Today in Israeli History

March

1894: “For the Jews in Palestine” published today described the appeal made by Abraham Neurmak, the rabbi at New York’s Orach Chaim to provide aid for those living in Eretz Israel.

1925: The town of Afula was founded in the Jezreel Valley. Afula means The Town of Jezreel and it was started with the support of the American Zion Commonwealth.

1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israel had become the ninth nation to ratify the agreement to eliminate trade barriers on the import of educational, scientific or cultural materials, sponsored by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

1954: As tensions grew between Jordan and Israel due to the attacks by terrorists based in Jordan, the British cabinet discussed military options for responding to a possible strike by Israel into Jordan.

1977: The Jerusalem Post reported that West Germany protested to Israel that it had not been told for more than a year of the arrest of two young West Germans, Brigitte Schultz and Thomas Reuter, who planned, on January 18, 1976, to shoot down an El Al plane in Nairobi. Five terrorists were arrested by Kenya: two Germans and three Arabs.

1993: With Israel reeling from its worst wave of Arab violence in years, including the shooting deaths of two policemen this morning, the Government indefinitely closed the West Bank and Gaza Strip today.

2002: Fourteen “people were killed and over 40 injured in a suicide bombing in Haifa.


March 301897: Colonel Goldsmid asks Herzl to stay away from the Zionist Congress in order to prevent a split in the ranks of the Hovevei Zion.

1903: As part of negotiations to secure land for a Jewish homeland, Carton de Wiart talked to a lawyer with the Egyptian government who recommends that the concession should be in the form of a lease, not a freehold. Herzl demands a 99-year lease

1921: Churchill visits Tel Aviv where he delivers a speech praising what the Jews have accomplished in the last twelve years since the city was first founded.

1948: Because no supply convoys have reach Jerusalem from the Tel Aviv area with commodities since March 24 because of attacks by Arab troops, there has been a “growing shortage of fresh food for the Jewish inhabitants of the city resulting in the “introduction” today “of bread rationing and the restricting of the amount of butter given to children.

1949: Yigal Yadin and Walter Eytan returned to King Abdullah’s villa at Shuneh to try and reach final armistice terms with the Jordanians.

1958: Syrian forces attack Israelis at Lake Hula.

1976: Israeli Arabs hold their first Land Day which was public held a protest strike against the expropriation of lands in the Galilee “for purposes of security and settlement.”

1994: The two terrorists who attacked Yitzhak Rothenberg, age 70, of Petah Tikva with axes yesterday were arrested today.

2002: Al Aqsa terrorists took credit for today’s bombing of an Allenby Street coffee shop in Tel Aviv.

2003: A suicide bombing in the pedestrian mall entrance of a cafe in Netanya wounded more than 40 people

2006: Three Israelis were killed when a Palestinian suicide bomber detonated explosives in a car after nightfall

2011: “Israel Air Force jets struck a group of Palestinian terrorists in southern Gaza, killing one gunman and wounding another as they rode a motorcycle.


1890: Birthdate of daughter Pauline Herzl, daughter of Theodor Herzl who passed away in 1930.

1903: Herzl meets with the Belgian born barrister Leon Constant Ghislain Carton de Wiart now living in Egypt. Herzl tells him that “We will give up the word ‘Charter’ but not the thing itself.”

1917: “Hadassah…announced” today “that $30,000 has been raised for a medical until which it” will “establish in Palestine at the earliest possible moment to combat typhus and other plagues now reported to be prevalent in that country.”

1921: Winston Churchill, British Colonial Secretary, is greeted by 10,000 Jews on Mt. Scopus in Palestine. Both the Chief Sephardic and Ashkenazic Rabbis were in attendance. They gave him a Sefer Torah. Churchill planted a tree on the future site of Hebrew University and spoke in support of the Zionist endeavors in Palestine.

1947: “A ship carrying 1,600 Jewish unauthorized refugees was intercepted tonight off the northern coast of Palestine by the Royal Navy.” The ship which was known as the Patria or Moledeth was taken to the harbor at Haifa.

1949: In a meeting with Zionist leaders in New York, former Prime Minister Winston Churchill offers assurance that his commitment to the Jewish state is as solid as it has ever been.

1950: The United Nations Conciliation Commission for Palestine issues a memorandum designed to “meet the Israeli demands for direct negotiations and the Arab desire that the commission act as mediator.”

2000: Israel’s high court orders that about 700 Palestinians be allowed to return to their traditional homes in caves in the southern West Bank.

2002: Rachel Levy, 17, and Haim Smadar, 55, the security guard, both of Jerusalem, were killed and 28 people were injured, two seriously, when a female suicide bomber blew herself up in the Kiryat Yovel supermarket in Jerusalem.


1896: Herzl took part in the Seder of the Zionist student association “Unitas”.

1917: As the British forces advanced in Palestine, the Jews of Tel Aviv and Jaffa were expelled by the Turks

1921: In Jerusalem, Churchill met with Abdullah ruler of Transjordan who sought to have an Arab Emir (himself) appointed to rule Palestine saying that this was the best way to avoid violence between Arabs and Jews.

1947: Lt. Gen Sir Alan G. Cunningham, High Commissioner for Palestine and LT. Gen. G.H. Macmillan, commander of the British troops in Palestine, left London for Palestine this morning after having conferred with Prime Minister Atlee on a new “get tough” policy for Palestine.

1948: This afternoon “250 Arabs” armed “with two-inch mortars and light machine guns…ambushed a convoy of five trucks and an armored car killing 45 Jews “at Kabriri, a village East of Nahariya.

1975: Two bus bombing in Jerusalem resulted in 13 casualties

2002: “Rachel and David Gavish, 50, their son Avraham Gavish, 20, and Rachel’s father Yitzhak Kanner, 83, were killed when a terrorist infiltrated the community of Elon Moreh in Samaria, entered their home and opened fire on its inhabitants. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.”

2008: Three Kassam rockets were fired at Israel from the northern Gaza Strip, one of them hitting the outer wall of a preschool


1900: Herzl had a meeting with Prime Minister Ernest von Koerber about sanctioning the Viennese electoral reform.

1903: The Zionist Commission met Herzl in Cairo.

1921: During his fact finding visit to Palestine, Winston Churchill went to the British Military Cemetery on the Mount of Olives to attend a service of dedication honoring the sacrifice of Allied soldiers who had fought against the Turks.

1938: Miss Henrietta Szold, 77-year-old founder of Hadassah, the Woman’s Zionist Organization of America sent a cable from Jerusalem to Hadassah headquarters in New York describing her efforts to arrange for the transfer of Jewish children from Austria to Palestine.

1950: After having been “rebuffed” by Levi Eshkol, the Treasurer of the Jewish Agency, Shlomo Hillel, “one of the Israeli organizers of the Iraqi Jewish emigration” “went to see Israeli Prime Minister David Ben Gurion who was totally supportive of the mass emigration from Iraq.

1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that at The Hague the German delegation to the Reparations Conference expressed surprise at the extent of the Jewish request of the sum of $500 million, to be paid within five years.

1979: One person was killed and 14 were injured during a terrorist bombing in downtown Tel Aviv.

1998: After meeting with Israeli Defense Minister  Yitzhak Mordechai in the U.S. today U.S. Defense Secretary William Cohen indicated that Washington has agreed to expand the joint Arrow anti-missile project and provide $45 million in funding for a third battery of missiles for Israel.

2001: Islamic Jihad took credit for a bombing in the Talipot industrial zone in which 7 people were injured.

2001: Hamas took credit for the bombing an Egged bus at French Hill in which 28 were injured in Jerusalem.

2002: A suicide bomber killed 29 Israelis during a Passover Seder in Netanya, Israel.


March 26

1896: The “Sion” society in Sofia adopted an enthusiastic resolution proclaiming Herzl as their leader.

1925: Lord Balfour visited Rishon L”Zion where he said “he rejoiced at this opportunity to visit the oldest Jewish settlement in Palestine.

1931: Arab leaders in Palestine urged Moslems not to participate in the celebration Meir Dizengoff’s seventieth birthday. Dizengoff is the Mayor of Tel Aviv.

1946: “Phineas Horowitz, veteran Zionist leader, and vice-president of the British Zionist Federation, passed away today in London.”

1948: “Alleging that the Arabs intended to try to seize Jerusalem after the British withdrawal, spokesman for the Jewish Agency for Palestine confirmed today that the Agency had proposed that 10,000 Norwegian and Danish troops be brought from Germany to maintain order in the city.

1979: Prime Minister Menachem Begin of Israel and President Anwar Sadat signed a peace treaty at the White House. This historic event ended three decades of fighting including three major wars.

1987: U.S. President Jimmy Carter visited Jerusalem. Former Prime Minister Begin who has been living in virtual seclusion for years declined Carter’s request for a meeting.

2000: Pope John Paul II ended his trip to Israel by visiting the Western Wall and, in keeping with a centuries-old tradition left a message in one of its cracks.

2008: Two people were lightly wounded and nine were in shock after Palestinians fired a volley of Kassam rockets at Sderot

2014: The Israeli Navy fired on two Palestinian boats this morning and a third one tonight that were thought to be involved in smuggling operations between Egypt and Gaza.


1902: Herzl is informed that the Sultan studied his plan. Herzl is asked what plans he has for the regulation of the Turkish debts under more favorable conditions than those submitted by the French.

1903: Herzl met Lord Cromer and Boutros Ghali in Cairo.

1903: The Zionist Commission led by Leopold Kessler and including Selig Soskin, Dr. Hillel Yaffe, and Colonel Albert Goldsmid returned to Suez.

1921: Arab demonstrations begin in Haifa protesting Jewish immigration.

1925: On a visit to Palestine, Lord Balfour of Balfour Declaration Fame, who is still a supporter of the Zionist cause, drives from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem stopping to visit with Jewish settlers and Arab Sheiks, “who told him they lived quite happily in proximity with their Jewish neighbors.”

1937: The Palestine Post reported that Petah Tikva had become Palestine’s second purely Jewish town and had been granted municipal status.

1946: “A shipload of illegal immigrant arrived” off the coast of Tel Aviv tonight. Several of the immigrants evaded capture by the British and reportedly “found shelter” in the homes of Jews living in Tel Aviv.

1948: As fighting continued today “along the Jaffa-Tel Aviv border” ten Jews were wounded when “four mortar shells fired by Arabs fell in southern Tel Aviv and “squads of the Haganah resumed shellfire at dawn” aimed “at Arab positions.

1977: The Jerusalem Post reported that a terrorist cell of 16 members, preparing a car bomb, was caught at Jenin.

2008: Israel’s UN ambassador, Dan Gillerman, slammed the “trend” of equating the “lawful actions” of a state defending its citizens with the “violence of terrorists,” in a bitter exchange at the Security Council’s monthly session on the Middle East


1795: Birthdate of Zvi Hirsch Kalischer “an Orthodox rabbi and one of Zionism’s early pioneers in Germany.”

1921: The Chief Rabbinate of Palestine was established under the British Mandate. The first Ashkenazic Chief Rabbi of Palestine was the scholar and sage, Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook was one of the leading intellectual and religious leaders during the Yishuv period.

1922: In an attempt to calm Arab fears over Jewish immigration to Palestine, Churchill “approved a proposal from Sir Herbert Samuel that Jewish immigration would be limited by the ‘economic capacity’ of Palestine to absorb newcomers.”

1936: The House of Commons discussed a proposal for setting up a Legislative Council in Palestine that would give the Arabs control over the future of Jewish immigration into Palestine i.e. the end of such immigration and the Zionist dream. Churchill delivered a stirring speech against the proposal.

1939: In response to “Britain’s threat stop land purchases by Jews in Palestine,” “Hadassa contributed $25,000 today to the Jewish National Fund ‘to assure the immediate purchase of land areas now held under option in the Jewish National Home.’”

1950: An Israeli government official “said today that Jordan suddenly broke off negotiations on a five-year non-aggression pact” between the two countries which was close to completion. “Earlier today, a high diplomatic source in Beirut reported the bre

1955: Terrorists threw hand grenades and opened fire on a crowd at a wedding in the farming community of Patish, in the Negev, killing a young woman and wounding 18 others.

1969: Birthdate of Munir Amar, the Druze general and Head of the IDF Civil Administration whose life was cut short at the age of 47 in a plane crash.

1993: Ezer Weizman was elected President of Israel.

2011: The Israeli Air Force struck targets in the Gaza Strip in the early hours today, a day after Palestinian militants fired about a dozen rockets and mortars across the border.


March 23

1915: The Zion Mule Corps, consisting of Jewish volunteers from Palestine, was formed to serve with the British Army. This was the first Palestinian Jewish military unit attached to a regular army in the modern times.

1921: Accompanied by Sir Herbert Samuel and T.E. Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia) Winston Churchill left Egypt for Palestine to begin his projected four week long fact finding tour.

1944: British Major-General Orde Wingate died in airplane crash while fighting the Japanese in Burma during World War II. ”Wingate was an unconventional person in many respects.  He learned Hebrew, and he demonstrated his ardent belief that the Jews were entitled to their homeland in Eretz Yisrael. He also recognized the need for a working military force, and he dreamed of heading the army of the future Jewish state.

1947: The executive committee of the Jewish Agency for Palestine ended its deliberations today. The committee has been meeting in Jerusalem to plan tactics for the upcoming special session of the United Nations being held to deal with the issue of Palestine.

1949: Israel and Lebanon signed an armistice agreement. Israeli troops withdrew from border towns they had occupied during the fighting.

1979: One person was murdered and 13 more injured in a terrorist bombing at Zion Square in Jerusalem.

1994: Victor Lashchiver was shot and killed by terrorists near Damascus Gate on his way to work. The PFLP claimed responsibility for the attack.

2000: During his meeting with President Ezer Weizman, Pope John Paul II “blessed the state of Israel” after which he visited Yad Vashem.

2010: The President of the United States and the Prime Minister of Israel met this evening in Washington, D.C.

2011: A person was killed and 50 were injured after an explosion took place at a bus station in central Jerusalem this afternoon. Police said that a bomb exploded outside Egged bus number 74.


1893: Arab rioters attack Jews at Rehovot

1915: The majority of the Palestine Refugees’ Committee under the encouragement of Joseph Trompledor and Vladimir Jabotinsky endorsed a resolution calling for the formation of a “Jewish Legion” and propose to England its utilization in Palestine. Within a few days about 500 enlisted.

1923: Max Nordau, early Zionist leader, passed away at the age of 73.

1929: The month long celebration of the 20th anniversary of the founding of Tel Aviv began with a Purim Carnival.

1937: The Palestine Post reported that Dov Zemel, a lorry driver, was shot at an ambush near Kfar Saba and was in critical condition.

1945: The Arab League was formed today in Cairo. “The League’s first resolutions included a restriction on Egyptian Muslim contact with those who were call ‘supporters of Zionism,’

1947: Dr. Nahum Goldman addressed the Tel Aviv Journalists Associate today telling them that “the historical alliance between Britian and Jewry is nearing its end. That alliance has existed since 1917 when the Balfour Declaration gave Zionists their first legal claim on Palestine as a national home. Its virtual dissolution obviously brings the Zionist movement to an hour of decision.

1948: Today, while introducing “a joint resolution to authorize the shipment of arms and munitions to Jews in Palestine,” Representative Jacob K. Javits “argued that failure to ship arms would leave 700,000 Jews in Palestine defenseless and ripe for slaughter by the thousands of Arab fanatics who are being armed and supplied, as all the world knows, by the surrounding Arab States.”

1957: Israeli forces withdrew from the Sinai Peninsula as part of the peace process following the Suez Crisis of 1956.

1979: The Israeli Parliament approved the peace treaty with Egypt.

2004: Ahmed Yassin, co-founder and leader of Hamas, and his bodyguards are killed in the Gaza Strip when hit by Israeli Air Force AH-64 Apache fired Hellfire missiles.

2011: A Grad rocket fired from Gaza exploded south of Ashdod today after a day of escalation along the border.

2013: Barack Obama ended his first presidential visit to Israel and headed off to Jordan today, after another packed day.

2014: “A Palestinian militants sent threatening text messages to a large number of Israelis this evening, calling on them to leave the country and warning them they would be “the next Gilad Shalit.

 


1917: In Jerusalem, archeologist Eleazar Sukenik and women’s rights activist Hasya Sukenik-Feinsod welcome the birth of their son Yigal Sukenik who as Yigal Yadin gained fame fighting in the War for Independence, serving as the second Chief of Staff for the IDF and becoming a renowned archeologist.

1922: Winston Churchill cautions Zionist Pinhas Ruttenberg against ordering machinery for the newly approved power project for Palestine from Germany when unemployment is still a major problem in Britain. Ruttenberg took the hint and re-channeled his purchases of heavy equipment accordingly.

1933: The New York Times reported on the increased number of German immigrants arriving in Palestine. “Oscar Kahn, who was a (German) State Secretary in 1918 and who had been threatened by the Nazis” was among the many German families who reached Eretz Israel this week.

1936: Arthur Grenfell Wauchope, the High Commissioner of Palestine is reported today to be persisting in pressing forward with establishment of a legislative council even though the Jewish communities refusal to participate because it would relegate them a permanent minority subject to Arab and British control.

1937: British born historian and Zionist leader Jacob De Haas passed, the secretary of the First Zionist Congress and a close confidant of Theodore Herzl.

1947: In Parliament, Churchill mocks the Labor government’s willing to “scuttle everywhere” surrendering Egypt, India and Burma but continuing to waste treasure on a barren Palestine policy.

1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that preliminary secret reparations talks between the Israeli-Jewish and German delegations had begun at The Hague.

1968: Israeli forces crossed the Jordan River to attack PLO bases.

1978: Operation Litani, which was designed to dislodge the PLO from its bases in southern Lebanon came to a successful conclusion.

1997: On the eve of Purim, a Palestinian suicide bomber murders Michael Avrahimi, 32; Yael Gilad, 32 and Anat Winter-Rosen, 37 when he set off a bomb at a Tel Aviv coffee shop.

2000: “Pope John Paul II arrived in Israel, for a historic five-day visit, during which he visited the holy sites of the three major religions and met with Israel’s political leaders and Chief Rabbis.”

2002: Yitzhak Cohen, 48, of Modi’in, Tsipi Shemesh, 29 (who was 5 months pregnant with twins) and Gadi Shemesh, 34 were murdered and 47 people were injured when a Palestinian suicide bomber detonated a bomb outside a clothing store and toy shop on King George Street in Jerusalem.

2011: The field hospital Israel is establishing in Japan is the first to be set up by any nation offering outside assistance, Israel’s Ambassador to Japan Nissim Ben Shitrit said today, and the Japanese are extremely appreciative.

2014: “The Israeli military announced today that it had uncovered a tunnel from Gaza into Israel meant for carrying out a terror attack, and rejected a Hamas claim that the find was an old tunnel.”


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1822: Seventy-four year old Johann Ludwig Ewald an advocate for Jewish emancipation “who wrote two pamphlets in defense of the Jews” and who “argued that the Jews were not worse than others, that their shortcomings were the result of persecution, and that no one had a right to expect them to improve until they had been given equal rights with other citizens” passed away in Carlsruhe.

1839: A pogrom, known as the Allahdad, broke out in the Iranian city of Mashhad. At the time of the pogrom, the city of Mashhad was home to about 2,500 Jews. The event devastated the Jews of Mashhad, who were violently forced into converting to Islam. 

1900: Theodore Herzl held a meeting with Austrian Prime Minister Ernest von Koerber.

1915: As attempts were being made to form a Jewish fighting force in the British Army, Joseph Trumpeldor held a meeting of all the volunteers that was attended by senior British military leaders.

1937: The Jerusalem Post reported on widespread violence and that a curfew was imposed in Jerusalem.

1940: Vladimir Jabotinsky addressed a crowd of more than 5,000 supporters in New York demanding the “restoration of a Jewish state” in the area under British Mandate.

1943: Haj Amin al-Husseini, the exiled Mufti of Jerusalem broadcast from Rome to the “Arab World.” It was the birthday of the Prophet and Haj Amin used the occasion to try to stir up anti-Jewish hatred. His speech included the reading of a pledge from German Foreign Minister Jachim von Ribbentropt that “the obliteration of what is called the Jewish National Home was a basic tenet of German policy.”

1950: Leah and Yitzhak Rabin gave birth to future Israeli attorney and MK Dalia Rabin-Pelossof.

1978: UN Security Council Resolutions adopted resolutions 425 and 426. They called upon Israel to immediately cease its military action and withdraw its forces from all Lebanese territory while establishing the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL)

1993: Arnold Resnicoff “delivered the prayer for the commissioning of the first of a series of new Israeli missile boats (Sa’ar 5), jointly built by the U.S. and Israel.

2003: Mahmoud Abbas became the new Palestinian Prime Minister. His appointment was supposed to mark a new phase in peace negations. Without Arafat’s support, he, like the peace process at that time, was doomed to failure. He finally resigned.

2003: Zion Boshirian, 51, of Mevo Dotan was shot and killed while driving in his car between Mevo Dotan and Shaked in northern Samaria. The Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

2004: “George Khoury, 20, a Christian Arab and the son of well-known veteran attorney Elias Khoury of Beit Hanina, was shot dead while jogging in the north Jerusalem by the Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade.

2010: The Air Force hit six targets in Gaza early this morning in response to recent rocket attacks on southern Israel.

2011: More than 50 mortars are launched at civilian areas of Southern Israel from terrorists in Gaza.

2014: The IAF attacked several sites on the Syrian side of the Golan Heights overnight

2016: Three Israelis – Yonathan Shuer, 40; Simha Dimir, 60; Avraham Goldman, 69 – were killed and another 11 Israelis were wound in a terror attack today in Istanbul.


1903: Herzl begins a trip to Egypt that lasts until April 9.

1922: In Cairo, the first meeting was held between a Zionist Delegation and representatives of the “Executive Committee of the Congress of Parties of the Confederation of Arab Countries.”

1928: The New York Times described the controversy surrounding the decision of a court in Jaffa to fine a storekeeper for violating local ordinances concerning the observance of the Jewish Sabbath.

1930: Eight one year old Arthur James Balfour, a prominent British politician who served as Prime Minister from 1902 to 1905 passed away today.

1937: As “the Arab attacks on the Jews in Palestine continued to increase,” “a bomb exploded early this morning in the hands of an Arab near the Jewish quarter in Kerem seriously injuring him and three Arab workmen”.

1948: Today in Tel Aviv, David Ben-Gurion said “that the Jews and Arabs would make peace in the Holy Land if the United Nations implemented the decision on partition.”

1948 President Truman met with Zionist leader Chaim Weizmann and assured him of the United States’ support for Jewish statehood. 

1949: Moshe Dayan, Abdullah el-Tell and King Abdullah of Jordan began “a series of meetings today” which would lead to an armistice agreement.

1968: “Two people were killed and 28 children were in landmine attack on a school bus in the Negev north of Eilat.”

2008: A 49 year old Israeli rabbi identified as Rabbi Yechezkel Greenwald was stabbed and wounded by an Arab assailant near the Damascus Gate in the Old City of Jerusalem.

2010: A migrant worker in the northern Negev was killed by a rocket fired by Palestinians from the Gaza Strip.


1935: The Palestine Maccabee Association announced that it would not participate in the 1936 Olympics to be held in Germany because of that country’s treatment of its Jewish citizens.

1937: “One Jewish policeman was seriously injured and sixteen other Jews were slightly hurt tonight when a bomb was thrown in to a bus on Jaffa Road, Jerusalem’s main thoroughfare.

1939: At a meeting in Tel Aviv today, “the National Council of Palestine Jews…decided to a call a 24 hour strike” to start on Monday, March 20th “  “as the first step in its program of ‘drastic political action’ against Great Britain’s plan” for Palestine.

1947: Leaders of the Arab League are scheduled to meet in Cairo today where they will map out their propaganda program to oppose the creation of a Jewish state  and how best to present their case at the upcoming meeting of the United Nations.

1947: “Just before noon today an Army officer blew his whistle” in Jerusalem marking the end of martial law in several areas including Mea Shearim.

1948: In Jerusalem, the British abandoned their compound on the grounds of Schneller Orphanage which the Etzioni Brigade would “use at its base of operations during the Israeli War of Independence.

1948: The Naval Service, which became the Israeli Sea Corps, was formed today and the members for the Plugat HaYam (the naval arm of the Palmach) were ordered to join.

1968: Israel defeated Ceylon today in the Olympic Games soccer qualifier thanks to the play of Mordechai Spiegler.

1969: Golda Meir became Prime Minister of Israel.

2010: Some 3,000 officers were put on high alert on today after Hamas called for anti-Israel protest

2011: President Shimon Peres said today that the Navy’s seizure of the cargo ship Victoria earlier this week proves that Syria is providing weapons to Hamas in Gaza and to Hezbollah in Lebanon.


1900: Herzl, in his never ending quest to have the rich and powerful support the creation of a Jewish homeland in Eretz Israel, had a luncheon with Eulenburg-Hertefeld, the German ambassador in Vienna.

1908: In Haifa, “bitterness against the Jews led to a clash between Jews, Ottoman soldiers and local Arabs in which thirteen Jews were injured, some of them severely.”

1914: Dr. Franz Opphenheimer, a lecturer on political economy at the University of Berlin told a mass-meeting in Cooper Union about agricultural cooperation in Palestine, saying that “the colony which I have founded in Palestine is on the plain of Jezreel, with fifty people working 1,000 acres and is “of the pure co-operative kind.

1934: In its first international football (soccer) match the team from Mandatory Palestine (the future Israel) lost to Egypt 7 to 1.

1935: Fourteen Jewish American athletes and their manager David White set sail on the SS Conte di Savola.  The athletes will participate in the Maccabiah, the Jewish Olympics, scheduled to open in April in Tel Aviv

1947: The British announce plans to end Martial Law in Tel Aviv and adjacent areas effective tomorrow.

1954: Tonight unknown assailants attacked an Egged bus traveling between Eilat and Tel Aviv.

1962: The “Golani Brigade raided Syrian outposts to the north of the Sea of Galilee in order to stop Syrian shelling of Israeli Villages.

1965: Israel Votes to Have Diplomatic Relations with West Germany


1895: Alfred Dreyfus arrived at the Iles de Sault, “a small archipelago situated twenty-seven miles (43 km) off Cayenne, opposite the mouth of the River Kuru” best known for Devil’s Island where the disgraced officer was to be imprisoned.

1899: Today the General Conference of American Rabbis discussed a paper entitled “The National Idea in Judaism with Especial Reference to the Zionistic Movement” presented by Rabbi Emil G. Hirsch of Chicago, Illinois.

1912: The Turkish Ministry of the Interior to the Governor of Jerusalem issued a decree permitting the Jews to place benches and light candles in front of the Western Wall.

1923: Birthdate of Rostam Bastuni, an Arab Christian who was the “the first Arab citizen of Israel to represent a Zionist party in the Knesset.”

1936: In Tel Aviv, shops were closed “as a sign of grief for the plight of the Jews of Poland said to be the victims of renewed pogroms.”

1946: British premier Attlee agreed to India’s right to independence. This decision had a major, if under-reported effect on the future of the Jews in Palestine. Once the British decided to give up India, the need to protect the Suez Canal, the British lifeline to India, had greatly diminished.

1948: “The meeting of the United Nations Security Council scheduled today for consideration of the Palestine question was postponed until 2:30 P.M. tomorrow as a result of an eleventh-hour decision by the United States, China and France to ask Jews and Arabs whether they would agree to a truce in the Holy Land,”

1983: “Over 1,000 delegates from 30 countries attended the opening session of the Third World Conference on Soviet Jewry in Jerusalem.”

2002: Three Israelis made the Forbes list of 500 Billionaires

2005: Dignitaries from all over the world attended the opening of Yad Vashem’s new History Museum in Jerusalem.

2010: After a nearly 62-year hiatus, the renowned Hurva synagogue inside the Jewish Quarter of Jerusalem’s Old City has been rebuilt and is again an operational house of prayer.

2012: The Iron Dome anti-missile system intercepted a Grad-type Katyusha rocket fired by Gaza militants toward the southern city of Ashdod today.


1917: Fifty-six year old Fernand-Gustave-Gaston Labori, French attorney who defended Émile Zola in 1898 in the Dreyfus trial and Captain Alfred Dreyfus at the court martial in Rennes in 1899 passed away today.

1923: Birthdate of Meyer Zarodinsky the Bessarabian native who made Aliyah in 1925 and gained fame Meir “Zarro” Zorea an IDF general and member of the Knesset

1937: The Palestine Post reported that Shlomo Gafni, 28, and Hanoch Metz, 24, of Kfar Hahoresh were stabbed to death and their flock of 320 sheep and 70 goats stolen by Arab murderers

1945: Winston Churchill wrote to Laura Wingate, widow of Orde Wingate the British officer who had helped trained Jewish fighters during the 1930’s telling of her plans to build a memorial to her late husband on the grounds of Hebrew University.

1946: “As part of the illegal immigration to Eretz Israel (“Aliya Bet”), the “Wingate” sailed from Italy with 238 maapilim (“illegal immigrants”) on board, mostly from Eastern Europe.’’

1948: In Cairo, the Foreign Ministers of the Arab countries said tonight that they would meet in Lebanon to “act on the Palestine question.”

1977: The Jerusalem Post reported that upon his return from the US, Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin declared that President Jimmy Carter said nothing to indicate a reversal of his pre-election stand, which said that Israel ought not to withdraw from Jerusalem or Golan Heights.

1978:  The Israeli Defense Force, in retaliation for a terrorist attack three days earlier, invades and occupies southern Lebanon, under codename Operation Litani.

1997: A decision was reached by the Israelis to begin work on a building project at Har Homa in southern Jerusalem.

2001: President George Bush issued an Executive Order adding the al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade to the State Department’s list of Foreign Terrorist Organization.


1915: Today, after further conversations with the Prime Minister and the Foreign Herbert Samuel “circulated a revised text of “The Future of Palestine” – a “Zionist memorandum” originally submitted by Chaim Weizmann

1928: Despite support from Lloyd George and Chancellor of the Exchequer Winston Churchill, the British Cabinet rejects a loan designed to support the “Zionist enterprise” in Palestine in a manner consistent with the Balfour Declaration.

1946: Birthdate of Yonatan “Yoni” Netanyahu who was a commander in the elite Sayeret Matkal unit of the Israel Defense Forces, brother of Benjamin Netanyahu.  Yoni was awarded the Medal of Distinguished Service (Hebrew: עיטור המופת) for his conduct in the Yom Kippur War. He was killed in action during Operation Entebbe.

1947: “Some resistance was encountered by British troops today when 703 Jews who arrived in Palestine waters yesterday after running the naval blockade were taken aboard the steamer Empire Rival.”  The Jews are reportedly being shipped to camps in Cyprus

1951: Israel demanded DM 6.2 billion compensation from Germany

1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that Eilat was bedecked and illuminated to mark the third anniversary of the town¹s liberation.

1977: The Jerusalem Post reported from Washington that Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin was surprised to find out that when the US State Department spoke about “minor adjustments” in the pre-1967 Israeli borders, it referred to border changes of only a few hundred meters, or “straightening out of the line” in such places as Latrun or Kalkilya.

1993: Simha Levy, a woman who worked as driver taking Palestinians from Gaza to  their jobs inside the pre-1967 borders was axed to death in her van at Khan Younis.

1997: Seven school girls aged twelve and thirteen, all from the same school at Beit Shemesh, were shot dead and Hila Levy was injured by a Jordanian soldier who went berserk on the Jordan Border after which King Hussein paid surprise and much appreciated condolence call on the grieving families.

2008: Israeli President Shimon Peres paid tribute to the French who saved Jews during the Holocaust in a somber ceremony at the Pantheon in the Latin Quarter, and visited a French Foreign Ministry exhibition about the origins of the state of Israel.’

2010: Late today Israel Defense Forces soldiers arrested a top Hamas official in Ramallah, suspected of leading military cells responsible for the murder of more than 70 Israelis over the course of the second Intifada.

2012: Gaza militants fired a Grad-type Katyusha rocket toward the western Negev today, despite a Egypt-mediated cease fire between Israel and militant groups that went into effect earlier in the day.


1904: Herzl authorizes Dr. Leopold Kahn to enter into negotiations with the Ottoman Empire for renting the administrative revenues of the Sanjak of Acre and for a loan to be obtained for the Imperial treasury.

1921: The Histadrut (General Federation of Labor) passed a resolution to establish the Haganah.  Haganah, (literally “defense”) was established for the purpose stated in its name.  The Haganah was the precursor to the IDF

1928: Birthdate of Mordechai Eliyahu, the Jerusalem native who would become a prominent rabbi, posek and who would serve as the Sephardi Chief Rabbi of Israel from 1983 to 1993.

1941: Churchill met with Weizmann and reiterated his support for the eventual establishment of Jewish military units and a Jewish state in Palestine.

1947: Speaking as leader of the Loyal Opposition, Churchill attacks the Labor Party’s policy in Palestine attacking what he called “a senseless, squalid war with the Jews, in order to give Palestine to the Arab or God knows who.”

1948: “The representatives of the United States, the Soviet Union, China and France heard leaders of the Jewish Agency for Palestine present a nine-point plan for implementation by the Security Council of the United Nations General Assembly for a partition of” Palestine.

1949: The raising of a hand-drawn flag, known as the “Ink Flag over the police station at Umm Rashrash, the future site of the city of Eilat, at 16:00 “is considered to mark the end of the War of Independence.

1950: As a reminder of the fact that the Jewish state is surrounded by enemies committed to its destruction “the Israeli Defense Ministry today ordered the registration for the Army Reserve of all physicians between the ages of 29 and 49.”

1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that Foreign Minister Moshe Sharett met Sir Anthony Eden, the British foreign secretary, in London and told him that Israel was eager to reach a settlement with its neighbors and to stop to “perpetuate its loneliness” in the area.

1977: Egypt’s Anwar Sadat pledged to regain Arab territory from Israel.  Sadat would reach his goal, but with the pen of the peace treaty not the sword of war.

2000: Pope John Paul II asked God’s forgiveness for the sins of Roman Catholics through the ages, including wrongs inflicted on Jews, women and minorities.

2007: The Jerusalem Post reported that “the first Israeli Druse physician to become a professor is Dr. Jamal Zidan, head of the oncology department at Ziv Medical Center in Safed

2008: Israel’s Holocaust memorial posthumously recognized a prominent Spanish diplomat, who was the grandfather of the Oscar-nominated actress Helena Bonham Carter, for his role in saving hundreds of Jews during World War II.

2011: Defense Minister Ehud Barak vowed today that Israel would use every means possible to track down those behind the fatal stabbing of a family of five in the West Bank settlement of Itamar .

2012: Palestinian terrorists in the Gaza Strip fired more than 40 rockets at Israel today, as the heavy cross-border barrage continued into its fourth day.  

2014: IDF jets hit 29 targets this evening in Gaza in response to the most massive rocket barrage since 2012. 

2016: After Palestinian terrorists fired rockets from Gaza yesterday, Israeli aircraft “struck at Hamas military bases in the Gaza Strip


1896: Herzl meets Reverend William Hechler chaplain to the British Embassy in Vienna. Hechler was tutor in the household of the Grossherzog von Baden. He knows the German Kaiser and thinks he can get Herzl an audience.

1903: Zionist leader Oskar Marmorek returns to Vienna.  While few may know his name today, the Austrian born architect was an early convert to Zionism joining Max Nordau and David Wolffsohn as one of Herzl’s key supporters.

1937: As Arab violence continued to mount, The Palestine Post reported that armed Arabs attacked Jews who plowing fields near Afula. 

1948: Arabs bombed the headquarters of the Jewish Agency

1949: The first Israeli troops reached the Gulf of Aqaba where a white bedsheet with a hand drawn blue Star of David is hoisted as a sign of the Jewish state’s claim to the area around Eilat.

1977: Palestinian terrorists killed 34 Israelis on the Tel Aviv-Haifa highway.

1978: The Palestine Liberation Organization carried out a massive terrorist attack in Israel. PLO terrorists from Lebanon first killed Gail Rubin, an American Jewish photographer. 

2011: Five members of an Israeli  family were killed tonight when a suspected terrorist broke into their home in the West Bank settlement of Itamar and stabbed them all to death

2012: Residents of southern Israel suffered another day under siege today as Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired about 50 more rockets at the Negev


1859: In Budapest, Jeanette and Jacob Herzl gave birth to Pauline Herzl, the sister of Theodor Herzl

1861: Birthdate of Meir Dizengoff.  A native of Bessarabia, he would make Aliyah in 1905, help found Tel Aviv in 1909 and then became its first mayor.

1896: Theodore Herzl described his first meeting with Reverend William Hechler in today’s diary entry.  Herzl described Hechler as an enthusiastic Zionist who wants introduce him to the various German leaders who are friends of the Anglican minister

1920: In the wake of Arab attacks on Jewish citizens, Major-General Louis Bols, the Officer Administering the Government of Palestine, issued an order prohibiting further demonstrations in Jerusalem.

1949: The conquest of the southern Negev and Um Rashrash (Eilat) ended the War of Independence.

1952: The Jerusalem Post reported the cabinet’s decision that wages earned by Arabs in the employ of the state, municipalities and other public institutions, and the prices paid for Arab produce would be equal to those paid to the Jews

1970: The Knesset passed the “Who is a Jew?” bill which defined a Jew as one born to a Jewish mother or a convert to the Jewish religion.

1974: Golda Meir formed a new government that included Moshe Dayan and Shimon Peres.

1977: The Jerusalem Post reported that US President Jimmy Carter suggested that the final Israeli borders should include only “some minor adjustments in the 1967 borders.”

2015: “An IDF officer was lightly wounded on the Golan Heights today by gunfire emanating from Syria.”


1918: The Provisional Executive Committee for General Zionist Affairs made public the suggestions by the British Palestine Committee, “a non-Jewish organization” which spoke approvingly of the creation of a Hebrew university in Jerusalem which was being built “while military operations were still in progress.”

1921: Winston and Clementine Churchill arrive in Cairo in preparation for a conference to examine the workings of the mandates for Palestine and Iraq.

1922: Winston Churchill delivered a speech in Parliament support the Balfour Declaration against its opponents.  He reiterated support for the establishment of the Jewish Homeland in Palestine while cautioning against letting Jews who were Bolsheviks settle in Palestine.

1938: The Palestine Post reported that Arab terrorists sniped at various quarters of Jewish Jerusalem.

1947: The first unauthorized immigrant ship known to have been sent to Palestine by the Hebrew Committee of National Liberation was taken into government custody today.

1949: During the War for Independence, two IDF units set off to take Eilat on the Gulf of Aqaba.

1950:  It was officially announced tonight that Turkey “has accorded full diplomatic recognition” to the state of Israel.

1951: Almost thirty thousand Iraqi Jews had signed up for immigration for Israel as of today.

1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israel had been divided into six administrative districts: three urban: Jerusalem, Tel Aviv and Haifa, and three rural: the Northern, Central and South.

1969: The chief of staff of the Egyptian Armed Forces was killed today during the War of Attrition. Today marked the second day of Egypt’s attempt to destroy the Bar Lev using massive artillery bombardments

1992: Former Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin died in Tel Aviv at age 78.

2008: Twenty-year-old Sergeant Liran Banay, who was critically wounded last Thursday when a bomb was detonated near an IDF vehicle patrolling the Gaza security fence, died of his wounds on Sunday morning.


March 8

1891: “Palestine for the Jews” published today described the plan “advocated by prominent men of the leading cities” including such philo-Semites as Yale Professor Charles Toten “to obtain in a peaceable way” the “old homes in Palestine for Jews through… an international conference.”

1920: Faisal I bin Hussein bin Ali al-Hashimi who fought with Lawrence of Arabia and who signed an agreement with Chaim Weizmann that was blueprint for cooperation between Arabs and Jews began his short lived reign as Faisal I, King of Syria.

1936: Dr. Chaim Weizmann is scheduled to arrive today in London where he will engage in “a series of consultations on the increasingly serious position of Jewish communities’ including Germany, Poland – where “anti-Semitism on the Nazi model” is growing and Rumania as well as actions being taken by the British government in Palestine which are inimical to Jewish interests and violate the Balfour Declaration.

1937: The New York Times reported on acts of human kindness and brotherhood during the ongoing wave of terrorism in Palestine.  “During recent disturbances a Jewish chauffeur took the son of an Arab who was killed to a hospital and an Arab driver rescued on the Jews hurt by stone-throwing.”

1965: The Knesset passed the “Broadcasting Authority Law” which is the basis for the Israeli Broadcasting Authority’s operations. The Israeli Broadcasting Authority (IBA) was formed as an independent corporation responsible for all broadcasts in Israel and to the Diaspora.

2009: Military Intelligence chief Amos Yadlin said today at the weekly cabinet meeting that “Iran has crossed the technological threshold” in its quest for nuclear arms.

2010: David Kimche, reputed Israeli spymaster and diplomat passed away.  A native of London who made Aliyah in 1936 he fought in the War of Independence before attending  the Sorbonne and Hebrew University

2012: A Palestinian terrorist stabbed an IDF soldier in the village of Yata in the southern Hebron Hills today.


1918: In London, King George expressed his gratitude to Dr. Wiezmann for Zionists “useful work during the word” today.

1925: Dr. Chaim Weizmann is scheduled to sail for England today aboard the SS Olympic so that he can accompany Lord Balfour to Palestine where they will take part in the dedication of the new Hebrew University on Mt. Scopus.

1938: The Palestine Post reported that members of the Russian Zionist Center in Tel Aviv were worried by a new wave of purges and arrests in the Soviet Union.

1948: At the opening of the annual conference of the Poale Zion of Great Britain, Ian Mikardo revealed that a vote of “no-confidence” would be sought against the government by some members of the British Labour Party when the bill to terminate the Palestine Mandate had its second reading in the House of Commons.

1949: The IDF established a base at Ayn Husb at the junction of the Beersheba-Sodom and Sodom-Eilat tracks

1950: Daniel Frisch, the President of the Zionist Organization of America, passed away today at the age of 52 following a surgical procedure that had been performed yesterday.

1971:  Egypt refused to renew the Suez ceasefire during an outbreak violence that presaged the Yom Kippur War of 1973.

1977:  Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin met President Carter.  Most people remember Rabin as the Prime Minister of Peace from the 1990’s.

1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that In Iran the shah warned that he might impose an oil embargo on Israel to make it more flexible in negotiations with Egypt.

1979: Twelve people were injured when a bus was detonated on a bus at the Plaza hotel, while nobody was injured when a second bomb was detonated on another bus in Tel Aviv.

2002: Fifteen people were injured in the hotel lobby bombing at Ariel for which the PFLP terrorists took credit.

2003: Two Israelis were killed and five were wounded when armed terrorists infiltrated the community of Kiryat Arba and attacked during Shabbat. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

2007: The Israel Air Force began incorporating the new “Shoval” drone, which according to the Israel Defense Forces has an improved ability to identify the launch of projectile rockets such as Katyushas and Qassams.

2008:The eight victims of the attack on Mercaz Harav yeshiva in Jerusalem were buried this afternoon, each with Torah scrolls stained with their blood, in accordance with the Halakhic decision ruled by former Chief Rabbi Mordechai Eliyahu.


1897: A two day conference begins in Vienna with members of the Zionist circles of Vienna, Berlin, Breslau and Galicia. Herzl’s proposal of a general Zionist Congress is adopted with the reservation that the cooperation of the Russian Zionists will be obtained. München is chosen as the city for the congress.

1926: “Miss Henrietta Szold, President of Hadassah…sailed” today for Palestine “take charge of the construction of the Nathan and Lina Straus Health Center in Jerusalem made possible by a recent gift of $100,000 by Mr. Straus.”

1937: In the Old City section of Jerusalem, an Arab shot and wounded M. Schneerson as he walked to daven at the Western Wall.

1938: The Palestine Post reported that an armed Arab gang was routed by troops in the Umm el-Fahm area. One British soldier was killed and three wounded in this operation, while numerous Arabs were killed, wounded or arrested. There was also unrest in the Acre northern district.

1940: Vladimir Jabotinsky, president of the New Zionist Organization of the World lectures on “The Fate of, Jewry” at Manhattan Center.

1947: In his second visit to Tel Aviv in two days, Dr. Chaim Weizmann, the former President of the Zionist organization and world-class chemist, told a group of civic leaders that he is setting aside his research to do whatever he can to help the people on the coastal plain who are living under strict martial law.

1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill had promised that the British sales of jet aircraft to Arab States would take care to preserve the balance of power in the area.

1957: Israel withdrew its troops from the Sinai Peninsula.  The withdrawal followed the October, 1956 war with Egypt.  The Americans and the Soviets joined forces to make the Israelis leave.

1969: Twenty-nine people, most of whom were students were injured when a terrorist detonated a bomb in the cafeteria at Hebrew University in Jerusalem.

1975: Eleven people were killed and twelve more were injured during a terrorist attack in Tel Aviv.

1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that Premier Menachem Begin, on the eve of his departure to the US, was adamant that Resolution 242 did not specify the withdrawal of the “territories occupied in the recent conflict” and that the war of 1967 was a war of national self-defense, while the West Bank was never under Jordanian sovereignty

2005The New York Times reported that Robert K. Kraft, owner of the New England Patriots made his thirtieth visit to Israel since 1963.  On this most recent visit he took the Lombardi Trophy which was proof of his teams’ Super Bowl Victory and showed it Prime Minister Sharon.

2008: Eight people were killed and nine others were wounded this evening when a terrorist infiltrated a Jerusalem Mercaz Harav yeshiva and opened fire.

2011: A sanitation worker of the Jerusalem Municipality was moderately injured today by an explosion apparently set off when he picked up a garbage bag in Jerusalem.

2015: “Five people were injured Friday morning in a car-ramming terror attack near a Jerusalem Light Rail station in the north of the city.”

 


1901: Birthdate of Yocheved Bat-Miriam the Russian born Israeli poet who made Aliyah in 1928 who “never wrote another poem” after her son Nahum (Zuzik) Haaz “died in the Israeli War of Independence.”

1902: Mizrachi (literally: “Eastern”, but actually derived from the Hebrew acronym for “Spiritual Centre”) was established by Rabbi Isaac Jacob Reines as a religious Zionist organization based on the Basel Program and commitment to the Torah. Their slogan is “Eretz Israel for the people of Israel according to the Torah of Israel.”

1919:  In a letter published in the New York Times Emir Feisal wished “the Jews a hearty welcome home” and asserted “our two movements complete one another.” “There is room in Syria for both of us” he concluded.

1936: “Responding to the appeal from Dr. Chaim Weizmann, President of the Jewish Agency for Palestine, for funds to aide Jewish refugees in various parts of Europe, leaders of the United Palestine Appeal opened a campaign here today”

1937: The wave of Arab terror spread into southern Palestine when an Arab entered a Jewish orange grove near the colony of Ness Tziona and shot Vladislav Louga, a non-Jewish worker from Poland, in the stomach.

1940: A delegation consisting of Henrietta Szold, Mrs. Isaac Herzog, wife of the Chief Rabbi of Palestine and “others representing the Council of Jewish Women of Palestine” met with the British High Commissioner and gave him a memorandum protesting the recent change in the land laws that was intended to be forwarded to his superiors in London.

1947: As the Jews of Palestine endure their fourth day of living under martial law, banks in Tel Aviv are scheduled to reopen thanks to a shipment of coins and currency in an amount equal to thirty-two million American dollars having arrived from Jerusalem.

1948: Rabbi Abba Hillel Silver warned the U.N. Security Council today “that the Jews of Palestine would fight for survival even without the United Nations if the world organization is unable to carry out its own decisions”

1950: Iraq’s announcement that effectively, the Jewish population must leave the country within the next twelve months represents a reversal of its policy of not allowing Jews to move to Israel while completely dislocating “Israel’s immigration program for 1950.”

1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that the Lower House of the Bonn Parliament passed the first reading of the West German agreement to pay reparations to Israel and World Jewry for the Nazi persecution

1974: In the aftermath of the Yom Kippur Israeli forces withdrew from the west bank of the Suez Canal as step towards ending hostilities brought on by the surprise Arab attack.

1975: Thirty-eight year old Colonel Uzi Yairi who had become head of the Sayeret Matkal at the age of 31 was killed when rescuing hostages being held by Palestinian terrorists at the Savoy Hotel in Tel Aviv.

1979: Twelve people were injured in Jerusalem when a terrorist bomb exploded on a bus at the Plaza Hotel.

2003: Seventeen people were killed and 53 wounded in a suicide bombing of an Egged bus No. 37 in the Carmel section of Haifa, en route to Haifa University.


1919: In Washington “acting on behalf of a committee of thirty-one prominent men, Congressman Kahn of California presented a petition to President Wilson on behalf of the Zionist organization for consideration at the Peace Conference” and in turn, President Wilson said that he would “have the matter put before the conference after his arrival in Paris.”

1938: The Palestine Post reported that The Lydda-Jerusalem train was sabotaged when the railway line was damaged by an explosion. Another bomb was found on the railway tracks near Khan Yunis. Curfew was imposed on Arab villages situated close to the railway tracks.

1947: As much of Palestine’s Jewish community endured the third day of martial law, Joseph Saphir, the mayor of Petach Tikva reported that 4,000 men were out of work due to the clampdown and the number was growing.

1948: This morning “Arabs fighters ambushed and killed seventeen Jewish members of the Haganah…seven miles northwest of Jerusalem.

1949: The Security Council of the United Nations recommended Israel for membership in the international body.

1950: The Revocation of Citizenship Bill, which made it possible for Iraq’s Jews to flee the country, went into effect.   “By the end of May of 1950, at least ten thousand Iraqi Jews” many of whom were impoverished before leaving, “had crossed the border into Iran” as they made their way to Israel.

1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that the new, official US Middle Eastern policy was to “equalize the support for Israel and other countries in the area.” According to the explanation given to the Post by US Embassy officials in Tel Aviv, this new policy did not mean that the support hitherto given to Israel was to be lessened, but that the assistance offered to the Arab states was to be increased.

1957:  Israel, in compliance with the United Nations resolution, withdrew from the Gaza Strip and other territories.  These territories had been seized in the Sinai Campaign of 1956

1982: The “U.S. Senate adopted a resolution calling for the Soviet Union to stop the persecution, arrests, and trials of Jewish activists; to remove obstacles to emigration; and to respect the religious rights of its citizens.”

1995: President Clinton appoint Martin S. Indyk as U.S. Ambassador to Israel.

1996: A suicide bomber killed at least 10 people and and wounded at least 35 others. The Arab bomber, with explosives strapped to his body, blew himself up in the street near the indoor mall known as Dizengoff Center.

 

2006: Dalia Itizk a native of Jerusalem born into a family of Iraqi Jews, began serving Speaker of the Knesset, making her the first women to hold this post.

2009:  Secretary of State Hillary Clinton visits Ramallah before flying out of Israel as she completes her first official peace mission to the Middle East.

2012: Ninety seven year old Shmuel Tankus, who commanded Israel’s navy from 1954 until 1960 passed away today.


1917: Djemal Pasha offers to give the Jews free access to the Western Wall in Jerusalem to pray if they provide the sum of 80,000-100,000 Francs

1919: Emir Faisel writes a letter to Felix Frankfurter expressing his support for the Zionist cause. ”We Arabs…look with deepest sympathy on the Zionist Movement….We will wish the Jews a most hearty welcome… The Arabs, especially the educated among us, look with the deepest sympathy on the Zionist movement.

1920: Arabs attacked Kfar Giladi forcing the settlers to abandon their land and take refuge in “the Shia village of Taibe” before finding ultimate sanctuary at Ayelet Hashahar, a kibbutz settled in 1915 during the Second Aliyah.

1922: An Arab delegation “held a meeting…at the Hyde Park Hotel in London to denounce Britain’s ‘Zionist policy.’” The Secretary of the delegation was reported to have declared “the necessity of killing Jews if the Arabs did not get their way.”

1927: After ten years, Senator William King who “declared…that he favored the United States severing diplomatic relations with any country which failed because of anti-Semitism to protect its Jewish nationals” and “expressed the belief that eventually Palestine would be able to support a population of a million Jews” completed his service as Secretary of the Senate Democratic Caucus today.

1938: The Palestine Post reported from London that the Colonial Secretary, Mr. Ormsby Gore, assured the House of Commons that Palestinian police, assisted by British troops, were doing everything possible to contain the deeply seated and widespread Arab terror.

1940: When hundreds of Jewish women took to the streets of Tel Aviv today chanting “anti-land law slogans,” the British military commander issued an order imposing a total curfew that was scheduled to last for three days until.

1944: “The Iraqi Government today announced through the Arab News Agency that its protest to Washington with regard to the Palestine resolution “has had satisfactory results.”

1945: The Jewish Infantry Brigade was activated as part of the British Army. Jewish military groups fought with distinction during World War II. These soldiers were drawn from the Yishuv – the Jewish community in what was then called Palestine.

1947: The four hundred ton “motor ship Susanna” left Italy carrying 800 Jewish refugees who hope to avoid the British blockade and find a home in Palestine.

1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that seven infiltrators from Jordan were killed in two separate incidents on Israeli territory. The

1978: The Jerusalem Post reported from Washington that US President Jimmy Carter warned that “the abandonment” of UN Resolution 242 by any of the parties in the Middle East “would put us back many months or years.

1980: In “Tens of Thousands of People Attend Funeral of Yigal Allon” Yitzhak Shargil described the final ceremony honoring the fallen Israeli leader.

2002: Capt. Ariel Hovav (25), Lt.(res.) David Damelin (29), 1st Sgt.(res.) Rafael Levy (42), Sgt.-Maj.(res.) Avraham Ezra (38), Sgt.-Maj.(res.) Eran Gad (24), Sgt.-Maj.(res.) Yochai Porat (26), Sgt.-Maj.(res.) Kfir Weiss (24), Sergei Birmov (33), Vadim Balagula (32) and  Didi Yithak (66) were murdered by Fatah terrorists at an IDF roadblock.

2008: This evening, Israel pulled its troops out of the Gaza Strip marking the end of operation Hot Winter.

2009: Hillary Clinton makes her first visit to Israel as Secretary of State meeting with a variety of Israeli leaders.

2011: Today Prime Minister Netanyahu met with White House senior advisor Dennis Ross, who is in the country with a team of Middle East experts – including Fred Hoff and Mara Rudman from US envoy George Mitchell’s team – for talks.


1859: Birthdate of Solomon Naumovich Rabinovich whom we know as Sholom Aleichem, the most famous Jewish author of his times.

1915:  Vladmir ‘Zeev’ Jabotinsky formed a Jewish military force to fight in Palestine against the Turks in World War I.

1919: “Approval of the plans of Zionist leaders for the creation of a national Jewish Commonwealth in Palestine was given tonight by President to a delegation of representatives who spent an hour at the White House in conference with the President over the international stats of Jews around the world.”

1925: Zionist leader Shneur Abel passed away today in NYC

1937: “According to a statement issued” today “by the American Delegation to Palestine, Great Britain has not discharged her duties or fulfilled her pledges with respect to Palestine but instead has place artificial barriers to immigration there and obstructed the purchase of land by Jews and failed to give adequate assistance in reconstruction work.

1938: The Palestine Post reported that Sir John Woodhead, Sir Allison Russel and Mr. A.P. Waterfield were appointed by the British Government to serve as members of the Technical Commission which will proceed to Palestine to investigate conditions for the country’s eventual partition.

1940: “The police imposed curfew regulations at Tel Aviv tonight after breaking up widespread demonstrations protesting against British restrictions on the sale of Arab lands to Jews.

1945: In Afula, Yemima and Adam Rubin gave birth to Michal Breslavy who gained fame Michal Bat-Adam who among other things was “the first Israeli woman to direct a feature film.”

1947: In response to the latest wave of violence, the British imposed martial law throughout Palestine.  At 4 A.M. British troops occupied Petah Tikav Ramat Gan, Tel Aviv as well as other coastal communities while the government in Jerusalem imposed additional restrictions on Mea Sharim.

1950: A bill was introduced in the Iraqi parliament allowing the Jews of Iraq to immigrate to Israel.  Introduction of the bill required a large cash payment by the Israeli representatives.  The “Jews could leave provided they left behind all gold, jewelry and valuables and provided that they also gave up their Iraqi citizenship.”

1958: In “Israel’s Anniversary Year” Mary Qualley King described plans being made by Israelis to celebrate the country’s tenth anniversary.

1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that Egypt was counting on US President Jimmy Carter to put forward an American peace package to put pressure on Israel and to break the apparent deadlock over the Israeli-Egyptian “declaration of principles.”

1980: Yigal Allon’s funeral took place today at Kibbutz Ginosar on the shore of Lake Kinneret which had been his home for almost fifty years.

1993: Yehoshua Weissbrod was stoned and then shot dead by Palesinian terrorists in the town of Rafa.

2009: Israel’s UN envoy filed a letter of complaint about the continued rocket attacks from Gaza to the Secretary-General and the president of the Security Council

2012: Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman said today that Israel is ready to help treat Syrians wounded in the uprising against President Bashar Assad.


1886: First organized Arab attack on a Jewish settlement in what would become the State of Israel.  The attack was waged against Petach Tikvah, the first all Jewish village to be built in Palestine during modern times.

1896:  Theodor Herzl and Nathan Birnbaum meet for the first time.

1898: “Hope For Zionist Union” published today described efforts two unify the religious and secular supporters of the Zionist which, if successful will strengthen the movement designed to buy land for Jewish settlement in the Ottoman Empire.

1904: Israel Shochat, founder of Ha-shomer one of the precursors of the Israel Defense Forces arrived in Palestine.

1919: Emir Feisal, the son of Emir Hussein, Grand Sharif of Mecca and the leader of the Arabs of Hejaz sent a letter to Felix Frankfurter.  According to Martin Gilbert he wrote, “We Arabs, especially the educated among us, look with the deepest sympathy on the Zionist movement.  We will wish the Jews a most hearty welcome home.”

1920: Tel Hai, a Jewish village in the Galilee is attacked by Arabs. Joseph Trumpeldor, the one-armed Jewish military leader and one of the Zionist movement’s first military heroes was killed in the ensuing battled along with five men under his command.

1921: The Political committee of the Zionist Organization met in London to discuss Churchill’s forthcoming visit to Palestine.

1922: John Schuburgh a member of the Middle East Department (of the British Government) sent a visiting Arab delegation a letter reiterating British support for the Balfour Declaration and the establishment of a Jewish National Home in Palestine.

1922:  Birthdate of Yitzhak Rabin

1928: Joseph Levy, writing in the New York Times described the ceremonies that marked “the recent inauguration of the plantation of the Balfour Forest at Ginegar, in the Valley of Jezreel, Palestine.” As part of the ceremony, Sir Alfred Mond delivered an address in which he “paid high tribute to Lord Plumer, the High Commissioner, for the devotion he has shown during his tenure in office and to the Jewish national fund. The entire cost of the Balfour Forest is being borne by the Jews of Great Britain.  The project is part of the Zionist led reforestation project that is vital to the renewal of Palestine.

1936: Dr. Chaim Weizmann, is scheduled to leave Palestine today for London where he will meet with those Jews who “are sponsors of a scheme to accelerate the evacuation of Jews from Germany “told the New York Times ‘I do not know the extent of the funds of the nature of the scheme contemplated by Herman Samuel’s mission, but I am ready to cooperate in the execution of any project promising to increase Jewish immigration to Palestine.’”

1943: In Jerusalem, Aliza and Menachem Begin gave birth to Benny Begin who earned a doctorate in Geology from Colorado State University before following his father into the world of Israeli politics.

1947: The Abril, filled with 600 Jewish refugees, set sail from Port du Bouc today only after have been pulled free by tugboats after she ran aground.

1993: “Two civilians in their twenties, Natan Azaria and Gregory Avramov, were stabbed to death in Tel Aviv by Palestinians from the Gaza Strip.

2001: Hamas claimed credit for the Mei Ami junction bombing which took place at Vadi Ara where one person was murdered.

2011: A Merkava MK IV stationed near the Gaza border, equipped with the Trophy active protection system, successfully foiled a missile attack aimed towards it and became the first operational success of the system

2014: Two rockets landed near an IDF post in Mount Hermon early this morning. According to the IDF, the rockets “were most likely the spillover from the clashes in neighboring Syria, not a deliberate attack.”