader Abdel Aziz Rantisi.
2006: Nine people were killed and at least 40 wounded in a suicide bombing near the old central bus station in Tel Aviv.
1948: Jamal Husseini, “the former Secretary to the Executive Committee of the Palestine Arab Congress” told the Security Council today, “The representative of the Jewish Agency told us yesterday that they were not the attackers, that the Arabs had begun the fighting. We did not deny this. We told the whole world that we were going to fight.”
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that army engineers had completed a new road, bringing Wadi Ramon within 212 km. of Tel Aviv.
1957: Terrorists infiltrated from Jordan, and killed two guards at Kibbutz Mesilot.
1979: Zaventem Airport in Belgium was the scene of a failed attack by Palestinian terrorists.
1993: Hamas stages what is believed to be its first suicide car bombing at Mehola Junction, killing two and wounding ten.
2000: Fifty year old Rafik Haj Yahia, an Israeli Arab who had served in the Knesset as a member of the Labor Party passed away today
2007: Israeli photographer Oded Balilty working for the Associated Press won the Pulitzer Prize for Photography.
2008: Three IDF soldiers were killed and two others were wounded Wednesday after coming under heavy fire from Palestinian gunmen while patrolling the border with the Gaza Strip.
1948: This evening, “a company composed of Golani, Palmach and irregulars” traveling “in two armed cars and two Egged buses made an unsuccessful attack on the Nabi Yusha police fortress which cost the lives of four Jewish fighters.
1948: Jewish forces seized Meggido, the sight of the Biblical Battle of Armageddon and one of Lord Allenby’s great victories during World War I.
1948: Jewish forces defeated Arab fighters at Tel Litvinsky, six miles from Tel Aviv. The camp had served as a base for the U.S. Army Air Force in World War II.
1948: The Harel Brigade captured the village of Saris the “strategic hilltop position” “overlooking the highway to Jerusalem” which the Arabs had used to fire on Jewish vehicles thus helping to blockade the city.
1948: The Haganah won a costly victory at Mishmar Ha-Emek fighting against overwhelming odds. This was part of the famous “battle for the Jerusalem Road.” This evening, “a company composed of Golani, Palmach and irregulars” traveling “in two armed cars and two Egged buses made an unsuccessful attack on the Nabi Yusha police fortress which cost the lives of four Jewish fighters.
1948: Jewish forces seized Meggido, the sight of the Biblical Battle of Armageddon and one of Lord Allenby’s great victories during World War I.
1948: Jewish forces defeated Arab fighters at Tel Litvinsky, six miles from Tel Aviv. The camp had served as a base for the U.S. Army Air Force in World War II.
1948: The Harel Brigade captured the village of Saris the “strategic hilltop position” “overlooking the highway to Jerusalem” which the Arabs had used to fire on Jewish vehicles thus helping to blockade the city.
1948: The Haganah won a costly victory at Mishmar Ha-Emek fighting against overwhelming odds. This was part of the famous “battle for the Jerusalem Road.”
1948: Soldiers from Iraq and Jews fought for control of the Wadi Sara camp fifteen miles south of Tel Aviv.
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that “Yemin Orde,” a Youth Aliya village at Nir Etzion on the Carmel Hills was opened by Lorna Wingate in memory of her husband, Capt. Charles Orde Wingate
1979: Four terrorists were killed to day crossing from Jordan near Tirat Zir.
2002: A pro-Israel rally in Washington, organized in less than a week, attracted a crowd estimated at 100,000 people
2011: Defense Minister Ehud Barak welcomed today a decision by the U.S. House of Representatives to approve a budget which includes $205 million intended for continuing development of the Iron Dome anti-missile system.
1947: Two thousand five hundred fifty-two illegal immigrants reached Haifa on board the Guardian.
1948: Surrounded by armed Arabs, the Jews of Safed awaited the final onslaught and their death when a Palmach platoon that was the spearhead of Operation Yiftach entered the city after marching through the mountains.
1953: Israelis intercepted a boatload of terrorists who were trying, for the first time, to infiltrate the state from the sea.
1963: Tito, the leader Yugoslavia, rebuffed Ben Gurion’s request for help in improving relations with Egypt.
1994: Prime Minister Rabin accused Jordan today of helping the Islamic militant group whose suicide bombers have killed 12 Israelis in two weeks
2004: Prime Minister Ariel Sharon formally announced his plan for withdrawing from Gaza today in a letter to U.S. President George W. Bush, stating that “there exists no Palestinian partner with whom to advance peacefully toward a settlement”
2006: Following Ariel Sharon’s second stroke, Ehud Olmert officially became acting Prime Minister.
2011: President Shimon Peres paid a surprise visit to Kibbutz Nahal Oz, where he met with children who were on school bus before it was hit by an anti-tank missile last week.
2013: Israel’s population at its 65th Independence Day stands at 8,018,000 people, three-fourths of whom are Jewish, according to data released by the Central Bureau of Statistics today
2017: Twenty-one year old Hannah Bladon, a British exchange student at the Hebrew University was stabbed to death and two more were injured by a Palestinian terrorist in Jerusalem.
1895: Alfred Dreyfus is placed in solitary confinement on Devil’s Island, off the coast of French Guiana.
1937: The Zionist General Council meeting scheduled for today in London was postponed to April 20.
1938: The Palestine Post reported that commander Oliver Locker-Lampson, Conservative MP from Birmingham, had introduced in the House of Commons a bill proposing to extend Palestinian nationality to all persecuted Jews. The vote was 144 “Ayes” and 144 “Nays,” and the bill was passed after the Speaker voted in the affirmative. There was little doubt that the bill would never reach the Statute Book and become law.
1946: During an interview today, Ben Hecht, “author and co-chairman of the American League for a Free Palestine” pleaded with Americans to provide financial support that would “enlarge the trickle of Jews from Europe to Palestine to a mass exodus despite” despite British military efforts to keep the Jews out of Eretz Israel.
1947: The Theodore Herzl, “an unauthorized immigrant ship was reported approaching Palestine tonight with” a cargo of “2,700 Jewish refugees from Europe.”
1948: As the Arab Legion trained its guns on the besieged Jewish Quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem, a kindergarten was hit injuring 20 children.
1949: The first Seder celebrated in the independent state of Israel.
1950: Israel informed the United Nations that it would not participate in talks with the Arabs that included return to the partition boundaries of 1947 as a pre-condition to opening negotiations.
1968: First Day of Pesach celebrated in a united Jerusalem. The Jewish people are able to observe the holiday of liberation at the Kotel for the first time since 1948.
1984: On day two of the Egged Bus Hostage Crisis, following lengthy negotiations “a special force of Sayeret Matkal stormed the bus. During the operation the soldiers were able to eliminate two of the hijackers, capture the two additional hijackers, and release all hostages except for one passenger – a 19-year-old female soldier named Irit who was killed.
1994: In the second such attack in a week, a Palestinian suicide bomber blew himself up today in an assault on an Israeli commuter bus, killing five Israelis and wounding 30 others
1908: Fifty-seven year old Charles Adelle Lewis Totten passed away. A West Point graduate and Professor at Yale, among other things, he supported Jewish settlement in Palestine in the 1890’s before Herzl and Zionism.
1935: The office of the High Commissioner of Palestine announced “a new law empowering the municipalities to fix a weekly day of rest. The law as fixed by each municipality will govern all the inhabitants of that town. The basis of the new ordinance is a by-law drafted by the municipality of Tel Aviv which defines Saturday as the city’s day of rest.”
1945: Vice President Harry Truman was sworn in as President of the United following the death of Franklin Roosevelt. Truman will always be remembered for supporting the U.N. resolution that in effect created the state of Israel and for recognizing the state of Israel at the moment of its birth.
1947: In London, the Foreign Office said that “the Italian Government has replied ‘favorably on the whole’ to Britain’s request for cooperation in prevent unauthorized Jewish immigration to Palestine.”
1948: The Haganah attacked the Arab Liberation Army commanded by Fawzi al-Kaukji at Mishmar Ha-Emek. Kaukji had captured the Jewish settlement by using heavy artillery given him by the Syrian Army.
1948: As the Jewish settlers in Palestine continued plans to form a government that would be place when the British leave in May, the 37 member Moetzet HaAm which was the forerunner of the Provisional State Council was formed today.
1951: The Knesset (Israel’s Parliament) passed a resolution setting 27 Nissan as Yom Hashoah or Holocaust Remembrance Day.
1974: In Moscow, “activists demanded cessation of all repressions of Jews wishing to emigrate to Israel.”
1984: “Four armed Arab guerillas from the Gaza Strip reached Ashdod where they boarded, as paying passengers, an Egged Bus No. 300 en route from Tel Aviv to Ashkelon with 41 passengers.” Shortly after the bus left the station at 7:30 pm, the terrorists hijacked the bus.
1996: Israel launched the INS Dolphin, the first of its Dolphin class submarines.
2002: 2002(30th of Nisan, 5762): Six people were murdered when a 17 year old female terrorist detonated a bomb at the Mahane Yehuda Market in Jerusalem.
1896: Birthdate of Rose Luria Halprin one of the foremost American Zionist leaders of the twentieth century who served twice as the national president of Hadassah and held key posts within the Jewish Agency at critical periods in the history of the Yishuv and the subsequent State of Israel.
1921: The British created The Emirate of Transjordan. The British partitioned the land of the Palestine Mandate to create this Arab kingdom.
1931: While speaking at a dinner given in his honor at London’s Savoy Hotel, David Lloyd George “assured the leaders of world Zionism that his faith in the Jewish national home was stronger than it was eleven years ago when his Government took over the British mandate in Palestine.
1938: The Palestine Post reported that the new “Eden” hotel opened in Jerusalem – a valuable addition to Jerusalem’s hotel amenities.
1948: “The first westbound convoy in almost three weeks fought its way through” to Jerusalem today from Tel Aviv having fought its way “along the 40 mile hazardous route” where it faced at least 2,000 Arab fighters.
1956: Terrorists opened fire on a synagogue full of children and teenagers, in the farming community of Shafir killing three children and a youth worker while wounding five more.
1961: The trial of Adolph Eichman on charges of genocide opened in Jerusalem.
1973: In the wake of the Munich Olympic Massacre, Zaiad Muchasi, the replacement for Hussein Al Bashir in Cyprus, was killed by a bomb in his Athens hotel room today.
1974: Eighteen Israelis, including 8 children were murdered today and 15 more Israelis were injured today when three terrorists belong to of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine – General Command crossed the Israeli border from Lebanon and attacked the Israeli town of Kiryat Shmona.
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israel had started to dismantle its outposts in South Lebanon in preparation for the expected pullback.
1987: An Israeli woman was killed by a firebomb thrown into her car in the West Bank.
2005: At joint press conference with Ariel Sharon, President George W. Bush endorsed the Prime Minister’s plan to withdraw from Gaza and plans for a final peace treaty with the Palestinians that will acknowledge the new realities on the ground.
2011: Itzhak Perlman and the New York Philharmonic Orchestra are scheduled to perform at Lincoln Center in NYC.
1917: In New York, “the Provisional Executive Committee for general Zionist affairs announced” tonight that it had received a cablegram from Moscow saying that today, “the first Zionist convention ever held in Russia has just closed its sessions.
1918: “Zionist Unit Prepares” published today described the upcoming departure for Palestine of “the American Zionist Medical Unit with forty members” that “will co-operate with the Jewish Administrative Commission which is laying the foundation for the future Jewish State.
1936: The mandatory government “prohibition on the use of the term ‘Eretz Israel’ (Land of Israel) over the radio became a national issue today when a suit was filed” in Jerusalem” to force lifting the ban.”
1938: The Palestine Post reported that Itzhak Petrenko, 32, had been shot and killed and that two Arab terrorists were killed in their attack on the Nesher quarry, near Haif
1946: At its annual spring luncheon at the Hotel Astor, the Women’s League for Palestine launched a building drive designed to raise $150,000 to upgrade the league’s Home for Immigrant Girls in Tel Aviv.
1947: The Hapoel soccer team is scheduled to arrive in New York today, on the first stop on its good will tour of the United States.
1948: The Haganah repelled an Arab attack on Mishmar HaEmek.
1950: Birthdate of Haim Ramon, a native of Jaffa who served in the IAF before pursuing a political career.
1970: During the War of Attrition, “two 201 Squadron Phantoms attacked a radar facility at Wadi Zur.”
1973: Operation Spring of Youth amphibious assault by the IDF on Beirut and Sidon aimed at those who had massacred Israeli athletes at the Munich Olympics came to an end today.
1974: Yitzhak Rabin replaced Golda Meir as Prime Minister. Mrs. Meir had resigned, a casualty of the Yom Kippur War.
1975: The government of Israel recognized Falashas as Jews under the law.
1987: Two Israeli soldiers were killed and two wounded in southern Lebanon
2002: “Eight were killed and 22 injured in a suicide bombing on Egged bus #960, en route from Haifa to Jerusalem, which exploded near Kibbutz Yagur, east of Haifa. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.
2003: St.-Sgt. Yigal Lifshitz, 20, of Rishon Lezion, and St.-Sgt. Ofer Sharabi, 21, of Givat Shmuel were killed and nine others wounded when Palestinian terrorists opened fire before dawn on their base near Bekaot in the northern Jordan Valley.
2011: Israel’s government approved the famous personalities who will appear on a new series of shekel banknotes.
1917: During World War I, “Mark Sykes wrote to Lord Balfour that ‘The situation now is therefore that Zionist aspirations are recognized as legitimate by the French.’” Sykes was one of the leading British diplomats in the Middle East.
1921: In Jerusalem, Yosef and Myriam Navon, descendants of distinguished Sephardi families who had been living in the city since the 17th century gave birth to Yitzhak Rachamim Navon the fifth President of Israel.
1946: Eleven hundred Jewish refugees who had been sailing from Spezia to Palestine and who were now being detained in Italy went on a hunger strike.
1948: During the fighting that preceded the actual creation of the state of Israel, the Jewish defenders of Kastel had exhausted their supplies and were forced to withdraw. Kastel was a village that dominated the eastern end of the Tel Aviv – Jerusalem highway.
1952: The Jerusalem Post reported the Israeli official announcement that the reparation talks at The Hague had only been suspended.
1954: President Eisenhower appointed Edward B. Lawson to serve as U.S. Ambassador to Israel.
1973: Israel Defense Forces Special Forces units attacked several Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) targets in Beirut and Sidon, Lebanon in an action thought “to be part of the retaliation for the Munich massacre at the Summer Olympics in 1972.”
1976: In Israel, a car bomb was dismantled on Ben Yehudah Street shortly before it was to have exploded.
2008: 21-year-old Staff Sgt. Bisan Sayef from the village of Jatt was killed during clashes with Palestinian gunmen.
2011: This morning two Grad rockets were fired at Ofakim and 25 mortar shells were fired into the Eshkol Regional Council.
1917: Sir Mark Sykes wrote to the British Foreign Secretary, Lord Balfour, “That the French were hostile to the notion of bringing the United States into Palestine as a patron of Zionism
1920: After days of Arab rioting, Jews in Jerusalem are able to observe a day of the holiday in peace.
1927: “Bishop Dunn Praises Work In Palestine” published today described the views of “The Right Reverend John J. Dunn, Bishop Auxiliary of the Diocese of New York who had just returned to the United States who “spoke with enthusiasm of the improvements brought about” in Palestine “by the Zionists” and said “it is impossible to say enough for the work done there” under the leadership of Nathan Straus which will “within ten years” make “Palestine…one of the most thriving sections of the world.
1930: During a visit to Palestine where he is gathering material for a novel, Nobel Prize winning author Thomas Mann was impressed at the changes Zionism was bringing to the region. Mann was especially impressed by the Jews of Tel Aviv who seemed “freer and happier” than Jews living elsewhere.
1937: The Palestine Post reported from London that there was some concern among members of the House of Commons over rumors of the possibility that the Royal (Peel) Commission on Palestine might propose partition.
1944: The Jewish Agency telegraphed from Istanbul to Jerusalem that the steamship Maritza carrying 244 Jewish refugees from Romania had arrived that day in the Turkish port and that the passenger would be leaving in two days’ time by train for Palestine
1946: Golda Meir, a leader of the Jewish Agency received the following telegram. “We are 1100 Jewish refugees. We sailed from Spezia for Palestine-our last hope. Police arrested us on board. We won’t leave the ship! We demand permission to continue to Eretz-Israel Be warned: we will sink with the ship if we are not allowed to continue to Palestine, because we cannot be more desperate.”
1950: In Tel Aviv, Australian Jack Harper won the singles title of Israel’s International Open Tennis Tournament.
1971: Eighty-eight year old Norman Bentwich “a British barrister,” committed Zionist, who “was the British-appointed attorney-general of Mandatory Palestine” passed away today.
2002: During Operation Defensive Shield “St.-Sgt. Matanya Robinson, 21, of Kibbutz Tirat Zvi, and Sgt. Shmuel Weiss, 19, of Kiryat Arba were killed by terrorists in Jenin
2008: Today, schools from kindergarten through 12th grade participated in a nationwide Home Front drill simulating a surprise missile attack during which a warning siren will sound for a minute and a half.
2010: A Qasam rocket fired by Palestinian militants today hit an open area along the coast of Ashkelon.
2013: IDF Chief of Staff Benny Gantz led today’s March of the Living ceremonies at Auschwitz-Birkenau, along with Tel Aviv’s Chief Rabbi Israel Meir Lau, himself a child survivor of the camp.
2015: 2 IDF soldier was stabbed in a terror attack near Shiloh today, one is seriously injured.
1883: Birthdate of Maksymilian Apolinary Hartglas, the Hungarian born Zionist activist who was one of the main political leaders of Polish Jews during the interwar period.
1920: The Arab Riots in Jerusalem which had begun on the second day of Pesach came to an end today.
1930: It was reported today that Palestine Mandatory Authority is preparing a plan for dividing Palestine into cantons, like Switzerland which it will then submit to the government in London.
1932: The first radio station in Palestine was opened today in Tel Aviv under a license from the British Mandatory Government. Mendel Abranovitch operated Radio Tel Aviv.
1937: The Palestine Post reported that Jewish laborers complained that they were excluded from various development projects carried out by the government at Lod Airport.
1952: The Jerusalem Post reported from The Hague that at the reparations talks held there, Israel was waiting for a definite commitment and a specific sum to be offered as compensation, by the authoritative German delegation.
1956: One person was killed and three others were wounded when terrorists attacked areas around Nitzanim and Ketziot tossing hand grenades and firing guns into homes and cars.
1967: Israeli fighters shot down seven Syrian MIG-21s. This episode turned out to be one of the many flashpoints on the road to the war that would be fought in June of 1967.
1977: The Jerusalem Post reported that in Washington Egyptian President Anwar Sadat announced that a “normalization” of relations with Israel would be possible only after the signing of a peace agreement at the reconvened Geneva Peace Conference and the establishment of a Palestinian state.
1994: Yishai Gadassi, age 32, of Kvutzat Yavne, was shot and killed at a hitchhiking post at the Ashdod junction by a member o(26th of Nisan, 5754): Yishai Gadassi, age 32, of Kvutzat Yavne, was shot and killed at a hitchhiking post at the Ashdod junction by a member of Hamas.
2009: Today, two days before Passover, a University of Haifa archaeologist has unearthed foot-shaped structures he believes were constructed by the Israelites at the time of the Exodus from Egypt and move into the Promised Land.
2010: The Tel Aviv municipality unveiled the city’s new large-scale public bomb shelter today, built under the new Habima Theater.
2011: Two people were wounded today after an anti-tank missile exploded into a bus traveling in one of the communities surrounding the Gaza Strip.
1917: One of the British Undersecretaries for Middle Eastern Affairs, Mark Sykes informed his French counterpart Georges-Picot that Britain’s military efforts in Palestine would have to be “taken into account” at the peace conference.
1918: The Jewish Administration Commission for Palestine arrives at Tel Aviv. “Dr. Chaim Weizmann, head of the commission, evokes great enthusiasm when he replied in Hebrew to the address of welcome. The British Military Governor of Jaffa, who participated in the reception, expresses his sympathy with the Zionist aims.”
1920: Despite the declaration of martial law, Arab attacks continue on the Jews of Jerusalem for a third day.
1937: In Jerusalem Moshe Baram and his wife Grazia who was born in Aleppo, gave birth to MK and cabinet minister Uzi Baram.
1947: As it begins its American tour, The Hapoel soccer team is scheduled to board a plane a Tel Aviv today as it makes its way to New York City.
1948: Operation Nachshon was launched this evening in an attempt to open the road to Jerusalem.
1951: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israel Air Force planes bombed Syrian entrenchments in the demilitarized zone near El Hamma where seven Israeli policemen were killed and one wounded.
1967: Avraham Lanir “scored his first aerial kill in a major skirmish along the Syrian border which ended with the downing of six Syrian jets.
1969: Gold Meir spoke to 3,000 teenagers in Jerusalem, expressing her absolute faith that peace would come.
1979: “Israeli agents suspected of sabotaged the Osirak reactor awaiting shipment to Iraq at La Seyne-sur-Mer in France.”
1994: Eight people were killed in a Hamas terrorist car-bomb attack on a bus in the center of Afula. This was the first documented car bombing in Israel.
1995: Six Israelis were killed in two suicide bombings at Kfar Darom.
2002: Twenty-six year old Staff Sergeant Nisan Avraham from Lod was killed today and five of his comrades were wounded when Islamic Jihad terrorists attacked them at the entrance of Rafiah Yam.
2015: More than 75,000 people gathered at the Western Wall for the Priestly Blessing ceremony called Birkat Kohanim in Hebrew, during the second intermediate day of Passover.
1870: Sultan Abdul Aziz issued an edict that allocated the “Alliance Israelite Universelle” 2600 dunams of land east of Jaffa for the establishment of a school of agriculture and also granted permission for importing all kinds of tools and machinery free of taxes and customs. As Ben Gurion, said: “I doubt that the Israeli dream would have been realized if the farm school of Mikveh Israel had not existed.”
1920: As Arab violence in Jerusalem grew worse, “the Old City was sealed off and martial law was declared which did not put an end to the violence.
1926: Newspaper correspondent T. Walter Williams reported that the American Zionist Commonwealth and the Palestine Securities Corporation are paying $20 a dunam (quarter of an acre) to the Arabs for land in Palestine and selling it to Jewish settlers for $100 per dunam.
1927: Municipal elections are held in Jerusalem. The election ordinance allocates four seats for Jews and eight for Arabs. Ragheb al Nashashibi is elected mayor. Deputy Mayors are Chaim Salomon and Ya’akuv Fara
1935: In Jerusalem, at the final session of the Actions Committee, the Supreme Council of the World Zionist Organization voted to approve the largest budget ever in its history which will include funds for settling an “agricultural colony named in honor of the late Baron Edmond de Rothschild of Paris.”
1953: Birthdate of Raleb Majadele, an Israeli-Arab member of the Labor Party who has served as an MK and cabinet minister.
1956: Egyptian artillery in the Gaza Strip bombarded settlements in the Negev.
2002: Operation Defensive Shield continued today with Israeli forces fighting terrorists in a number of towns including Jenin, Hebron, Nablus and Bethlehem
2009: Israeli archaeologists continued their inspection today of the Western Wall stone by stone in a new conservation effort at the Jewish holy site. The oldest stones were laid 2,000 years ago as part of the retaining wall of the Jewish Temple, and the newest by the Ottomans – who ruled the area until 1917.
2011: President Peres joined President Obama for a working lunch at the White House where they will discuss Israeli peace proposals.
1897: It was reported today that Israel Zangwill, author of Children of the Ghetto will be speaking in Jerusalem later this month.
1905: In a speech delivered at a Zionist banquet in London, “Israel Zangwill declared that in the whole history of the world the Jews never had a better friend than President Theodore Roosevelt.”
1909: Hashomer, the first Jewish self-defense organization was founded to protect Jewish settlements in what was Palestine, a part of the Ottoman Empire. Until then, local Arab militias had been paid to protect farmers and others from marauding bands. The early Zionists had already begun providing their own farm labor. Now they decided to provide their own protection as well.
1920: Arab leaders whip up a frenzy and roused crowds into a fiery mob which attacked and killed Jews in three days of violent rioting that began today. At least five Jews were killed and hundreds more were injured during the Arab riots in Jerusalem.
1935: Sixty-eight year old Bettino Levi, a close friends of Theodor Herzl” who has working to provide relief for Jewish refugees from Germany passed away today.
1936: “The United Palestine Appeal issued a statistical analysis showing that 36,372 Jews from Germany entered Palestine from January, 1933 to December, 1935.”
1937: The Palestine Post commented on the text of the 300-page memorandum submitted by the Jewish Agency to the Royal (Peel) Commission on Palestine.
1948: The Arab Liberation Army opened an attack on kibbutz Mishmar HaEmek with a barrage from 7 artillery pieces supplied by the Syrian Army which elicited a successful counter-attack by the Haganah.
1949: Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion addressed the Knesset on the impact of the armistice signed yesterday with Trans-Jordan.
1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that four Israeli passengers aboard a Cyprus Airways ended up in the Beirut airport. They were flying from Nicosia when heavy fog forced the emergency landing. The four Jewish passengers were allowed to proceed to Lod unharmed.
1973: Attacks by four terrorists “on the Israeli Ambassador’s residence in Nicosia” and an Arkia plane at the Nicosia airport was thwarted today.
2002: Rachel Charhi, 36, of Bat-Yam, critically injured in a suicide bombing in a cafe on the corner of Allenby and Bialik streets in Tel-Aviv on March 30, died of her wounds. Some 30 others were injured in the attack.
2008: Army radio reported that Palestinian militants had opened fire on farmers working in the fields of Kibbutz Ein Hashlosha, near Gaza.
1939: Dr. Chaim Weizmann and David Ben Gurion were greeted by cheering crowds when they returned to Tel Aviv from the Palestine Conference that had been held in London.
1944: Moshe Shertok reported to Jerusalem that his negotiations with Oliver Stanley, the British Colonial Secretary had succeeded in creating a breakthrough in the search for a safe haven for Romanian Jews fleeing the Nazis.
1948: In another act of daring, a ship from Yugoslavia docked at Tel Aviv. Hidden in the ship’s cargo of potatoes and onions, were 500 rifles, 200 machine guns and a large quantity of ammunition. Jewish dock workers unloaded the vital supply of munitions and shipped them to the Haganah without being caught by the British.
1949: Israel and Jordan signed an armistice agreement. This agreement was part of the negotiations held on the island of Rhodes under the auspices of the U.N. and Nobel Peace Prize Winner, Dr. Ralph Bunche. The agreement left the Jordanians in control of the eastern part of Jerusalem and the West Bank.
1977: The Jerusalem Post reported that US experts hailed the new Israeli tank, the Chariot.
1994: Seventy-five year old Maj. Gen. Aharon Remez, the first commander of the Israeli Air Force, passed away today at the age of 75.
2002: During Operation Defensive Shield, IDF troops secured Jenin but the fight for the terrorists’ stronghold still loomed ahead.
2011: President Shimon Peres is scheduled to leave for Washington, DC where he will meet with several US leaders including President Obama.
2013: Palestinian terrorists fired two rockets at the southern Israeli city of Sderot this morning
1921: Professor Albert Einstein held a press conference aboard the steamship Rotterdam today in New York Harbor. During the conference Einstein talked about his Theory of Relativity and his support for the creation of a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
1922: “Two wagons left the corner of Lilienblum and Herzl Streets in Tel Aviv carrying 4 “Ahuza” members, 3 laborers and 2 armed watchmen. After a 5 hour journey, they unloaded their baggage at the place destined to become Ra’anana.
1935: In Tel Aviv, the second Maccabiah Games opened “before 40,000 spectators at the Maccabiah Stadium
1937: Nathan Birnbaum passed away. Born in Vienna in 1864, Birnbaum coined the terms Zionists and Zionism in 1890. He was active with Herzl in the First Zionist Congress.
1945: In a letter to Chaim Weizmann, president of the Jewish Agency for Palestine, Peter Bergson provides a description of the efforts of the Hebrew Committee of National Liberation (H.C.N.L.) to save the Jews of Europe and create a Jewish state.
1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that the Knesset passed the Nationality Act which was expected to confer automatic Israeli citizenship on all Jewish residents, and some of the non-Jews, on July 14, 1952.
1970: An Israeli Phantom jet piloted by Pini Nahmani was shot down over a Damascus suburb. Nahmani was imprisoned in the al-Mazza Prison in Damascus.
1979: Menachem Begin visited Cairo, Egypt. The historic visit followed the historic peace treaty that Begin and Sadat had signed. Begin was the first Israeli Prime Minister to visit Egypt.
1995: Two members of Hamas blew themselves up in Gaza City while preparing for an attack on Israel.
2002: As part of Operation Defensive Shield, the IDF entered the booby-trapped camp at Jenin and ”surrounded the headquarters of the Preventive Security Force in nearby Beitunia.
2009: A terrorist infiltrated Bat Ayin in the Gush Etzion region of the West Bank and killed Shlomo Nativ, a 13-year-old Israeli boy, by striking him in the head with an axe. The terrorist also attacked a 7-year-old boy with the axe, hitting and wounding him in the head.
1881: Anti-Jewish riots broke out in Jerusalem.
1895: Interview with Alphonse Daudet, French anti-Semitic writer, for whom Herzl translated an article. Herzl unfolds his views on the Jewish question, which produce a deep impression on Daudet. Daudet feels that Herzl should write a novel about his ideas
1903: Herzl meets McIlwraithe, the legal adviser of the Khedive. Herzl presents the Zionist proposal. McIlwraithe promises that the government will make a counter-proposal.
1915: As “The Mule Corps swears allegiance to the British army” Jabotinsky refuses to serve “because its duties only involve transportation” and does not fulfill his demand for the establishment of a fighting legion.
1918: Chaim Weizmann, the head of the Zionist Commission, arrived in Palestine. The Commission had been established by the British to help carry out the promises of the Balfour Declaration.
1921: In “Upholds Palestine Plan; Churchill Tells Arabs that Balfour Declaration Must Stand,” published today described“further details of Winston Churchill’s visit to Jerusalem.” Churchill met with a delegation of Arab Congress which had been held much earlier in Haifa and which “asked for the withdrawal of the Balfour declaration.
1937: The Palestine Post reported on the festive opening of a new road connecting Hadar Hacarmel and Mount Carmel in Haifa.
1947: The first Jewish immigrants disembark at the port of Eilat. Eilat is a port the southern end of Israel on the Gulf of Aqaba.
1948: During Operation Nachshon, three large convoys broke through the blockade of Jerusalem bringing food and arms to the beleaguered Jewish population.
1949: Mordechai Maklef wаѕ appointed Head οf one of tһе General Command Departments in the IDF.
1951: Following the issuance of an order by David Ben Gurion, the “Central Institute for Coordination” or Mossad became operation under directorship of Reuven Shiloah.
1974: The Interim Report of the Agranat Commission set up to investigate in the aftermath of the Yom Kippor war, published today “called for the dismissal of a number of senior officers in the IDF and caused such controversy that Prime Minister Golda Meir was forced to resign.”
1977: The Jerusalem Post reported that while visiting Washington King Hussein of Jordan declared that he was ready for a “full peace” with Israel, but would never give up East Jerusalem
1991: Ehud Barak began serving as Chief of the General Staff of the IDF during a time when the first Oslo Accords were being implemented and the negotiations were going forward that would lead to a peace treaty with Jordan.
2002: Tomer Mordechai, 19, of Tel-Aviv, a policeman, was killed in Jerusalem, when a Palestinian suicide bomber driving toward the city center blew himself after being stopped at a roadblock.
2007: Nancy Pelosi, Speaker of the House of the US Representatives addresses the Knesset in what is her first address to a foreign government legislature. She is the highest ranking American woman to speak before the Knesset.
2017: For the second time this week Arab terrorists struck in Jerusalem today when two teenaged boys were stabbed in the Old City.
1894: “For the Jews in Palestine” published today described the appeal made by Abraham Neurmak, the rabbi at New York’s Orach Chaim to provide aid for those living in Eretz Israel.
1925: The town of Afula was founded in the Jezreel Valley. Afula means The Town of Jezreel and it was started with the support of the American Zion Commonwealth.
1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israel had become the ninth nation to ratify the agreement to eliminate trade barriers on the import of educational, scientific or cultural materials, sponsored by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.
1954: As tensions grew between Jordan and Israel due to the attacks by terrorists based in Jordan, the British cabinet discussed military options for responding to a possible strike by Israel into Jordan.
1977: The Jerusalem Post reported that West Germany protested to Israel that it had not been told for more than a year of the arrest of two young West Germans, Brigitte Schultz and Thomas Reuter, who planned, on January 18, 1976, to shoot down an El Al plane in Nairobi. Five terrorists were arrested by Kenya: two Germans and three Arabs.
1993: With Israel reeling from its worst wave of Arab violence in years, including the shooting deaths of two policemen this morning, the Government indefinitely closed the West Bank and Gaza Strip today.
2002: Fourteen “people were killed and over 40 injured in a suicide bombing in Haifa.
1897: Colonel Goldsmid asks Herzl to stay away from the Zionist Congress in order to prevent a split in the ranks of the Hovevei Zion.
1903: As part of negotiations to secure land for a Jewish homeland, Carton de Wiart talked to a lawyer with the Egyptian government who recommends that the concession should be in the form of a lease, not a freehold. Herzl demands a 99-year lease
1921: Churchill visits Tel Aviv where he delivers a speech praising what the Jews have accomplished in the last twelve years since the city was first founded.
1948: Because no supply convoys have reach Jerusalem from the Tel Aviv area with commodities since March 24 because of attacks by Arab troops, there has been a “growing shortage of fresh food for the Jewish inhabitants of the city resulting in the “introduction” today “of bread rationing and the restricting of the amount of butter given to children.
1949: Yigal Yadin and Walter Eytan returned to King Abdullah’s villa at Shuneh to try and reach final armistice terms with the Jordanians.
1958: Syrian forces attack Israelis at Lake Hula.
1976: Israeli Arabs hold their first Land Day which was public held a protest strike against the expropriation of lands in the Galilee “for purposes of security and settlement.”
1994: The two terrorists who attacked Yitzhak Rothenberg, age 70, of Petah Tikva with axes yesterday were arrested today.
2002: Al Aqsa terrorists took credit for today’s bombing of an Allenby Street coffee shop in Tel Aviv.
2003: A suicide bombing in the pedestrian mall entrance of a cafe in Netanya wounded more than 40 people
2006: Three Israelis were killed when a Palestinian suicide bomber detonated explosives in a car after nightfall
2011: “Israel Air Force jets struck a group of Palestinian terrorists in southern Gaza, killing one gunman and wounding another as they rode a motorcycle.
1890: Birthdate of daughter Pauline Herzl, daughter of Theodor Herzl who passed away in 1930.
1903: Herzl meets with the Belgian born barrister Leon Constant Ghislain Carton de Wiart now living in Egypt. Herzl tells him that “We will give up the word ‘Charter’ but not the thing itself.”
1917: “Hadassah…announced” today “that $30,000 has been raised for a medical until which it” will “establish in Palestine at the earliest possible moment to combat typhus and other plagues now reported to be prevalent in that country.”
1921: Winston Churchill, British Colonial Secretary, is greeted by 10,000 Jews on Mt. Scopus in Palestine. Both the Chief Sephardic and Ashkenazic Rabbis were in attendance. They gave him a Sefer Torah. Churchill planted a tree on the future site of Hebrew University and spoke in support of the Zionist endeavors in Palestine.
1947: “A ship carrying 1,600 Jewish unauthorized refugees was intercepted tonight off the northern coast of Palestine by the Royal Navy.” The ship which was known as the Patria or Moledeth was taken to the harbor at Haifa.
1949: In a meeting with Zionist leaders in New York, former Prime Minister Winston Churchill offers assurance that his commitment to the Jewish state is as solid as it has ever been.
1950: The United Nations Conciliation Commission for Palestine issues a memorandum designed to “meet the Israeli demands for direct negotiations and the Arab desire that the commission act as mediator.”
2000: Israel’s high court orders that about 700 Palestinians be allowed to return to their traditional homes in caves in the southern West Bank.
2002: Rachel Levy, 17, and Haim Smadar, 55, the security guard, both of Jerusalem, were killed and 28 people were injured, two seriously, when a female suicide bomber blew herself up in the Kiryat Yovel supermarket in Jerusalem.
1896: Herzl took part in the Seder of the Zionist student association “Unitas”.
1917: As the British forces advanced in Palestine, the Jews of Tel Aviv and Jaffa were expelled by the Turks
1921: In Jerusalem, Churchill met with Abdullah ruler of Transjordan who sought to have an Arab Emir (himself) appointed to rule Palestine saying that this was the best way to avoid violence between Arabs and Jews.
1947: Lt. Gen Sir Alan G. Cunningham, High Commissioner for Palestine and LT. Gen. G.H. Macmillan, commander of the British troops in Palestine, left London for Palestine this morning after having conferred with Prime Minister Atlee on a new “get tough” policy for Palestine.
1948: This afternoon “250 Arabs” armed “with two-inch mortars and light machine guns…ambushed a convoy of five trucks and an armored car killing 45 Jews “at Kabriri, a village East of Nahariya.
1975: Two bus bombing in Jerusalem resulted in 13 casualties
2002: “Rachel and David Gavish, 50, their son Avraham Gavish, 20, and Rachel’s father Yitzhak Kanner, 83, were killed when a terrorist infiltrated the community of Elon Moreh in Samaria, entered their home and opened fire on its inhabitants. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.”
2008: Three Kassam rockets were fired at Israel from the northern Gaza Strip, one of them hitting the outer wall of a preschool
1900: Herzl had a meeting with Prime Minister Ernest von Koerber about sanctioning the Viennese electoral reform.
1903: The Zionist Commission met Herzl in Cairo.
1921: During his fact finding visit to Palestine, Winston Churchill went to the British Military Cemetery on the Mount of Olives to attend a service of dedication honoring the sacrifice of Allied soldiers who had fought against the Turks.
1938: Miss Henrietta Szold, 77-year-old founder of Hadassah, the Woman’s Zionist Organization of America sent a cable from Jerusalem to Hadassah headquarters in New York describing her efforts to arrange for the transfer of Jewish children from Austria to Palestine.
1950: After having been “rebuffed” by Levi Eshkol, the Treasurer of the Jewish Agency, Shlomo Hillel, “one of the Israeli organizers of the Iraqi Jewish emigration” “went to see Israeli Prime Minister David Ben Gurion who was totally supportive of the mass emigration from Iraq.
1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that at The Hague the German delegation to the Reparations Conference expressed surprise at the extent of the Jewish request of the sum of $500 million, to be paid within five years.
1979: One person was killed and 14 were injured during a terrorist bombing in downtown Tel Aviv.
1998: After meeting with Israeli Defense Minister Yitzhak Mordechai in the U.S. today U.S. Defense Secretary William Cohen indicated that Washington has agreed to expand the joint Arrow anti-missile project and provide $45 million in funding for a third battery of missiles for Israel.
2001: Islamic Jihad took credit for a bombing in the Talipot industrial zone in which 7 people were injured.
2001: Hamas took credit for the bombing an Egged bus at French Hill in which 28 were injured in Jerusalem.
2002: A suicide bomber killed 29 Israelis during a Passover Seder in Netanya, Israel.
1896: The “Sion” society in Sofia adopted an enthusiastic resolution proclaiming Herzl as their leader.
1925: Lord Balfour visited Rishon L”Zion where he said “he rejoiced at this opportunity to visit the oldest Jewish settlement in Palestine.
1931: Arab leaders in Palestine urged Moslems not to participate in the celebration Meir Dizengoff’s seventieth birthday. Dizengoff is the Mayor of Tel Aviv.
1946: “Phineas Horowitz, veteran Zionist leader, and vice-president of the British Zionist Federation, passed away today in London.”
1948: “Alleging that the Arabs intended to try to seize Jerusalem after the British withdrawal, spokesman for the Jewish Agency for Palestine confirmed today that the Agency had proposed that 10,000 Norwegian and Danish troops be brought from Germany to maintain order in the city.
1979: Prime Minister Menachem Begin of Israel and President Anwar Sadat signed a peace treaty at the White House. This historic event ended three decades of fighting including three major wars.
1987: U.S. President Jimmy Carter visited Jerusalem. Former Prime Minister Begin who has been living in virtual seclusion for years declined Carter’s request for a meeting.
2000: Pope John Paul II ended his trip to Israel by visiting the Western Wall and, in keeping with a centuries-old tradition left a message in one of its cracks.
2008: Two people were lightly wounded and nine were in shock after Palestinians fired a volley of Kassam rockets at Sderot
2014: The Israeli Navy fired on two Palestinian boats this morning and a third one tonight that were thought to be involved in smuggling operations between Egypt and Gaza.
1902: Herzl is informed that the Sultan studied his plan. Herzl is asked what plans he has for the regulation of the Turkish debts under more favorable conditions than those submitted by the French.
1903: Herzl met Lord Cromer and Boutros Ghali in Cairo.
1903: The Zionist Commission led by Leopold Kessler and including Selig Soskin, Dr. Hillel Yaffe, and Colonel Albert Goldsmid returned to Suez.
1921: Arab demonstrations begin in Haifa protesting Jewish immigration.
1925: On a visit to Palestine, Lord Balfour of Balfour Declaration Fame, who is still a supporter of the Zionist cause, drives from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem stopping to visit with Jewish settlers and Arab Sheiks, “who told him they lived quite happily in proximity with their Jewish neighbors.”
1937: The Palestine Post reported that Petah Tikva had become Palestine’s second purely Jewish town and had been granted municipal status.
1946: “A shipload of illegal immigrant arrived” off the coast of Tel Aviv tonight. Several of the immigrants evaded capture by the British and reportedly “found shelter” in the homes of Jews living in Tel Aviv.
1948: As fighting continued today “along the Jaffa-Tel Aviv border” ten Jews were wounded when “four mortar shells fired by Arabs fell in southern Tel Aviv and “squads of the Haganah resumed shellfire at dawn” aimed “at Arab positions.
1977: The Jerusalem Post reported that a terrorist cell of 16 members, preparing a car bomb, was caught at Jenin.
2008: Israel’s UN ambassador, Dan Gillerman, slammed the “trend” of equating the “lawful actions” of a state defending its citizens with the “violence of terrorists,” in a bitter exchange at the Security Council’s monthly session on the Middle East
1795: Birthdate of Zvi Hirsch Kalischer “an Orthodox rabbi and one of Zionism’s early pioneers in Germany.”
1921: The Chief Rabbinate of Palestine was established under the British Mandate. The first Ashkenazic Chief Rabbi of Palestine was the scholar and sage, Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook was one of the leading intellectual and religious leaders during the Yishuv period.
1922: In an attempt to calm Arab fears over Jewish immigration to Palestine, Churchill “approved a proposal from Sir Herbert Samuel that Jewish immigration would be limited by the ‘economic capacity’ of Palestine to absorb newcomers.”
1936: The House of Commons discussed a proposal for setting up a Legislative Council in Palestine that would give the Arabs control over the future of Jewish immigration into Palestine i.e. the end of such immigration and the Zionist dream. Churchill delivered a stirring speech against the proposal.
1939: In response to “Britain’s threat stop land purchases by Jews in Palestine,” “Hadassa contributed $25,000 today to the Jewish National Fund ‘to assure the immediate purchase of land areas now held under option in the Jewish National Home.’”
1950: An Israeli government official “said today that Jordan suddenly broke off negotiations on a five-year non-aggression pact” between the two countries which was close to completion. “Earlier today, a high diplomatic source in Beirut reported the bre
1955: Terrorists threw hand grenades and opened fire on a crowd at a wedding in the farming community of Patish, in the Negev, killing a young woman and wounding 18 others.
1969: Birthdate of Munir Amar, the Druze general and Head of the IDF Civil Administration whose life was cut short at the age of 47 in a plane crash.
1993: Ezer Weizman was elected President of Israel.
2011: The Israeli Air Force struck targets in the Gaza Strip in the early hours today, a day after Palestinian militants fired about a dozen rockets and mortars across the border.
1915: The Zion Mule Corps, consisting of Jewish volunteers from Palestine, was formed to serve with the British Army. This was the first Palestinian Jewish military unit attached to a regular army in the modern times.
1921: Accompanied by Sir Herbert Samuel and T.E. Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia) Winston Churchill left Egypt for Palestine to begin his projected four week long fact finding tour.
1944: British Major-General Orde Wingate died in airplane crash while fighting the Japanese in Burma during World War II. ”Wingate was an unconventional person in many respects. He learned Hebrew, and he demonstrated his ardent belief that the Jews were entitled to their homeland in Eretz Yisrael. He also recognized the need for a working military force, and he dreamed of heading the army of the future Jewish state.
1947: The executive committee of the Jewish Agency for Palestine ended its deliberations today. The committee has been meeting in Jerusalem to plan tactics for the upcoming special session of the United Nations being held to deal with the issue of Palestine.
1949: Israel and Lebanon signed an armistice agreement. Israeli troops withdrew from border towns they had occupied during the fighting.
1979: One person was murdered and 13 more injured in a terrorist bombing at Zion Square in Jerusalem.
1994: Victor Lashchiver was shot and killed by terrorists near Damascus Gate on his way to work. The PFLP claimed responsibility for the attack.
2000: During his meeting with President Ezer Weizman, Pope John Paul II “blessed the state of Israel” after which he visited Yad Vashem.
2010: The President of the United States and the Prime Minister of Israel met this evening in Washington, D.C.
2011: A person was killed and 50 were injured after an explosion took place at a bus station in central Jerusalem this afternoon. Police said that a bomb exploded outside Egged bus number 74.
1893: Arab rioters attack Jews at Rehovot
1915: The majority of the Palestine Refugees’ Committee under the encouragement of Joseph Trompledor and Vladimir Jabotinsky endorsed a resolution calling for the formation of a “Jewish Legion” and propose to England its utilization in Palestine. Within a few days about 500 enlisted.
1923: Max Nordau, early Zionist leader, passed away at the age of 73.
1929: The month long celebration of the 20th anniversary of the founding of Tel Aviv began with a Purim Carnival.
1937: The Palestine Post reported that Dov Zemel, a lorry driver, was shot at an ambush near Kfar Saba and was in critical condition.
1945: The Arab League was formed today in Cairo. “The League’s first resolutions included a restriction on Egyptian Muslim contact with those who were call ‘supporters of Zionism,’
1947: Dr. Nahum Goldman addressed the Tel Aviv Journalists Associate today telling them that “the historical alliance between Britian and Jewry is nearing its end. That alliance has existed since 1917 when the Balfour Declaration gave Zionists their first legal claim on Palestine as a national home. Its virtual dissolution obviously brings the Zionist movement to an hour of decision.
1948: Today, while introducing “a joint resolution to authorize the shipment of arms and munitions to Jews in Palestine,” Representative Jacob K. Javits “argued that failure to ship arms would leave 700,000 Jews in Palestine defenseless and ripe for slaughter by the thousands of Arab fanatics who are being armed and supplied, as all the world knows, by the surrounding Arab States.”
1957: Israeli forces withdrew from the Sinai Peninsula as part of the peace process following the Suez Crisis of 1956.
1979: The Israeli Parliament approved the peace treaty with Egypt.
2004: Ahmed Yassin, co-founder and leader of Hamas, and his bodyguards are killed in the Gaza Strip when hit by Israeli Air Force AH-64 Apache fired Hellfire missiles.
2011: A Grad rocket fired from Gaza exploded south of Ashdod today after a day of escalation along the border.
2013: Barack Obama ended his first presidential visit to Israel and headed off to Jordan today, after another packed day.
2014: “A Palestinian militants sent threatening text messages to a large number of Israelis this evening, calling on them to leave the country and warning them they would be “the next Gilad Shalit.
1917: In Jerusalem, archeologist Eleazar Sukenik and women’s rights activist Hasya Sukenik-Feinsod welcome the birth of their son Yigal Sukenik who as Yigal Yadin gained fame fighting in the War for Independence, serving as the second Chief of Staff for the IDF and becoming a renowned archeologist.
1922: Winston Churchill cautions Zionist Pinhas Ruttenberg against ordering machinery for the newly approved power project for Palestine from Germany when unemployment is still a major problem in Britain. Ruttenberg took the hint and re-channeled his purchases of heavy equipment accordingly.
1933: The New York Times reported on the increased number of German immigrants arriving in Palestine. “Oscar Kahn, who was a (German) State Secretary in 1918 and who had been threatened by the Nazis” was among the many German families who reached Eretz Israel this week.
1936: Arthur Grenfell Wauchope, the High Commissioner of Palestine is reported today to be persisting in pressing forward with establishment of a legislative council even though the Jewish communities refusal to participate because it would relegate them a permanent minority subject to Arab and British control.
1937: British born historian and Zionist leader Jacob De Haas passed, the secretary of the First Zionist Congress and a close confidant of Theodore Herzl.
1947: In Parliament, Churchill mocks the Labor government’s willing to “scuttle everywhere” surrendering Egypt, India and Burma but continuing to waste treasure on a barren Palestine policy.
1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that preliminary secret reparations talks between the Israeli-Jewish and German delegations had begun at The Hague.
1968: Israeli forces crossed the Jordan River to attack PLO bases.
1978: Operation Litani, which was designed to dislodge the PLO from its bases in southern Lebanon came to a successful conclusion.
1997: On the eve of Purim, a Palestinian suicide bomber murders Michael Avrahimi, 32; Yael Gilad, 32 and Anat Winter-Rosen, 37 when he set off a bomb at a Tel Aviv coffee shop.
2000: “Pope John Paul II arrived in Israel, for a historic five-day visit, during which he visited the holy sites of the three major religions and met with Israel’s political leaders and Chief Rabbis.”
2002: Yitzhak Cohen, 48, of Modi’in, Tsipi Shemesh, 29 (who was 5 months pregnant with twins) and Gadi Shemesh, 34 were murdered and 47 people were injured when a Palestinian suicide bomber detonated a bomb outside a clothing store and toy shop on King George Street in Jerusalem.
2011: The field hospital Israel is establishing in Japan is the first to be set up by any nation offering outside assistance, Israel’s Ambassador to Japan Nissim Ben Shitrit said today, and the Japanese are extremely appreciative.
2014: “The Israeli military announced today that it had uncovered a tunnel from Gaza into Israel meant for carrying out a terror attack, and rejected a Hamas claim that the find was an old tunnel.”
1822: Seventy-four year old Johann Ludwig Ewald an advocate for Jewish emancipation “who wrote two pamphlets in defense of the Jews” and who “argued that the Jews were not worse than others, that their shortcomings were the result of persecution, and that no one had a right to expect them to improve until they had been given equal rights with other citizens” passed away in Carlsruhe.
1839: A pogrom, known as the Allahdad, broke out in the Iranian city of Mashhad. At the time of the pogrom, the city of Mashhad was home to about 2,500 Jews. The event devastated the Jews of Mashhad, who were violently forced into converting to Islam.
1900: Theodore Herzl held a meeting with Austrian Prime Minister Ernest von Koerber.
1915: As attempts were being made to form a Jewish fighting force in the British Army, Joseph Trumpeldor held a meeting of all the volunteers that was attended by senior British military leaders.
1937: The Jerusalem Post reported on widespread violence and that a curfew was imposed in Jerusalem.
1940: Vladimir Jabotinsky addressed a crowd of more than 5,000 supporters in New York demanding the “restoration of a Jewish state” in the area under British Mandate.
1943: Haj Amin al-Husseini, the exiled Mufti of Jerusalem broadcast from Rome to the “Arab World.” It was the birthday of the Prophet and Haj Amin used the occasion to try to stir up anti-Jewish hatred. His speech included the reading of a pledge from German Foreign Minister Jachim von Ribbentropt that “the obliteration of what is called the Jewish National Home was a basic tenet of German policy.”
1950: Leah and Yitzhak Rabin gave birth to future Israeli attorney and MK Dalia Rabin-Pelossof.
1978: UN Security Council Resolutions adopted resolutions 425 and 426. They called upon Israel to immediately cease its military action and withdraw its forces from all Lebanese territory while establishing the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL)
1993: Arnold Resnicoff “delivered the prayer for the commissioning of the first of a series of new Israeli missile boats (Sa’ar 5), jointly built by the U.S. and Israel.
2003: Mahmoud Abbas became the new Palestinian Prime Minister. His appointment was supposed to mark a new phase in peace negations. Without Arafat’s support, he, like the peace process at that time, was doomed to failure. He finally resigned.
2003: Zion Boshirian, 51, of Mevo Dotan was shot and killed while driving in his car between Mevo Dotan and Shaked in northern Samaria. The Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.
2004: “George Khoury, 20, a Christian Arab and the son of well-known veteran attorney Elias Khoury of Beit Hanina, was shot dead while jogging in the north Jerusalem by the Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade.
2010: The Air Force hit six targets in Gaza early this morning in response to recent rocket attacks on southern Israel.
2011: More than 50 mortars are launched at civilian areas of Southern Israel from terrorists in Gaza.
2014: The IAF attacked several sites on the Syrian side of the Golan Heights overnight
2016: Three Israelis – Yonathan Shuer, 40; Simha Dimir, 60; Avraham Goldman, 69 – were killed and another 11 Israelis were wound in a terror attack today in Istanbul.
1903: Herzl begins a trip to Egypt that lasts until April 9.
1922: In Cairo, the first meeting was held between a Zionist Delegation and representatives of the “Executive Committee of the Congress of Parties of the Confederation of Arab Countries.”
1928: The New York Times described the controversy surrounding the decision of a court in Jaffa to fine a storekeeper for violating local ordinances concerning the observance of the Jewish Sabbath.
1930: Eight one year old Arthur James Balfour, a prominent British politician who served as Prime Minister from 1902 to 1905 passed away today.
1937: As “the Arab attacks on the Jews in Palestine continued to increase,” “a bomb exploded early this morning in the hands of an Arab near the Jewish quarter in Kerem seriously injuring him and three Arab workmen”.
1948: Today in Tel Aviv, David Ben-Gurion said “that the Jews and Arabs would make peace in the Holy Land if the United Nations implemented the decision on partition.”
1948 President Truman met with Zionist leader Chaim Weizmann and assured him of the United States’ support for Jewish statehood.
1949: Moshe Dayan, Abdullah el-Tell and King Abdullah of Jordan began “a series of meetings today” which would lead to an armistice agreement.
1968: “Two people were killed and 28 children were in landmine attack on a school bus in the Negev north of Eilat.”
2008: A 49 year old Israeli rabbi identified as Rabbi Yechezkel Greenwald was stabbed and wounded by an Arab assailant near the Damascus Gate in the Old City of Jerusalem.
2010: A migrant worker in the northern Negev was killed by a rocket fired by Palestinians from the Gaza Strip.
1935: The Palestine Maccabee Association announced that it would not participate in the 1936 Olympics to be held in Germany because of that country’s treatment of its Jewish citizens.
1937: “One Jewish policeman was seriously injured and sixteen other Jews were slightly hurt tonight when a bomb was thrown in to a bus on Jaffa Road, Jerusalem’s main thoroughfare.
1939: At a meeting in Tel Aviv today, “the National Council of Palestine Jews…decided to a call a 24 hour strike” to start on Monday, March 20th “ “as the first step in its program of ‘drastic political action’ against Great Britain’s plan” for Palestine.
1947: Leaders of the Arab League are scheduled to meet in Cairo today where they will map out their propaganda program to oppose the creation of a Jewish state and how best to present their case at the upcoming meeting of the United Nations.
1947: “Just before noon today an Army officer blew his whistle” in Jerusalem marking the end of martial law in several areas including Mea Shearim.
1948: In Jerusalem, the British abandoned their compound on the grounds of Schneller Orphanage which the Etzioni Brigade would “use at its base of operations during the Israeli War of Independence.
1948: The Naval Service, which became the Israeli Sea Corps, was formed today and the members for the Plugat HaYam (the naval arm of the Palmach) were ordered to join.
1968: Israel defeated Ceylon today in the Olympic Games soccer qualifier thanks to the play of Mordechai Spiegler.
1969: Golda Meir became Prime Minister of Israel.
2010: Some 3,000 officers were put on high alert on today after Hamas called for anti-Israel protest
2011: President Shimon Peres said today that the Navy’s seizure of the cargo ship Victoria earlier this week proves that Syria is providing weapons to Hamas in Gaza and to Hezbollah in Lebanon.
1900: Herzl, in his never ending quest to have the rich and powerful support the creation of a Jewish homeland in Eretz Israel, had a luncheon with Eulenburg-Hertefeld, the German ambassador in Vienna.
1908: In Haifa, “bitterness against the Jews led to a clash between Jews, Ottoman soldiers and local Arabs in which thirteen Jews were injured, some of them severely.”
1914: Dr. Franz Opphenheimer, a lecturer on political economy at the University of Berlin told a mass-meeting in Cooper Union about agricultural cooperation in Palestine, saying that “the colony which I have founded in Palestine is on the plain of Jezreel, with fifty people working 1,000 acres and is “of the pure co-operative kind.
1934: In its first international football (soccer) match the team from Mandatory Palestine (the future Israel) lost to Egypt 7 to 1.
1935: Fourteen Jewish American athletes and their manager David White set sail on the SS Conte di Savola. The athletes will participate in the Maccabiah, the Jewish Olympics, scheduled to open in April in Tel Aviv
1947: The British announce plans to end Martial Law in Tel Aviv and adjacent areas effective tomorrow.
1954: Tonight unknown assailants attacked an Egged bus traveling between Eilat and Tel Aviv.
1962: The “Golani Brigade raided Syrian outposts to the north of the Sea of Galilee in order to stop Syrian shelling of Israeli Villages.
1965: Israel Votes to Have Diplomatic Relations with West Germany
1895: Alfred Dreyfus arrived at the Iles de Sault, “a small archipelago situated twenty-seven miles (43 km) off Cayenne, opposite the mouth of the River Kuru” best known for Devil’s Island where the disgraced officer was to be imprisoned.
1899: Today the General Conference of American Rabbis discussed a paper entitled “The National Idea in Judaism with Especial Reference to the Zionistic Movement” presented by Rabbi Emil G. Hirsch of Chicago, Illinois.
1912: The Turkish Ministry of the Interior to the Governor of Jerusalem issued a decree permitting the Jews to place benches and light candles in front of the Western Wall.
1923: Birthdate of Rostam Bastuni, an Arab Christian who was the “the first Arab citizen of Israel to represent a Zionist party in the Knesset.”
1936: In Tel Aviv, shops were closed “as a sign of grief for the plight of the Jews of Poland said to be the victims of renewed pogroms.”
1946: British premier Attlee agreed to India’s right to independence. This decision had a major, if under-reported effect on the future of the Jews in Palestine. Once the British decided to give up India, the need to protect the Suez Canal, the British lifeline to India, had greatly diminished.
1948: “The meeting of the United Nations Security Council scheduled today for consideration of the Palestine question was postponed until 2:30 P.M. tomorrow as a result of an eleventh-hour decision by the United States, China and France to ask Jews and Arabs whether they would agree to a truce in the Holy Land,”
1983: “Over 1,000 delegates from 30 countries attended the opening session of the Third World Conference on Soviet Jewry in Jerusalem.”
2002: Three Israelis made the Forbes list of 500 Billionaires
2005: Dignitaries from all over the world attended the opening of Yad Vashem’s new History Museum in Jerusalem.
2010: After a nearly 62-year hiatus, the renowned Hurva synagogue inside the Jewish Quarter of Jerusalem’s Old City has been rebuilt and is again an operational house of prayer.
2012: The Iron Dome anti-missile system intercepted a Grad-type Katyusha rocket fired by Gaza militants toward the southern city of Ashdod today.
1917: Fifty-six year old Fernand-Gustave-Gaston Labori, French attorney who defended Émile Zola in 1898 in the Dreyfus trial and Captain Alfred Dreyfus at the court martial in Rennes in 1899 passed away today.
1923: Birthdate of Meyer Zarodinsky the Bessarabian native who made Aliyah in 1925 and gained fame Meir “Zarro” Zorea an IDF general and member of the Knesset
1937: The Palestine Post reported that Shlomo Gafni, 28, and Hanoch Metz, 24, of Kfar Hahoresh were stabbed to death and their flock of 320 sheep and 70 goats stolen by Arab murderers
1945: Winston Churchill wrote to Laura Wingate, widow of Orde Wingate the British officer who had helped trained Jewish fighters during the 1930’s telling of her plans to build a memorial to her late husband on the grounds of Hebrew University.
1946: “As part of the illegal immigration to Eretz Israel (“Aliya Bet”), the “Wingate” sailed from Italy with 238 maapilim (“illegal immigrants”) on board, mostly from Eastern Europe.’’
1948: In Cairo, the Foreign Ministers of the Arab countries said tonight that they would meet in Lebanon to “act on the Palestine question.”
1977: The Jerusalem Post reported that upon his return from the US, Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin declared that President Jimmy Carter said nothing to indicate a reversal of his pre-election stand, which said that Israel ought not to withdraw from Jerusalem or Golan Heights.
1978: The Israeli Defense Force, in retaliation for a terrorist attack three days earlier, invades and occupies southern Lebanon, under codename Operation Litani.
1997: A decision was reached by the Israelis to begin work on a building project at Har Homa in southern Jerusalem.
2001: President George Bush issued an Executive Order adding the al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade to the State Department’s list of Foreign Terrorist Organization.
1915: Today, after further conversations with the Prime Minister and the Foreign Herbert Samuel “circulated a revised text of “The Future of Palestine” – a “Zionist memorandum” originally submitted by Chaim Weizmann
1928: Despite support from Lloyd George and Chancellor of the Exchequer Winston Churchill, the British Cabinet rejects a loan designed to support the “Zionist enterprise” in Palestine in a manner consistent with the Balfour Declaration.
1946: Birthdate of Yonatan “Yoni” Netanyahu who was a commander in the elite Sayeret Matkal unit of the Israel Defense Forces, brother of Benjamin Netanyahu. Yoni was awarded the Medal of Distinguished Service (Hebrew: עיטור המופת) for his conduct in the Yom Kippur War. He was killed in action during Operation Entebbe.
1947: “Some resistance was encountered by British troops today when 703 Jews who arrived in Palestine waters yesterday after running the naval blockade were taken aboard the steamer Empire Rival.” The Jews are reportedly being shipped to camps in Cyprus
1951: Israel demanded DM 6.2 billion compensation from Germany
1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that Eilat was bedecked and illuminated to mark the third anniversary of the town¹s liberation.
1977: The Jerusalem Post reported from Washington that Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin was surprised to find out that when the US State Department spoke about “minor adjustments” in the pre-1967 Israeli borders, it referred to border changes of only a few hundred meters, or “straightening out of the line” in such places as Latrun or Kalkilya.
1993: Simha Levy, a woman who worked as driver taking Palestinians from Gaza to their jobs inside the pre-1967 borders was axed to death in her van at Khan Younis.
1997: Seven school girls aged twelve and thirteen, all from the same school at Beit Shemesh, were shot dead and Hila Levy was injured by a Jordanian soldier who went berserk on the Jordan Border after which King Hussein paid surprise and much appreciated condolence call on the grieving families.
2008: Israeli President Shimon Peres paid tribute to the French who saved Jews during the Holocaust in a somber ceremony at the Pantheon in the Latin Quarter, and visited a French Foreign Ministry exhibition about the origins of the state of Israel.’
2010: Late today Israel Defense Forces soldiers arrested a top Hamas official in Ramallah, suspected of leading military cells responsible for the murder of more than 70 Israelis over the course of the second Intifada.
2012: Gaza militants fired a Grad-type Katyusha rocket toward the western Negev today, despite a Egypt-mediated cease fire between Israel and militant groups that went into effect earlier in the day.
1904: Herzl authorizes Dr. Leopold Kahn to enter into negotiations with the Ottoman Empire for renting the administrative revenues of the Sanjak of Acre and for a loan to be obtained for the Imperial treasury.
1921: The Histadrut (General Federation of Labor) passed a resolution to establish the Haganah. Haganah, (literally “defense”) was established for the purpose stated in its name. The Haganah was the precursor to the IDF
1928: Birthdate of Mordechai Eliyahu, the Jerusalem native who would become a prominent rabbi, posek and who would serve as the Sephardi Chief Rabbi of Israel from 1983 to 1993.
1941: Churchill met with Weizmann and reiterated his support for the eventual establishment of Jewish military units and a Jewish state in Palestine.
1947: Speaking as leader of the Loyal Opposition, Churchill attacks the Labor Party’s policy in Palestine attacking what he called “a senseless, squalid war with the Jews, in order to give Palestine to the Arab or God knows who.”
1948: “The representatives of the United States, the Soviet Union, China and France heard leaders of the Jewish Agency for Palestine present a nine-point plan for implementation by the Security Council of the United Nations General Assembly for a partition of” Palestine.
1949: The raising of a hand-drawn flag, known as the “Ink Flag over the police station at Umm Rashrash, the future site of the city of Eilat, at 16:00 “is considered to mark the end of the War of Independence.
1950: As a reminder of the fact that the Jewish state is surrounded by enemies committed to its destruction “the Israeli Defense Ministry today ordered the registration for the Army Reserve of all physicians between the ages of 29 and 49.”
1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that Foreign Minister Moshe Sharett met Sir Anthony Eden, the British foreign secretary, in London and told him that Israel was eager to reach a settlement with its neighbors and to stop to “perpetuate its loneliness” in the area.
1977: Egypt’s Anwar Sadat pledged to regain Arab territory from Israel. Sadat would reach his goal, but with the pen of the peace treaty not the sword of war.
2000: Pope John Paul II asked God’s forgiveness for the sins of Roman Catholics through the ages, including wrongs inflicted on Jews, women and minorities.
2007: The Jerusalem Post reported that “the first Israeli Druse physician to become a professor is Dr. Jamal Zidan, head of the oncology department at Ziv Medical Center in Safed
2008: Israel’s Holocaust memorial posthumously recognized a prominent Spanish diplomat, who was the grandfather of the Oscar-nominated actress Helena Bonham Carter, for his role in saving hundreds of Jews during World War II.
2011: Defense Minister Ehud Barak vowed today that Israel would use every means possible to track down those behind the fatal stabbing of a family of five in the West Bank settlement of Itamar .
2012: Palestinian terrorists in the Gaza Strip fired more than 40 rockets at Israel today, as the heavy cross-border barrage continued into its fourth day.
2014: IDF jets hit 29 targets this evening in Gaza in response to the most massive rocket barrage since 2012.
2016: After Palestinian terrorists fired rockets from Gaza yesterday, Israeli aircraft “struck at Hamas military bases in the Gaza Strip
1896: Herzl meets Reverend William Hechler chaplain to the British Embassy in Vienna. Hechler was tutor in the household of the Grossherzog von Baden. He knows the German Kaiser and thinks he can get Herzl an audience.
1903: Zionist leader Oskar Marmorek returns to Vienna. While few may know his name today, the Austrian born architect was an early convert to Zionism joining Max Nordau and David Wolffsohn as one of Herzl’s key supporters.
1937: As Arab violence continued to mount, The Palestine Post reported that armed Arabs attacked Jews who plowing fields near Afula.
1948: Arabs bombed the headquarters of the Jewish Agency
1949: The first Israeli troops reached the Gulf of Aqaba where a white bedsheet with a hand drawn blue Star of David is hoisted as a sign of the Jewish state’s claim to the area around Eilat.
1977: Palestinian terrorists killed 34 Israelis on the Tel Aviv-Haifa highway.
1978: The Palestine Liberation Organization carried out a massive terrorist attack in Israel. PLO terrorists from Lebanon first killed Gail Rubin, an American Jewish photographer.
2011: Five members of an Israeli family were killed tonight when a suspected terrorist broke into their home in the West Bank settlement of Itamar and stabbed them all to death
2012: Residents of southern Israel suffered another day under siege today as Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired about 50 more rockets at the Negev
1859: In Budapest, Jeanette and Jacob Herzl gave birth to Pauline Herzl, the sister of Theodor Herzl
1861: Birthdate of Meir Dizengoff. A native of Bessarabia, he would make Aliyah in 1905, help found Tel Aviv in 1909 and then became its first mayor.
1896: Theodore Herzl described his first meeting with Reverend William Hechler in today’s diary entry. Herzl described Hechler as an enthusiastic Zionist who wants introduce him to the various German leaders who are friends of the Anglican minister
1920: In the wake of Arab attacks on Jewish citizens, Major-General Louis Bols, the Officer Administering the Government of Palestine, issued an order prohibiting further demonstrations in Jerusalem.
1949: The conquest of the southern Negev and Um Rashrash (Eilat) ended the War of Independence.
1952: The Jerusalem Post reported the cabinet’s decision that wages earned by Arabs in the employ of the state, municipalities and other public institutions, and the prices paid for Arab produce would be equal to those paid to the Jews
1970: The Knesset passed the “Who is a Jew?” bill which defined a Jew as one born to a Jewish mother or a convert to the Jewish religion.
1974: Golda Meir formed a new government that included Moshe Dayan and Shimon Peres.
1977: The Jerusalem Post reported that US President Jimmy Carter suggested that the final Israeli borders should include only “some minor adjustments in the 1967 borders.”
2015: “An IDF officer was lightly wounded on the Golan Heights today by gunfire emanating from Syria.”
1918: The Provisional Executive Committee for General Zionist Affairs made public the suggestions by the British Palestine Committee, “a non-Jewish organization” which spoke approvingly of the creation of a Hebrew university in Jerusalem which was being built “while military operations were still in progress.”
1921: Winston and Clementine Churchill arrive in Cairo in preparation for a conference to examine the workings of the mandates for Palestine and Iraq.
1922: Winston Churchill delivered a speech in Parliament support the Balfour Declaration against its opponents. He reiterated support for the establishment of the Jewish Homeland in Palestine while cautioning against letting Jews who were Bolsheviks settle in Palestine.
1938: The Palestine Post reported that Arab terrorists sniped at various quarters of Jewish Jerusalem.
1947: The first unauthorized immigrant ship known to have been sent to Palestine by the Hebrew Committee of National Liberation was taken into government custody today.
1949: During the War for Independence, two IDF units set off to take Eilat on the Gulf of Aqaba.
1950: It was officially announced tonight that Turkey “has accorded full diplomatic recognition” to the state of Israel.
1951: Almost thirty thousand Iraqi Jews had signed up for immigration for Israel as of today.
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israel had been divided into six administrative districts: three urban: Jerusalem, Tel Aviv and Haifa, and three rural: the Northern, Central and South.
1969: The chief of staff of the Egyptian Armed Forces was killed today during the War of Attrition. Today marked the second day of Egypt’s attempt to destroy the Bar Lev using massive artillery bombardments
1992: Former Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin died in Tel Aviv at age 78.
2008: Twenty-year-old Sergeant Liran Banay, who was critically wounded last Thursday when a bomb was detonated near an IDF vehicle patrolling the Gaza security fence, died of his wounds on Sunday morning.
1891: “Palestine for the Jews” published today described the plan “advocated by prominent men of the leading cities” including such philo-Semites as Yale Professor Charles Toten “to obtain in a peaceable way” the “old homes in Palestine for Jews through… an international conference.”
1920: Faisal I bin Hussein bin Ali al-Hashimi who fought with Lawrence of Arabia and who signed an agreement with Chaim Weizmann that was blueprint for cooperation between Arabs and Jews began his short lived reign as Faisal I, King of Syria.
1936: Dr. Chaim Weizmann is scheduled to arrive today in London where he will engage in “a series of consultations on the increasingly serious position of Jewish communities’ including Germany, Poland – where “anti-Semitism on the Nazi model” is growing and Rumania as well as actions being taken by the British government in Palestine which are inimical to Jewish interests and violate the Balfour Declaration.
1937: The New York Times reported on acts of human kindness and brotherhood during the ongoing wave of terrorism in Palestine. “During recent disturbances a Jewish chauffeur took the son of an Arab who was killed to a hospital and an Arab driver rescued on the Jews hurt by stone-throwing.”
1965: The Knesset passed the “Broadcasting Authority Law” which is the basis for the Israeli Broadcasting Authority’s operations. The Israeli Broadcasting Authority (IBA) was formed as an independent corporation responsible for all broadcasts in Israel and to the Diaspora.
2009: Military Intelligence chief Amos Yadlin said today at the weekly cabinet meeting that “Iran has crossed the technological threshold” in its quest for nuclear arms.
2010: David Kimche, reputed Israeli spymaster and diplomat passed away. A native of London who made Aliyah in 1936 he fought in the War of Independence before attending the Sorbonne and Hebrew University
2012: A Palestinian terrorist stabbed an IDF soldier in the village of Yata in the southern Hebron Hills today.
1918: In London, King George expressed his gratitude to Dr. Wiezmann for Zionists “useful work during the word” today.
1925: Dr. Chaim Weizmann is scheduled to sail for England today aboard the SS Olympic so that he can accompany Lord Balfour to Palestine where they will take part in the dedication of the new Hebrew University on Mt. Scopus.
1938: The Palestine Post reported that members of the Russian Zionist Center in Tel Aviv were worried by a new wave of purges and arrests in the Soviet Union.
1948: At the opening of the annual conference of the Poale Zion of Great Britain, Ian Mikardo revealed that a vote of “no-confidence” would be sought against the government by some members of the British Labour Party when the bill to terminate the Palestine Mandate had its second reading in the House of Commons.
1949: The IDF established a base at Ayn Husb at the junction of the Beersheba-Sodom and Sodom-Eilat tracks
1950: Daniel Frisch, the President of the Zionist Organization of America, passed away today at the age of 52 following a surgical procedure that had been performed yesterday.
1971: Egypt refused to renew the Suez ceasefire during an outbreak violence that presaged the Yom Kippur War of 1973.
1977: Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin met President Carter. Most people remember Rabin as the Prime Minister of Peace from the 1990’s.
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that In Iran the shah warned that he might impose an oil embargo on Israel to make it more flexible in negotiations with Egypt.
1979: Twelve people were injured when a bus was detonated on a bus at the Plaza hotel, while nobody was injured when a second bomb was detonated on another bus in Tel Aviv.
2002: Fifteen people were injured in the hotel lobby bombing at Ariel for which the PFLP terrorists took credit.
2003: Two Israelis were killed and five were wounded when armed terrorists infiltrated the community of Kiryat Arba and attacked during Shabbat. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.
2007: The Israel Air Force began incorporating the new “Shoval” drone, which according to the Israel Defense Forces has an improved ability to identify the launch of projectile rockets such as Katyushas and Qassams.
2008:The eight victims of the attack on Mercaz Harav yeshiva in Jerusalem were buried this afternoon, each with Torah scrolls stained with their blood, in accordance with the Halakhic decision ruled by former Chief Rabbi Mordechai Eliyahu.
1897: A two day conference begins in Vienna with members of the Zionist circles of Vienna, Berlin, Breslau and Galicia. Herzl’s proposal of a general Zionist Congress is adopted with the reservation that the cooperation of the Russian Zionists will be obtained. München is chosen as the city for the congress.
1926: “Miss Henrietta Szold, President of Hadassah…sailed” today for Palestine “take charge of the construction of the Nathan and Lina Straus Health Center in Jerusalem made possible by a recent gift of $100,000 by Mr. Straus.”
1937: In the Old City section of Jerusalem, an Arab shot and wounded M. Schneerson as he walked to daven at the Western Wall.
1938: The Palestine Post reported that an armed Arab gang was routed by troops in the Umm el-Fahm area. One British soldier was killed and three wounded in this operation, while numerous Arabs were killed, wounded or arrested. There was also unrest in the Acre northern district.
1940: Vladimir Jabotinsky, president of the New Zionist Organization of the World lectures on “The Fate of, Jewry” at Manhattan Center.
1947: In his second visit to Tel Aviv in two days, Dr. Chaim Weizmann, the former President of the Zionist organization and world-class chemist, told a group of civic leaders that he is setting aside his research to do whatever he can to help the people on the coastal plain who are living under strict martial law.
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill had promised that the British sales of jet aircraft to Arab States would take care to preserve the balance of power in the area.
1957: Israel withdrew its troops from the Sinai Peninsula. The withdrawal followed the October, 1956 war with Egypt. The Americans and the Soviets joined forces to make the Israelis leave.
1969: Twenty-nine people, most of whom were students were injured when a terrorist detonated a bomb in the cafeteria at Hebrew University in Jerusalem.
1975: Eleven people were killed and twelve more were injured during a terrorist attack in Tel Aviv.
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that Premier Menachem Begin, on the eve of his departure to the US, was adamant that Resolution 242 did not specify the withdrawal of the “territories occupied in the recent conflict” and that the war of 1967 was a war of national self-defense, while the West Bank was never under Jordanian sovereignty
2005: The New York Times reported that Robert K. Kraft, owner of the New England Patriots made his thirtieth visit to Israel since 1963. On this most recent visit he took the Lombardi Trophy which was proof of his teams’ Super Bowl Victory and showed it Prime Minister Sharon.
2008: Eight people were killed and nine others were wounded this evening when a terrorist infiltrated a Jerusalem Mercaz Harav yeshiva and opened fire.
2011: A sanitation worker of the Jerusalem Municipality was moderately injured today by an explosion apparently set off when he picked up a garbage bag in Jerusalem.
2015: “Five people were injured Friday morning in a car-ramming terror attack near a Jerusalem Light Rail station in the north of the city.”
1901: Birthdate of Yocheved Bat-Miriam the Russian born Israeli poet who made Aliyah in 1928 who “never wrote another poem” after her son Nahum (Zuzik) Haaz “died in the Israeli War of Independence.”
1902: Mizrachi (literally: “Eastern”, but actually derived from the Hebrew acronym for “Spiritual Centre”) was established by Rabbi Isaac Jacob Reines as a religious Zionist organization based on the Basel Program and commitment to the Torah. Their slogan is “Eretz Israel for the people of Israel according to the Torah of Israel.”
1919: In a letter published in the New York Times Emir Feisal wished “the Jews a hearty welcome home” and asserted “our two movements complete one another.” “There is room in Syria for both of us” he concluded.
1936: “Responding to the appeal from Dr. Chaim Weizmann, President of the Jewish Agency for Palestine, for funds to aide Jewish refugees in various parts of Europe, leaders of the United Palestine Appeal opened a campaign here today”
1937: The wave of Arab terror spread into southern Palestine when an Arab entered a Jewish orange grove near the colony of Ness Tziona and shot Vladislav Louga, a non-Jewish worker from Poland, in the stomach.
1940: A delegation consisting of Henrietta Szold, Mrs. Isaac Herzog, wife of the Chief Rabbi of Palestine and “others representing the Council of Jewish Women of Palestine” met with the British High Commissioner and gave him a memorandum protesting the recent change in the land laws that was intended to be forwarded to his superiors in London.
1947: As the Jews of Palestine endure their fourth day of living under martial law, banks in Tel Aviv are scheduled to reopen thanks to a shipment of coins and currency in an amount equal to thirty-two million American dollars having arrived from Jerusalem.
1948: Rabbi Abba Hillel Silver warned the U.N. Security Council today “that the Jews of Palestine would fight for survival even without the United Nations if the world organization is unable to carry out its own decisions”
1950: Iraq’s announcement that effectively, the Jewish population must leave the country within the next twelve months represents a reversal of its policy of not allowing Jews to move to Israel while completely dislocating “Israel’s immigration program for 1950.”
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that the Lower House of the Bonn Parliament passed the first reading of the West German agreement to pay reparations to Israel and World Jewry for the Nazi persecution
1974: In the aftermath of the Yom Kippur Israeli forces withdrew from the west bank of the Suez Canal as step towards ending hostilities brought on by the surprise Arab attack.
1975: Thirty-eight year old Colonel Uzi Yairi who had become head of the Sayeret Matkal at the age of 31 was killed when rescuing hostages being held by Palestinian terrorists at the Savoy Hotel in Tel Aviv.
1979: Twelve people were injured in Jerusalem when a terrorist bomb exploded on a bus at the Plaza Hotel.
2003: Seventeen people were killed and 53 wounded in a suicide bombing of an Egged bus No. 37 in the Carmel section of Haifa, en route to Haifa University.
1919: In Washington “acting on behalf of a committee of thirty-one prominent men, Congressman Kahn of California presented a petition to President Wilson on behalf of the Zionist organization for consideration at the Peace Conference” and in turn, President Wilson said that he would “have the matter put before the conference after his arrival in Paris.”
1938: The Palestine Post reported that The Lydda-Jerusalem train was sabotaged when the railway line was damaged by an explosion. Another bomb was found on the railway tracks near Khan Yunis. Curfew was imposed on Arab villages situated close to the railway tracks.
1947: As much of Palestine’s Jewish community endured the third day of martial law, Joseph Saphir, the mayor of Petach Tikva reported that 4,000 men were out of work due to the clampdown and the number was growing.
1948: This morning “Arabs fighters ambushed and killed seventeen Jewish members of the Haganah…seven miles northwest of Jerusalem.
1949: The Security Council of the United Nations recommended Israel for membership in the international body.
1950: The Revocation of Citizenship Bill, which made it possible for Iraq’s Jews to flee the country, went into effect. “By the end of May of 1950, at least ten thousand Iraqi Jews” many of whom were impoverished before leaving, “had crossed the border into Iran” as they made their way to Israel.
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that the new, official US Middle Eastern policy was to “equalize the support for Israel and other countries in the area.” According to the explanation given to the Post by US Embassy officials in Tel Aviv, this new policy did not mean that the support hitherto given to Israel was to be lessened, but that the assistance offered to the Arab states was to be increased.
1957: Israel, in compliance with the United Nations resolution, withdrew from the Gaza Strip and other territories. These territories had been seized in the Sinai Campaign of 1956
1982: The “U.S. Senate adopted a resolution calling for the Soviet Union to stop the persecution, arrests, and trials of Jewish activists; to remove obstacles to emigration; and to respect the religious rights of its citizens.”
1995: President Clinton appoint Martin S. Indyk as U.S. Ambassador to Israel.
1996: A suicide bomber killed at least 10 people and and wounded at least 35 others. The Arab bomber, with explosives strapped to his body, blew himself up in the street near the indoor mall known as Dizengoff Center.
2006: Dalia Itizk a native of Jerusalem born into a family of Iraqi Jews, began serving Speaker of the Knesset, making her the first women to hold this post.
2009: Secretary of State Hillary Clinton visits Ramallah before flying out of Israel as she completes her first official peace mission to the Middle East.
2012: Ninety seven year old Shmuel Tankus, who commanded Israel’s navy from 1954 until 1960 passed away today.
1917: Djemal Pasha offers to give the Jews free access to the Western Wall in Jerusalem to pray if they provide the sum of 80,000-100,000 Francs
1919: Emir Faisel writes a letter to Felix Frankfurter expressing his support for the Zionist cause. ”We Arabs…look with deepest sympathy on the Zionist Movement….We will wish the Jews a most hearty welcome… The Arabs, especially the educated among us, look with the deepest sympathy on the Zionist movement.
1920: Arabs attacked Kfar Giladi forcing the settlers to abandon their land and take refuge in “the Shia village of Taibe” before finding ultimate sanctuary at Ayelet Hashahar, a kibbutz settled in 1915 during the Second Aliyah.
1922: An Arab delegation “held a meeting…at the Hyde Park Hotel in London to denounce Britain’s ‘Zionist policy.’” The Secretary of the delegation was reported to have declared “the necessity of killing Jews if the Arabs did not get their way.”
1927: After ten years, Senator William King who “declared…that he favored the United States severing diplomatic relations with any country which failed because of anti-Semitism to protect its Jewish nationals” and “expressed the belief that eventually Palestine would be able to support a population of a million Jews” completed his service as Secretary of the Senate Democratic Caucus today.
1938: The Palestine Post reported from London that the Colonial Secretary, Mr. Ormsby Gore, assured the House of Commons that Palestinian police, assisted by British troops, were doing everything possible to contain the deeply seated and widespread Arab terror.
1940: When hundreds of Jewish women took to the streets of Tel Aviv today chanting “anti-land law slogans,” the British military commander issued an order imposing a total curfew that was scheduled to last for three days until.
1944: “The Iraqi Government today announced through the Arab News Agency that its protest to Washington with regard to the Palestine resolution “has had satisfactory results.”
1945: The Jewish Infantry Brigade was activated as part of the British Army. Jewish military groups fought with distinction during World War II. These soldiers were drawn from the Yishuv – the Jewish community in what was then called Palestine.
1947: The four hundred ton “motor ship Susanna” left Italy carrying 800 Jewish refugees who hope to avoid the British blockade and find a home in Palestine.
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that seven infiltrators from Jordan were killed in two separate incidents on Israeli territory. The
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported from Washington that US President Jimmy Carter warned that “the abandonment” of UN Resolution 242 by any of the parties in the Middle East “would put us back many months or years.
1980: In “Tens of Thousands of People Attend Funeral of Yigal Allon” Yitzhak Shargil described the final ceremony honoring the fallen Israeli leader.
2002: Capt. Ariel Hovav (25), Lt.(res.) David Damelin (29), 1st Sgt.(res.) Rafael Levy (42), Sgt.-Maj.(res.) Avraham Ezra (38), Sgt.-Maj.(res.) Eran Gad (24), Sgt.-Maj.(res.) Yochai Porat (26), Sgt.-Maj.(res.) Kfir Weiss (24), Sergei Birmov (33), Vadim Balagula (32) and Didi Yithak (66) were murdered by Fatah terrorists at an IDF roadblock.
2008: This evening, Israel pulled its troops out of the Gaza Strip marking the end of operation Hot Winter.
2009: Hillary Clinton makes her first visit to Israel as Secretary of State meeting with a variety of Israeli leaders.
2011: Today Prime Minister Netanyahu met with White House senior advisor Dennis Ross, who is in the country with a team of Middle East experts – including Fred Hoff and Mara Rudman from US envoy George Mitchell’s team – for talks.
1859: Birthdate of Solomon Naumovich Rabinovich whom we know as Sholom Aleichem, the most famous Jewish author of his times.
1915: Vladmir ‘Zeev’ Jabotinsky formed a Jewish military force to fight in Palestine against the Turks in World War I.
1919: “Approval of the plans of Zionist leaders for the creation of a national Jewish Commonwealth in Palestine was given tonight by President to a delegation of representatives who spent an hour at the White House in conference with the President over the international stats of Jews around the world.”
1925: Zionist leader Shneur Abel passed away today in NYC
1937: “According to a statement issued” today “by the American Delegation to Palestine, Great Britain has not discharged her duties or fulfilled her pledges with respect to Palestine but instead has place artificial barriers to immigration there and obstructed the purchase of land by Jews and failed to give adequate assistance in reconstruction work.
1938: The Palestine Post reported that Sir John Woodhead, Sir Allison Russel and Mr. A.P. Waterfield were appointed by the British Government to serve as members of the Technical Commission which will proceed to Palestine to investigate conditions for the country’s eventual partition.
1940: “The police imposed curfew regulations at Tel Aviv tonight after breaking up widespread demonstrations protesting against British restrictions on the sale of Arab lands to Jews.
1945: In Afula, Yemima and Adam Rubin gave birth to Michal Breslavy who gained fame Michal Bat-Adam who among other things was “the first Israeli woman to direct a feature film.”
1947: In response to the latest wave of violence, the British imposed martial law throughout Palestine. At 4 A.M. British troops occupied Petah Tikav Ramat Gan, Tel Aviv as well as other coastal communities while the government in Jerusalem imposed additional restrictions on Mea Sharim.
1950: A bill was introduced in the Iraqi parliament allowing the Jews of Iraq to immigrate to Israel. Introduction of the bill required a large cash payment by the Israeli representatives. The “Jews could leave provided they left behind all gold, jewelry and valuables and provided that they also gave up their Iraqi citizenship.”
1958: In “Israel’s Anniversary Year” Mary Qualley King described plans being made by Israelis to celebrate the country’s tenth anniversary.
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that Egypt was counting on US President Jimmy Carter to put forward an American peace package to put pressure on Israel and to break the apparent deadlock over the Israeli-Egyptian “declaration of principles.”
1980: Yigal Allon’s funeral took place today at Kibbutz Ginosar on the shore of Lake Kinneret which had been his home for almost fifty years.
1993: Yehoshua Weissbrod was stoned and then shot dead by Palesinian terrorists in the town of Rafa.
2009: Israel’s UN envoy filed a letter of complaint about the continued rocket attacks from Gaza to the Secretary-General and the president of the Security Council
2012: Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman said today that Israel is ready to help treat Syrians wounded in the uprising against President Bashar Assad.
1886: First organized Arab attack on a Jewish settlement in what would become the State of Israel. The attack was waged against Petach Tikvah, the first all Jewish village to be built in Palestine during modern times.
1896: Theodor Herzl and Nathan Birnbaum meet for the first time.
1898: “Hope For Zionist Union” published today described efforts two unify the religious and secular supporters of the Zionist which, if successful will strengthen the movement designed to buy land for Jewish settlement in the Ottoman Empire.
1904: Israel Shochat, founder of Ha-shomer one of the precursors of the Israel Defense Forces arrived in Palestine.
1919: Emir Feisal, the son of Emir Hussein, Grand Sharif of Mecca and the leader of the Arabs of Hejaz sent a letter to Felix Frankfurter. According to Martin Gilbert he wrote, “We Arabs, especially the educated among us, look with the deepest sympathy on the Zionist movement. We will wish the Jews a most hearty welcome home.”
1920: Tel Hai, a Jewish village in the Galilee is attacked by Arabs. Joseph Trumpeldor, the one-armed Jewish military leader and one of the Zionist movement’s first military heroes was killed in the ensuing battled along with five men under his command.
1921: The Political committee of the Zionist Organization met in London to discuss Churchill’s forthcoming visit to Palestine.
1922: John Schuburgh a member of the Middle East Department (of the British Government) sent a visiting Arab delegation a letter reiterating British support for the Balfour Declaration and the establishment of a Jewish National Home in Palestine.
1922: Birthdate of Yitzhak Rabin
1928: Joseph Levy, writing in the New York Times described the ceremonies that marked “the recent inauguration of the plantation of the Balfour Forest at Ginegar, in the Valley of Jezreel, Palestine.” As part of the ceremony, Sir Alfred Mond delivered an address in which he “paid high tribute to Lord Plumer, the High Commissioner, for the devotion he has shown during his tenure in office and to the Jewish national fund. The entire cost of the Balfour Forest is being borne by the Jews of Great Britain. The project is part of the Zionist led reforestation project that is vital to the renewal of Palestine.
1936: Dr. Chaim Weizmann, is scheduled to leave Palestine today for London where he will meet with those Jews who “are sponsors of a scheme to accelerate the evacuation of Jews from Germany “told the New York Times ‘I do not know the extent of the funds of the nature of the scheme contemplated by Herman Samuel’s mission, but I am ready to cooperate in the execution of any project promising to increase Jewish immigration to Palestine.’”
1943: In Jerusalem, Aliza and Menachem Begin gave birth to Benny Begin who earned a doctorate in Geology from Colorado State University before following his father into the world of Israeli politics.
1947: The Abril, filled with 600 Jewish refugees, set sail from Port du Bouc today only after have been pulled free by tugboats after she ran aground.
1993: “Two civilians in their twenties, Natan Azaria and Gregory Avramov, were stabbed to death in Tel Aviv by Palestinians from the Gaza Strip.
2001: Hamas claimed credit for the Mei Ami junction bombing which took place at Vadi Ara where one person was murdered.
2011: A Merkava MK IV stationed near the Gaza border, equipped with the Trophy active protection system, successfully foiled a missile attack aimed towards it and became the first operational success of the system
2014: Two rockets landed near an IDF post in Mount Hermon early this morning. According to the IDF, the rockets “were most likely the spillover from the clashes in neighboring Syria, not a deliberate attack.”
1883: In the U.K. British Zionist and barrister Herbert Bentwich and Susannah Bentwich gave birth to Norman De Mattos Bentwich who “was the British-appointed attorney-general of Mandatory Palestine.
1903: Max Nordau meets Leopold Greenberg in Paris and sends a wire to Herzl: “Greenberg had obtained everything that can possibly be conceded in an official agreement.”
1919: In Paris, Dr. Sikolow, the head of the Zionist delegation to the Peace Conference who summed up the aspirations of the Jews as comprising the recognition of the historic title of the Jews people to Palestine and the right to re-establish national home” “said today that the Supreme Council gave an attentive hearing to the Zionist case.”
1938: As the latest wave of Arab violence continued, The Palestine Post reported that the “representatives” of armed bands were regularly visiting Arab towns and villages, demanding money for their “activities” and issuing “receipts.
1940: The British adopted the MacDonald White Paper that included restriction of sale of Arab land to Jews in Eretz Yisrael.
1942: In Tel Aviv, Aharon Werba, a civil servant who made Aliyah in 1933 and his wife Chava gave birth to Dorit Werba who as Dorit Beinish was the first woman to serve as president of the Supreme Court of Israel.
1948: The famed Golani Brigade was formed today during the Israeli War for Independence when the Levanoni Brigade in the Galilee split into the 1st Golani Brigade and the 2nd Carmeli Brigade
1950: Foreign Minister Moshe Sharett presented the cabinet with the draft of five year non-aggression pact between Israel and Jordan. The pact is the product of several months of secret negotiations. It includes most of the terms of the armistice agreement without setting final boundaries.
1955: Three days after Arab terrorists had murdered an Israeli civilian at Rehovot, paratroopers from a brigade under the command of Ariel Sharon implemented Operation Black Arrow that included an attack on an Egyptian base in Gaza and the ambushing of the relief column – an action in which the Israelis lost eight men while he enemy lost 37 men with “many more wounded.”
1979: Six people were injured in a terrorist bombing in Jerusalem
1991: A twenty-five year old Jewish religious student, Elhanan Atali, was found in an abandoned storeroom in the Muslim Quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem. His throat had been slit and he had been stabbed in the back.
2003: Ariel Sharon begins serving as Communications Minister.
2010: Israeli police entered the Temple Mount compound today after Palestinians began throwing stones during rioting in Jerusalem’s Old City.
2012: The IDF said today that soldiers patrolling the border overnight spotted a group of people who had breached the frontier.
2014: The IDF has reportedly issued a stern warning to the Lebanese government, clarifying that the government will be held response and be a target for response should Hezbollah carry out its threats to attack Israel.
1919: During the Versailles Peace Conference, today the Dr. Weizmann, Nahum Sokolow, Professor Sylvain Levi of the College of France, Andre Spire of the French Zionist organization and Mr. Syzsyahkin representing the Jews of Russia presented their case before the Supreme Council which at a “minimum” called for the “establishment of communities Palestine and guarantee of special rights and sovereignty for these communities” and which at a “maximum” called :for the creation of a Jewish state in order that the Jews may have a national home where they can live in peace.
1927: Birthdate of Ariel Sharon, Israeli soldier and political leader.
1938: The Palestine Post reported that during his last day in Palestine, the departing High Commissioner, Sir Arthur Wauchope, laid the foundation stone of the Andrews Memorial Hospital in Netanya, and visited Pardess Hana, Hadera and Haifa.
1939: As the multi-year Arab wave of violence continues, 32 people were killed today and another fifty persons were wounded in a series of explosions and shootings throughout Palestine today.
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that an Israeli soldier was killed when Jordanians opened fire on an Israeli patrol in the frequently infiltrated Beit Guvrin area.
1987: The Israeli Foreign Minister, Shimon Peres, announced today that he had agreed with Egyptian officials that there should be an international conference on Middle East peace this year.
1991: President George H.W. Bush announced the end of the first Gulf War. During the war, the Israelis agreed not to join the coalition and not to retaliate against the Iraqi’s when they began firing Scuds into their country.
2007: Israel got its first Arab President. Acting President Dalia Itzik left for a weeklong trip to the United States. During that time, Majalli Wahabie, a Druze who had attained the rank of Lt. Colonel before retiring from the IDF, served in the largely ceremonial post.
2008: Approximately 50 Palestinian rockets hit the western Negev today, with one of them slamming into Sapir College near Sderot, killing a 47-year-old student.
2009: Palestinian terrorists in the Gaza Strip continued their attacks on Israeli civilian areas early this morning when they fired a Kassam that hit an open area in the Sdot Negev region.
2014: Soldiers are searching for the two Palestinian Arab men who robbed and stabbed an Israeli cab driver this evening near Ariel junction
1898: Emile Zola appeals his conviction.
1939: Jews held protest demonstrations in Jerusalem, Haifa, Tel Aviv, and several of the large kibbutzim this evening. The demonstrations were sparked by credible reports from London that the British government intends to create an independent Arab State in Palestine which will be structured in such a way to ensure that Jewish people will be permanently relegated to “minority status.”
1942: For twelve hours today, between midday and midnight, the Jewish population of Palestine observed a voluntary stoppage of all commercial and business. During this period all persons remained indoors in a self-imposed curfew, as a sign of mourning for the loss of the more than 700 Jews who died when the Struma, sank in the Black Sea north of the Bosporus
1951: Monnett B. Davis presented his credentials as the U.S. Ambassador to Israel.
1957: In Jerusalem, Geula Cohen, a prominent member of the 1940s underground group Lehi and later MK for Likud and Tehiya and Immanuel Hanegbi, was the Operations Officer for the Lehi gave birth to MK, cabinet member and security expert Yitzhak “Tzachi” Hanegbi
1969: Levi Eshkol passed away. Eshkol was the Prime Minster of Israel during the 1967 war.
1980: Egypt and Israel exchanged ambassadors for the first time.
1991: The Bank of Israel said today that it would permit foreign companies to issue stocks and bonds on the Tel Aviv stock exchange.
2006: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israel’s two chief rabbis, Rabbis Shlomo Amar and Yona Metzger have “questions” for the Archbishop of Canterbury, but will not cancel plans to meet the leader of Britain’s state church this May in light of the vote by the General Synod of the Church of England to divest its shares in companies whose products are used by the Israeli government in the territories.
2008: Lt. Gen. Dan Shomron, a former chief of Israel’s general staff and the paratroop commander who planned and led the storied 1976 raid in which Israeli troops freed 103 hijacked hostages at Entebbe Airport in Uganda, in Israel. He was 70. He was the 13th Chief of Staff for the IDF.
2013: A rocket was fired from the Gaza Strip at Ashkelon early this morning, breaking months of quiet between Israel and the Palestinian enclave.
2014: Israeli troops along the border with Lebanon were on high alert tonight after Hezbollah threatened action over what it said was an Israeli air raid
1903: “Zionist committees set out today to investigate the feasibility of a British proposal to have Jews colonize El-Arish” which is located on the Mediterranean coast of the Sinai Peninsula.
1903: Herzl receives a telegram from the commission in El Arish: “Vicinity has made a favorable impression.”
1923: In “Palestine Relief Work Extended,” published today Dr Isaac M. Rubinow, the director of the Hadassah Medical Organization describes the positive changes that the work of the Hadassah doctors and nurses has had on
the citizens of Palestine including Jews, Arabs, Moslems and Christians.
1927: “Maccabi Tel Aviv defeated Hapoel-Allenby in the first Soccer Derby in Tel Aviv” today
1934: Birthdate of Meir Har-Zion a sabra who “was an Israeli military commando” and “a key member of Unit 101.”
1938: The Palestine Post reported that The Times of London criticized, in its leading article, the delay shown by the Colonial Office in appointing a new technical commission which would advise how to implement the proposed by the Royal (Peel) Commission and the League of Nations partition of Palestine.
1947: British Foreign Minister Bevin continues his rhetoric attacking Zionism and defending the Arabs who have been in Palestine “for 2,000 years.
1947: The SS President Warfield set sail from Baltimore, MD on a voyage which would sail her into the history books as The Exodus
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that after Jordan asked Britain to intervene against what he called Israeli “aggression” and invoked the Jordanian-British pact of mutual assistance, the British government officially disclosed that it considered the possibility of stationing its armed forces on Jordanian territory.
1954: Nasser became Egyptian premier. The “man behind the throne” who had masterminded the downfall of the Egyptian monarchy now took center stage and took his country down a road war with Israel.
1955: Arab terrorists, one of whom “was found to be in possession of documents linking him to Egyptian military intelligence” murdered an Israeli civilian in Rehovot.
1969: One person was injured during a bombing at the British consulate in East Jerusalem.
1982: Today “Labor Party chairman Shimon Peres today rejected Premier Menachem Begin’s latest offer to form a national unity government.”
1991: The barrage of Iraqi scud attacks that began on January 18th came to an end today. During that period 39 missiles were fired into Israel.
1994: Eighty- year old Sam Eisenstadt was assaulted with an axe while walking in the center of Kfar Saba. Sam died of his wounds shortly afterwards.
1996: One person died in the bombing of the Ashkelon bus station for which Hamas claimed responsibility.
1996: Seventeen civilians and nine soldiers were murdered and forty-eight people were injured when a Palestinian terrorist set off a bomb “on a No.18 bus traveling down Jaffa Road near the Jerusalem Central Bus Station.”
2002: Sixty-five year old Avraham Fish and forty-six year old Aharon Gorov were murdered by members of Fatah outside of Tekoa.
2009: Two Kassam rockets were fired across the Gaza border into Israel today.
2010: As he arrived at Jerusalem District Court for the opening of his trial today Ehud Olmert became the first former prime minister in Israel’s history to stand trial for alleged corruption.
2011: Today, the IDF instructed teachers to keep children from going outside to play in kindergartens located in towns near Gaza after two Grad rockets landed in Beersheba
2014: Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu would neither confirm nor deny reports that the IAF had destroyed a shipment of weapons being sent from Syria to Hezbollah forces in Lebanon.
1885: Birthdate of Joseph Sprinzak, first Speaker of Israeli Knesset.
1898: “Prison and Fine For Zola” published today described the scene in the courtroom when Emile Zola was convicted.
1904: Herzl writes, “Yesterday I had a most curious visitor: Ali Nuri Bey … His proposal … comes to this: Sail into the Bosporus with two cruisers, bombard Yildiz, let the Sultan flee or capture him, put in another Sultan (Murad or Reshad), but first form a provisional government – which is to give us the Charter for Palestine….”
1906: Birthdate of Yosef Serlin, the native of Bialystok who made Aliyah in 1933 and worked as lawyer in Tel Aviv while pursuing a political career that included serving as member of the First Knesset.
1932: The Maccabee Association of the United States hosts a benefits concert at Carnegie Hall to raise funds for an athletic stadium in Tel Aviv.
1936: “Henrietta Szold…replied today to Palestine Jewry’s greetings on her seventy-fifth birthday, stating that without their assistance she could have achieved nothing.”
1936: In Jaffa, Arabs picketing construction sites where schools were being built “stoned Jewish laborers and policemen, dangerously wounding one British constable and seriously damaging” at least one building.
1939: An informal meeting that lasted less than half an hour “between Jewish delegates to the Palestine conference and representatives of Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Iraq was held today in St. James’s Palace on the same day that Dr. Stephen S. Wise and Louis Lipsky met with United States Ambassador Joseph P. Kennedy.
1940: Winston Churchill shared a telegram with the War Cabinet in which Chaim Weizmann described the “deplorable” effect that adoption of the Land Transfer Regulations would have. The War Cabinet was unmoved by the plea.
1942: The Struma was torpedoed and sunk by the Soviet submarine SC 213. Approximately 769 illegal Jewish immigrants aboard trying to beat the British blockade the Struma perished on their way to Palestine.
1949: “Under the auspices of the United Nations Mediator Dr. Ralph Bunche, an armistice was signed between Egypt and Israel.” This marked the beginning of the end of Israel’s War for Independence.
1949: President Weizmann entrusted David Ben-Gurion with the task of forming Israel’s first government.
1956: “Churchill received the Israeli Ambassador, Eliahu Elath, who presented him with a portfolio of woodcuts depicting ancient Jerusalem as an eightieth birthday gift from the Prime Minister and Government of Israel.
1989: Sergeant Binyamin Meisner, an Israeli paratrooper, was killed today when he was struck in the head by a concrete block thrown from a building in Nablus.
1991: Allied forces began their ground offensive in Gulf War – Israel was asked to remain outside the coalition to keep together the alliance with the Arab states this having to rely on the US to protect them from the Iraqi Scud attacks that were cheered by Palestinian leaders.
2006: London Mayor Ken Livingstone was suspended from office for four weeks after being found guilty of bringing his office into disrepute by comparing a Jewish reporter to a Nazi concentration camp guard.
2009: Dalia Itzik completed her term as Speaker of the Knesset
1898: In France Émile Zola was convicted following his trial for libel. He received the maximum sentence – one year in jail and a fine of 3000 Frances. He had written “J’accuse” which was a letter accusing the French government of anti-Semitism and wrongfully placing Alfred Dreyfus in jail.
1903: Leopold Greenberg an English newspaper editor, Zionist and friend of Theodore Herzl leaves Egypt.
1938: Today is the planned date on which passengers will begin debarking at the newly refurbished port of Tel Aviv. The event is viewed as “a milestone in the rebuilding of the Jewish National Home.”
1983: Moshe Arens replaced Menachem Begin as Defense Minister.
1992: In Philadelphia, Israeli tennis player Amos Mansdorf lost in the finals to American Pete Sampras.
2003: Seventy-three year old Jerusalem native Shlomo Argov the confidant of David Ben Gurion and Israeli Ambassador to several countries including the United Kingdom who with his wife Hava had three children – Gideon, Yehudit and Edna – passed away today.
2005: Israeli Defense Minister Shaul Mofaz announced that Dan Halutz would be the next IDF Chief of Staff.
2009: The Israel Antiquities Authority announced today that a routine archeological excavation that was conducted before the scheduled start of a private construction project in an Arab neighborhood on the outskirts of Jerusalem has uncovered a series of seal impressions from the reign of the biblical King Hezekiah 2,700 years ago.
2009: IDF soldiers foiled a large-scale attack at the Kissufim border crossing against troops or a southern Israeli community.
1902: Herzl travels to Munich and meets the banker Reitlinger.
1946: The Palmach attacked the Police Tegart fort at Shefa ‘Amr with a 200-pound bomb; in the firefight that followed, the Palmach suffered casualties
1948: As the conflict over the coming partition of Palestine grew, three car bombs arranged by Arab irregulars exploded on Ben Yehudah Street killing 52 Jewish civilians and leaving 123 injured.
1948: The Golani Brigade, one of Israeli’s most elite infantry brigades was formed.
2002: A Fatah terrorist murdered 45 year old Valery Ahmir “in a drive-by shooting.”
2009: The now-daily rocket attacks by Gaza terrorists against southern Israel resumed today with the launch of a Kassam rocket at the Sha’ar HaNegev region and a mortar attack fired at IDF troops near the Kissufim Crossing
2010: The Knesset “approved a law instructing the Israeli Government to protect the rights of Jewish refugees from Arab counties in all forthcoming peace negotiations
2010: Israeli archaeologists said today that they’ve discovered an unusually shaped 1,400-year-old wine press that was exceptionally large and advanced for its time
1895: Birthdate of Szmul Zygielbojm “a Jewish-Polish socialist politician, leader of the Bund, and a member of the National Council of the Polish government in exile” who in 1943 “committed suicide to protest the indifference of the Allied governments in the face of the Holocaust.”
1898: As the trial of Emile Zola, the publisher of the Aurore enters its final days it was reported today that “public feeling against the Jews is so overwhelming that” his conviction is a foregone conclusion.
1918: During the fight to free Palestine from Turkish control, Australian units under the overall command of General Allenby drove the Turks from Jericho and reached the northern end of the Dead Sea
1932: “According to announcement sent out by the Jewish National Fund of America” today, “an evergreen memorial of 500,000 pin and eucalyptus trees will be planted in Palestine as a living tribute of the Jews of America” to George Washington.
1938: The Palestine Post reported that The Jewish Agency, The Marine Trust Ltd. and other Jewish organizations asked the government to speed up the development of the Tel Aviv port in order to stop congestion and allow normal passenger traffic.
1948: The Arab League voted to deny American oil companies pipeline rights in the Middle East until Washington altered its Palestine policy reinforcing efforts by Secretary of State George Marshall and others at the State Department to get President Truman to reconsider his support for the creation of a Jewish state
1958: Egypt and Syria having formed the United Arab Republic (UAL) elected the Egyptian dictator Gamiel Nasser as its new President
1969: Two were killed and twenty more wounded in a terrorist bombing attack at Jerusalem supermarket.
1970: A Swissair plane bound from Zurich to Tel Aviv explodes and crashes shortly after takeoff; all 47 people aboard are killed.
1974: Israeli forces left the territory on the western side of the Suez Canal
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that there were at least 2,000 guests at the colorful opening of the 29th Zionist Congress in Jerusalem.
1992: Israeli forces withdrew from two villages in southern Lebanon today, ending a 24-hour thrust against Hezbollah guerrillas who had fired salvos of rockets into northern Israel.
2002: A Palestinian terrorist shot 22 year old Minhal Dragma
2013: Today President Shimon Peres exhorted the European Union and its member states to place Hezbollah on their terror lists, and warned Lebanon against initiating violence against Israel.
1827: Sir Moses Montefiore and Lady Judith Montefiore began their first trip to Palestine
1939: Twenty thousand Nazi supporters gather in New York City’s Madison Square Garden.
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that The Jewish Agency opened a hostel in Tel Aviv for skilled Western immigrants.
1992: The clashes between Israelis and Iranian backed guerrillas in Lebanon culminated with an Israeli armored push today into the villages of Kafra and Yater, about a mile north of what Israel calls its security zone in southern Lebanon.
2002: The Israeli Defense Ministry awarded Elbit Systems, the Haifa based electronics manufacturer founded in 1967, a ground-breaking tender to purchase new trainers for the air force
2008: Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert and Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas met in Jerusalem.
2017: Two days after an Israeli done strike killed five ISIS terrorists who had been preparing to fire a rocket into Israel, “two rockets were fired into Israel from the Sinai Peninsula”
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israel US Secretary of State John Foster Dulles invited Israel to join his new Middle Eastern Defense Organization.
1973: “S’13, Unit 707, and Sayeret Tzanhanim commandos jointly raided guerrilla bases in Nahr al-Bared and Beddawi today in Operation Bardas 54–55 during which about 40 guerillas were killed and 60 wounded, and a Turkish military trainer was taken prisoner
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that, two Arab terrorists assassinated Youseff el-Sibaei, the editor of the semi-official Egyptian Al-Ahram newspaper at the Larnaca Hilton hotel, in Cyprus and took 11 Egyptian hostages to the local airport in an apparent reaction to Egyptian President Anwar Sadat’s peace initiative.
1978: One Arab died and another was injured by a terrorist bombing at Hebrew University in Jerusalem.
2004: Nazi-hunter Simon Wiesenthal was awarded an honorary knighthood in recognition of a “lifetime of service to humanity.”
2010: Omri Caspi, the first Israeli to play in North America’s National Basketball Association, will participate in a special Friday-evening service and Shabbat meal this evening with hundreds of members of the Los Angeles Jewish community, ahead of the Sacramento Kings’ game against the Los Angeles Clippers on Saturday night.
2011: The family of kidnapped Israel Defense Forces soldier Gilad Shalit marked the 1,700th day of his captivity today along with hundreds of supporters in front of the prime minister’s residence in Jerusalem.
2012: The IDF is planning to deploy an Iron Dome battery in the Tel Aviv Metropolitan Area for the first time as part of a drill simulating a missile attack
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that in London the House of Commons backed the British government’s decision to continue selling jet fighters to Arab nations to the exclusion of Israel
1955: Pinchas Lavon’s resignation as Defense Minister is accepted.
1955: David Ben Gurion agrees to come out of retirement and serve as Defense Minister. Four months later he will also agree to serve as Prime Minister.
1969: The PLO attacked an El-Al plane in Zurich Switzerland.
1973: A headline in the New York Times read “Half Baghdad’s Jews Said to Apply to Leave; Property Seized.” “Half the members of the tiny Jewish community in Baghdad have applied for passports to leave Iraq in recent weeks in the face of a crackdown by Iraqi authorities, according to a first day account.
2010: Today, while the media is filled with stories about supposed Israeli responsibility for the death of Hamas leader in Dubai
2010: An IDF soldier was lightly wounded today by a bomb which exploded near a patrol unit on the security fence near the central Gaza Strip.
2010: Terrorists hurled a Molotov cocktail at an Israeli bus in Gush Etzion yesterday evening. There were no casualties, but the bus was damaged.
2011: The United States used its veto this afternoon to block a Security Council resolution declaring Israel’s settlement construction in the West Bank illegal.
2012: Palestinian terrorists in Gaza launched Grad rockets in the direction of the Negev’s largest city, Beersheba, today triggering air raid sirens.
2013: President Shimon Peres today announced that he will present his American counterpart with the Presidential Medal of Distinction during his March stay in Israel.
2013: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu today sent Pope Benedict XVI a letter of appreciation on behalf of the State of Israel, a week after the pontiff announced his imminent resignation from office.
2014: “Two rockets fired from war-torn Syria struck the Golan Heights in northern Israel today, shortly after a secret visit to the area by Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu, the army said.”
2017: As part of their visit to Israel, a group of players from the National Football League (NFL) are scheduled to play players from the Israeli Football Association in an exhibition game today.
1949: Chaim Weizmann was sworn in as the first president of Israel.
1969: Levi Eshkol, who led Israel during the 1967 war, the third Prime Minister of Israel, died suddenly.
1969: Golda Meir sworn in as Israel’s 1st female prime minister.
1970: Shmuel Yosef or S.Y. Agnon passed away. Agnon was the first Hebrew author to win the Nobel Prize in Literature. He won the prize in 1966.
1970: One Jordanian and two Iraqis were arrested today when they tried to hijack an El Al plane at the Munich Airport.
2011: A Lebanese military court convicted a man of spying for Israel and sentenced him to death late today. Amin al-Baba was found guilty of giving Israeli intelligence agents information in return for money.
1902: In a letter to the Ottoman Sultan, Herzl summarizes his negotiations. The Sultan’s decision is unfavorable towards the Zionist movement.
1915: The American Jewish Relief Committee issued a plea to every Jew in New York asking that they send at least one dollar to the office of Treasurer Felix Warburg so that the committee could take advantage of the offer of U.S Navy to ship 900 tons of food supplies “for the suffering and starving population of Palestine.”
1936: In honor of her 75th birthday, Henrietta Szold, American Zionist leader will be honored today by the Jews of Palestine with the title of “freewoman” which makes her an honorary citizen of Tel Aviv The title is the feminine form of “freeman” that has been confirmed on such leaders as the Earl of Balfour and former British Prime Minister David Lloyd George.
1936: “Charging that Great Britain is failing to carry out the spirit of the Balfour Declaration creating a Jewish homeland in Palestine, Rabbi Meyer Berlin, its honorary world president, told the opening session of the Mizrachi Zionist Organization of America today that appeals would be taken to the League of Nations, the United States and to the ‘cultural world’ to show the injustice being done to Jews.”
1938: The Palestine Post reported that two Jews were wounded when Arabs fired at a Jewish bus which was on its way to the Kastel quarries.
1948: The U.N. Palestine Commission which “was never permitted by the Arabs or the British to go to Palestine to implement the” U.N.’s resolution partitioning Palestine “reported to the Security Council” today that “Powerful Arab interests, both inside and outside Palestine, are defying the resolution of the General Assembly and are engaged in a deliberation effort to alter by force the settlement envisaged therein.”
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israel had sent anti-typhoid vaccine to flood victims in Holland.
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that two persons were killed and 46 injured when an Arab threw a bomb at a bus passing through Rehov Tzefania in Jerusalem.
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that in Washington the US Administration threatened to withdraw its request for the sale of advanced F-15 and F-16 fighter planes to Israel if Congress blocked the sale of F-15s to Saudi Arabia and F-5Es to Egypt.
1985: The founding of Iranian funding terror group Hezbollah
1992: An Israeli helicopter strike killed the Secretary-General of Hezbollah, Abbas al-Musawi. According to western officials, al-Musawi was responsible for numerous terrorist attacks including the 1983 terror attack in Beirut that killed 300 U.S. and French soldiers.
2005: By a vote of 59 to 40 with 5 abstentions, the Knesset “finalized and approved” Sharon’s plan for withdrawal from Gaza after having rejected “a proposed amendment to submit the plan to a referendum.”
2011: The Iron Dome missile intercept system will be declared operational within a number of weeks, after the Israel Air Force – who will be responsible for operating the system – conducted successful test-runs for the first time yesterday and today.
2013: The IDF evacuated seven Syrian nationals injured in Syria’s civil war to the Ziv Medical Center in Safed today.
1900: Herzl is received by Austrian Prime Minister Ernest von Koerber. Herzl writes a memorandum about the Jewish Colonial Bank
1903: Herzl sends a new proposal to the Sultan: Colonization in the Sanjak of Acre in return for a guaranteed annual payment of 100.000 Turkish pounds.
1944: Churchill invites Chaim Weismann to dine with him. After the dinner Weizmann reassured his Zionist colleagues that the Prime Minister still had a positive view of the formation of a Jewish commonwealth in Palestine after the war ended.
1951: The government led by Prime Minister Ben Gurion resigned “after the Knesset had rejected David Remez’s proposals on the registration of school children” triggering elections that would be held in July.
1966: Gertrude Luckner a Christian social worker who ended up in Rabensbruck for aiding Jewish families “was recognised as Righteous among the Nations by Yad Vashem.”
2008: The Jerusalem Post on line reported that more than 50 Hezbollah terror cells believed to be spread across the globe could be activated and used to strike at Israeli or Jewish targets in retaliation for the assassination of Hezbollah arch-terrorist and operations officer Imad Mughniyeh in Syria
2010: In Israel, observance of Family Day.
2010: Israeli archaeologists said today that they’ve discovered an unusually shaped 1,400-year-old wine press that was exceptionally large and advanced for its time. The octagonal press measures 21 feet by 54 feet (6.5 by 16.5 meters) and was discovered in southern Israel, about 40 kilometers south of both Jerusalem and Tel Aviv
2011: Israeli embassies throughout the world have received several suspected terror threats, the Israel Foreign Ministry said in a statement today.
2012: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said today that Iran is destabilizing the world and urged the international community to condemn its terror acts against Israeli targets. The prime minister’s comments come a day after a botched terror attack in Thailand, which Israeli officials believe was meant to target Israel’s ambassador in Bangkok.
2013: Bulgarian security forces today raided the temporary residences of a visiting Hamas delegation in Sofia, and then expelled the officials from the country, Palestinian news agency Ma’an reported.
2017: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is scheduled to have his first summit meeting with President Donald Trump in Washington, DC.
1896: Theodor Herzl published “Der Judenstaat” which outlined his vision for a Jewish State.
1902: Herzl and Joseph Cowen arrive in Constantinople with hopes of starting negotiations to further the project of creating a Jewish homeland in Ottoman controlled in Palestine.
1945: Henrietta Szold, of blessed memory, was buried today at 3 pm on the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem. Among the attendees were representatives of the 12,000 Jewish refugees whom she helped to rescue through Youth Aliyah.
1945: President Franklin Roosevelt met with Ibn Saud where they discussed the future of the Jews and settlement in Palestine. Churchill received a full report of the meeting, but the report was kept secret from the rest of the world. Among other things Ibn Saud expressed his total opposition to Jewish settlement in Palestine and said that Holocaust survivors should be returned to their countries of origin
1949: Russian-born English chemist and Zionist leader Chaim Weizmann, 74, was elected first president of the newly restored modern state of Israel.
1949: The Knesset opened its first session.
1983: Manchem Begin replaced Ariel Sharon as Minister of Defense.
1986: Six people were wounded during the bombing of a bus in Jerusalem.
2010: Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff of the United States Military, Admiral Michael G. Mullen, is scheduled to arrive in Israel today as part of a tour of the region.
515 BC: Completion of the construction of the Second Temple at Jerusalem
1931: In the wake of a British white paper aimed at limiting Jewish immigration to Palestine, today Prime Minister Ramsay Macdonald wrote the famous “Macdonald Letter” to Chiam Weizmann. The limitation on immigration had been brought on by violent Arab riots in 1929.
1945: Henrietta Szold, American-Jewish women’s leader and the founder of Hadassah, who had been seriously ill in Hadassah University Hospital on Mount Scopus since December, died today at the age of 84.
1955: Israel acquired four of the seven Dead Sea scrolls. Between 1947 and 1956 thousands of fragments of biblical and early Jewish documents were discovered in eleven caves near the site of Khirbet Qumran on the shores of the Dead Sea.
1994: Noam Cohen, age 28, a member of the General Security Service, was shot and killed in an ambush on his car. Two of his colleagues who were also in the vehicle suffered moderate injuries. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack
2007: Gabi Ashkenazi became the Chief of the General Staff of the Israel Defense Forces. Born in Hagor in 1954, he joined the army in 1972 as a member of the famous Golani Brigade and saw his first combat in the Sinai during the Yom Kippur War in 1973
2009: IAF aircraft struck in the Gaza Strip town of Khan Yunis this afternoon after two Kassam rockets were earlier fired at southern Israel.
2011: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s cabinet unanimously approved the appointment of Maj. Gen. Benny Gantz as the Israel Defense Forces’ 20th chief of staff.
2012: The wife of an Israeli diplomat was moderately wounded today when a car bomb exploded outside of Israel’s embassy in the Indian capital of New Delhi. Also today, a Georgian worker employed by the Israeli embassy in Tbilisi alerted police after noticing a strange object attached to a car assigned to the Israeli envoy to the country.
1896: Theodore Herzl authors the work a “Literary Testament”.
1901: Herzl meets Lady Battersea, Rothschild’s cousin in the apartment of Israel Zangwil.
1918: Following the issuance of the Balfour Declaration, the French issued a statement today expressing their support for the creation “of a Jewish national homeland in Palestine
1929: “The Christian and the Moslem communities of Palestine were urged to lend their best cooperation to the efforts of the Jewish people in the rebuilding of the Holy Land by John Haynes Holmes, pastor of the New York Community church, was the guest of honor at a reception given to him today by the municipality of Tel Aviv at City Hall
1935: The first Palestine-owned ships of modern times will start service here today, restoring to the Jewish people a profession in which they have had little part since the ancient Phoenicians. Two new ships Mount Zion and Tel Aviv sail between Palestine, Constananza and Trieste. While the ships are of “British naval design” they will have Jewish skippers and crews.
1940: The British War Cabinet discussed the 1939 White Paper to limit Jewish land purchase in Palestine. Despite a protest from Churchill, the land limitation regulations would be put into force
1942: Avraham Stern was killed after being captured by British authorities in Tel Aviv.
1949: An unidentified aircraft bombed Jerusalem. Based on various sources the plane might have been Egyptian or British.
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that in his address to UN officers, Syrian Colonel Ghassan Shabib, a senior Israeli-Syrian Mixed Armistice Commission delegate had declared, “This country has no room for both peoples. There should be either Jews or Arabs.”
1986: After spending eight years in Soviet prisons and labor camps, human rights activist Anatoly Scharansky was released. The amnesty deal was arranged by Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev and U.S. President Ronald Reagan at a summit meeting three months earlier.
1991: In the early morning hours Iraq carried out its 13th Scud attack. The Scud was hit by the Patriot over a populated section of Tel Aviv and flaming missile parts slammed into the city. At least seven people were lightly injured.
2010: The Israel Defense Forces thwarted an attempted stabbing attack by a Palestinian in Hebron today.
2012: A man was killed and three others were injured in an attack by the Israeli Air Force on tunnels and a weapons depot in the Gaza Strip today.
1903: The Zionist Commission led by Leopold Kessler and including Selig Soskin, Dr. Hillel Yaffe, and Colonel Albert Goldsmid began its tour of the area around El Arish.
1907: The Federation of American Zionists is scheduled to host a banquet this evening at the Vienna Hall in honor of Dr. Shmaryahu Lewin.
1917: Chaim Weizman was elected president of the English Zionist Federation (EZF) and Joseph Cowen and Leopold Kessler began serving on the executive committee.
1953: The Soviet Union broke diplomatic relations with Israel.
1961: The trial of Adolf Eichmann began in Jerusalem.
1986: Having been released from imprisonment by the USSR, Anatoly Sharansky leaves the country and begins his journey to Israel.
1991: This evening Iraq fired a scud aimed at Tel Aviv. It was the 12th attack against Israel since the start of the Persian Gulf War.
2009: Gaza terrorists fired three mortar shells at the Eshkol region
2010: Ihad Khatib, the IDF officer who was stabbed to death yesterday by a member of the Palestinian Authority, was laid to rest in his Druze community of Maghar today.
1903: Herzl writes to Lord Rothschild, reports about the commission and asks for a meeting in Paris.
1938: The Palestine Post reported from London that the Colonial Secretary, Mr. Ormsby Gore, made a clear reaffirmation of the British desire to proceed with the partition, as recommended by the Peel Report and the Mandates Commission of the League of Nations.
1938: The Palestine Post reported that the final allocation of 31 seats at the Jerusalem Community Council was: Labor 10, Revisionists four, Hapoel Hamizrahi and Sephardim three each, and the rest were divided between nine smaller parties. The total number of votes cast was 9,368.
1949: Lehi Leader Nathan Yellin-Mor was sentenced to 8 years in prison after having been guilty of being part of the leadership of a terrorist organization for his role in the assassination of Count Folke Bernadotte.
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that a strong explosion shook the Soviet Legation building in Tel Aviv, injuring three members of the staff. Israel expressed “horror and detestation” at this cowardly act. The owner of a Soviet bookshop in Jerusalem was threatened. This violence came as a wave of anti-Semitism swept across the Soviet Union.
1994: Naftali Sahar a citrus grower, was killed by blows to his head. His body was found in his orchard near Kibbutz Na’an.
2008: Jerusalem Post on-line reported that “anger boiled over in Sderot on as residents took to the streets, demanding that the government take stronger steps against the rocket fire from Gaza following a Kassam strike that shattered one local family’s Shabbat.
2012: Israel’s Defense Ministry said this morning that it had conducted a successful test of the Arrow 2 missile defense system
1925: The Technion opened in Haifa. “As Israel’s oldest and premier institute of science and technology, the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology has been an active and leading participant in Israel’s establishment and development.
1948: During the fight for Jerusalem, the Haganah attacked the Arab village of Sur Bahir from which snipers had been shooting at the residents of Talipot.
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that three marauders were killed and eight captured along the Jordanian border.
1954: Birthdate of Salah Tarif, a Druze Israeli politician who served in the Knesset for fourteen years. His service in the cabinet of Ariel Sharon made him the first non-Jew to serve as a government minister in Israel.
1969: Today, over a year after the INS Dakar sank with all hands on board, a Palestinian fisherman found her stern emergency buoy marker washed up on the coast of Khan Yunis, a Palestinian town southwest of Gaza.
1991: A new Scud missile attack on Israel left 20 people slightly wounded in Tel Aviv, the military said. Iraq fired a single Scud missile armed with a conventional warhead at Israel early this morning, and the authorities said it was hit by a Patriot missile over Tel Aviv.
1994: Israeli minister Shimon Perez signed a peace accord with PLO’s Arafat.
2014: This morning the Israeli Air Force targeted a terrorist in the Gaza Strip who was involved in multiple attacks against Israel, critically wounding him.
1949: Formation of Shabak or Shin Bet, the Israel security service
1991: Israeli media reported that three soldiers had been wounded when Jordanian gunmen sneaked across the border and threw a hand grenade at a military bus. A few hours later, an Israeli guard in Jerusalem shot and wounded a Palestinian who attacked him with an ax.
2001: Hamas claimed responsibility for today’s Beit Yisrael Bombing in which two people were injured in Jerusalem.
2006: In Hebron international observers end their decade-long presence following attacks by Palestinians.
2010: Eleven people were arrested as Israeli Ambassador to the United States Michael Oren was repeatedly interrupted while trying to deliver an address tonight at the University of California, Irvine. Oren was speaking about US-Israeli relations and was interrupted nearly a dozen times.
2011: Two Kassam rockets slammed into a field and a parking lot in a kibbutz in the Sha’ar Hanegev regional council at around 11 a.m.
2012: Gilad Schalit, the IDF soldier held in Hamas captivity for five years before being released in October, was welcomed by French President Nicolas Sarkozy to the Élysée Palace in Paris on today.
1878: In Vienna twenty-eight year old Pauline Herzl, the older sister of Theodore Herzl, passed away after contracting Typhus. After the creation of the state of Israel her remains would be laid to rest on Mount Herzl in Jerusalem. Herzl named his daughter after his sister.
1898: Emile Zola was brought to trial for libel for publishing J’Accuse. “J’accuse accused the French government of anti-Semitism and of wrongfully placing Alfred Dreyfus in jail. Zola was brought to trial for libel for publishing J’Accuse on February 7, 1898 and was convicted on February 23. Zola declared that the conviction and transportation to Devil’s Island of the Jewish army captain Alfred Dreyfus came after a false accusation of espionage and was a miscarriage of justice. The case, known as the Dreyfus affair, had divided France deeply between the reactionary army and church and the more liberal commercial society. The ramifications continued for years, so much so that on the 100th anniversary of Émile Zola’s article, France’s Roman Catholic daily paper, “La Croix”, apologized for its anti-Semitic editorials during the Dreyfus affair.”
1917: The first draft of the Balfour Declaration was written at the Gaster home today in the presence of Chaim Weizmann, Nahum Sokolow, Baron Rothschild, Sir Mark Sykes and Herbert Samuel
1947: This date marks the official founding of the Jewish Agency, a world-wide organization centered in Israel. It is dedicated to the establishment of Israel as the Jewish Homeland, and to the encouragement and fulfillment of Jewish Aliyah from around the world.
1991: Lieutenant Colonel Amos Yarkoni one of six Israeli Arabs to receive the IDF’s third highest decoration, the Medal of Distinguished Service and the first commander of the Shaked Reconnaissance Battalion of the Givati Brigade died of cancer at the age of 71.
1901: Herzl travels to London and tries to win Rothschild for his plan.
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israel told Britain and the US that Jordan was entirely responsible for the current border unrest.
1991: Today an Arab traveling on a bus got up and attacked a soldier with a knife.
1997: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and President Ezer Weizman attended funerals and visited grieving families while thousands of Israelis went to pray at the Western Wall and assemblies were held at schools nationwide as Israel observed a national day of mourning for the 73 Israeli soldiers who died on February 4 when two Sikorsky helicopters collided.
2001: Ariel Sharon was elected Israeli prime minister in a landslide over Ehud Barak.
2009: A day after a Hamas delegation left Egypt without an agreement on a long-term Gaza truce, terrorists in the Strip fired two rockets at southern Israel
2014: For the third time in the past 24 hours terrorists in the Gaza strip fired a rocket into the Ashkelon and Eshkol region
2016: A terrorist stabbed a 65 year old grandmother who was shopping with her family at a market in Rahat.
2017: “Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu today called for new international sanctions against Iran during his first meeting with British counterpart Theresa May in London.”
1901: Herzl met with the French banker Reitlinger in Paris and discussed the idea of buying the Turkish Public Debt as a way to negotiate for the Charter for a Jewish Homeland in Eretz Israel.
1902: Herzl begins a trip Constantinople where he is scheduled to arrive on the 14th so that he may begin negotiations for the creation of Jewish homeland.
1930: Fifth Aliyah begins. The Fifth Aliyah, which some sources say actually started in 1929, marked a ten-year period when approximately 250,000 Jews settled in pre-War Palestine.
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that the cabinet held an extraordinary meeting, under the chairmanship of Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion, to consider the recent frequent outbreaks of violence and infiltration across the Jordanian border, including the derailing, of a goods train near Kalkilya,.
1990: The Israeli Army said its troops had killed five heavily armed Arab guerrillas in the western Negev region of Israel after chasing them for a short distance.
1997: The so-called Big Three banks in Switzerland announce the creation of a $71 million fund to aid Holocaust survivors and their families.
2008: Three Kassam rockets were fired at southern Ashkelon this evening
2011: The Quartet – the UN, the US, the EU and Russia – “refused to heed the Palestinian call for unilateral statehood and instead continued to throw its support behind a negotiated solution, when it met today in Germany
2012: Israel has not and is not interfering in the political crisis in Syria, Vice Prime Minister and Strategic Affairs Minister Moshe Ya’alon said today,
1898: During the Dreyfus Affair, the French Army High Command brings an action of criminal libel against Emile Zola for his accusations of knowing collaboration on the part of the French general staff in convicting Dreyfus based on false information.
1933: In Tel Aviv, Eliyahu Golomb, one of the early leaders of the Haganah and his wife gave birth to David Golomb, Israeli political leader and Knesset member.
1938: The Palestine Post reported that Dr. Chaim Weizmann, upon his departure for England, stressed the Yishuv’s and world Jewry need for unity, and said that some people “can only succeed in placing obstacles on our path, but they will never stop our work.
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that a train was derailed north of Kalkilya, as the result of a carefully planned operation by Jordanian saboteurs who blew up a section of track opposite Tulama village.
1959: For the first times since ancient times, Israel began exporting copper ore from the King Solomon mines.
1968: At sundown, Israeli forces ended their search for the INS Dakar.
1969: Yasser Arafat takes over as chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization. Arafat was committed to a Palestinian state from the “River to the Sea.
1990: Ten Israeli tourists were murdered near Cairo. Israeli military officials speculated this evening that the attackers of an Israeli tourist bus near Cairo were members of a guerrilla organization that sent assassins across the Egyptian border into Israel in December.
1997: En route to Lebanon, two Israeli Sikorsky CH-53 troop-transport helicopters collide in mid-air over northern Galilee, Israel killing 73.
2008: A Palestinian suicide bomber killed one woman and wounded 11 other people when he blew himself up in a crowded mall in the southern Israeli city of Dimona at 10:30 A.M. (8:30 A.M. GMT). A second suicide bomber was killed by a policeman before he could detonate his explosives belt.
2013: The IDF has arrested a number of senior Hamas figures in the West Bank, Palestinian sources said today.
2016: Israelis mourned as 19 year old Hadar Cohen was laid to rest today after having been murdered by terrorists in Jerusalem yesterday.
1919: Today, Chaim Weizmann, the leader of the Zionist delegation, presented the case for a Jewish homeland together with a map of the proposed entity. The statement supported the creation of a mandate entrusted to Britain and described the Jewish historical connection with the area.
1946: In Jerusalem, “police and military authorities announced today that the curfew that had barred pedestrians from streets in Jewish quarters would be lifted tomorrow. The curfew has been in effect for sixteen nights.
1949: The Provisional State Council which acted as the legislature for the state of Israel until the election of the first Knesset held its last meeting today.
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that Arab states had dropped their plans for a boycott of Germany after the Bonn government has ratified the Israeli Reparations Treaty.
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that Czechoslovakia and Hungary joined the Soviet Union in spreading false anti-Semitic accusations and started identifying and purging their Jewish officials.
1954: The IDF officially began employing “a new doctrine of combining armored and motorized infantry units” developed by Yitzhak Pundak who was promoted the rank of Brigadier General.
1988: Defense Minister Yitzhak Rabin visited Nablus today and found the streets deserted except for his own soldiers. He chatted with them in the narrow twisting streets
2009: Palestinian militants fired a long-range rocket from Gaza into the Israeli coastal city of Ashkelon today and Israel retaliated with airstrikes against smuggling tunnels and a Hamas outpost in southern Gaza, as Egyptian-brokered talks for a sustainable cease-fire continued in Cairo with no obvious progress.
1949: The Israeli Government in Tel Aviv announced that West Jerusalem was no longer ‘occupied territory’ but an integral part of Israel under civil administration.
1949: Immigration fever reached its height with approximately one thousand new immigrants a day reaching the shores of Israel.
1949: Immigration fever reached its height with approximately one thousand new immigrants a day reaching the shores of Israel.
1957: The UN adopted a resolution calling for Israeli troops to leave Egypt. This was the beginning of the end of the 1956 Sinai Campaign.
1968: Today, the ill-fated INS Dakar was scheduled to enter her home port; a rendezvous she did not keep.
1974: As Secretary of State Henry Kissinger sought to bring a truce to the Middle East, Syrian guns shelled Israeli military position and civilian positions near the Golan Heights.
1975: Two people were injured in a terrorist bus bombing in Jerusalem.
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that Europe was on an alert as Arab terrorists boasted of having poisoned Jaffa oranges.
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that the indirect behind-the-scenes Israeli-Egyptian negotiations and the face-to-face military negotiations came to a halt with both sides remaining far apart in their search for a political solution.
1991: New York Mayor David Dinkins was scheduled to leave on his trip to Israel today. The trip is designed to show support for Israel during the Persian Gulf War.
2004: Israel killed a leader of Islamic Jihad and three other terrorists in a Gaza raid.
2010: Security forces searched Israel’s coastline and closed beaches in the south today after two barrels of explosives washed up on the shores of Ashkelon and Ashdod, north of Gaza.
2012: During his visit to Gaza today, UN Secretary- General Ban Ki-moon urged “the people from Gaza to stop firing rockets into the Israeli side. Indiscriminate killing of people, civilians, is not acceptable, for whatever reasons. Eight rockets were fired into Israel on the eve of Ban’s visit, the IDF said.
2015: During an awards ceremony today where the IDF honored many of those who fought “in last summer’s conflict in Gaza” a Distinguished Service Medal was awarded posthumously to twenty-four year old Lt. Eitan Fund “who famously rushed into a tunnel to try and stop the kidnapping of Hadar Goldin during an ambush near Rafah on August 1, 2014.”
1924: Automobile magnet Henry Ford who bankrolled the anti-Semitic Dearborn Independent which published the Protocols of the Elders of Zion entertained Nazi Kurt Ludecke at his Michigan home.
1948: Arabs bombed the Palestine Post (a.k.a. Jerusalem Post) building in Jerusalem
1951: During the Presidency of Harry Truman, Monnett B. Davis was appointed U.S. Ambassador to Israel
1955: Lord Rothschild wrote to Churchill “thanking him for the fact that in Jerusalem in 1921 ‘you laid the foundation of the Jewish State by separating Abdullah’s Kingdom from the rest of Palestine.
1970: Oil was pumped for the first time in the newly completed 42 inch Eilat-Ashkelon pipeline
2003: The Space Shuttle Columbia burned up on re-entry into the earth’s atmosphere killing the crew of six including Israel’s first man in space, Ilan Ramon.
2006: Despite violent protests, Israel successfully completed the evacuation of the West Bank outpost of Amona.
2008: Six gunmen opened fire on the Israeli Embassy in Mauritania early this morning, trading fire with guards before fleeing
2014: An Egyptian jihadist group said today that it fired a rocket at the Red Sea resort of Eilat which was intercepted by Israeli air defenses, its second in a fortnight
1892: Charles Spurgeon, the English Reformed Baptist Minister who expressed his disgust for the Czar’s treatment of his Jewish subjects, passed away. “If I had all the health and strength that could fall to the lot of man, I should be quite unable to express my feelings on reading of Russia’s intolerance of the Jews…The Czar is greatly injuring his own country by driving out God’s ancient people. No country can trample with impunity.”
1931: Dr. William H. Hechler, a Protestant clergyman and teacher who was an early supporter of Theodore Herzl and his Zionist program passed away today at the age of 86
1946: Having resigned from the RAF Mordechai “Modi” Alon returned to Palestine and enrolled as an architecture student at the Technion. Allon would gain fame as one of the first fighter pilots in the IAf and the first one to shoot down an enemy aircraft.
1949: After hearing Churchill’s speech in Parliament denouncing the logic of the Labor Government’s policy towards Israel and calling for recognition of the new Jewish state, Sir Simon Marks, a leading Jewish businessman and philanthropist, wrote to the former PM assuring him that Chaim Weizmann would find great comfort in his words.
1961: David Ben-Gurion resigned as premier of Israel.
1968: At sunset, all non-Israeli military units gave up the search for the INS Dakar, an Israeli submarine that had been first been reported missing on January 26.
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that Defense Minister Ezer Weizmann left for Cairo for the second round of the interrupted military discussions.
1988: An Israeli was severely burned today when his car was firebombed inm near the Ofra north of Jerusalem.
2002: For the second time in a year Tayibe was the target of a terrorist attack by Hamas
2011: Grad rockets landed near the cities of Netivot and Ofakim in the western Negev today, causing damage to a car and leading to four people being treated for shock.
1893: Birthdate of Rabbi Yitzhak-Meir Levin a Haredi, politician, member of the Kensett and one of 37 people to sign the Israeli declaration of independence.
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that IDF patrols had beaten back two attacks by Jordanian marauders at two points along the armistice lines, inflicting heavy casualties. Jordan falsely claimed that a number of Israeli soldiers were killed in both encounters. Both sides complained to the UN Israeli-Jordanian Mixed Armistice Commission.
1979: The civilian government of Iran announced it had decided to allow Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini to return from exile in France. The subsequent Islamist revolution would end the reign of the Shah, a regime which was much friendlier to Israel than the government that would follow.
1986: One police officer was killed and two civilians were wounded when terrorists began shooting today in Jerusalem.
1991: In Amman, around 3,000 Jordanians demonstrated in favor of Iraq, burned American and Israeli flags and urged Mr. Hussein to fire chemical weapons at Israel.
2001: Two people were injured during at the Tayibe Bridge bombing for which Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility
2014: Rocket launched from the Gaza Strip hit in an open area in the Sdot Negev Regional Council.
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that Prime Minister Menachem Begin had reversed his earlier decision and recommended to the cabinet that the Israeli military delegation return to Cairo to resume negotiations.
1983: Birthdate of Ethiopian born Israeli fashion model Esti Mamo.
1986: Two soldiers were killed and two more were wounded when a terrorist attacked any Army patrol today.
2002: In of Jerusalem, beefed-up police squads guarded sidewalks and street corners today as weary shopkeepers opened for business and workers repaired the stores damaged by a bomb set off yesterday by a Palestinian woman.
2004: “Eleven people were killed and more than 50 wounded, 13 of them seriously, in a suicide bombing of an Egged bus #19 at the corner of Gaza and Arlozorov streets in Jerusalem
2012: An Israel Defense Forces Heron-class drone crashed in central Israel, Army Radio reported today, with no injuries reported
2014: “The House Foreign Affairs Committee approved a bill that would enhance the already close U.S.-Israel defense relationship. The bill initiated by U.S. Reps. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (D-Fla.) and Ted Deutch (D-Fla.), the top two members on the committee’s Middle East subcommittee, passed unanimously today
1918: In Jerusalem, the cornerstone is laid for Hebrew University.
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that the Soviet-controlled Hungarian regime was deporting Jews to work camps in a Soviet-inspired anti-Semitic campaign, resembling that of the Nazi era.
1979: Two were killed and thirty-four more were injured when terrorists set off a bomb in a Netanya market.
2003: Ariel Sharon emerges victorious in Israeli elections today which included the defeat of Amram Mitzna, the leader of the Labor Party.
2010: Israeli drip irrigation giant Netafim opened a new factory in Turkey today despite recent diplomatic tensions between the two countries.
1904: Herzl received a telegram from Leopold Greenberg that described a definitive offer from the British Government that would allow for a Jewish homeland in Nandi, a territory in the colony of Kenya. Greenberg advised immediate acceptance and the sending of an expedition. Greenberg was a British Zionist and publisher of the Jewish Chronicle.
1945: The Soviet army entered Auschwitz and liberated more than 7,000 remaining prisoners, who were mostly ill and dying. It is estimated that at minimum 1.3 million people were deported to Auschwitz between 1940 and 1945; of these, at least 1.1 million were murdered.
1947: As part of “Aliya Bet,” the Chaim Arlozoroff set sail from Trelleborg, Sweden, carrying 664 survivors of the European death camps. Most of those on board, who were labeled illegal immigrants by the British, were women. When the ship finally arrived in Haifa, a struggle ensued at the end of which the British transferred the former camp inmates to detention camps at Cyprus.
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that over 2,000 frightened refugees, including many Jews, escaped the purges in East Germany and crossed over from East to West Berlin.
1977: “Operation Thunderbolt,” known in Israel as Mivtsa Yonatan, (literally “Operation Jonathan”), a 1977 Israeli film based on an actual event – the hijacking of a flight and the freeing of hostages (Operation Entebbe) at Entebbe Airport in Entebbe, Uganda, on July 4, 1976, directed by Menahem Golan and starring Klaus Kinski, Yehoram Gaon, and Sybil Danning was released in Israel today.
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that Egypt embarked on a massive diplomatic effort to explain why it had broken off peace talks with Israel.
1991: In the midst of Iraqi attacks on Israel 74 year old Alexander Goldberg, a retired aeronautical engineer from Hempstead, Long Island, will join more than 100 other Americans, both Jews and Christians, for a flight tonight to Israel, where they will be put to work at army bases, hospitals and collective settlements, or kibbutzim. Some will pick fruit or help maintain army tanks; others will work in a factory that makes protective gear for chemical warfare.
2001: Survivors of Auschwitz have gone on a poignant march past the gas chambers which claimed their fellow prisoners as Europe marked Holocaust Memorial Day
2010: Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu is scheduled to be at Auschwitz to take part in a ceremony marking the 65th liberation of the death camp by the Soviet Red Army.
1949: Switzerland recognized Israel.
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that the unexpected delay in the ratification of the Reparations Agreement with West Germany upset the Ministry of Finance budget calculations.
1954: David Ben-Gurion steps down as Minister of Defense, a position he had held since the creation of the state of Israel in 1948.
1980: Israel and Egypt established diplomatic relations.
1986: Nine days after Spain and Israel established full diplomatic relations, Jerusalem designated Shmuel Hadas, “its unofficial envoy in Madrid to become its first ambassador to Spain.”
2006: Hamas, a terrorist organization won 76 of the 132 seats in the first parliamentary elections held in the PA in ten years.
2011: Today, the Jerusalem District Police released details regarding its investigation into a cell of Palestinian militants suspected in two murders and 19 other security incidents since 1997. The cell is alleged to be behind the recent stabbing of an American tourist and her friend in the Jerusalem hills five weeks ago; the tourist, Kristine Luken, was killed, while her friend, Kaye Wilson, managed to flee the attackers with serious wounds. Police believe that the same cell carried out the murder of 53-year-old Netta Blatt-Sorek, a resident of Zichron Ya’akov, whose body was found a year ago near the Jerusalem-area monastery of Beit Jamal last year.
2017: According to IDF data published today, in the 15 months between October 2015 and the end of 2016, 281 terrorist attacks originating in the West Bank were reported throughout the country.
1904: Herzl met Pope Pius X and tried to convince him to support the vision of Zionism without any success. The pope totally rejected the idea that Jerusalem would be in Jewish hands.
1919: The League of Nations was founded. British control over Palestine would take its legal form from a Mandate by the League of Nations.
1927: Birthdate of Yitzhak Hofi, the native of Tel Aviv who began his career as a member of the Palmach, reached the rank of General in the IDF before serving as the head of Mossad.
1959: Pope John XXIII proclaims Second Vatican Council. This would lead to the greatest improvement in relations between the Church and the Jewish People since the days of Constantine.
2002: A Palestinian suicide bomber wounded more than two dozen people when he blew himself up today in a pedestrian mall in a Tel Aviv.
1911: Founding of Merchaviya the first Jewish settlement in Emek Yizra’el (Jezreel Valley). Ten years after its founding, Merchaviya would be joined by its most famous member, Golda Meir. The future Prime Minister of Israel would tend chickens
1938: The Palestine Post reported that a meeting of the General Council (Va’ad Leumi) of Palestine Jews published a manifesto calling for the immediate opening of the gates of the country to the millions of suffering Diaspora Jews.
1938: The Palestine Post reported that one Jew was severely wounded when Arabs shot at a group of workers returning from the Givat Shaul quarry to Jerusalem.
1949: France recognized Israel.
1965: In Damascus, Syrian police arrested Kamel Amin Th’abet on charges of being an Israeli spy. After being tortured he was hung in a pubic execution. Th’abet was Eli Cohen who successfully penetrated the highest level of the Syrian government and provided intelligence of immeasurable value.
1991: Israel said it would not carry out an immediate retaliatory strike against Iraq despite the missile attack on Tel Aviv that killed three people. After that decision, another Iraqi missile was destroyed by one of the American Patriot missiles stationed in Israel over the weekend. And it was disclosed that a Patriot had clipped the missile that hit Tel Aviv.
2002: “An Israeli helicopter assassinated Bakr Hamdan in the Gaza Strip, the leader of the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, which Israeli security official said was responsible for “dozens of terrorist attacks carried out against Israeli civilians and soldiers in the Gaza Strip.”
2008 : Rami Zoari, 20, from Beersheba, a border police officer, was killed and another female officer was seriously wounded after terrorists approached the entrance to Shuafat refugee camp in northern Jerusalem and opened fire on a group of Israelis.
1950: Knesset Declares Jerusalem Capital of Israel By a vote of 60-2, with members of Mapam and Herut abstaining, the Knesset adopts a proclamation declaring Jerusalem the capital of Israel.
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported from New York that the Soviet Union was about to break diplomatic relations with Israel.
1960: Israeli General Yitzhak Rabin sends an aerial reconnaissance across the Suez Canal to ascertain the position of Nasser’s advancing troops. When the troops cannot be found, Rabin correctly assumes they have crossed the Canal. It turned out that the bulk of Egyptian army was almost at the border with Israel where they would only be opposed by force of twenty or thirty tanks.
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that the cabinet decided to postpone the military talks held with Egypt in Cairo, after the Egyptian delegation broke off political negotiations with Israel, held in Jerusalem.
1988: As the Arab uprising called the Intifada brings an increase in violence the representative of the Arab League and three other Arab diplomats met with a senior State Department official today to complain about what they considered inadequate United States pressure on Israel to halt the violence against Palestinians in Jerusalem, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
2001: This afternoon, two Tel Aviv restaurateurs and an Israeli Arab friend sat down for a late lunch in Tulkarm, a battle-scarred town rarely visited by Israeli Jews since the West Bank erupted in riotous protests nearly four months ago. The three were seized by armed men who later let the Israeli Arab go, but shot the two Israeli Jews at point-blank range,
2008: In a night time attack, two armed Palestinians affiliated with Fatah’s Al-Aqsa Martyrs’ Brigades infiltrated a yeshiva at Kfar Etzion wounding three civilians. The two had just been released from an Israeli prison.
2008 (16th of Shevat, 5768): Rami Zuari, a 20 year old Border Police officer was killed during a terrorist attack at an East Jerusalem checkpoint.
1949: During a debate in the House of Commons, Winston Churchill, leader of the Opposition, attacked Foreign Minister Bevin for his “astounding mishandling of the Palestine problem” that could only be described as “gross and glaring.”
1957: Under massive pressure from the United States and the Soviet Union, Israeli forces withdrew from most of Sinai after the Sinai Campaign. The threat of economic sanctions by the United States presented to great a threat for the Israelis not to give ground.
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, who a week earlier instructed his delegation to break off the Israeli-Egyptian peace negotiations held in Jerusalem, had now announced that he was leaving the door open for renewed talks, but on certain conditions.
1979: Ali Hassan Salameh, “the head of Force 17 and an operative of the Black September Organization that carried out the 1972 Munich Massacre” was killed today when “a remote-controlled car bomb” was detonated in Beirut.
1991: After a Scud slammed into a two-story apartment building in a Tel Aviv suburb today, 260 Israelis were forced to move into hotels. Almost 1,000 Israelis, most of whom live in Tel Aviv have already lost their homes because of attack by Iraqi Scuds.
1995: In central Israel, two suicide bombers from the Gaza Strip blew themselves-up at a military transit point killing 19 Israelis.
2002: A Palestinian gunman carried out a terrorist attack in Jerusalem’s central shopping district, raking the area with semiautomatic gunfire that killed two and wounded 20 before being shot dead by the police
1948: Golda Meir’s speech to the General Assembly of Jewish Federations and Welfare Funds helped raise $50 million for the Haganah at a critical moment in Israel’s fight for independence
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported on the worsening security situation along the country’s borders, especially the Jordanian-Israeli no-man’s-land dividing Jerusalem. This security deterioration, infiltration and frequent robberies may have been directly influenced by an intensified anti-Israeli activity of the Arab states at the UN General Assembly.
1954: During a cabinet debate over Egypt’s decision to bar ships going to Israel from using the Suez Canal, Foreign Minister Anthony Eden is able to make a case for the Arab state’s behavior.
1988: One Israeli soldier was injured when the during an attack by three terrorists who were attempting to cross into Israel from Lebanon.
1990: Shimon Peres, the Deputy Prime Minister of Israel, arrived in Prague today on the first visit to Czechoslovakia by an Israeli minister since ties between the two countries were cut in 1967.
1991: Orders to stay home from work were canceled for the rest of Israel today, but not for Tel Aviv, which appears to be the main Iraqi target.
2012: IAF aircraft struck a site in the southern Gaza Strip this morning, after three mortar shells were fired into Israel from the Gaza Strip.
2012: This afternoon a Palestinian man stabbed a Border Guard officer near the Shufat Refugee Camp in north-east Jerusalem
1993: In an unusual break with international practice, the mostly Muslim republic of Kyrgyzstan in Central Asia has decided to establish an embassy in Jerusalem, not Tel Aviv, the Israeli Foreign Ministry said today
2002: During a visit to Israel, today, former President Bill Clinton called on the Palestinians and Israelis to keep working for peace. When talking about attempts by his administration bring peace to the two parties, Clinton but placed “the blame for his peace initiative’s failure squarely on Mr. Arafat, the Palestinian leader.’ ”’Chairman Arafat missed a golden opportunity,’” Mr. Clinton said in a speech here tonight, ruing Mr. Arafat’s rejection of a peace proposal made at Camp David in 2000.
2009: IAF planes struck a Kassam rocket launcher in the Gaza Strip this evening; hours after two incidents of gunfire and mortar shell fire were reported against IDF troops in the area.
2014: “People, Book, Land — The 3,500 Year Relationship of the Jewish People and the Land of Israel,” will not open today in Paris as scheduled because UNESCO cravenly gave into objections voiced by the Arab League.
2014: Canada supports Israel for strategic reasons but also because it is the correct thing to do, Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper said today, delivering an overwhelmingly pro-Israel speech to the Knesset.
1938: The Palestine Post reported that Jewish truck drivers repelled an Arab attack on the Palestine Potash convoy, which was on its way to the Dead Sea, 10 km. east of Jerusalem. One driver was severely wounded, but the convoy finally reached its destination. The Iraq Petroleum Company pipeline was again set on fire.
1942: Titus Brandsma, a Carmelite priest was arrested by German occupiers in Holland for speaking out against Nazism as a “lie” and “pagan.” Brandsma had been speaking out against the Nazis since the mid 1930’s. After his arrest, he was shipped to Dachau in where he was the subject of medical experiments. He died of a lethal injection in July, 1942
1943: As Nazis raid the Warsaw Ghetto for the second consecutive day, a crying child is accidentally suffocated by his terrified mother.
1943: Over the next three day six thousand Jews from Warsaw are murdered at the Treblinka death camp.
1945: The Death Marches began for the surviving Jews and Poles who were evacuated from Labor Camps and Concentration Camps. Those who were too weak to march were shot by the thousands. As they marched through the severity of winter to new locations, tens of thousands more were shot for any infraction.
1945: Soviet forces liberate ghetto of Łódź. Out of 230,000 inhabitants in 1940, less than 900 had survived Nazi occupation.
1947: Birthdate of David Bankier, the German born “Holocaust historian and head of the International Institute for Holocaust Research at Yad Vashem”
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that Egypt had broken off the Jerusalem talks and that President Anwar Sadat threatened to recall his delegation.
1979: Four people were injured when terrorists shelled Qiriyat Shemona and Nahariya.
1982: Leopold Trepper, famed World War II spy, passed away in Israel at the age of 77.
1988: The Soviet Union said today that it had agreed to allow an official Israeli delegation to visit Moscow. Western diplomats said the visit, for which no date has been set, would be the first since the Soviet Union broke off diplomatic relations with Israel during the 1967 Arab-Israeli war.
1991: Iraq launched a second missile attack against Tel Aviv this morning, military officials said. The Israeli authorities said the missiles carried conventional explosives, like the missiles that hit Tel Aviv and Haifa early yesterday
2006: A bomber blew himself up near the old central bus station in southern Tel Aviv at around 3:45 P.M. this afternoon.
1898: As anti-Semitic mobs roam the streets of France
during the Drefyus Affair, it was reported that “the events of the past few days are beginning to produce a feeling of panic in Jewish circles. Both the business and private houses of the Rothschilds and other wealthy Jews are guarded by special detectives and gendarmes
1912: The Jewish Chronicle published a letter from author and Zionist leader Max Nordau in which he condemns President Taft’s role in “the abrogation of the Russo-American Treaty.” Nordau ended his denunciation by writing, “The situation for the Jews in Russia will be worse than before and the anti-Semites will make the American Jews pay heavily for their manful stand—that’s all.”
1919: The Paris Peace Conference opened in Versailles, France. Among other things, negotiations at the conference would result in the creation of a mandatory government for Palestine that incorporated the Balfour Declaration and was controlled by the British.
1949: In an attempt to improve relations with new Jewish state, the British ordered the immediate release of the remaining Jews who were detained in Cyprus during those years when His Majesty’s government was determined to keep Jews from settling in Palestine. Within a month all them, many of whom were Holocaust survivors, had reached Haifa.
1974: Israel and Egypt signed an agreement for the disengagement of forces in the aftermath of the Yom Kippur war. Israel agreed to withdraw from the Suez Canal.
1979: Twenty-one people were injured when terrorists set off a bomb in a Jerusalem market.
1991: Within 24 hours of the outbreak of the Gulf War, the first Scud missiles landed near Tel Aviv. At least seven Iraqi missiles carrying conventional warheads fell on Israel early this morning in an area running from Tel Aviv to Haifa.
2008: As another ten rockets slammed into southern Israel from Gaza, one damaging a day care center in the town of Sderot and another hitting Ashkelon, a town of 120,000 people.
2009: IDF troops are scheduled to begin observing a unilateral truce at 2 A.M. following a vote by the Israeli Cabinet to accept an Egyptian-backed, unilateral 10-day cease-fire, ending Operation Cast Lead three weeks after it began.
2009: The Jerusalem Post reported that a historic natural gas reservoir found offshore from Haifa is poised to meet Israel’s natural gas demand for about 15 years and reduce the country’s dependence on gas imports from Egypt and offshore from Gaza
2016: In Tekoa, nineteen year old Othman Muhammad Sha’alan stabbed Michal Froman, the pregnant “daughter-in-law of the late Rabbi Menachem Froman, a former rabbi of the community who was known as a peace activist.”
1895: Dreyfus began his “trip” to French Guiana tonight when he “was taken from the prison of La Sante and was transferred by rail to La Rochelle where he was then moved to the militaryprison on the Island of Re.
1896: The Jewish Chronicle published Herzl’s first article “A Solution to the Jewish Problem,” which appeared a month before Der Judenstaat, and with its editorial, “A Dream of a Jewish State” opened the readers’ columns to a discussion of Herzl’s plan
1898: At Marseilles, France a crowd paraded through the streets crying “Death to the Jews” and “Shame upon Zola.
1945: The Nazis began the evacuation of the Auschwitz concentration camp as Soviet forces approached. Elie Weisel describes this event in his first book Night.
1946: The Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry, a joint British and American committee composed of six Americans and six Englishmen that was charged with examining the “political, economic and social conditions in Mandatory Palestine as they bear upon the problem of Jewish immigration and settlement therein and the well-being of the peoples now living therein” completed its deliberations in Washington, DC today which had begun on January 4.
1948: The British brought the mutilated bodies of the 35 Jews to the Etzion bloc where they were to be buried in a common grave. The dead were the members of a platoon of volunteers that had been sent from Jerusalem to reinforce the beleaguered Etzion fighters.
1952: While serving his second term as Prime Minister, Winston Churchill addresses a joint session of the U.S. Congress during which he proudly reminds those in attendance of his long support of the Zionist cause and the creation of a Jewish state.
1991: Israel declared a state of emergency early this morning, minutes after word reached here of the American attack on Iraq. The authorities advised all Israelis to stay in their homes, open their chemical warfare kits and make their gas masks ready for immediate use.
1997: Israel handed over its military headquarters in Hebron to the Palestinians as part of the peace process that began with the Oslo Accords.
2001: After being “seduced” by a 24 year old Palestinian female who lured him to a remote area, terrorists murdered 16 year old Israeli high school student Ofir Rahum.
2002: A Palestinian gunman burst into a bat mitzvah celebration in a banquet hall in Hadera, opening fire on the 180 guests with an M-16 assault rifle, killing 6 people and injuring 35 people following which the Fatah Al-Aqsa Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack
2003: Two Palestinian gunmen attacked an isolated Jewish settlement near the city of Hebron tonight, killing one Israeli and wounding three others.
2008: Today, terrorists in the Gaza Strip fired more than 40 Qassam rockets and two mortar shells at southern Israel, wounding four people.
2016: Thirty-eight year old Dfana Meir “a nurse in the neurosurgery department of Soroka Medical Center in Beesheba and the mother of four was stabbed to death today by a terrorist while she was trying to protect her family when he invaded their home.
1948: Thirty five members of the Haganah set out to bring supplies to the besieged four Kibbutzim known as the Etzion Bloc. Located the Hebron hills, the four Kibbutzim were defended by thirty armed fighters. They had already fought off one attack by hundreds of Arabs who were so confident of victory that they had brought bags to cart off the loot. Due to the lack of equipment which was quite common among the Jewish forces, the thirty five set off without a radio. According to information gathered later, the column was given inaccurate directions by a local Arab who then alerted those who were besieging the Etzion Bloc. The Arabs fell upon the Haganah column and killed all of them. Their bodies were found and brought into the Bloc whose defenders now realized that they were completely on their own.
1956: Egyptian President Nassar pledged to re-conquer Palestine. The immediate result of this boast was the Israeli victory in the Sinai Campaign of 1956.
1958: One of Israel’s fondest dreams was fulfilled today with the opening of a new highway linking Elath and Beersheba.
2003: Space Shuttle Columbia took off for what would prove to be its final mission. The shuttle was carrying Ilan Ramon, the first Israeli astronaut.
2008: A stone seal bearing the name of one of the families who acted as servants in the First Temple and then returned to Jerusalem after being exiled to Babylonia has been uncovered in an archeological excavation in Jerusalem’s City of David, a prominent Israeli archeologist said today.
2009: Two Grad rockets fired from Gaza hit Kiryat Gat this afternoon, wounding three people and causing heavy damage.
2010: As part of the effort to aid Haiti following the devastating earthquake that struck the country on January 13, a field hospital operated by IDF medical teams became operational today.
2013: At least five rockets were launched from the Gaza Strip in the direction of Ashkelon, at approximately 2:00 am today.
1948: A platoon of 35 Jewish volunteers on its way to reinforce those holding the Etzion Bloc, was ambushed and killed by 100s of armed Arabs.
1948: Jewish settlers, using aircraft for the first time, beat off a heavy Arab attack on settlements at Kfar Etzion, near Hebron, today. The fight there, and others in Haifa and near Beersheba, produced one of the heaviest daily casualty lists to date, with twenty-nine killed and seventy-five wounded so far.
1960: When Israel move’s forces to its northern border in response to Syrian shelling from the Golan Heights, the Soviet Union misleadingly telling the Syrians that the Israeli’s are massing for an attack.
1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that Egyptian President Anwar Sadat complained that he got “nothing” from Israeli negotiators and saw no hope for an early Egyptian-Israeli agreement
1988: Start of the first intifada as violence and terror designed to drive the Jews from the land of Israel escalates to a new extreme.
1990: An off-duty Israeli soldier was stabbed as she walked along a narrow street in Jerusalem’s Old City today. The Israeli soldier, identified as Pvt. Halit Avni, 18 years old, of Tel Aviv, was stabbed six times in the back and chest, the police said. She was listed in stable condition at Hadassah Hospital in Ein Karem.
1993: At the Central Bus Station in Tel Aviv, a Palestinian from Gaza stabbed four people to death including a Lebanese Arab visiting the city. Islamic Jihad took credit for the attack
2009: Today, some 25 rockets were fired on southern Israel.
2010: Two planes are scheduled to land in Haiti today carrying the IDF medical teams and their supplies following Wednesday’s earthquake that devastated the poorest nation in the western hemisphere.
2014: It was announced today that “Israeli author/journalist Yossi Klein Halevi won the Everett Family Foundation Jewish Book of the Year Award, “the top prize in the 2013 National Jewish Book Award for Like Dreamers “which tells the history of Israel the personal experiences over decades of a handful of paratroopers who helped capture the Old City of Jerusalem in the 1967 Six Day War.”
1951: 3 people were killed and 20 more were injured when an army hand grenade is thrown in the crowded Mas’uda Shemtov synagogue in Baghdad” forcing the Israeli government to implement Operation Ezra and Nehemiah which brought 120,000 Iraqi Jew to Israel in the space of a year.
1971: Operation Bardas 20 took place today, to neutralize a guerrilla base in Lebanon, near Sidon, where about two dozen terrorists were training as frogmen. During the course of the raid, the commandos discovered a house with several women in it, and decided not to blow it up
1973: “Mossad discover a plan to assassinate Golda Meir, when a sayan, or local volunteer, informed Mossad that he had handled two telephone calls from a payphone in an apartment block where PLO members sometimes stayed.”
1984: Paul Ben Haim, prominent Israeli composer, passed away at the age of 86.
1994 Grigory Ivanov was stabbed to death by a terrorist in the industrial zone at the Erez junction, near the Gaza Strip. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.
2009: Palestinian terrorists continued to attack Israeli civilian areas today, firing 18 projectiles by late afternoon, including a phosphorous mortar shell that hit the Eshkol region.
2010: A bomb exploded near a small convoy of vehicles belonging to Israel’s embassy in Jordan this afternoon. No one was hurt in the incident, which occurred some 20 kilometers from the border crossing at Allenby Bridge,
2010: Members of the IDF medical teams preparing to spend two weeks in Haiti following a devastating earthquake received vaccinations today to prepare them for the stay in the country which is known for its poor medical infrastructure, Ash said.
2010: The ZAKA delegation arrived in Haiti today after taking part in rescue operations, collection of bodies and identification at another disaster scene – the site of the helicopter crash in Mexico in which Jewish financier and philanthropist Moshe Saba was killed.
1922: Today, Nahum Sokolow, President of the Executive Committee of the World Zionist organization, who is visiting the United States as the head of a European delegation of Zionist leaders, met with U.S. President Warren G. Harding.
1937: Speaking on behalf of the Arab High Committee, Jerusalem lawyer Auni Bey Abdulhadi told the Peel Commission that “the Arabs will not compromise” and “they will negotiate only with the British government, not the Jews and they will never agree to cantonization.” (Editor’s Note – Cantonization was the pre-war term for Partition, which is the key to the “two state solution”.)
1938: The Palestine Post reported on the opening of the Rockefeller archeological museum in Jerusalem, founded by John Rockefeller and named in his honor. The museum’s permanent exhibition revealed the history of mankind as recorded in local archeological finds.
1938: The Palestine Post reported that Jewish buses were shot at in Haifa and there were various shooting incidents in Jerusalem.
1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that the losses due to drought in the Negev topped $3 million. The heavy rain came too late, and not a drop fell in the Migdal-Ashkelon-Safieh region, where the loss was over IL 10m.
1966: Abba Eban became the third Foreign Affairs Minister of Israel.
1974: One person died and five more were injured when Palestinian terrorists tried and failed to seize a hotel in Maalot.
2012: Israel’s Counter-Terrorism Bureau warned Israeli citizens today to stay away from Thailand’s capital, following the arrest of a Hezbollah militant suspected of planning a terrorist attack in the city
1966: The 6th Knesset “started with Levi Eshkol’s Alignment forming the 13th government today.
1966: Golda Meir completed her service as Foreign Minister. She was the second person to hold that post and the first women to hold it. It would be forty years before another woman would hold this post.
1966: Abba Eban completed his service as Deputy Prime Minister.
1994 – Moshe Becker of Rishon Le-Zion was stabbed to death by three Palestinian terrorist employees while working in his orchard. The Popular Front claimed responsibility for the murder.
1989 – Maccabi Tel-Aviv defeats the CSKA Red Army team 97-92 in a historic basketball game in Moscow.
2000 – Israel and Jordan renew bilateral trade agreement
Seven days of peace talks between Prime Minister Ehud Barak and Syrian Foreign Minister Farouk al-Shara in Shepherdstown, West Virginia close without any resolution.
Hayim Nahman Bialik, famed Zionist poet, is born in the village of Radi, near Zhitomir in Volhynia (Northwest Ukraine)
Rose Luria Halprin, who served twice as the national president of Hadassah, the Women’s Zionist Organization of America, passes away at the age of 83 in New York.
University of Haifa Professor Gershon Galil announces that he has deciphered an inscription from the time of King David’s reign in the 10th century BCE.
Jacob Toledano returns to the Land of Israel in early 1942 to take up his new post as Sephardi Chief Rabbi of Tel-Aviv and Jaffa.
The Mosul-Haifa pipeline, which spans 590 miles, connects the Mosul oil fields and the Mediterranean Sea. It begins in Kirkuk, Iraq and ends in Haifa.
On January 3, 1919, Emir Faisal, son of Sharif Husayn of Mecca, and Chaim Weizmann, Zionist diplomat and leader, signed the Faisal-Weizmann agreement, an agreement of mutualrespect and cooperation between Arabs and Jews in the Middle East.
Israeli commandos overtake a weapons ship, the Karine-A, and seize fifty tons of Iranian weapons, including a number of long-range rockets.
The Jewish community and Arab population in Safed (Tz’fat) was devastated by a massive earthquake, which resulted in a subsequent landslide. The mountain town, which had been the long-time home to a thriving Jewish population, suffered thousands of deaths. Almost the entire Jewish quarter of the city was destroyed along with most of the synagogues.