Today in Israeli History

June

1925: Sir Herbert Samuel the first Jewish British High Commissioner in Palestine attended a farewell reception in his honor at Hebrew University on Mount Scopus

1928: The Zionist Executive in Jerusalem intervened to prevent the deportation of four Jewish immigrants. Unfortunately, they were not able to keep the British from deporting their family members.

1936: As Arab violence escalated, The Palestine Post reported that heavy firing marked an Arab attack on Ekron

1945: Weizmann writes to Churchill expressing his sense of shock and betrayal over the Prime Minister’s decision to continue to restrict Jewish entrance to Palestine based on the White Paper of 1939.

1950: In Jerusalem, Israel turned over the British pilot of a Jordanian airliner that had been forced down when it flew across the Negev to members of the Arab Legion

1951: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israel had demanded that the UN Security Council should consider Egypt’s refusal to allow ships engaged in trade with Israel to pass through the Suez Canal

1952: The first housing project specifically for immigrants from the United States and Canada was launched today when ground was broken for ten houses a Kfar Haroeh, a village midway between Tel Aviv and Haifa.

1975: Three were killed and another five were injured when terrorists fired three rockets into Nahariya.

1976: The Jerusalem Post reported that in Washington the US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and Israeli Ambassador Simcha Dinitz concurred that Syria’s growing military involvement in Lebanon posed no immediate threat to Israel.

1994: Israel and the Vatican established full diplomatic relations.

2011: The new Israeli Ambassador to the United Nations, Ron Prosor, started work today, taking over for Meron Reuben, who had held the post on an interim basis since last year’s departure of Gabriella Shalev.

2013: Unidentified assailants broke into an IDF base in northern Israel this morning, injuring a soldier and stealing his rifle. The assailants managed to enter the Naftali base, near Golani Junction, after tying up the soldier on guard duty. They then ran away with his rifle.

2014: Four rockets were fired by Palestinians in the Gaza Strip at the southern city of Ashkelon.

2014: Palestinian gunmen opened fire at Israeli security personnel at a military checkpoint near the West Bank city of Bethlehem, south of Jerusalem, tonight.

1921:  During a debate on Palestine, Lord Winterton warned Churchill that once you begin to buy land for the purpose of settling Jewish cultivators you will find yourself up against the hereditary antipathy which exists all over world to the Jewish race.

1936: Birthdate of Avraham Shochat, the Tel Aviv native, who helped found the city Arad and has served as an MK and held several cabinet posts.

1936: The Palestine Post reported that once more the Jezreel Valley settlements of Kfar Yehezkel and Tel Yosef were singled out for concentrated Arab attacks.

1937: Chaim Weizmann wrote to Winston Churchill thanking him for the support he had given to Zionist cause by trying to convince Colonial Secretary William Ormsby-Gore that the Southern part of Palestine should not be incorporated into any future Arab state that would be set up in Palestine.

1950: An Israeli army spokesman denied Jordanian charges that Arabs who had infiltrated Israel had been mistreated while being returned across the frontier” to Jordan. 

1951: The Jerusalem Post reported that Mapai won eight of 11 seats in Migdal Gad’s first municipal council elections.

1967: A contingent of Mossad agents that had fanned out across the West Bank to meet with members of the Palestinian elite immediately following the Six Day War submitted their classified report to the head of Military Intelligence.

1976: The Jerusalem Post reported that Ephraim Katzir became the first president of Israel to be entertained at the Windsor Castle by Queen Elizabeth of England.

1982: Israeli tanks cut off Muslim West Beirut, trapping leaders of the PLO,

1985: TWA Flight 847 is hijacked by Hezbollah. 

1987: The annual International Israel Festival which began on May 18 is scheduled to come to an end today.

2009: A Kassam rocket fired by Gaza terrorists hit the Ashkelon Beach region this afternoon.

2010: Israeli superstar David Broza is scheduled to perform at Poisson Rouge in New York.

2011: President Shimon Peres visited the Negev Bedouin village of Hura today, praising the community as a prime example of Negev development.

2012: A Palestinian sniper in the southern Gaza Strip fired at an Israeli farmer working in a field near Kibbutz Nir Oz in the Eshkol Regional Council area today.

2013: U.S. Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel is scheduled to meet with Defense Minister Moshe Yaalon in Washington, DC.

2013: Representatives passed a defense authorization bill that would make it U.S. policy to take “all necessary steps” to ensure Israel is able to “remove existential threats,” among them nuclear facilities in Iran.

2014: Israeli officials today released for publication the identities of three Israeli youths who went missing near Hebron on the night of June 12th. The three are Gil-ad Shaar (16) from the settlement of Talmon, Naftali Frenkel (16), a dual Israeli-American citizen from Nof Ayalon near Modi’in, and Eyal Yifrach (19) from Elad, near Petah Tikva.

1898: Emile Zola published his open letter (J’accuse) in defense of Captain Alfred Dreyfus in Paris. This was part of the famous Dreyfus Affair that rocked French society for the better part of a decade at the turn of the last century and that gave rise to the Zionism of Theodore Herzl.

1920: The Ahdut Ha’Avoda Party convenes in Kinneret. It decides to establish the Haganah organization for a countrywide Jewish self-defense.

1924: Bnei Brak founded on the coastal plain east of Tel Aviv.

1948: Shear Yashuv Cohen, the future chief rabbi of Haifa arrived at a Jordanian prison camp after having fought in the failed defense of the Old City of Jerusalem.

1948: Romania and Finland recognize Israel

1951: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israel vigorously protested against the decision made by Lieut.-Gen. William Riley, UN Chief of Staff, who supported the Egyptian arguments against the opening of the Suez Canal to Israeli shipping.

1973: General Benjamin “Benny” Peled, the head of the Israeli Air Force, told Defense Minister Moshe Dayan that in the event of another war with the Arabs, a pre-emptive air strike would be critical to Israeli success.

1975: “A squad of” terrorists “belonging to the Arab Liberation Front” crossed into Israel from Lebanon apparently heading for the village of Kfar Yuval.

1978: The IDF withdraws from Lebanon after entering the country to root out PLO terrorists operating from this safe haven.

2003: St.-Sgt. Mordechai Sayada, 22, was shot to death in Jenin by a Palestinian sniper as his jeep patrol passed by. The Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

2006: On his first ever visit to China, the Sephardic Chief Rabbi of Israel called on the government to recognize Judaism as it has several other religions

2007: Vice Premier Shimon Peres is elected President of Israel by the Knesset.

2014: “About 20 masked Palestinians hurled stones at police forces at the Mughrabi Bridge at the end of Friday prayers on the Temple Mount.”

2014: “Three yeshiva students in their teens are believed to have been kidnapped in the West Bank, Israeli officials announced this afternoon.” U.S. Ambassador Daniel Shapiro was informed today that one of the three victims is an American whose name has not been disclosed.

1936: Two passengers were seriously wounded today when a bus headed for the “Jewish settlement at Attaroth, six miles north of Jerusalem,” was fired on by Arabs.

1936: Fourteen Jews were injured, five of them seriously, when a bomb was exploded in a coach as “a train that Haifa for Lydda was pulling out of Kalkilya.”

1951: An unnamed Israeli soldier was killed when he sought to stop Jordanian troops from crossing the border into Israel.

1961: Walworth Barbour presents his credentials as the United States Ambassador to Israel.

1967: First Israeli ship sailed through Gulf of Eilat after the Six Days War. It was the closure of the Gulf of Eilat and the blockade of the port of Eilat by the Egyptians in May that led to the June War.

1967: David Ben-Gurion “met with Jerusalem mayor Teddy Kollek in his Knesset office” today.

1970: Sixty-six year old Israeli political leader Yisrael Barzilai passed away.  Born in Poland in 1913, he made Aliyah in 1934.

2003: Avner Maimon, 51, of Netanya, was found shot to death in his car near Yabed in northern Samaria. The Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

2007: The Jerusalem Post reported that “Eighty three percent of Jewish Israelis are satisfied or extremely satisfied with their lives, according to the Central Bureau of Statistics annual Social Survey 2006.

2012: Knesset Speaker Reuven Rivlin said today that Israel has an obligation to remember the murder of more than a million Armenians at the hands of the Turks nearly a hundred years ago, but warned that the issue should not be turned into an attack on the Turkish government of today

2013: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said Israel sought a “historic compromise” with the Palestinians to end the conflict “once and for all” and was ready to enter negotiations “without preconditions, without delay.”

2014: David Blatt stepped down as coach of European club champion Maccabi Tel Aviv today, saying he wanted to pursue his dream of coaching in the NBA.

2015: Today, “a Gaza Strip-based Salafi group affiliated with the Islamic State claimed responsibility for a rocket launched at Israel” yesterday evening.

2016: “A woman and her infant child were attacked” today “by an Arab man in the Jerusalem neighborhood of French Hill.”

2017: It was reported today that “the sensitive intelligence that US President Donald Trump controversially revealed to the Russians was gathered by an Israeli cyber warfare unit that penetrated an Islamic State group bomb-making cell.

1898: Seventy four year old Rabbi Samuel Mohilewer who was an early Zionist leader and proponent of the founding of the Jewish Colonial Bank passed away today leaving a legacy that included his Joseph who was also a Zionist and the rabbi at Bialystok

1899: Captain Alfred Dreyfus left French Guiana today on board the French cruiser Sfax.

1911: Birthdate of Hans Herzl, son of Theodor Herzl.

1936: The Palestine Post reported that two Arabs died and 26 Arabs and Armenians were injured by a bomb which exploded inside the Jaffa Gate on June 8.

1948: Syrian forces over-ran Mishmar Ha-Yarden a Jewish settlement on the west bank of the Jordan River.  The Syrians had every advantage including control of the air, tanks and a full array of artillery.  Realizing the desperate nature of their situation, the Jewish settlers sent the women and children away. 

1967: As of today, Syria had lost approximately 100 combat aircraft.

1967: At 6:30 p.m. a cease-fire went into effect on the Golan Heights effectively ending the Six Day War. There was no Arab military force that could have kept the Israelis from taking Cairo, Damascus or Amman. But as Yitzchak Rabin pointed out, the Israelis had not gone to war to seize territory.

1976: The Jerusalem Post reported that the Knesset approved the Ben-Gurion Memorial Bill on its first reading. The memorial covered Ben-Gurion’s home in Tel Aviv, the Institute for the Legacy of Ben-Gurion at Kibbutz Sde Boker and the Desert Institute in the Negev.

1982: Units of the Golani Brigad and the Barak Armored Brigade finished the fighting that resulted in the capture of two villages on the outskirts of Beirut.

2002: President Bush welcomed Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon to the White House.

2004: Javier Solana, High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP), stated today, “I welcome the Israeli Prime Minister’s proposals for disengagement from Gaza. This represents an opportunity to restart the implementation of the Road Map, as endorsed by the UN Security Council.”

2009: An American white supremacist opened fire at the US Holocaust Memorial Museum today killing a security guard before being shot himself, according to initial reports.

2010: Israeli writer and peace activist David Grossman has been named winner of the 2010 Peace Prize by the German association of publishers and booksellers.

2011: Police entered a sensitive Jerusalem holy site to disperse Palestinian protesters who were hurling stones today.

2012: Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu spoke at the annual Altalena memorial today about two principles enshrined by Menachem Begin: the supremacy of the rule of law and no civil war under any circumstance.

2014: Today, the Knesset chose year 74 year old Reuven Rivlin to become President.

1856: Birthdate of A.D Gordon, the founder of Hapoel Hatzair.

1937: Chaim Weizmann gave an account of his dinner of the previous night where he had dined with Winston Churchill and other Zionist supporters in Parliament to a number of leading Zionists then visiting London including David Ben-Gurion

1945: Prime Minister Winston Churchill rejects a written request by Chaim Weizmann for an end to all restrictions on Jewish entry into Palestine now that the war with Germany is over saying “There can I fear be no possibility of the question being effectively considered until the victorious Allies are definitely seated at the Peace table.”

1948: The INS Wedgewood was commissioned today.  A Flower class corvette, it was named after Josiah Wedgewood.

1948: INS HaTikvah was commissioned today.

1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that banknotes issued in 1948 by the Anglo-Palestine bank as Israel’s legal tender had to be exchanged for new notes, in different colors, issued by Bank Leumi L’Israel.

1953: A day after Israel and Jordan signed an agreement, with UN mediation, in which Jordan undertook to prevent terrorists from crossing into Israel from Jordanian territory” gunmen attacked a farming community near Lod, by throwing hand grenades and spraying gunfire in all directions killed one of the residents.

1967: Defense Minister Moshe Dayan told Chief of Staff Yitzchak Rabin that the IDF would take the Golan Heights after all. Rabin began moving forces from the Central Command to the North. The fighting was tough as the IDF advanced against the well-fortified Syrian positions

1977: President Gerald Ford received the first annual Yonatan Netanyahu Memorial Award.

1982: Today, the IAF launch “Operation Mole Cricket 19” an air campaign designed to suppress Syrian air defenses in Lebanon’s Beqaa Valley.

1999: Haaretz reported that Israel and the U.S. are both demanding the immediate release of 13 Jews arrested in Iran on charges of espionage, saying the charges are trumped-up and may be motivated by anti-Semitism.

2009: U.S. special Mideast envoy George Mitchell assured Israel today that Washington would remain its close ally despite differences over West Bank settlements and peacemaking with the Palestinians. Mitchell said the U.S. commitment to Israeli security is unshakable.

2013: Several months before the 1973 Yom Kippur War, then-Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir used West German diplomatic channels to offer Egypt most of the Sinai Peninsula in exchange for peace, according to documents released today by the state archives.

2014: “The Knesset authorized in second and third reading today a bill which allocated some one billion shekel to holocaust survivors. The bill was sponsored by Finance Minister Yair Lapid and Welfare Minister Meir Cohen and is the legal cornerstone of a national program to aid survivors.”

1903: The Sixth Annual Convention of the Federation of American Zionists continued today at Central Turners’ Hall in Pittsburgh.

1917: Pope Benedict received Nahum Sokolow, “a member of the Zionist Executive Committee in a special audience” and declared “himself in sympathy with Zionist aims in Palestine.”

1936: In Jerusalem, the Jewish community joins in the celebration of King George’s birthday. 

1936: “Nazi pamphlets printed in Arabic distributed in Acre…blamed the British government for ‘favoring’ the Jews.

1948:  During The War of Independence, David Ben-Gurion orders his military leaders to attack the fortress at Latrun for a third time.

1948: Mordechai “Modi” Alon took off from the new airstrip at Herzliya leading Gideon Lichtman on his first combat mission for the IAF during the War for Independence.

1954: Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel founded

1967: President Nasser of Egypt accepted the cease-fire ordered by the Security Council. This came too late to save the Egyptian military.  In a change of plan, Dyan had already given orders for the Israeli forces to push on to the Suez Canal. The Egyptians continued to fight and in the end would leave 15,000 dead in the Sinai.  There was still no agreement among the Israelis as to how to deal with Syria, whose provocative, bellicose behavior had helped to feed the flames of war.

1987: Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir and Foreign Minister Shimon Peres agreed today to appoint a career diplomat, Moshe Arad, as Israel’s next ambassador to Washington.

1992: In Paris, Atef Bseiso, the head of PLO Intelligence was killed by two unidentified gunman.

2000: Joshua Myron, one of the last of the camel-mounted Zionist brigade that fought with Vladimir Jabotinsky against Turkey in Palestine during World War I, passed away today  in Manhattan at the age of 102.

2008: An 18-year-old Palestinian was arrested at the Hawara checkpoint near Nablus after military police on duty discovered he was carrying six pipe bombs, an ammunition cartridge and bullets, and a bag of what appeared to be gunpowder.

2009: Israel Defense Forces soldiers early today killed at least four Palestinian militants who were trying to cross into Israel from the Gaza Strip.

2010: President Shimon Peres, in South Korea to boost economic ties today.

2012: In a tragic reminder of the high price that Israel continues to pay for its vary survival Corporal Dor Gan died tragically today in roll-over accident while patrolling on the Golan Heights.

2013: Police evacuated ten homes in the village of Roglit as brush fires raged near Beith Shemesh today

2014: President Shimon Peres issued a prayer for a lasting Israeli-Palestinian peace at the Vatican today, alongside Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas and Pope Francis.

2014: Today, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu praised Australia’s announcement that it would no longer use the term East Jerusalem because it was “judgmental language”.

2015: The IDF deployed an Iron Dome anti-missile battery beside the southern Israeli city of Beersheba today, after multiple rocket salvos were launched at Israel from the Gaza Strip over the past few weeks.

2016: “Four people were kill and three were seriously injured  this evening in a shooting at Sarona Market, a popular out shopping center in Tel Aviv.

1919: Conditions of Jews in the Palestine cities of Safed, Tiberias and Kfra Saba are described as bad. The death rate is appalling. Thousands of Jews are starving.

1936: “A large Jewish-owned timber depot in the heart of Jerusalem was set afire by Arabs tonight and the flames spread to several nearby stores. 

1937: The Palestine Post reported that the London Evening Standard protested editorially against the long delay in the publication of the report of the Royal (Peel) Commission on Palestine, while all sectors of the Palestine population “waited for a real peace.”

1939: “Another ship attempting to land 260 illegal (Jewish) immigrants north of Haifa was captured today. 

1953: A youngster was killed and three others were wounded, in a shooting attacks on residential areas in southern Jerusalem.

1961: Holocaust survivors provided shocking testimony at today’s session of the trial of Adolf Eichmann.

1967: Israel captured the Old City of Jerusalem uniting the city for the first time since the establishment of the state. On June 7, 1967 at 10:15, with the radio confirmation, “The Temple Mount is in our hands,” the Israeli flag was raised above the Western wall.

1967: “David Rubinger, an Austrian-born photojournalist, chronicled the birth of the modern state of Israel, its leaders, its triumphs” took the iconic photo, of the Israeli paratroopers Zion Karasanti, Yitzhak Yifat and Haim Oshri at the Western Wall today.

1967:  Israeli forces captured Jericho, Bethlehem, Sharm-el-Sheikh, and lifted the blockade of the Gulf of Eilat. The entire Jordanian bulge on the western bank of the Jordan came under Israeli control. Hostilities between Israel and Jordan came to an end upon their acceptance of the cease-fire demanded by the Security Council of the U.N., 1967.

1967: On the third day of fighting, the IAF destroyed hundreds of Egyptian vehicles trying to flee across the Sinai in convoys and trapped thousands more in narrow Sinai passes.

1967: By the end of the third day Jordan’s air force of 34 combat aircraft had essentially ceased to exist and the Jordanian military was no longer in the fight.

1967: A successful joint attack by armor units and elements of the Golani led to the capture of Nablus this afternoon.

1977: The Jerusalem Post reported that according to Aviation Week Israel was having second thoughts about buying the American F-16 fighter, and planned to design its own fighter plane.

1981: The Israeli air force attacks and destroys the Iraq nuclear reactor at Osiriq. Both the United States and leaders in the Israeli opposition condemned Menachem Begin. After Operation Desert storm the American State department belatedly praised his actions, admitting it had saved countless lives.

2002: Seven soldiers were buried today at the Hadera military cemetery today.  They were part of a group of 17 Israelis, including 13 soldiers who were killed when a stolen car packed with explosives pulled alongside a public bus and exploded near the northern town of Megiddo.

2010: Shahar Pe’er, an Israeli professional tennis player, was ranked Number Fourteen today which was her career-high rating as a single’s player.

2010: Navy commandoes foiled a major terrorist attack from the Gaza coast shortly before dawn today morning, and the Air Force strafed a rocket launching cell.

2011: U.S. President Barack Obama said today he and German Chancellor Angela Merkel agreed that any Palestinian effort to seek UN recognition for statehood should be avoided

2013: Yediot Aharonot reported today that the US recently conducted a test of its bunker buster bomb, destroy a replica of an underground nuclear facility in an effort to show Israel and other ally states that it is capable of striking Iran’s nuclear plants.

2014: Today, Pope Francis entreated social media followers to pray for Middle East peace just one day before the Presidents of Israel and the PA are to visit the Vatican and join the Pontiff in a special prayer for peace.

2015: Israeli jets struck target in the Gaza Strip early this morning “hours after rocket from the coastal Palestinian territory exploded in southern Israel.

1937: The Palestine Post reported that a mass meeting was held at the Tel Aviv’s Mograbi building during which the participants vowed active support for the beleaguered Polish Jewry.

1939: The Jewish city of Tel Aviv was virtually cut off from the outside world today when, by order of the British military commander of the Southern District, all Jewish motor traffic into or out of the city was prohibited until tomorrow night. Only medical and milk transportation is permitted.

1948: The IAF completed its move to a new base in Herzlia

1950: Mrs. Martha Sharp left New York tonight by plane to visit “her 20,000 children” in Israel. “These thousands of Israeli boys and girls are Mrs. Sharp’s charges by long-range adoption since she is a founder and national vice chairman of Children to Palestine, Inc., an American organization that is bringing them out of starved and fear-ridden backgrounds to a new life in a new land.

1952: The Jerusalem Post reported on the ground- breaking ceremony for the projected $10 million Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical School on the bare Judean hills, west of Ein Kerem.

1967: This marked the second day of Israel’s Six Day War. Now that the Israelis had control of the skies, their armor and infantry could begin advancing against the numerically larger Arab armies.

1967: Defense Minister Moshe Dayan still refused to allow any military action to be taken along the Golan Heights.  With fighting raging in the Sinai to the South, he did not need additional military worries.

1967: “The Egyptian armored forces collapse. Ariel Sharon’s division later joins an armored brigade making its way to the Egyptian posts at Tamed and Nakhl.

1981: Final plans were completed for “Operation Opera” the Israel attack on an Iraqi nuclear reactor that Iran had tried and failed to destroy.

1982: Israeli troops enter Lebanon to drive out PLO.  The PLO had established itself as a “state within a state.”  The government of Lebanon was incapable or unwilling to put an end to this source of terror so the Israelis acted accordingly.

1982: Members of the famous Golani Brigade attacked Beaufort Castle which was held by the PLO.

2001: An Arab suicide bomber massacred 21 young Jewish teenagers and injured a hundred more outside a Tel Aviv discotheque.

2004: Prime Minister Ariel Sharon’s government approved an amended plan for disengagement form Gaza.

2011: Israeli military officials disputed today the casualty figures announced by Syria a day earlier, after Israeli forces fired on protesters who had tried to breach the Syrian frontier with the Israeli-held Golan Heights, the discrepancy in numbers underlining the messages being conveyed by both sides.

2012: Defense Minister Ehud Barak acknowledged Israel’s offensive cyberspace operations for the first time

1948: American pilot Stan Andrews began serving with the Israeli Air Force today.

1948: Israeli armed forces captured Yavneh.

1967: Operation Focus (Mivtza Moked) began at 07:45

1967: Mordechai “Hod took a calculated risk by committing all but 12 of his combat aircraft to the pre-emptive strike. At 7.10 am, he dispatched a first wave of 183 aircraft and, soon after, a second wave of 164

1967: War broke out between Israel and the Arab nations.   This day marks the first of six of the most momentous days in Jewish history.  In May of 1967, Egypt ordered the U.N. peacekeeping force out of the Sinai and sent Egyptian forces into the Sinai Peninsula.

1967: The Israeli army captured the city of Gaza. Gaza had been occupied by the Egyptians since 1948 and was a base for terrorists.  

1967: The U.N. Security Council unanimously ordered a cease-fire in the Middle East War.

1967: At 22:30, Ariel Sharon orders the artillery to begin shelling the Egyptian forces in Um-Katef and Um-Shihan. The targets are illuminated with enormous searchlights, and within twenty minutes 6,000 shells land on the Egyptian forces.

1967: A line of Sherman M-50 tanks and trucks full of soldiers rode towards East Jerusalem to confront the Jordanians

1975: The Suez Canal opened for the first time since the Six Day War of 1967.

1975: Terrorist attacked a bus in Jerusalem using grenades

1982: Israel launched Operation Peace for Galilee against the PLO and other hostile forces after the assassination attempt on the life of Shlomo Argov, Israel’s ambassador to the United Kingdom.

1986: Two people were injured during a bombing at supermarket in Jerusalem.

2002: Of the 17 Israelis who were killed this morning when a stolen car packed with explosives pulled alongside a public bus and exploded near the northern town of Megiddo, 13 were soldiers, most of them conscripts. Seven were buried today at the Hadera military cemetery.

2003: The bodies of David Shambik, 26, and Moran Menachem, 17, both of Jerusalem, were found near Hadassah Ein Karem Hospital in Jerusalem, brutally beaten and stabbed to death.

2010: An Egyptian appeals court today upheld a ruling that orders the country’s Interior Ministry to strip the citizenship from Egyptians married to Israeli women.

2011: Two Palestinian teenagers were indicted in the murder of five members of the Fogel family from the West Bank settlement of Itamar.

2014: The International Olympic Committee today confirmed a reported that it will contributed $250,000 toward a memorial for the 11 Israeli athletes and officials who were murdered by Palestinian terrorist at the Munich Olympics in 1972.

2017: The US Senate unanimously passed a resolution today that commemorates the 50th anniversary of the reunification of Jerusalem.

1947: “The Jewish Agency for Palestine appealed today to the United Nations committee of inquiry into Palestine to recommend the establishment of a Zionist state” while also asking that General Assembly remove “British restrictions on Jewish immigration and land settlement immediately.”

1948: The infant IAF began moving its units away from the front line toward a more secure base at Herzlia.

1949: Golda Myerson, the Israeli Minister of Labor, Social Insurance and Housing arrived in New York today “where she emphasized the critical housing shortage in Israel” and “asserted that 160,000 housing units were needed immediately to take care of the heavy influx of immigrants.”

1952: The Jerusalem Post reported from London that West Germany had tentatively offered to negotiate with Israel a reparations offer, totaling approximately $585 million, on the basis of 10 annual payments.

1967: As war clouds gathered over Israel, General Mordecai “Mottie” Hod “briefed his wing commanders.

1967:  For seven hours Israel’s National Unity Cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Levi Eshkol met to hear a review of the military options presented by Moshe Dayan as well as an update by intelligence sources on the situation in the Egyptian military command.  Egyptian generals were pressuring Nasser to let them strike the first blow. 

1981: Begin and Sadat held a summit meeting at Sharm El Sheikh two days before the scheduled of the Iraqi nuclear reactor – a fact known to Begin but not Sadat.

1982:  In attempt to dislodge the PLO from its bases, Israel attacked targets in south Lebanon.

2009: The Israeli government praised U.S. President Barack Obama’s speech to the Muslim world today, saying it shared his hopes for Middle East peace, but stressed that Israel’s security interests remained paramount.

2013: IDF Chief of Staff Lt.-Gen. Benny Gantz has ordered a major reduction in the employment of external advisers, and cancelled all non-operational trips of IDF delegations to militaries abroad today.

2014: The Iron Dome system fired interceptors as at least two mortars were fired from Syria into the Golan Heights.

1904: Herzl leaves for Edlach, Austria accompanied by his wife and his fellow Zionist Yona Kremenetzky.

1936: As the Arab uprising continues, David Vardi, a 27 year old owner of an orange packing house nearRishon Litzion and Israel Arger, a 31 year old workman, were seriously wounded today when two Arabs who were old friends of theirs shot them in the packing house.

1948: In a modern version of David versus Goliath, Modi Alon flew Israel’s one serviceable fighter aircraft across the Tel Aviv skies and attacked four Egyptian aircraft that were set to bomb the city.  Alon shot down the two bombers and forced their fighter escorts to flee.

1960: Four newly deciphered letters of Bar Kochba describing organizational challenges faced by the leader of the revolt against the Roman Empire were presented in a lecture given today by Professor Yigal Yadin today at Hebrew University.

1964: After a week of matches, Israel won the 1964 AFC Asian Cup.

1974: Yitzhak Rabin, the first native-born Israeli (Sabra) to become prime minister of Israel, assumed office.

1977: The Jerusalem Post reported that the Israeli Kfir multi-mission combat aircraft was one of the leading stars at the Le Bourget aircraft mart in Paris.

1979: Three people were injured when a bomb went off at a bookstore in Jerusalem.

1982: The Israeli ambassador to Britain, Shlomo Argov, was shot on a London street. The failed assassination attempt was under the command of Fatah leader Abu Nidal. Argov survived but was permanently paralyzed.

1982: Israeli planes attack Palestinian camps in Lebanon after Fatah attempted to murder Ambassador Argov in London.

2001: Twenty-five year old Jan Bloom from Ramat Gan succumbed to the wounds she sustained when a suicide bomber exploded a bomb two days earlier at the Dolphinarim.

2012: Early this morning, IAF jets attacked three weapons manufacturing facilities in the central Gaza Strip and two tunnels that the Israel Defense Forces say are used to commit terrorist acts against Israeli military patrols in the area.

2013: Syria will not get S-300 missiles from Russia until 2014, Defense Minister Moshe Ya’alon told the Knesset Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee today.

2014: A group of Palestinians clashed this morning with security forces and threw rocks at Israeli cars near the Tapuah Junction resulting in at least 2 Israeli civilians being injured by their rocks.

2015: The first anniversary of the deaths of Naftali Fraenkel, Gil-ad Shaer and Eyal Yifrach, the Israeli teenagers kidnapped and killed by Palestinian terrorists last summer, was marked today with a Unity Day

2015: As the Red Alert siren was sounded in places that included the Ashkelon and Netivot areas, two rockets from Gaza exploded in the Sdot Negev region. There were no physical injuries or damages.

2017: Today, “Israeli security forces stood guard during a protest of Ultra Orthodox Jews protesting against businesses that operate on Saturdays and recruitment of the ultra-Orthodox to the army, outside the Mea Shearim neighborhood in Jerusalem.”

2018: Famed Israeli singer Shiri Maimon is scheduled to perform in Times Square this evening as of an event celebrating Israel’s 70th Anniversary.

 

1932: Simcha Gutman a Hebrew poet and novelist who wrote under the pen name Ben Zion passed away at the age of 62

1948: An Israeli attack on Egyptian positions at Ashdod marked the turning point in the war between Israel and Egypt.

1948: Birthdate of Roni Bar-On, the Tel Aviv native who served as a Lieutenant Colonel in the IDF before pursuing a political career that included service as an MK and cabinet minister

1961: Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion, “accompanied by his Private Secretary, Yitzhak Navon (later President of Israel) and the Israeli Ambassador to London, Aruthur Lourie” meet with Winston Churchill in London. 

1974: Abba Eban completes his service Foreign Minister.

1977: The Jerusalem Post reported from Washington that the US and Israel fundamentally disagreed over the Arab willingness to live in peace with a secure Israel. US officials believed that Arabs were ready to accept Israel within the pre-1967 borders, but Israeli leaders doubted Arab moderation.

1982: Yad Vashem recognized Jan Karski as Righteous Among the Nations. A tree bearing a memorial plaque in his name was planted at Yad Vashem’s Avenue of the Righteous Among the Nations in Jerusalem

2000: A month before President Clinton issued the formal invitation to Ehud Barak and Yasar Arafat to come to peace talks at Camp David, Jews observe Yom Yerushalyim

2001: Fifteen year old Yael-Yulia Sklianik of Holon and 20 year old Sergei Panchenko from the Ukraine died today of the wounds sustained when a suicide bomber attacked the Dolphinarium.

2009: A gunman killed one person, seriously wounded a second and said he tried to hit a third in an apparent shooting spree in central Jerusalem early this morning, police said.

2009: A rising and falling siren sounded this morning at 11 A.M. for a minute and a half as part of this year’s Home Front Command national exercise, with all citizens encouraged to practice entering their protected rooms.

2011: Israel has deployed an Iron Dome rocket interceptor outside Sderot, a Gaza border town that has borne the brunt of Palestinian shelling attacks, posing a new test for the fledgling system underwritten by Washington.

2014: Israel fired artillery shells at a target in Syria early this morning after a mortar shell from the war-torn country hit Mount Hermon, opening a second front hours after returning fire into Gaza.

2014: Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas swore in the ministers of a new unity government” which he hailed as ending the split with Hamas which is part of this reconciliation government, a fact denied by the United States which says that it can negotiatie with the PA because members of Hamas are not ministers in the new cabinet.

2016: In Israel, “the Energy Ministry confirmed that the Leviathan offshore field has 20 per cent less gas than previously reported saying that there were 500 billion cubic meters of gas in the reserve and not 620 billion cubic meters.

1936: Arab snipers fired on Jewish motor vehicles in Palestine including two buses outside of Jerusalem which one Jew dead and two more wounded.

1937: Birthdate of Yisrael Meir Lau, the Polish born rabbi whose father died at Treblinka, who became the Chairman of Yad Vashem and Chief Rabbi of Tel Aviv.

1948: The Arab states and Israel agreed to a cease-fire. After two weeks of fighting, the Arabs realized that pushing the Jews into the sea would not be such an easy matter after all. 

1967: In response to the mounting tensions and popular demand, Prime Minister Levi Eshkol forms a government of national unity with membership from the total spectrum of Israeli political

1981: Naim Khader, the PLO representative in Belgium, was assassinated in Brussels.

1987: Meir Rosenne ends his term as Israeli Ambassador to Washington.

2001: Twenty-one Israelis were killed and another 132 were injured, most of whom were high school students when a suicide bomber blew himself up in Tel Aviv at the Dolphinarium.

2005: Moshe “Bogie” Ya’alon completed his term as Chief of Staff of the IDF.

2005: Dan Halutz “was officially appointed the eighteenth Chief of Staff of the Israel Defense Forces

2007: On the same day when three more Kassam rockets struck Israel, the IAF killed a member of an Islamic Jihad Kassam cell in an air strike.

2008: Yosef (Tommy) Lapid passed away at the age of 76.  Born in Yugoslavia in 1931, Lapid and his mother (his father died in the Holocaust) made Aliyah in 1948 where he became a successful journalist and political leader.

2009: Israeli Defense Minister Ehud Barak began a round of meetings with top U.S. officials.

2010: An Islamic militant group in the Gaza Strip said three of its members had been killed in an Israeli airstrike in northern Gaza.

2011: The American Jewish Committee lauded the Obama administration today for its decision not to take part in the upcoming United Nations’ Commemoration of the Durban World Conference Against Racism, set to take place in September in New York.

2012: Twenty-one year old Golani Staff-Sergeant Netanel Moshiashvil, from Ashkelon, was killed today while stopping a terrorist infiltrator attempting to cross into Israel from Gaza.

2013: Eilat residents were slightly unsettled this afternoon as a mild earthquake shook the southern city’s streets and buildings. There were no reports of injury or serious damage

2014: Palestinians in Gaza fired a rocket early this morning at the Eshkol region in southern Israel.

2014: European Jewish leaders on Sunday praised the arrest of a suspect in the Brussels Jewish Museum attack and called for preemptive measures to protect Europe’s Jewish communities from additional attacks.

2015: Israel accused the United Nations of granting “UN non-governmental organization status” to an association linked to militant Palestinian group Hamas

2017: “The Israel Festival, an annual three-week Jerusalem-based celebration of local and international music, dance, theater and performance art” is scheduled to begin today.

2017: 2 men tied to Hezbollah” – Samuel El Debek and Ali Kourani – who had been plotting attacks against Americans and Israelis in the US and Panama were arrested today.