Today in Israeli History


1936: Today marks the end of the sixth week of rioting and murder by Arabs in Palestine.

1939: Even though it placed strict limitations on Jewish immigration, Arab leaders rejected the White Paper today because it allowed for Jewish immigration and for the possibility of a Jewish home in Palestine.

1948: In further moves to relieve pressures on the coastal strip and to ward off disaster two columns of Israeli armored cars were advancing to on Jenin.

1948: An Order of the Day, signed by David Ben Gurion, which included the following statement, was issued.“On the establishment of the State of Israel, the Haganah has emerged from the underground and has become a regular army

1962: Adolf Eichmann, head of the Jewish department of the Gestapo, the first Nazi to be condemned by the Jewish state, was hanged.

1965: Jordanian Legionnaires fired on the neighborhood of Musrara in Jerusalem, killing two civilians and wounding four.

1967: With the announcement of the alliance between Egypt and Jordan, Israel was faced with the possibility of having to fight a war on three fronts – the Sinai, the Golan and the West Bank – Egypt, Syria and Jordan

1967: Contingents of the Iraqi Army arrived in Egypt with plans to join in the upcoming war with Israel.

1967: The government of Egypt declared that Eilat, Israel’s southern port, had been illegally occupied by Israel. With Egyptian troops stationed a few miles away at Taba, the Israel felt even more threatened.

1967: At Nasser’s insistence, Ahmed Shukeiry, head of the PLO, flew back to Jordan with King Hussein. He then went to Jordanian occupied portion of Jerusalem where he promises the Jews of Israel that after the war they will either have not survived or will be ‘repatriated.’

1974: After Henry Kissinger conducted a feverish round of shuttle diplomacy between Damascus and Jerusalem, the separation of forces agreement between Israel and Syria was signed in Geneva. This marked the formal end the hostilities known as the Yom Kippur War.

1985: Samuel Lewis completed his service as U.S. Ambassador to Israel

2000: U.S. President Bill Clinton and Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak met at Clinton’s Lisbon hotel in the latest effort to jump-start the Israeli-Palestinian peace process.

2001: Prime Minister Ariel Sharon comes under increasing pressure to end a unilateral cease-fire with the Palestinians, as violence continues in the Middle East.

2002: Israeli troops enter the West Bank city of Nablus, while the Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat is reported to have signed a law reform package which is a framework for a Palestinian constitution.

2003: While visiting Auschwitz today, President Bush said, This site is a sobering reminder that when we find anti-Semitism, whether it be in Europe or anywhere else, mankind must come together to fight such dark impulses.

2009: A five-day civil defense exercise, simulating an attack on the country, started today. Named Turning Point 3, the drills will be the most extensive ever held and practice new measures to safeguard civilians.

2010: Israeli Shayetet 13 naval commandos boarded six ships trying to end the blockade of Gaza from speedboats and helicopters in order to force the ships to the Israeli port of Ashdod

2011: Former Prime Minister Ehud Olmert began testifying today at the Jerusalem District Court, opening the defense phase of the ongoing corruption trial against him.

2014: “Today, top Hamas official Muhammad Nazal was quoted by the organization’s official organ as saying that Hamas would not abandon the path of “resistance,” or violence against Israel — a path the Islamist group shares with the Lebanese Shi’ite terrorist organization Hezbollah.”

2015: “Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel said today that his country faced “an international campaign to blacken its name” based not on his policies toward the Palestinians but “connected to our very existence,” likening the mounting boycott movement to anti-Semitic “libels” of previous eras.”

2015: In Boston, Julian Edelman is scheduled to appear at “Celebrate Israel”

2016: The Israel National Football Team is scheduled to play a “friendly” match against Serbia in Novi Sad, Serbia.

1938: The Palestine Post published the full text of the letter, written by Dr. Chaim Weizmann, addressed to the High Commissioner for Palestine.

1948: At dawn this morning forces of the Irgun captures Ras el Ein near Petah Tikva the source of Jerusalem’s water supply. 

1948: In the skies above Israel, Arab aircraft were on the attack striking at Jewish forces in several locations including Zirin, a village near Jenin, Kinereth near Timeria, Rebovoth, near Ramleh, Merchavia and Afula which was the target for incendiary bombs. 

1948: Israel’s last remaining dissident organization, the Stern Group, announced tonight that it had been incorporated into the regular Israeli army.

1961: Prime Minister David Ben Gurion met with President John F. Kennedy in the Presidential suite at the Waldorf Astoria Hotel in New York City.

1967: King Hussein of Jordan visited Cairo. “At the meeting Nasser produced a file containing the Syrian-Egyptian defense pact” King Hussein was, in his own words “so anxious to reach agreement” that told Nasser to give him another copy of the agreement, “replace the word Syrian with the word Jordan” so that he could join the alliance without delay.

1967: The Arab states belligerency towards Israel increases, Meir Amit was sent to Washington to check the American response if Israel launched pre-emptive strikes at Egypt.

1969: Palestinian terrorists blew up the oil pipeline which passes through the Golan Heights.

1972: In Tel Aviv, members of the Japanese Red Army carry out the Lod Airport Massacre, killing 24 people and injuring 78 others.

1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that in his inaugural Knesset address the new, fifth President of Israel, Yitzhak Navon, called upon Egypt to renew peace negotiations and urged other Arab leaders to follow suit.

2001: President Bush welcomes Israeli President Moshe Katsav to the White House for a working dinner with Jewish leaders and senior Administration officials.

2005: Thirty-eight year old Yona Peter Malina who had been “severely injured” during a Hamas bombing on a city bus in Ramat Eshkol, Jerusalem, and had been on a respirator finally passed away today.

2011: Israeli Homeland Security Minister Matan Vilna’i and his Russian counterpart Emergencies Minister Sergei Shoigu are scheduled to sign an agreement to increase Israeli-Russian cooperation in emergency situations during a ceremony at the Knesset today.

2012: Shin Bet chief Yoram Cohen told the Knesset Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee today that terrorists funded by Iran have increased attempts to attack Jewish targets around the world in the past year.

2013: President Bashar al-Assad of Syria displayed a new defiance in a television interview broadcast today, warning Israel and suggesting that he had secured plenty of weapons from Russia as his opponents falter politically and Hezbollah fighters infuse force into his military campaign.

2014: Ninety year old Israeli actress Hanah Maron passed away.

2017: According to a press release issued” today “UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres told officials from the Simon Wiesenthal Center that “denial of Israel’s right to exist is anti-Semitism.

1936: As Arab violence continued today, a Jewish policeman as stabbed and Jewish crops were burned.”

1938: As Arab violence continued to escalate, The Palestine Post reported that Arab terrorist gangs, searching for money and valuables, murdered eight Arab villagers, including three women, in the Tulkarm district. One woman who refused to pay was badly injured. Shots were fired at the Jewish quarters in Jerusalem, Haifa and Safed. “The Times” of London deplored the continued Arab terror in Palestine, “which led to some Jewish reprisals.”

1947: At a meeting of the Mapai Party secretariat, Ben Gurion declared “It has become clear to me that we had very important achievements: I do not know whether any nation other than ours could have had such achievements.  But if you think we have the power to defend the Yishuv, you are deceiving yourself.  We had a public that is devoted to the Haganah and that is prepared to give up its life to defend Zionism, but we do have a talented public that is trained and equipped for that.”

1948: The Israeli army crossed into Lebanon, and scattered the Arab forces on the border.

1948: As a result of Jewish forces capturing Acre, Nahariya was reunited with the rest of the Jewish State. 

1948: Eddie Cohen was killed in combat flying for the IAF today.

1948: The IAF had five pilots and only four combat aircraft which meant that Milton Rubenfield did not fly and fight today.

1948: The commander of the Egyptian armored column advancing toward Tel Aviv “was apparently so shaken by the IAF’s unexpected attack” that “he order his troops to hold their positions” which, although not known at the time, marked the end of the Egyptian advance on Tel Aviv.

1948: Andrei Gromyko, the Soviet representative to the U.N. attacks the five Arab nations that have invaded Israel expressing his dismay that the invading Arab armies are “carrying out military operations aimed at the suppression of the National Liberation Movement in Palestine.”

1948: Lehi, the Irgun and the Palmach were dissolved with most of these groups members joining the IDF. 

1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that two Israeli soldiers were wounded in another confrontation with Jordanians in the Hebron area.

1957: “A tractor driver was killed and two others wounded, when the vehicle struck a landmine, next to kibbutz Kissufim”

1964: A meeting of The Arab League in east Jerusalem to discuss the Palestinian situation leads to the formation of the Palestinian Liberation Organization.

1967: Israel began the period known as the “Hamtana” or “Waiting.”  At the time, this period of waiting increased the anxieties and fears of many Israelis as they saw the Arabs forging an ever more threatening military vice around their country. 

1974: In an attempt to break the stalemate following the Yom Kippur War, Syrian and Israeli officers meet in Geneva under the chairmanship of the UN Chief of Staff, Ensio Siilasvuo

1974: In an attempt to break the stalemate following the Yom Kippur War, Syrian and Israeli officers meet in Geneva under the chairmanship of the UN Chief of Staff, Ensio Siilasvuo

1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that the Palestine Liberation Organization warned from Lebanon that it will soon operate from the Golan Heights, Jordan, as well as from Sinai.

1979: Habib Elghanian, President of the Council of federations of Iranian Jewish communities, who he had been arrested and convicted for Zionist spying was summarily executed by the new Iranian government.

1981: Israeli jets attacked “Libyan anti aircraft missile batteries guarding Palestinian guerrilla positions south of Beirut” after an IAF reconnaissance plane had been attacked by enemy missiles.

2000: An Israeli court postpones a decision on whether to release two Lebanese guerrillas held without trial for years.

2001: Fifty-three year old Sara Blaustein and 20 year old Esther Alvan were murdered by a Tanzim terrorist.

2002: A program is launched to integrate Ethiopian immigrants into Israeli society. The National Ethiopian Absorption Project is initiated by the Jewish Agency for Israel and is planned to last nine years.

2006: In Jerusalem, Opening session of “Biomed Israel – 2006” a conference focusing on Respiratory disorders, Central Nervous System disorders, metabolic disorders and Cancer

2010: Gaza-based terrorists continued to attack Israel firing two rockets to night one of which exploded in an open area south of Ashkelon.

2011: Israel’s efforts to alleviate poverty and develop local economies in Africa is noble yet it needs to do more, Irish singer-activist Bob Geldof said at a conference on Israel and Africa held in Herzliya today.

2012: Among those President Obama presented the Medal of Freedom to were  Shimon Peres – President of Israel

2014: “Vatican spokesman Father Federico Lombardi confirmed” today that “Israeli President Shimon Peres and Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas will join Pope Francis in a prayer for peace at the Vatican” on June 8.

2015: Palestine is scheduled to “seek Israel’s expulsion from world soccer’s governing body at today’s meeting of the FIFA Congress.

2016: “Israeli security forces arrested six alleged members of a Hamas terror cell accused of planning and carrying out a suicide bombing in Jerusalem last month, the Shin Bet security service announced today.”

1936: As of today it was reported that 24 Jews have been killed since the outbreak of the Arab Riots and another 110 have been wounded.

1936: Twenty-three year old British Constable Robert Bird, who “shot from ambush by an Arab” in the Old City of Jerusalem was among the five people murdered today.

1948: The commander of the Jewish defense of Jerusalem, “Yitzhak Rabin went up to Mount Zion in Jerusalem, where he later wrote, ‘I witnessed a shattering scene.  A delegation was emerging from the Jewish Quarter bearing white flags

1948: Israeli forces captured Zar’in on Mt. Gilboa

1948: Iraqi troops captured Ge’ulim

1948: At the U.N. Security Council, following the third or fourth Arab rejection of a cease fire, U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. Warren Austin rejected the Arab position in most undiplomatic language.  He accused the Arabs of having only one goal – overwhelming the government of Israel by armed power.

1950: In an attempt to promote peace in the region, the government of Israel proposes that certain religious sites in Jerusalem be placed under international control.  Everybody from the Arabs to the Catholic Church rejects the proposal.

1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that one Israeli soldier was killed and another wounded when Israeli units clashed with, and inflicted considerable losses on an armed Jordanian unit near Hebron.

1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that in Washington, the U.S. Secretary of State, Mr. John Foster Dulles, claimed that the Egyptian Prime Minister, Naguib, was ready to “make a deal with Israel.” He was wrong.

1955: Herut and Maki factions presented no-confidence motions, in which the General Zionists, a coalition member, abstained — leading to Prime Minister Sharett’s resignation.

1964: Palestine National Congress formed the PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) in the eastern section Jerusalem.  The PLO charter called for the destruction of the state of Israel.  At the time of its founding, Arab countries controlled the West Bank and Gaza. 

1969: Katyusha rockets fired from Jordan bombard Jericho twice.

1974: Yitzhak Rabin announced the formation of a three party coalition government that will replace the government led by fellow Laborite, Golda Meir.

1976: Two police officers were killed today while attempting to defuse a terrorist bomb.

1977: Five people were injured when a bomb went off while they were riding on a bus in Jerusalem.

1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that the Cabinet embarked on a major political debate on the future of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.

1980: Menachem Begin replaced Ezer Weizman as Minister of Defense

2008: During a goodwill visit to Israel that included a visit to the Western Wall, Dr J, Julius Erving, met with Shimon Peres at the presidential mansion.

2010: The Israeli Air Force bombed weapons manufacturing site and a terror tunnel tonight following further Hamas rocket attacks on the Western Negev, despite announcements by the terrorist organization and its allies they would cease the rocket attacks

2012: Sports Illustrated reported that the International Olympic Committee has rejected requests for a moment of silence at the London Olympics “in recognition of the 40th anniversary of the 1972  terrorist attacks that killed 11 Israeli coaches and athletes. 

2013: Today a top Israeli minister condemned Russia’s declared intention to deliver advanced anti-aircraft missiles to Syria, and another senior minister said Israel would “know what to do” if the weapons were delivered.

2013: Archaeologists expressed deep concern over construction and renovation works at the Western Wall enclosure in Jerusalem’s Old City. The work, they said, would greatly damage artifacts under the plaza floor, which would be lost forever.

2014: Over a thousand people on Wednesday attended a state ceremony honoring Ethiopian Jews who died en route to Israel during two major waves of immigration in 1984 and 1991.

2015: “In a lengthy interview with Egypt’s Mehwar TV today – segments of which were translated by MEMRI – historian Maged Farag insisted it was time for Egyptians to leave “the old ideology and cultural heritage on which we were raised” – namely, rabid anti-Zionism and anti-Semitism – in favor of a more rational focus on Egypt’s own national interests.”

1911:  Birthdate of Teddy Kollek, mayor of Jerusalem from 1965 till 1993.

1917: “Persecute Jews of Jaffa” published today described the plight of the 8,000 to 9,000 Jewish residents of the Mediterranean coastal city who “have been expelled by Turks” and facing economic ruin as they camp out of doors “without shelter” and food.

1936:  On Shavuot, the British would not allow Jews to hold services at the Western Wall because of the on-going attacks by Arabs.

1947: Ben Gurion drew up his first summary of the Yishuv’s military position

1948: The Israel Defense Force (Zahal) was established. Prior to the creation of the state there had been several armed groups including Haganah, Palmach, Irgun and the Stern Gang. 

1948: In Jerusalem, troops of the Arab Legion “raised their flag on the roof of the Huvra Synagogue, the main synagogue of the Jewish Quarter in the Old City and then set it on fire.

1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that Jordanian marauders carried out three simultaneous attacks on three new immigrant villages of Beit Naballa, Beit Arif and Beit Arif Bet, all of them near Beit Shemen.

1967: The Israeli Cabinet met to decide whether or not to take military action against Egypt based on the continued blockade of the Straits of Tiran.

1969: Terrorist fired a bazooka this morning at an Israeli patrol in the Beisan Valley near Kfar Ruppin.

1973: The IDF announced a state of emergency and reserve troops were called up in response to a movement of Egyptian troops. The state of emergency was cancelled when it became clear that this was only an exercise

2001: Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for today’s Jaffa Road bombing in which 30 people were injured.

2002: The Al-Aqsa Martyrs, Brigades claimed credit for today’s bombing in a mall at Petah Tivka

2005: The Washington Post reported that Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice declared from Jerusalem, “that her meetings with Israeli and Palestinian leaders convinced her that both sides share a commitment to ensuring Israel’s withdrawal from Gaza takes place smoothly and peacefully.

2010: In Paris, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu attended a ceremony marking Israel’s official joining the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development

2013: US Secretary of State John Kerry held separate surprise meetings in Jordan today with Israeli and Palestinian leaders, as he intensified his efforts to revive the peace process

2015: Following yesterday’s rocket attack from Gaza on southern Israel the Gan Yavne Council order bomb shelters to be opened and “unprotected schools in Ashdod are to remain closed today.”

1948: At the United Nations, the Arabs “indicated a willingness to stop the fighting on condition that the Jews would regard the proclamation of statehood as null and void and that no further Jewish immigration would be accepted.  Abba Eban responds publicly; “If the Arab states want peace with Israel, they can have it.  If they want war, they have that, too.  But whether they want peace or war, they could have only with the sovereign independent state of Israel.”

1948: The position of Jewish forces in the Old City was beyond desperate

1950: The Israeli government announced that Aubrey S. Eban has been appointed as Israel’s Ambassador to the United States

1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that the rationing of potatoes came to an end and potatoes were put on the free market sale for the first time in four years.

1954: Meir Har-Zion was part of ten-man squad “from the newly formed 890th Paratroop Battalion led by Ariel Sharon which carried out a raid near Khirbet Jinba” today.

1958: At 1654 Local time Lieutenant-Colonel Flint of the Mixed Armistice Commission was killed apparently by a single sniper round while trying to evacuate the dead and wounded Israelis from an Israeli police patrol.

1964: The third AFC Asian Cup football tournament opened in Israel today.

1967: As the crisis that would result in the Six Day War intensified, President Nasser of Egypt declared, “the battle will be a general one and our basic objective will be to destroy Israel.”

1973: The IDF announced a state of emergency today “and reserve troops were called up in response to a movement of Egyptian troops.

1980: An Israeli police officer was injured in a stabbing attack at Hebron.

1995: Eighty seven year old Mordechai Surkis, the veterans of the Haganah and the Jewish Brigade who was the first mayor of Kfar Saba passed away today.

2004: What is believed to be the largest cheesecake in the world has been baked in Haifa for Shavuot. The cake measured more than three yards in diameter and was more than one yard high

2005: In his, joint press conference welcoming Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas to the White House, President Bush said “The imminent Israeli disengagement from Gaza, parts of the West Bank, presents an opportunity to lay the groundwork for a return to the road map.

2007: As part of an escalating wave of violence, a Border Policeman and an Israeli security guard were moderately to seriously wounded this evening when two Palestinian gunmen opened fire on an Israeli roadblock near the East Jerusalem neighborhood of Sheikh Saad.

2008: Tensions rose between Egypt and Israel when 45 elderly Jews, most of whom were born in Egypt, were forced to cancel their four-day trip to Egypt

2013: A rocket was fired from south Lebanon towards Israel today, Lebanese residents and security sources said, but it was not clear where the rocket landed and there were no immediate reports of damage inside Israel

2014: The Palestinians will demand that Israel be suspended from soccer’s international association unless Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu recognizes the status of the Palestinian Football Association, PFA Chairman Jibril Rajoub threatened today.”

2014: Pope Francis spent today in Israel visiting the Temple Mount, Yad Vashem, a terror victims’ memorial and other sites, as well as holding meetings with Israeli leaders and others

2015: Air raid sirens sounded in towns across southern Israel this evening at 9:02 p.m, as the IDF confirmed that at least one Grad rocket fired from Gaza struck near the community of Gan Yavneh, near Ashdod.”

2017: Norway’s foreign minister today condemned the Palestinian Authority for naming a women’s center in the West Bank, funded in part by the Scandinavian country, after a female terrorist.

1923: Britain recognized Transjordan with Abdullah as its leader. In this illegal action, Britain paid off part of its debt to one Arab family for its part in fighting the Turks during World War I.  There are those who contend that by this act Britain effectively portioned Palestine and created an Arab state out of it

1931: In Palestine voting began to select the representatives to the 17th Zionist Congress to be held in June. When the voting ends, the Yishuv delegation of 36 consists of 24 Mapai and HaShomer HaTzair, 7 Revisionists, 2 Mizrachi, 2 Hapoel HaMizrachi and 1 Yemenite.

1936: The body of thirty-six year old Jacob Rasili, a laborer belonging to the Jewish Federation of Labor, was found this morning near the Hebrew University library and the doctors reported he had been murdered when “he had been struck on the head with a heavy cane or iron bar.

1938: As Arab violence continued unabated The Palestine Post reported that in Jerusalem 30 year old Moshe Proper was killed and there were other casualties including 12 Arab victims and seven Jewish victims. A curfew was imposed to stop stoning and shooting incidents.

1946: Abdullah I becomes King of the Kingdom of Transjordan. From 1921 until 1946 Abdullah had been Emir of the Emirate of Transjordan. On the eve of the creation of state of Israel in 1948, Abdullah met secretly with Golda Meir.

1948: The Old City of Jerusalem falls. Defended by local residents, Etzel members and about 80 Haganah soldiers, they were outnumbered and out-gunned by the Arab legionaries. After weeks of desperate fighting it was decided to surrender and save the almost 2000 mostly elderly Jews who were still living in the Old City.

1948: The government of Egypt “issued a proclamation stipulating that no Jew could leave Egypt with a special visa from the Ministry of the Interior. 

1949: Chaim Weizmann went to the White House as President of Israel at the invitation of President Harry Truman.

1950: Tonight, “The decision of the United States, Britain and France to include Israel in their over-all plan for supplying the countries in the Middle East with arms for defense purposes was greeted” in Israel “with satisfaction by a Foreign Ministry spokesman.”

1951: In a handwritten letter proposes, Abba Eban proposed periodic meetings between himself and the leaders of major American Jewish organizations “to exchange views and impressions about the American-Israeli relationship.”

1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that the Cabinet was discussing the deteriorating security situation in border areas.

1969: An Israeli vehicle was damaged Sunday night after hitting a mine near Maoz Chaim in the valley. There were no casualties

1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that The Knesset Speaker, Mr. Yitzhak Shamir, accepted an invitation to visit Germany at the head of the Knesset delegation.

1979: Israel begins to return the Sinai to Egypt as part of the Camp David Peace Accords.

1991: Israel began the evacuation 14,000 Ethiopian Jews. This was done as a secret operation and served as a reminder of the role of Israel as a haven for all Jews.

2000: Israel withdraws the last of its forces from Lebanon.

2001: The terrorists of Palestinian Islamic Jihad took credit for the bombing today the Hadera bus station where 65 people were injured but nobody was killed.’

2014: At Ben Gurion Airport President Shimon Peres “welcomed Pope Francis, saying “On behalf of the Jewish people and in the name of all the people of Israel, I welcome you with the age old words from the Book of Psalms: ‘Welcome in the name of the Lord.’ Welcome at the gates of Jerusalem.”

2015: Today, “judges sentenced former Prime Minister Ehud Olmert to serve an additional eight months of prison over a graft conviction, tacking the sentence onto a separate six-year jail term the ex-politician is set to serve for another conviction.

1946: The Arab Higher Committee under the chairmanship of Jamal el Husseini today rejected “the recommendations of the Anglo-American Committee on Inquiry” and “demanded the establishment of an ‘Arab Independent State of Palestine,’ the withdrawal of all foreign troops and an immediate end of Jewish immigration.”

1947: The British loaded 1,457 Jewish refugees onto a ship that would take them to detention camps on Cyprus.

1948: South Africa recognized Israel.

1948: The Egyptian army captured Yad Mordecai. Yad Mordecai was one of the kibbutzim blocking the road to Tel Aviv.

1948: Yitzhak Rabin, commander of the Jewish forces in Jerusalem sends Ben Gurion a desperate plea for help.  While the Israelis had been able to thwart an attack by Jordanian armored forces at the New Gate, Rabin feared they could not beat back an additional attack.

1948: Ariel Sharon, the future IDF General and Prime Minister led a platoon during the IDF’s attempt to capture the Latrun Police Compound.

1961: Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion left Israel for a visit to the United States

1970: During the “War of Attrition” Abba Eban and Yitzchak Rabin meet with Nixon and Kissinger to discuss ways of ending the violence between Egypt and Israel

1991: During Operation Solomon a world record was set for single-flight passenger load when an El Al 747 carried 1,122 passengers to Israel.

1999: A joint U.S.–Israeli team which was searching for the remains of the INS Dakar used information received from U.S. intelligence sources that led to the detection a large body on the seabed between Crete and Cyprus, at a depth of some 3000 meters (9800 ft).

2000:  Israeli troops leave southern Lebanon after 18 years.

2002: In Tel Aviv, a security guard at Studio 49 Disco killed a Palestinian terrorist who “was attempting to detonate a car bomb. Despite his quick action, five people were seriously injured.

2002: Twenty-three year old Sergeant First Class Oren Tzelnik of Bat Yam was killed by terrorists and two of his comrades were seriously wounded.

2005: IDF soldier Majde Halabi was reported missing. He was assumed to have been taken hostage or killed by terrorists

2009: As he ended a four-day trip to Israel today, Canada’s minister of citizenship, immigration and multiculturalism warned against a “new anti-Semitism” that emanates from an alliance of Western leftists and Islamic extremists is more dangerous than the “old European” form of Jew-hatred.”

2010: Fifth anniversary of Majdi Halabi, the druse IDF soldier who disappeared while hitchhiking from his home at Daliyat al-Karmel to the military base where he was serving on active duty.

2011: Eighty-two year old Arthur Goldreich, a native of South Africa who was an ally of Nelson Mandela in the fight to end apartheid, passed away today in Tel Aviv.

2011: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu addressed a joint session of Congress this morning.

2012: Israeli composer Guy Barash’s musical series “Eavesdropping” is scheduled to return to The Tank in NYC.

2013: The time has come for Israeli and Palestinian leaders to take difficult steps in pursuit of peace, US Secretary of State John Kerry said as he spoke with reporters in Ben-Gurion International Airport today at the end of a two-day visit.

2014: Pope Francis sent his good wishes to President Shimon Peres and to the Israeli people via his pilot as he flew to neighboring Jordan to kick off his regional “pilgrimage of prayer” tour.

2015: “Two Israeli teens were moderately injured after being stabbed near Jerusalem’s Damascus Gate” early this morning.

1915: “A report telling of the relief work for the benefit of war sufferers in Palestine was issued today by the Provisional Executive Committee for General Zionist Affairs” chaired by Louis D. Brandeis.

1947: The British intercepted a three-masted Italian schooner today off the shore of Palestine containing 1,457 Jews who were trying to enter the country.

1948: Thomas C. Wasson, the Consul General for the United States in Jerusalem, died today after having been shot in an alley “by a .30 caliber rifle.”

1948: Rabbi Yitzchak Avigdor Orenstein, the Western Wall’s first rabbi and his wife were killed today during the shelling of Jerusalem by the Jordanian forces

1948: Egyptian forces began its attack on the Jewish settlement of Negba with an artillery barrage.

1960:  Prime Minister David Ben Gurion announces in the Knesset that Adolf Eichmann, an Nazi SS officer, was abducted from Buenos Aires, Argentina, by Israeli agents and flown to Israel to stand trial for crimes against the Jewish people.

1967:  Egypt closes the Straits of Tiran and blockades the port of Eilat at the northern end of the Gulf of Aqaba to Israeli shipping, laying the foundations for the Six Day War.  A blockade like this is an act of war under international law. 

1969: As Israelis were celebrating Shavuot, Israeli security forces arrested numerous terrorists as they foiled attacks in on both sides of what had been the Green Line.

1972: Thomas Paul Malone began serving as Canadian Ambassador to Israel.

1979: Three people were killed and thirteen more were injured when a bomb was detonated at a bus stop in Petach Tikva.

1981: Syria claimed that it had shot two Israeli drones while Israel admitted the loss of only one pilotless plane.  The aircraft which were flying a recon mission over eastern Lebanon fell victim to Syrian missile batteries stationed in the Syrian occupied portion of that country.

1981: U.S. Presidential envoy Philip Habib arrived in Beirut on a mission designed to keep the situation on the Syrian-Lebanon –Israel border from exploding into war.

2001: Asher Iluz, 33, of Modi’in was killed outside Ariel en route to supervise a road paving in the area, when Palestinian gunmen opened fire in an ambush.

2002: Prime Minister Ariel Sharon replaced Eli Yishai as Minister of Internal Affairs.

2011: El Al flight 027 carrying 279 passengers landed safely at Ben Gurion Airport this morning after it was forced to make an emergency landing when a technical fault was found in one of its left wheels.

2013: A sketched map of Israeli prime minister Ehud Olmert’s land-for-peace offer to Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas in 2008 — hurriedly drawn up by Abbas after a meeting with Olmert that December, and made public for the first time today — suggests that Israel was prepared to withdraw to borders very similar to the pre-1967 lines and swap areas of northern and southern Israel in return for maintaining the larger settlement blocs

2014: “With the words of the Kaddish and a sprinkle of earth over his remains, Avner Less, the Israeli official who interrogated Adolf Eichmann was reburied today in Berlin’s Wannsee neighborhood, not far from the house where the senior Nazi who helped organize the Holocaust outlined his genocidal plans in 1942.”

2015: Today, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu thanked President Barak Obama for blocking a UN moved at forcing Israel to come clean on its nuclear capabilities en route to a Middle East zone free of nuclear weapons.”

2015: According to an article published today in Rai al-Youm, “a London-based Arab newspaper,” “Saudi Arabia recently rejected an Israeli offer to provide it with Iron Dome rocket defense technology.”

1930: The Jewish community in Palestine begins a general strike to protest the blocking of immigration

1936: Jewish-operated buses were again fired at today on the Jerusalem-Tel Aviv road.

1948: Troops from the Carmeli Brigade took up positions at Masada and Sha’ar HaGolan in expectation of a counter-attack from the Arabs that did not come.

1948: Just after 2.00pm, Consul General Thomas C Wasson was shot while returning to the US Consulate from a meeting of the UN Truce Commission at the French Consulate in Jerusalem.

1967: In violation of international agreements, Egypt closed the Straits of Tiran, blocking all Israeli shipping from the south, thereby raising tension in the Middle East

1969: Female Palestinian artist Mona Saudi, Iraqi Suheir Razzak and Swede Rolf Svensson were imprisoned in Copenhagen on suspicion of plotting to murder David Ben-Gurion.

1970: Arab terrorists killed 9 children and 3 adults on a school bus

1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israel empowered the Minister of Defense and the Chief of Staff to discuss with U.N. and UNIFIL the arrangements aimed to prevent the terrorists in South Lebanon from attacking Israel and harming local inhabitants

1998: Seventy-two year old Yitzhak Moda’I passed away. Born in Tel Aviv in 1926, he became an Israeli political leader who served in the Knesset

2002: Sixteen year old Elmar Deshabrielov and 65 year old Gary Tauzniaski were killed and forty people were wounded when a suicide bomber detonated himself

2003: Hamas claimed responsibility for today’s bus bombing at Netzarim where nine people were injured.

2009: IDF forces killed two armed terrorists who approached a security fence in southern Gaza before dawn today.

2011: President Obama addressed American Israel Public Affairs Committee this morning.

2012: Israeli radio reported today that 24 year old Nadav Ben Yehuda went to the aid of a stranded climber which put an end to attempt to become the youngest Israel to reach the summit of Mount Everest.

2012: Israel responded with skepticism to reports that the UN had concluded an agreement with Iran to probe that country’s suspected nuclear site

2017: Today, Donald Trump “became the first sitting American President to visit the Western Wall.”

1900: Herzl turns to Prime Minister Ernest von Koerber to intervene for the Rumanian Jews who have no permission to cross the border to Austria.

1936: It was reported today, that in the wake of Arab attacks, “only 200 Jewish families out of a former total Jewish population of 5,000 remained in the Old City.”

1948: Today, at dawn the Golani staff reported that the enemy was repelled but that they were expecting another attack.

1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that two marauders who shot at an Israeli patrol in Jerusalem’s “Corridor” were killed in an exchange of fire.

1969: A group of about 10 saboteurs was intercepted today near Nahal Argaman in the Jordan Valley. One saboteur was killed in a clash with an Israeli unit. Another was wounded and a third escaped and joined other members of the gang hiding in caves.

1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israeli security men and French policemen killed three gunmen who attacked the El Al desk at the Paris Orly airport. One French policeman was killed in this Arab terror attack and three French passengers were wounded.

1979: Iran: A National Still in Torment published today described the execution of Habib Elghanian, a plastics manufacturer and the first Jew to be condemned who was convicted of spying for Israel, was said to have made huge investments in Israel and to have solicited funds for the Israeli army, which the prosecution claimed made him an accomplice “in murderous air raids against innocent Palestinians.” “The conviction of Elghanian caused concern among some Jewish businessmen in Iran, who feared that they too could be charged with contributing money to Israel.

1994: Israeli commandos captured Shiite guerrilla leader Mustafa Dirani

2009: Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu delivered a speech at Ammunition Hill in memory of soldiers who fell in the Six-Day War in 1967 in which he said, “Jerusalem was always ours, will always be ours, and will never again be divided.”

2011: Defense Minister Ehud Barak said today that the differences between Israel and the United States on the peace process are smaller than they seem.

2012: Israeli violinist Vadim Gluzman is among those scheduled to perform at the Good Shepherd Church in New York.

2013: Defense Minister Moshe Yaalon and the IDF said today that Israel has destroyed an unspecified Syrian target after fire from the Syrian side of the Golan Heights border damaged an IDF vehicle

2014: A court hearing is scheduled today for Rasmieh Yousef Odeh, associate director at the Arab American Action Network in Chicago whose failure to disclose her conviction for killing two people with a bomb in Jerusalem in 1969 should lead to her deportation under U.S. Immigration law.

2017: Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI), the nation’s largest aerospace and defense company, said today it has received an additional $630 million contract to supply long-range surface-to-air missile (LRSAM) defense systems for four ships of the Indian navy.

1944: In Jerusalem, Zev and Esther Vilnay gave birth to Matan Vilnai.  Zev had been born in Kishinev and moved with his parents to Haifa at age 6.  He worked as a topographer for the Haganah and the IDF.  He pursued a career as leading geographer, author and lecturer. Mata joined the IDF where he served with the paratroopers, the Sayeret Matkal and deputy commander of the assault force for the Entebbe Raid.

1947: The Palmach “blew up a coffee house in Fajja, specifically in retaliation for the murder of two Jews in nearby Petah Tikva.”

1948: First appearance of the Israeli Air Force.  Real combat aircraft bearing the Star of David would not appear until later in the week.

1948: The siege of Gesher ended when the two field pieces that had saved Deganya from the Syrians were rushed southwards.  The guns opened fire on the Iraqi forces besieging the Jewish fighters.  Faced with modern weapons, the Iraqis fled rather than fight.

1948: Mordechai “Modi” Alon and the rest of the Jewish pilots who have been training in Czechoslovakia board a DC-54 transport plane and begin their flight back to Israel.

1973: “Letter bombs were sent to Jewish and Israeli addresses in Britain and Holland” after which two Arabs were arrested by police and expelled from Great Britain.

1978: Three members of the PFLP (Peoples Front for the Liberation of Palestine) a terrorist organization, killed a policeman  near El Al airlines at Orly Airport outside of Paris, France.

1981: The Israeli Cabinet reportedly will meet today to discuss proposals made by Philip C. Habib, President Reagan’s envoy who has been meeting with the President of Syria over the threat posed by his missiles located in Lebanon.

1985: Israel exchanges 1150 Palestinian prisoners for 3 Israeli soldiers

1994: Staff Sgt. Moshe Bukra, age 30 and Cpl. Erez Ben-Baruch, age 24 were shot dead by Hamas terrorists at a roadblock one kilometer south of the Erez checkpoint in the Gaza Strip

2002: Hamas claimed credit for the highway bombing at Afula

2009: Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad announced today that Iran has successfully test-fired a new advanced missile with a range of about 1,200 miles

2011: Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu met with President Obama the White House today.

2011: Just a week before his 96th birthday, Arieh Handler, on the founders of the Religious Zionist movement and the last living person to have present at when Israel declared her independence passed away today.

2012: Security forces intercepted a Palestinian squad that attempted to kidnap Israeli citizens in the West Bank.

2014: An IDF raid on the Jenin refugee neighborhood in Samaria today exposed weapons and improvised explosive devices, as well as knives and various kinds of ammunition.

2015: Two Border Police officers – a man and a woman – were wounded” this morning in a vehicular terror attack in Jerusalem on the ascent to the Mount of Olives.

1936: Tel Aviv celebrated the inauguration of its new port today.  Tens of thousands gathered around a provisional jetty to watch the arrival and unloading of two steamers with cargoes of cement.

1948: The provisional government of Israel declared a state of emergency.

1948: A tiny force of the Palmach took Mount Zion and broke through to the Jewish Quarter.”  The unit was forced to withdraw several hours later when reinforcements could not come to their aid.

1966: The emblem for the Israeli town of Arad, a square with a hill and a flame, was adopted today.

1969: Palestinian terrorists from Jordan bombard the Musa Alami School near Jericho.

2002: Yosef Haviv, 70, Victor Tatrinov, 63, and Arkady Vieselman, 40, all of Netanya, were killed and 59 people were injured – 10 seriously – when a suicide bomber, disguised as a soldier, blew himself up in the market in Netanya.

2003: Forensic experts said today that the second terrorist who had participated in the bombing of Mike’s Place had met death by drowning. Hamas and Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades who had claimed joint responsibility for the murderous attack identified the terrorist and his compatriot as being Muslims from Great Britain.

2009: Ninety year old Sheikh Jabr Muadi, a Druze Israeli politician who served in the Knesset from 1951 to 1981 passed away today.

2011: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said today Israel would object to any withdrawal to “indefensible” borders, adding he expected Washington to allow it to keep major settlement blocs in any peace deal. 

2013: Iran’s state radio says authorities have executed two men convicted of spying for Israel’s Mossad and the American CIA spy agency.

2014: Warning that the army was operating under unprecedented financial constraints, IDF Chief of Staff Benny Gantz said today that he had cancelled reserve training for the rest of the year because of cuts to the defense budget.

1902: Herzl receives a letter from Constantinople that his letter concerning a request for the creation of an Israelite University in Jerusalem was submitted to the Sultan.

1948: Syrian aircraft bombed the Israeli village Kinneret and the regional school Beit Yerah, on the southwestern shore of the Sea of Galilee.

1948:  The Arab Legion captured the police fort on Mt. Scopus.  The occupation of Mt. Scopus would end with the June War in 1967. 

1948: Fighting under Egyptian command Saudi Arabia joined the other Arab armies in their invasion of Israel.

1950: As a result of Operation Ezra and Nehemiah, 120,000 Jews fleeing Iraq were brought to Israel over the course of a year’s time.

1950: Israel has released the eight crewmen of an RAF flying-boat that had been forced down yesterday by Israeli fighter planes.  According to the pilot, the plan was flying from Bahrain to the Suez Canal when it wandered off course due to a navigational erro

1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that Abu Eliahu, 40, and Eliahu Ephraim, 45, two watchmen in the Jerusalem “corridor” were murdered by infiltrator

1965: Israeli spy Eli Cohen was publicly executed by the Syrians. This execution was aired on national Syrian television. After his execution, a sign with Anti-Zionist messages was placed on his hanging body.

1977: Menachem Begin became Israel’s Prime Minister.  Begin’s election marked a major shift in Israeli politics.

1978: The Jerusalem Post reported the UNIFIL’s admission that it had allowed the terrorists to move, together with their arms, into South Lebanon.

1980: In Israel, a stone marker was unveiled in a memorial forest of 3,500 trees which had been created to honor Major Noel S. Jacobs who had commanded the Jewish Company of the Shanghai Volunteer Corps.

2001: Lt. Yair Nebenzahl, 22, of Neve Tzuf (Halamish), was killed and his mother seriously wounded, in a Palestinian roadside ambush north of Jerusalem.

2003: Steve Averbach “was on a bus heading to work when a Palestinian terrorist dressed as a fervently Orthodox Jew got on board. Averbach realized immediately that he was a suicide bomber. As he reached for his handgun, the terrorist blew himself up, killing seven people and seriously injuring 20, including Averbach.

2004: The IDF launched Operation Rainbow in response to the deaths of 13 soldiers, the majority of whom were killed after their armored personnel carriers were blown up in the southern Gazan town of Rafah

2009: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu meets with President Barak Obama in Washington, D.C.

2013: There is no chance that Israel could reach a peace agreement with Hamas, Justice Minister Tzipi Livni said this evening in an interview with Army Radio.

2014: “Israel’s tourism ministry said today it expects the papal visit later this month to give a sharp boost to tourism by Christians, who already account for a majority of tourism to the Holy Land.”

2014: “Israel’s tourism ministry said today it expects the papal visit later this month to give a sharp boost to tourism by Christians, who already account for a majority of tourism to the Holy Land.”

2015: “In a historic decision” Lt. Gen. Gadi Eisenkot, the head of the IDF General Staff today “decided to disband the IDF’s homogeneous Druze battalion, a storied unit that no longer drew the top recruits from within the community and seemed to symbolize a segregation whose time had long since passed.

1901: Herzl met with the Sultan of Turkey to discuss the establishment of a Jewish state and the obtaining of a charter. He failed in both attempts.

1936: Seventy-seven year old Zionist leader Nachum Sokolow passed away

1936: This morning in Jerusalem, more than 30,000 Jews marched in the funeral procession for three Jews murdered the night before at a local move theatre

1948: Egyptian warplanes were strafing and dive-bombing Tel Aviv for the third straight day.

1948: In Tel Aviv, as Battles of the Kinarot Valley rage into their third day.  David Ben Gurion orders Moshe Dayan, the Haganah commander in the area, to ‘Hold the Jordan Valley’ no matter the cost.

1948: Russia recognized Israel. Much to Stalin’s dismay, he lost the recognition race to the United States.

1948: A convoy consisting of 12 trucks filled with military supplies arrived in Jerusalem. It would be the last convoy to reach the city. “The siege of Jerusalem was now complete.”

1950: Israeli fighter planes forced down a four-engine Royal Air Force Sunderland that was flying outside ‘the prescribed air corridor.”

1959: The Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School was opened in the western section Jerusalem. The original facility had been on Mt. Scopus. When the Jordanian Army illegally captured the eastern section of Jerusalem, the facility on Mt. Scopus became untenab

1975: Terrorist bombings taking place in Ramallah and El Bira.

1981: Birthdate of Shiri Maimon, the Sephardic Jewess born at Haifa and raised a Kiryat Haim, who is a popular Israeli singer, actress and television personality.

1983: Representatives of the United States, Lebanon and Israel signed an agreement that was supposed to bring peace to the two warring Middle East nations.  The government of Lebanon was not able to honor the terms of the agreement.

1999: Avigdor Kahalani completed his services as an MK

2003: A pregnant Israeli woman and her husband were killed when a suicide bomber detonated himself next to them in a public square in Hebron.

2013: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu pledged to do whatever it takes to protect Israelis in the unstable Middle East

1936: A bomb thrown by Arabs kills three Jews at the Edison cinema in Jerusalem. The Haganah demands permission to retaliate, but Ben Gurion refuses.

1948: Based on a telegram from David Ben Gurion and Moshe Sharett, Abba Eban and not Mordechai Elisah, is to be Israel’s chief spokesman at the the United Nations.

1948: Israel issued its first postage stamps.

1948: Chaim Weizmann was chosen Chairman of the Provisional State Council of Israel which effectively made him the first president of the State of Israel.

1948: The Egyptian army suffered its first defeat at Nirim, in the Negev.

1948: The Egyptians entered Gaza. They would not “leave’ until 1967.

1948: At approximately one o’clock in the morning Syrian artillery began shelling Kibbutz Ein Gev.

1974: Despite a terrorist attack the previous day on a school at Ma’alot, Prime Minister Golda Meir tells Secretary of State Kissinger that talks with the Syrians will continue.

2009: Mordechai Limon, the first commander of the Israel Navy, passed away today at the age of 85. “During World War II, he volunteered for the British Merchant Marin

2014: “Maccabi Electra Tel Aviv won a place tonight in the Euroleague Final after a thrilling victory over CSKA Moscow.”

2015: Rocking throwing Palestinians attacked firefighters trying to reach two burning synagogues in the Jerusalem neighborhood of Pisgat Zeev today which was Shabbat.

2017: “The US ambassador to the United Nations, Nikki Haley, said today that the US embassy should be moved from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem

1936: On the first day of the official Arab campaign of civil disobedience aimed at ending Jewish immigration violence breaks out forcing the British to cordon off Tel Aviv from Jaffa.

1948: Voice of Israel (Kol Israel) was born simultaneously with the birth of the State of Israel. Operations for Kol Israel were in the old Palestine Broadcasting Service facilities left behind when the British left Palestine. The first Kol Israel broadcast was made from Tel Aviv as David Ben-Gurion read the Declaration of Independence for the Jewish State.

1948: In a radio Broadcast Menachem Began said today “It is Hebrew arms which decide the boundaries of the Hebrew State; so it now in this battle; so it will be in the future.”

1948: On the day after Israel declared its independence Jews in Baghdad “walked liked shadows, terrified about their own destiny and that of their brothers in the Land of Israel.”

1948: An Iraqi brigade invaded at Naharayim on May 15, 1948, in an unsuccessful attempt to take the kibbutz and fort but the Arabs were able to occupy and loot the power plant which was the creation of Pinhas Rutenberg.

1948: Holocaust survivor Rivka Salzman died today during the crucial Battle of Nirim – the only woman to die in the successful thwarting of Egypt’s initial attempt to destroy the state of Israel.

1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that a new railway line linked Hadera with Tel Aviv.

1967: During a parade in Jerusalem marking the 19th anniversary of Israeli independence, a messenger brings word to Prime Minister Eshkol that “large Egyptian forces were moving into Sinai and advancing westward.”

1974: A cell from the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine infiltrated into Israel from Lebanon. Murdering the Cohen family including their four year old son in their apartment in Ma’alot. The terrorist then stormed Netiv Meir School taking 105 students and 10 of their teachers hostage.  The terrorists killed 22 students and three of the teachers before the IDF could mount an effective rescue mission.

1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that the Israeli Cabinet, by a vote of 14 to three, backed the Chief of Staff, Raphael Eitan’s declaration that Israel cannot defend itself without Judea, Samaria, and the Golan.

1981: President Anwar el-Sadat called on Syria and Israel today to adopt a policy of ”hands off Lebanon” and urged the Palestinians to form a provisional government because ”the day will come when Israel will sit with you.

2000: Israel and Sri Lanka re-establish diplomatic relations.

2001: One Israel, a party formed by Ehud Barak in 1999 ceased to exist today.

2006: Over 150,000 people attended the celebrations at the tomb of Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai on Mount Meron in the Galilee

2007: Four people were wounded by a barrage of Rockets fired by Hamas at the western Negev town of Sderot.

2008: President George Bush is schedule to address the Knesset on the second day of his visit to Israel; a visit designed to honor Israel on its sixtieth anniversary as well as to try and advance peace talks with the Palestinians.

2011: Four people were reportedly shot dead by Israel Defense Forces troops today as they opened fire on large numbers of infiltrators trying to breach Syria’s southern border with Israel.

2012: Arab terrorists attacked southern Israel with a Kassam rocket early today and attacked Jews in the Hevron area with two firebombs overnight as “Nakba Day” began

2013: For the first time since the outbreak of the Syrian uprising, two mortar shells exploded in the Mount Hermon area this morning.

2013: Israel will continue to take military action to prevent the transfer of advanced weaponry to Syria, The New York Times quoted a senior Israeli official as saying today, a day after Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu met Russian President Vladimir Putin in Sochi to discuss the troubled situation.

1924: The first conference of the General Zionist movement concluded its meeting in Jerusalem. It decided to establish a General Zionist Federation to amalgamate all centrist factions in Palestine.

1936: A large Jewish delegation met with the British High Commissioner and discussed the worsening conditions in the country brought on by continued Arab attacks and violence.

1948: When the Israeli flag was unfurled outside the Jewish Agency building in New York City, “throngs of Jewish youngster danced the hora outside and traffic on East 68th Street came to a halt.”

1948: Following yesterday’s massacre of the Jews at Kfar Etzion, the rest of villages at Gush Etzion surrendered following which the Jews were taken prisoner and their homes “plunder and burned.”

1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that 102 new immigrants arrived from Iran.

1953: The first railway line built by the State of Israel – 28 and a half miles of track running parallel to the coast between Hadera and Tel Aviv – was dedicated by Mrs. David Remez, widow of Israel’s first Minister of Communications who conceived the line in 1948.

1967: According to statements made by Nasser in justifying the blockade of the Straits of Tiran, this is the day on which he discussed the Soviet report of the Israel’s planned invasion of Syria with the government in Damascus and formulated their military response.

1974: First Lieutenant Rami Zusman and Sergeant Reuven Brinenberg were killed just two weeks before Henry Kissinger negotiated a separation of forces agreement between the Syrians and Israelis.

1978: The Jerusalem Post reported on the changed mood in the Cairo media which claimed that the deadlock in the Israeli-Egyptian peace negotiations moved the whole Middle East to the situation which preceded the 1973 Yom Kippur war.

2008: As US President George W. Bush lands in Israel for a three-day visit.

2008: A shopping mall in Ashkelon was hit this afternoon by a long-range rocket fired from the Gaza Strip injuring around 90 people, four of them seriously.

2009: Today Jordan’s king pressed Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to immediately commit to the establishment of a Palestinian state, as the monarch pursued a sweeping resolution of the Muslim world’s conflicts with Israel.

2013: The refurbished Jerusalem Train Station is scheduled to host its first major event today.

2014: US ambassador to Israel Dan Shapiro and Amos Gilad of the Defense Ministry met U.S. Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel at the airport this evening as he prepared to begin a two day visit to Israel.

2015: “Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s coalition was formally sworn in tonight

2018: More than 100,000 people from Gaza are scheduled to take part in the “March of Return” an attempt to breach the anti-terrorist fence on the border with the Israel which in reality is an attempt by those committed to destroying Israel to invade the country.

1900: Herzl made a Zionist speech at the “Israelitische Allianz”.

1904: Herzl writes to Wenzel von Plehve asking for an audience for Katzenelson.

1936: Tonight, “thirty Arabs attacked a Jewish stone-crushing plant outside of Jerusalem” killing “one of three Arabs working there, wounding another” before setting fire to the plant.

1948: As the British began their withdrawal from the Old City, the Haganah awaited the attack by 20,000 Arab soldiers who were determined to capture Jerusalem

1948: The Arab Emergency committee and the Haganah High Command signed the terms for the Arab surrender of the town of Jaffa.  Despite Jews pleas to stay, 67,000 of the city’s 70,000 inhabitants of the city left, many by boat for Lebanon.

1948: In a daring nighttime firefight, Jewish forces seized the fort at the ancient town of Gezer at the southern end of the Tel Aviv – Jerusalem road.  This is the same Gezer that the Pharaoh gave to King Solomon as a wedding gift.

1948: On the day before Israel declares her independence, Arab irregulars perpetrate The Kfar Etzion massacre. Armored cars of the Arab Legion broke through the final defense line of Kfar Etzion.  In the last message sent by the defenders to Jerusalem, the defenders described “a Masada –like battle.” 

1948: A motorbike courier delivers an envelope the Tel Aviv apartment of 32 year old Arieh Handler. The envelope contained an invitation to the ceremonies marking the Israeli Declaration of Independence

1948: Maury Atkin was offered a job as executive officer and agriculture attaché of the first Israeli embassy. The embassy actually would not exist for another 24 hours.

1950: Eliahu Elath, Israel’s Ambassador to the United States, was named Ambassador to Great Britain today.  Abba Eban is expected to succeed Elath.

1953:The Jerusalem Post reported that a Bill had been introduced in the Knesset by the Minister of Education and Culture, Prof. Benzion Dinur, for the establishment of “Yad Vashem” (an everlasting name), for the memory of the six and a half million Jews who perished in the Holocaust and were granted Israeli honorary citizenship.

1965: Germany established diplomatic relations with Israel.

1965: Several Arab nations broke ties with West Germany after it established diplomatic relations with Israel.

1967: Egyptian troops move into the Sinai, which is a demilitarized zone.

1996: Eighty year old Professor Chaim Menachem Rabin, the native of Germany who became one of Israel’s premiere expert on Hebrew, especially as found in such ancient documents as the Dead Sea Scrolls passes away.

2008: Maj.-Gen. Ido Nehushtan assumed his new post as the 16th commander of the Israel Air Force.

2010: Oz Goffman of the Ministry of Agriculture said today that parliament must still approve the proposal to ban fishing on the Sea of Galilee for the next two years before it takes effect.

2012: Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu congratulated Kadima leader Shaul Mofaz on his joining the government coalition during his opening remarks at the weekly cabinet meeting today.

1938: The Palestine Post reported the Jewish Labor declaration that the Arab terror will merely strengthen the determination of the Jewish people in their development of uninhabited areas and other up building tasks.

1943: The first Aliyah to the Negev began with the establishment of Kibbutz Gevulot. The first three settlements, Gevulot, Revivim, and Bet Eshel, were experimentally established in 1943 to determine the feasibility of permanent settlements in the Negev.

1948: Beit-Shean was captured by the Haganah; specifically the 13th Battalion of the Golani Brigade.

1948: Yigael Yadin, the Haganah’s chief of operations, put the odds of the nascent Jewish state surviving the onslaught by the Arab armies at 50-50

1948: David Ben-Gurion convened an emergency meeting of the Provisional Council, the governing body of the unborn Jewish state. The issue at hand was a proposal that there should be a delay in declaring statehood

1948: Having withstood the onslaught of the Arab Legion during the fight for Mishmar Ha-Emek, Lehi launched a successful operation on five villages directly to the west the Kibbutz.

1950: As of today, doctors in Israel are “exhausting supplies of the drug Aureomycin in an attempt to curb the worst polio epidemic in” the history of the Jewish state

1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israel agreed to review the acute border infiltration problem in high level talks with Jordan.

1965:  Israel and West Germany exchange letters beginning diplomatic relations

1968: Israel defeated Hong Kong in a 1968 AFC Asian Cup match at Amjadieh Stadium in Tehran, Iran.

1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that on the occasion of Israel’s 30th anniversary, the Chief of Staff, Rafael Eytan, declared that Zahal will be unable to defend Israel without the West Bank, and urged both his soldiers and civilians to “stop being naive about the subject.” He was thus countering the Egyptian President Anwar Sadat’s declaration made at the same time in New York, which demanded that Israel returns the Gaza Strip to Egypt and the West Bank to Jordan.

1980: Birthdate of award winning Israeli actress Maya Maron.

2003: The body of the second terrorists who had helped to blow up Mike’s Place “washed ashore” on the beach at Tel Aviv.

2008: An elderly woman was killed by a Kassam rocket that scored a direct hit on a western Negev community, hours after Israeli leaders said they were leaning toward accepting an Egyptian cease-fire deal with Hamas.

1911: Conservative Young Turks blame Zionists for desecration of the Mosque of Omar.

1924: The first conference of the General Zionist movement begins in Jerusalem.

1948:  Haganah took control of the port of Haifa. Haifa is Israel’s northern port.

1949:  Israel is admitted as the 59th member of the U.N., this, on the anniversary of Turkey’s declaration, in 1917, of its intention to free Eretz Israel of the entire Jewish population.

1960:  Adolf Eichmann, charged with the implementation of the “final solution”, was captured in Buenos Aires, Argentina by the Mossad. Eichmann was in charge of all transportation required for the shipment of Jews to the extermination camps

1961: President John F. Kennedy appointed Walworth Barbour as U.S. Ambassador to Israel.

1967: Abba Eban and his wife tour Israel’s northern border area with General David Elazar, commander of the region.

1969: “Singapore officially recognized the State of Israel and diplomatic relations were established between the two countries.”

1975: Israel signed an agreement with European Economic Market.  This helped the Israelis to increase their involvement in what was then a new and burgeoning market for its products including fresh flowers and fresh produce. 

1975: Saboteurs derailed a freight train near Jerusalem

1976: Three people were injured when terrorist set off a bomb in a Tel Aviv movie theatre.

2006: Writer, actor and singer Yossi Banai, one of Israel’s most beloved and admired artists passed away at the age of 74 after a serious illness.

2009: The Pope arrives in Israel for a four-day stay, which will include visits to the Palestinian Authority and the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem as well as meetings with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and President Shimon Peres, who will be his official host.

2011: Hundreds of Jewish World War II veterans marched in the streets of Jerusalem today on the 66th anniversary of the Allied victory over Nazi Germany.

2012: Israeli President Shimon underwent surgery for a hernia at Sheba Medical Center in Tel Hashomer.

2013: Several thousand people marched around central Tel Aviv tonight to protest the budget plan presented earlier this week by Finance Minister Yair Lapid.

2014: “Twenty IDF reservist commanders sent a letter to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu today, in which they stressed that over 100 soldiers under their command hadn’t undergone any training exercises for three-and-a-half years, and therefore were unprepared for any military conflict the country may face

1917: On the last day of the British War Mission’s visit to Washington A.J. Balfour, the Secretary of State for Foreign Affiars, spoke with Justice Brandeis this afternoon, possibly about the establishment of “a Zionist Republic in Palestine” – a subject “that the British do not desire to discuss too fully in the present disturbed situation.

1948: Tzfat (Safed) was secured by the Haganah.

1951: Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion, escorted by high ranking Israeli officials, journeyed to West Point this morning and placed a wreath on the grave of Col. David (Mickey) Marcus, who was killed in 1948 while serving with the Israeli forces

2002: Operation Defensive Shield which had been launched following the “Passover Massacre” came to an end.

2008: Early this morning the IDF confirmed air strikes on Hamas police stations in the Gaza Strip, killing five Hamas operatives hours after a fatal barrage of mortar shells fired by Palestinian gunmen killed one man in a Kibbutz in the western Negev.

2008: Egyptian Culture Minister Farouk Hosni said during a parliamentary conference that he “would burn Israeli books myself if found in Egyptian libraries.”

2010: “The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) invited Israel to become a member of the organization.”

2010: Israel Air Force planes bombed two targets in the southern Gaza in the early hours today warning in retaliation for a rocket attack on Saturday night, the army said.

2011: On Independence Day, the Central Bureau of Statistics reported that Israel had a population of 7,746,000, 75% of which is Jewish.  In the past year 178,000 babies were born and 24,500 immigrants made aliyah

2014: Thousands marched in Afula tonight in commemoration of 19 year old Shelly Dadon whose body was found earlier this month “in what is believed to be a nationalistically motivated killing

1930: Birthdate of Mordechai “Motta” Gur who commanded the division that reunited Jerusalem in 1967 and served 10th Chief of Staff of the IDF.

1939: The Rothschild-Hadassah University Hospital and Medical Center was opened on Mt. Scopus. Mt. Scopus would be cut off from the Jewish held section of Jerusalem at the end of the War for Independence.

1957: The Libyan government issued a decree ordering all Libyan Jews with relatives in Israel to register with the Libyan boycott Office, the main pressure group opposed trade with Israel. 

1972: A day after Sabena Flight 571 was hijacked by four terrorists from Black September demanding the release of 315 convicted Palestinian terrorists in exchange for the passengers, a rescue mission was mounted.

1996: Pursuant to Article VII of the Interim Agreement on the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, dated September 28, 1995, the Israelis and the Palestinians agree to the establishment of a Temporary International Presence in the city of Hebron

2001: The bodies of two Israeli teenagers – Yaakov “Koby Mandell and Yosef Ishran  – who had been kidnapped yesterday were found in a cave in the Judean Desert near their home which was covered with the boy’s blood “reportedly smeared by their killers” who had bound them, stabbed them and beaten them to death with rocks

2002: The 38-day stand-off in the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem came to an end when the Palestinians inside agreed to have 13 suspected terrorists among them deported to several different countries.

2006: Israeli archaeologists working for Israel’s Antiquities Authority announced today that they have uncovered a large concentration of stone utensils on the southeastern rim of the city which were used by prehistoric man hundreds of thousands of years ago.

2008: In Tel Aviv, Shmuel Katz, who was a close adviser to Menachem Begin, Israel’s prime minister in the late 1970s and early 1980s, but who later became a vociferous opponent of Begin’s peace efforts with Egypt and the Palestinians, passed away at the age of 93.

2010: The Obama administration announced today that indirect, American-brokered talks had resumed between Israel and the Palestinians.

2012: The United States-Israel Enhanced Security Cooperation Act of 2012, which was sponsored by House Majority Leader Rep. Eric Cantor (R-Va.) and House Minority Whip Rep. Steny Hoyer (D-Md.), passed today by a vote of 411-2

2013: Researchers from Tel Aviv University are tentatively positing that they may have discovered the origin of Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia.

1950: An announcement was made today at Geneva that “Israel has accepted the proposal of the United Nations Conciliation Commission for Palestine to proceed with direct negotiations with the Arab states while the commission acts as mediator for the settlement of all outstanding issues.” 

1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that, Syria had appealed to all Arab States to tighten the economic blockade of Israel as “the best way to kill Israel peacefully.”

1960: While exploring caves in the Judean desert an archaeological expedition led Yigael Yadin discovers fourteen letters written by Simon Bar-Kokhba, leader of the Jewish revolt against the Romans in 132 – 135 CE.

1972: Four Palestinian terrorists from Black September boarded Sabena Flight 571 from Vienna to Tel Aviv. Twenty minutes after taking off from a scheduled stop, the hijackers took control of the flight and instructed the captain to continue as planned to Israel’s Lod Airport (now Ben Gurion International Airport).  Less than 24 hours later, Israeli commandos, among them today’s most prominent Israeli leaders launched a daring operation to rescue the flight’s passengers and retake the plane.

1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that the New York police estimated that a crowd of 750,000, gathered in and around the Central Park, at an event which marked Israel’s 30th anniversary, and listened to a 20 minute address by the Prime Minister.

1982: Shimon Peres meets with a dozen leaders of the Labor Party to report on a plan conceived by Defense Minister Arik Sharon for a massive military operation in Lebanon aimed eliminating the PLO presence and influence from that country.

2002: A Palestinian terrorist detonated a suitcase packed with explosives in a crowded gambling and billiards club near Tel Aviv, killing at least 15 people and wounding 58.

2008: On Israel’s 60th Independence Day, eight organizations are awarded the Israel Prize for a lifetime contribution to the state and society.

2009: Pope Benedict XVI began his eight day pilgrimage which will take him to Jordan, Israel and the Palestinian territories.

2010: Hamas fired a rocket, which landed in open ground near Ashkelon today.

2013: President Shimon Peres delivered remarks at the state memorial ceremony for the Jews of Ethiopia who died on their journey to Israel

2014: “Schools near the Dead Sea were shut and several roads in the area were blocked by authorities this morning as a rare tropical storm dumped rain across the country causing flash floods and wreaking havoc in the south of the country.”


1917: In London, the Jewish Chronicle provides further details based on eyewitness accounts of the plight of Jews living in Palestine, which is under the control of the Ottoman Empire.  According to these accounts, the evacuation of the civil population of Jaffa that had been ordered by the Turks as a military measure was aimed against the Jews since all Jews including those of Turkey’s allies – Germany and the Austro-Hungarian Empire – were forced to leave while Mohammedans and Christians, regardless of nationality, were allowed to stay.

1936: Despite the High Commissioner’s warning Arab leaders at a general conference held in Jerusalem representing all Arab towns unanimously called for a campaign of civil disobedience by all Arabs in Palestine including the refusal to pay taxes and “a boycott of everything Jewish.”

1950: The government is scheduled to send its formal reply to the United Nations concerning “the Palestine Conciliations Commission’s proposal for peace negotiations.”  Israel is willing to send delegates to a meeting that is held without pre-conditions while the Arab states have announced that they will only come if the “return of Palestine refugees is the first item on the agenda.”

1994: Haim Bar Lev, the IDF’s Chief of General Staff from 1968 to 1971, passed away

2001: IDF naval commandos captured the Santorini, a fishing boat used for smuggling weapons into Gaza that included Katyusha rocket launchers, surface-to-air (SAM-7) anti-aircraft missiles and rocket-propelled grenade launchers.

2002: Israeli Prime Minister met with President George Bush at the White House.

2002: Hamas claimed responsibility for today’s bombing at Rishon LeZion where 15 people were killed and another 55 were wounded

2003: In Tel Aviv, Mike’s Place re-opened after suffering a suicide bombing attack on April 30.

2006: The World Zionist Organization announce the 2006 winners of the third annual Herzl Award, initiated by the Department for Zionist Activities to commemorate the Centenary of Herzl’s passing.

2008: As Israel celebrates its 60th anniversary, the population nears 7.3 million with 76% of the population being Jewish On the eve of its independence day, Israel’s population numbers 7,282,000, 75.5 percent of which is Jewish, and 20.1 percent Arab, Central Bureau of Statistics show. The remaining 4.4 percent is made up largely of immigrants and their children who are not registered as Jews in the Interior Ministry’s population rolls

2013: Seventy years ago the Jewish people could not protect itself and had to plead for others to “save them.” Today that is no longer the case, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said today, just days after allegations that Israeli war planes attacked weapons depots near Damascus.

1921: In Palestine, riots that began on May 1 come to an end according to official reports.  Outbreaks of Arab riots had taken place in Jaffa, Tel Aviv, and various Jewish settlements.

1930: Birthdate of Mordechai “Motta” Gur the Jerusalem native who rose to the rank of Lt. General in the IDF and became the 10th Chief of Staff of the IDF

1947: David Ben-Gurion completes a five week round of meeting with dozens of Jewish military commanders which will later be described as a “systematic investigation” of the Yishuv’s ability to withstand the military onslaught it could expect from the surrounding Arab nations if the British decided to leave.

1948: Modi Alon left Sde Dov, the airport that was home to the fledgling IAF, for Czechoslovakia where he learned to fly the Avia, a Czech version of the ME-109.

1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israel and Argentina had raised their missions to the rank of Embassies and exchanged Ambassadors.

2001: The Santorini set sail from northern Beirut carrying weapons for terrorists in Gaza.

2006: Israeli pilots and planes participate in The Volcanex 2006 exercise which is held in cooperation with the European Air Group as part of the Italian Air Force exercise Spring Flag begins in Decimomannu, Italy.

2009: Tourism Minister Stas Misezhnikov said today that The Tourism Ministry will begin marketing the grave site of Rabbi Shimon Bar-Yochai as a tourist attraction to the haredi community

2013: Two rockets fired from Syrian territory exploded on the Golan Heights today, without causing casualties or damage, an IDF spokesperson said

2014: “Israel’s political and military leaders gathered in Jerusalem today morning to toast outstanding soldiers for Israel’s 66th Independence Day, with President Shimon Peres telling troops they will face challenges further afield than generations before them.

2015: Or Asraf, the Israeli backpacker who was killed in an earthquake in Nepal last month, is scheduled to be buried today “at the cemetery in his hometown of Lehavim.”

1896: Dreyfus wrote in his diary, “I have no longer anything to say; everything is alike in its horrible cruelty.”

1917: At a mass meeting of Zionists held this evening, “Nathan Straus offered to defray the traveling expenses of all wishing to move to Palestine” but lack “means to do so.”

1936: “A big fire” which was presumably started by arsonists “broke out today in Balfour Forest in northern Palestine destroying more than a thousand trees planted by the Jews

1938: The Palestine Post reported that an Arab watchmen employed by the Iraqi Petroleum Company was shot and killed in a Tiberias cafe, apparently because he was to serve as a witness in the court case against the Izza ed Din el Kassam

1958: Birthdate of “Lieutenant Colonel Ron Arad, IAF fighter pilot and weapon systems officer who is officially classified as missing in action since October 1986, but widely presumed dead. Hezbollah claimed that Arad died during an escape attempt in May 1988.

1983: Chaim Herzog began serving as President of Israel, a position he would hold until the election of Ezer Weizman in 1993.

1985: An additional 2,000-foot section of the ramparts of the Old City of Jerusalem gained modern lighting. The segment may now be walked at night, in a leisurely half-hour, starting at the Zion Gate and ending at the Citadel of David.

1991: Yuval Glick and Moshe Leshem were killed when their F-4 Phantom Jet crashed into Lake Tiberius.

2009: During his visit to the United States, President Peres is scheduled to meet with President Obama at the White House

2011: All flights leaving Ben Gurion Airport were stopped today, due to a problem with the airport’s gas supply. The gas was found to be contaminated.

2013: Israel is working on joining an anti-Iran defense alliance with a number of moderate Arab states that would involve sharing Jerusalem’s newly developed anti-missile technologies, a British newspaper reported today.

1902: Herzl began a three day trip in Berlin. Herzl talked to the director of the Deutsche Bank through which the Zionist movement would like to buy the Deutsche Palästinabank. For the first time Herzl met Franz Oppenheimer.

1917: Tel Aviv was sacked by Arabs. Djemal Pasha announced that it was the intention of the Turkish government to purge Eretz Yisrael of its Jewish population.

1926: In Palestine, “all work in Jewish office, factories and institutions…stopped at 1:30 today as thousands of mourners paid tribute to the late Dr. Max Nordau…whose body was brought to Palestine from France.

1947: The Irgun Zeva’l Le’umi, known in Hebrew by the abbreviation as Etzel or the Irgun, staged the famous prison break at Acre Prison.

1948: In direct violation of international law the Arab Legion which was the Jordanian army that included a compliment of British officers attacked Kfar Etzion and was driven back the poorly armed Jewish fighters.

1948: With only five days left until the end of the British Mandate, the Jewish forces were working feverishly to develop a military posture that would enable them to avoid annihilation by Arab military forces operating illegally in Palestine

1975: Terrorists set off a bomb in a Jerusalem apartment building.

1978: The Jerusalem Post reported from Lebanon that Arab terrorists murdered four French UNIFIL paratroopers, wounded seven and abducted five

1994: Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO leader Yasser Arafat signed an according that granted the Palestinians the right of self-rule in the Gaza Strip and Jericho

2005: Natan Sharansky completed his term as Minister Without Portfolio.

2006: Avi Dichter replaced Gideon Ezra as Minister of Public Security.

2013: The airstrike that Israeli warplanes carried out in Syria overnight was directed at a shipment of advanced surface-to-surface missiles from Iran that Israel believed was intended for Hezbollah, the militant Lebanese organization.

2015: “The mortar round that killed four-year-old Daniel Tragerman on the second to last day of the war in and around Gaza last summer was fired from a United Nations installation, Lt. Gen. (res) Benny Gantz, the commander of the army during the 50-day war, said” today.

1873:  Theodor Herzl’s Bar Mitzvah

1898: Golda Meir is born in Kiev

1900: Herzl has a meeting with Austrian Prime Minister Ernest von Koerber.

1902: Herzl writes to the Sultan of Turkey appealing for the establishment of a Jewish university in Palestine.

1923: In Palestine, filming of “Palestine Awakening” written by American Zionist William Topk

2001: President Bush meets with Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres in the Oval Office.

2013: The Chinese government says it is willing to set up a meeting between the Israeli prime minister and the Palestinian president when the two leaders visit Beijing next week, if the sides expressed interest in doing so.

2014: “The IDF deployed a Patriot missile battery in Eilat today and stationed it alongside the Iron Dome anti-missile battery in the southern city, ahead of the Memorial Day and Independence Day holidays.

2015: Two Palestinians “overpowered and detained for questioning” after they attempted to stab IDF soldiers “near the settlement of Yakir.

1929: Tel Aviv celebrated its 20th anniversary today at an afternoon tea party.

1948: In response to the illegal attacks by Arab forces that had begun the day after the Partition vote, the Palmach 3rd Battalion, commanded by Moshe Kelman, attacked Ein al-Zeitun with a Davidka, two 3-inch mortars and eight 2-inch mortars

1950: “A United Nations plane flying southward over Israeli territory was forced down at Lydda Airport today after Israeli Army fighters had fired across its nose.

1951: Prime Minister David Ben Gurion left Israel for a private visit in the United States, accompanied by Chaim Herzog.

1951: Syrian forces took positions in Tel Mutilla, in the demilitarized zone between Israel and Syria, and Meir Amit was ordered to dislodge them

1968: Israeli television began broadcasting.

1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that despite the U.S. State Department’s official objections, the Palestine Liberation Organization opened an information office in Washington, under the management of Hatem Husseini, a Palestinian citizen of Jordan.

1980: Arab terrorists kill 6 Jews and injure 17 at Hebron.

1981: A police sapper was moderately injured by an explosive charge that had been placed in a trash can near Cafe Alno in Jerusalem.

2000: Israeli jet fighters turn back an Egyptian civilian aircraft from the Gaza airport

2001: A meeting between Secretary of State Colin Powell and Foreign Minister Shimon Peres to discuss the Egyptian-Jordanian peace initiative ends with little advancement.

2004: A pregnant mother and her four daughters are shot dead by terrorists as they drive on the Kissufim road in the Gaza Strip.

2011: The Palestinian Islamist group Hamas condemned the killing by U.S. forces of Osama bin Laden and mourned him as an “Arab holy warrior.”

2013: Terrorists in Gaza fired two rockets at southern Israel tonight. The rockets hit the Eshkol region.

2014: “The patriarch of the Maronite church will travel to Jerusalem next month to greet Pope Francis, the first head of his Lebanon-based denomination to visit since Israel’s creation in 1948, he said today.”